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Best Fit

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jacobs
Words 3955
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Golding, N (2007) in Beardwell, I., Claydon, T. & Beardwell,J. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach, 5th Edition, Pearson

Exploring the Relationship between Strategic Management and SHRM: The Best-Fit School of SHRM

The Best-Fit (or contingency) school of SHRM explores the close link between strategic management and HRM, by assessing the extent to which there is vertical integration between an organisation’s business strategy and its HRM policies and practices. This is where an understanding of the strategic management process and context can enhance our understanding of the development of SHRM, both as an academic field of study and in its application in organisations.

The notion of a link between business strategy and the performance of every individual in the organisation is central to ‘fit’ or vertical integration. Vertical integration can be explicitly demonstrated through the linking of a business goal to individual objective setting, to the measurement and rewarding of that business goal. Vertical integration between business strategy or the objectives of the business and individual behaviour and ultimately individual, team and organisational performance is at the core of many models of SHRM. Inherent in most treatments of fit is the premise that organisations are more efficient and /or effective when they achieve fit relative to when a lack of fit exists (Wright & Snell 1991:757) . This vertical integration or ‘fit’ where ‘leverage’ is gained through procedures, policies and processes is widely acknowledged to be a crucial part of any strategic approach to the management of people (Dyer, 1984; Mahoney & Deckop, 1986; Schuler & Jackson, 1987; Fombrun, Tichy & Devanna, 1984, Gratton, Hope-Hailey,Stiles and Truss, 1999). Vertical integration therefore ensures an explicit link or relationship between internal people processes and...

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