Beyond Cop21 - What Does Paris Mean for Future Climate Change Policy?

In: Other Topics

Submitted By SushrutVaidya
Words 1481
Pages 6
Beyond COP21: What does Paris mean for future climate change policy

A response paper highlighting the future issues of major environmental disasters and the backdrop of what the future looks like.
-------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------
Sushrut S. Vaidya (20155042)

Introduction:

The changes caused by the terror of the human realm revealed itself to the world at the COP21 (21st Conference Of the Parties), known otherwise as the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference that was held from the 30th of November to the 11th of December 2015. Although people’s awareness of climate change and perceptions about its effects vary at the regional and national levels, the overall change patterns illustrate how climate change is truly a global issue.

The issues discussed during the conference were related to what the Earth faced because of climate changes, the result of which was the regulation of global temperatures upto 2 degrees Celsius as compared to those of pre-industrial levels. All the 196 parties that attended the conference signed the Paris Agreement, the document responsible for the regulatory measures, for the very first time. It was with the highest concern that the motion for a global change was put forth.

History of COP and the start of the concern towards climate change:

The history of global concern towards climate changes dates back to the late 60’s and early 70’s. In response to growing worldwide concerns with the environment issues, the General Assembly organized the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, in Stockholm in 1972 and led to the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) the same year. They focussed on finding solutions to various environmental problems, including pollution in the Mediterranean Sea; the threat to aquatic resources…...

Similar Documents

What Does Psychology Mean

...Chapter Questions: Chapter 1 and 3 Cornerstone University Chapter 1 Question 1. As I surveyed my friends and family this past week I found that everyone pretty much has the same idea about what psychology means. The majority of the people that I surveyed defined psychology by breaking the word down into two parts. Psych means mind and ology means to study. Most said that it was the study of the mind and left it at that. After sharing with them the full scope of psychology, I heard statements such as, “Dang thats a lot of studying” and “I thought it was just how your mind works”. I also heard a comment from my nephew about wanting to be a psychologist. He stated that “people were interesting specimens that he wants to do lab work on.” Crazy Kid! Chapter 3 Questions 2. I believe that every function in our bodies requires a certain nutrient to maintain proper functioning.I believe that the scientific evidence is correct in it claims because all diseases are manifest because of imbalances in the body caused by improper nutrients that are required for the body processes. I can verify these claims using my own experiences with proper nutrition. I can be so busy some days that I wont eat until late in the evening. I become restless, irritated and angry. When I finally realize the cause of my mood change its because I haven’t had a meal or not enough to eat for my body to function at its best. 3. If I could make a part of my body twice as big as it is now......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

What Does Art Mean to Me?

...What does art mean to me? When I think of art, my culture is the first thing that comes to mind. I see our awesome designs, our baskets that hold g’ima:w (medicine) and prayers. I think of carving hazel sticks for our stick games. My people have been playing this game since the beginning of time. I think of our creation stories, and all of the pictures we have telling them. There is just so much that comes to mind, being that our whole essence is derived from art. As a Hupa tribal member, my whole life has been centered on art. From the way we dance to the way we make baskets. Art is the way we express our feelings, our surroundings, and our history. That is why we are so emotionally attached to our regalia. From when it‘s started to when it’s finished. Every single element stands for a prayer or medicine, so when the regalia is worn in ceremony, the prayers and medicine contribute to the dance. Then there are our stories, we use art to tell stories, and forever have recorded our history this way. Many cultures around the world use art to express emotions, record history, or to just enhance the communities. I consider myself an artist. I find art to be relaxing and it is one thing I am most comfortable with. It just comes naturally to me. If I could draw this paper on what I believe art to be, I could whip it out like nothing. It would look like a world full of prospects and it would symbolize everything I am trying to say in one picture, but unluckily, I have to use...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

What Does Culture Mean

...What exactly does culture mean? Is it something material you can touch? Or is it something immaterial, such as values and beliefs? Or is it our customs and traditions, our festivals and celebrations? While anthropologists have vacillated between material and nonmaterial definitions of culture, today most would agree with a more inclusive definition of culture: the thoughts, behaviors, languages, customs, the things we produce and the methods we use to produce them. It is this, the human ability to create and transmit culture, that differentiates us as humans from the rest of the animal world. The essential feature of culture, that it is learned and transmitted from one generation to the next, rests on the human capacity to think symbolically. Language, perhaps the most important feature, is a symbolic form of communication. The word table, for example, is nothing other than a symbol for the actual thing, a table. Language is a form of communication. Without language, culture could not be transmitted, people could not learn from one another across generations, and there would be no cultural continuity. Simply because culture is transmitted through symbols whose meanings remain more or less constant doesn't mean that cultures are static and don't change. On the contrary, cultures are never truly static. Which of us does not remember a grandparent comparing life today with the one s/he grew up in? The changes that took place between his/her lifetime and ours represent...

Words: 1935 - Pages: 8

What Does Forensic Mean?

...1. What does forensic mean? From Latin forensis ‘in open court, public,’ - Relating to, used in, or appropriate for courts of law or for public discussion or argumentation. - Of, relating to, or used in debate or argument; rhetorical. - Relating to the use of science or technology in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law: a forensic laboratory. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/forensic 2. Define forensic accounting. Forensic accounting is a type of accounting which unites investigation accounting and litigation support to provide an accounting analysis that is suitable for court. 3. What are the key components of the definition of forensic accounting? Forensic, accounting, time, purpose - legal forum, peremptory. 4. How does a forensic audit differ from a regular audit? According to Ronald L. Durkin, the following differences in a forensic audit versus a traditional audit: •Not limiting the scope of the engagement based upon materiality. •Not accepting sampling as evidence. •Not assuming management has integrity. •Seeking the best legal evidence. •Melding the requirements of the evidential matter standard with the rules of evidence R.L. Durkin, "Defining the Practice of Forensic Accounting," CPA EXPERT (Special Edition, 1999). 5.Who may have been the earliest expert witness? Hercules De Cordes may have been an early expert witness. 6. What impact did the IRS have on forensic accounting...

Words: 3750 - Pages: 15

What Is Climate Change

...What is climate change? The Earth's climate has changed over the last century. Increases in average temperatures have been seen around the globe and there is new and stronger evidence that most of the warming observed in the last 50 years is due to human activities. While climate change is a global issue, it will affect us all. Climate change has the potential to adversely affect our environment, our communities and our economy unless we take action now to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for the impacts. Climate change will alter global and local climates. In Victoria, this means a warmer and drier future, with an increasing likelihood of more extreme events such as heatwaves, bushfires and storm surges. Climate change is the greatest threat facing our planet today. A warming planet alters weather patterns, water supplies, seasonal growth for plants and a sustainable way of life for us and the world’s wildlife. Climate change has already started, but it’s not too late to take action. There’s still time for us all to be part of the solution. A continuous flow of energy from the sun heats the Earth. Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere, known as greenhouse gases – this includes carbon dioxide (CO2) - , trap this heat like a blanket, keeping the Earth at an average of 15 degrees Celsius – warm enough to sustain life. The overuse of fossil fuels is increasing CO2 in the atmosphere, trapping more and more heat and warming the Earth.   As a result...

Words: 7148 - Pages: 29

What Does It Mean to Be Arab

...The implication of being an Arab has long been pondered upon for centuries. Whether or not religion, culture and language are specific criteria that are essential to address has long been deliberated. But are there always certain guidelines that define who we truly are as individuals or as people? Perhaps the languages spoken and the religions followed by people living in America should be considered when defining an American as well. Maxime Rodinson suggests that this ideology holds true, particularly with the Arab people. He states that in order to understand the ethnos of a certain cultural group, there needs to be “defining criteria” of the entity in order to keep the uncertainty as marginal as possible (Rodinson 44). In this sense, defining individuals based on their backgrounds comes off as a form of profiling, which cannot hold any substantial connotations. For instance, an individual’s citizenship or residential status has no direct correlation to what background or culture they identify with. This makes this method of profiling merely a tool for the outside world to use as a way to easily identify others of a different cultural background. Inherently, personal entities cannot be categorized by a certain culture, or race, because there are no quantifiable guidelines to abide by that can truly define who someone is. An individual’s identity is what he or she would fundamentally identify him or herself as. Rodinson does not take into account as to how Arab individuals...

Words: 1330 - Pages: 6

What Does Marriage Mean

...Marriage what does marriage mean. Marriage is a human reality founded on mutual consent and reciprocal love. Marriage is a bond between two people of the opposite sex that went in front of a minister and exchanged vows. I feel the most important qualities of marriage are love, trust and for a wife to be able to submit to her husband. Submitting I feel is the most difficult part of the marriage, I feel this way because it feel’s as if I don’t have that same control over my life as I did before I was married. I have made a few mistakes in the years I’ve been married. I always look at it like this thank God for forgiveness. In the Old Testament marriage was part of God’s purpose in creating people and the world. It was seen as life giving to children and to love and care for a family. Some of us now know that in the New Testament high standards were set for marriage. Jesus gave forgiveness for those who failed marriage. Jesus did not believe in divorce. Jesus said anyone who divorced ad those then remarried was committing adultery. The purpose for marriage is to commit yourself to the person you love for a lifetime, as well as to bring up your children in a secure and loving home. The purpose of marriage has so many; here are a few sexual relationships with one person, to have a friendship and companionship through life. Marriage is about sharing your life completely with that one partner. It’s about having and caring for children. Christian marriage is...

Words: 496 - Pages: 2

What Does It All Mean

... going. I also feel that if people throughout the world looked at everyday life in a meaningful way, this earth would be a better place. Maybe I am wrong in saying this, because if a person chooses an evil cult to follow, he may feel his purpose is to murder as many people as possible. So, with asking what the meaning of life is, we then have to ask ourselves if there is a certain moral code we need to follow. Certain religions I feel have abused this moral law in telling me I cannot think about the possibility that they may be wrong or question anything. I have to accept what they say or I am a bad person, a person without faith. I cannot accept that I am supposed to follow you because you state that this is the way it is supposed to be. This does not mean I do not believe in God, but rather I do not believe in man. I need proof for myself. You need proof for yourself. These are all questions that we may never know the answer to; however, this does not mean we stop looking because someone says they have the answer. Americans in general are brought up to chase money and luxuries instead of chasing “the meaning” and morals. This I find to be a shame because here in America we actually have the right to be able to think and question what we are told. I feel people need to accept the father of Philosophy when he stated “the only true wisdom is knowing I know nothing.“ When you accept this, you may be able to find this purpose and inner peace we are all on a quest to find.......

Words: 3183 - Pages: 13

What Does Marginality Mean

...What Does Marginality Mean? By Robert Murphy 8/11/2004 What does it mean to act "on the margin" or to think in terms of "marginality?" Economists use the term often. On the very first day of my principles courses, I teach my students that people make decisions "on the margin."  Of course, this pronouncement is greeted primarily with looks of resigned boredom and/or helplessness. I try to clarify by saying that if we look at a piece of paper, the margin is just the edge, not the entire sheet. This explanation also does little good. The fact is, economists are so used to marginal thinking that they have a hard time explaining it to someone who's never heard of it before. And so what I do is jump quickly into some examples. The Water-Diamond Paradox The most famous application of marginalism is the solution to the so-called water-diamond paradox, which seemed to stump Adam Smith in his Wealth of Nations.[1]  The problem is this:  Why do diamonds have a higher exchange value than water, when diamonds are a mere frippery while water is essential to life?  Shouldn't people be willing to offer more in exchange for a unit of water than for a unit of diamonds? The solution, of course, is that no individual is ever in the position of choosing between all of the diamonds in the world and all of the water in the world. A given choice is made on the margin. If offered a choice between a cup of water and a handful of diamonds, most people would pick the latter because the...

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

What Does It Mean to Be Human?

...There are many different traits that we as humans, possess that make us who we are and that make us humans. There are various mental and physical aspects. By examining the movie The Bicentennial Man, one can see that although Andrew was a robot, as time went on, he developed different human traits like language, marriage, affection, fear, friendship, and the need for freedom, becoming more and more like a human. There are different categories which the traits that Andrew had developed can fall under, such as anthropology, psychology, and sociology. In the category of anthropology, Andrew developed a couple of traits and needs that you would never expect a robot to experience. One can see by examining language and marriage, Andrew was growing and developing human needs and actions. Language is something that is unique and specific to humans. Many species communicate through sounds or gestures, but language is and has always been the one thing we have that nothing else has been able to develop. Even though he was a robot, Andrew possessed language right from the beginning. As the movie went on, his vocabulary expanded. He was able to make the tone of his voice change and express different messages. His vocabulary was not automated and he was able to speak to people in full conversation. This is a human trait that is unique, but something he was able to develop so quickly. He was able to master language and learned different words throughout the whole movie. Marriage can also...

Words: 778 - Pages: 4

Policy Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture

... drop by 32-40% and wheat yields by 41-52% causing the GDP to fall by 1.8-3.4% (Guiteras 2007). Despite the dismal forecast about the ill-effects of climate change for India’s agricultural sector, certain opportunities too are expected in form of production gains through carbon-dioxide fertilization effect (i.e. increased plant productivity due to photosynthesis as a result of higher concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere). Cultivated land is expected to expand to higher altitudes and northern latitudes (IFPRI 2009). Adaptation to climate change in agriculture aims to minimize people’s vulnerability by improving their ability to cope with the impacts of climate change. In other words, their adaptive capacity is to be improved. Adaptive capacity is the ability of a system to adjust to climate change, to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences (IPCC 2007). This capacity is often limited, particularly in poor rural areas in developing countries where people live on subsistence agriculture with little formal education. Here, people are to be made aware of climate change related information and given access to social, economic, institutional and technical resources. The interventions may be resulting in autonomous or planned adaptations to combat climate change in these scenarios. A pre-requisite for this is understanding of climate change at the level of farmer and also, in a broader context. However, it has to be......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

What Does Freedom Mean to Me

...Freedom and What It Means To Me Freedom, like most words, is defined in different ways by different people. The definitions can change over generations. Even different regions of the world could have an alternate idea of what freedom means to them. Most people define freedom as being able to do what you want, when you want. Some find this definition to be very generic, and not truly touch on what freedom really means. Freedom goes deeper than being able to do, say, or act in any manner at any given time or place. According to Oxford Dictionary freedom means “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint”. (Oxford Dictionaries) While this is true, someone can consider themselves free but still be contained by a higher power, and be obligated to obey the laws of human nature. Freedom is the power to do, say, and feel how you want as long as it doesn’t hinder someone else’s freedom. Most people believe that freedom is a right, but as we see in communist countries like North Korea and China, even your thoughts are controlled by the government. Some people believe that our freedoms are restricted by laws and other legal documents that on the down low affect our freedoms, but play it off like safety concerns. For instance if someone doesn’t like seat belts, they could argue that they are uncomfortable. They could add that they restrict movements when they are driving. Would they have the freedom to not wear a seatbelt? The answer...

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Beyond Cop21 - What Does Paris Mean for Future Climate Change Policy?

...Beyond COP21: What does Paris mean for future climate change policy A response paper highlighting the future issues of major environmental disasters and the backdrop of what the future looks like. ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Sushrut S. Vaidya (20155042) Introduction: The changes caused by the terror of the human realm revealed itself to the world at the COP21 (21st Conference Of the Parties), known otherwise as the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference that was held from the 30th of November to the 11th of December 2015. Although people’s awareness of climate change and perceptions about its effects vary at the regional and national levels, the overall change patterns illustrate how climate change is truly a global issue. The issues discussed during the conference were related to what the Earth faced because of climate changes, the result of which was the regulation of global temperatures upto 2 degrees Celsius as compared to those of pre-industrial levels. All the 196 parties that attended the conference signed the Paris Agreement, the document responsible for the regulatory measures, for the very first time. It was with the highest concern that the motion for a global change was put forth. History of COP and the start of the concern towards climate change: The history of global concern towards climate changes dates back to the late 60’s and early 70’s. In response to...

Words: 1481 - Pages: 6

What Does Freedom Mean to You

...*What does freedom mean to you? Freedom can mean different things depending on the situation. Freedom is an important theme on Frederick Douglass's "Narrative Life" as well as my chosen books "Worst Case" by James Patterson and "The Diary of Anne Frank" by Anne Frank. All these books illustrate the theme of freedom in different ways, but all follow a theme of personal freedom. Freedom is not easily achieved for any of the characters in these three books. * Michael Benette is the main character in "Worst Case". He is the lead detective on an on going serial killer case. Emily Parker is New York cities FBI abduction specialist, also Benettes partner. The case that they were given involves a serial killer who abducts innocent children of extremely wealthy families in New York city. It's their job to make sure that the children come back safe and hopefully alive. * Benette and Parker relate to Douglass because they all had been robbed of their freedom. Benette and Parker had becomes slaves to the serial killer. This killer would leave no clues or ransoms. It was up to them to jump start the case. They worked day and night to make sure that the kids were free from the killer. All their time is taken away by the investigation. This puts a hold on their personal time, work became life for them, and the serial killer didn't make it easier for anyone. *Work took over Douglass's life as well. He was never given a chance to have a personal life. It was taken away from him when he...

Words: 770 - Pages: 4

What Does Innovation Really Mean?

...What Does “Innovation” Really Mean? Introduction: What does “innovation” really mean? “Technically, “innovation” is defined merely as “introducing something new”, there are no qualifiers of how ground-breaking or world-shattering that something needs to be – only that it needs to be better than what was there before. The fact is, innovation means different things to different people”. (Sylver, 2008) Author’s Qualifications: Brianna Sylver is a writer, researcher, entrepreneur and founder of Sylver Consulting, which works with multinational organizations. Sylver Consulting is known for applying innovation methodologies and consumer research techniques to develop new products and services, prospect new business opportunities and establish innovation processes. (Sylver, 2008) Summary: This article relays information on how an innovative consultant can aid a company in moving their product or starting a new product. It is important to understand what innovation truly means in the organization or to the client in order to know what changes need to be made or what is required of the organization. Sylver states, “the consulting firm contracted for the innovation services first needs to understand the client’s motivation for seeking innovation services. (Sylver, 2008) The client usually looks for innovation services due to one of the three situations: 1. “They are engulfed in the flames of the “burning platform”. (Sylver, 2008) This is where the organizations...

Words: 665 - Pages: 3