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Bible Book Summaries: Old Testament

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BIBL 104-D69 LUO
12/7/2013
Summary of the books of the Old Testament Books)

Exodus

The genre for the book of Exodus is law. Some of the key concepts include God revealing his identity and even some of his expectations. God appoints Moses as a chosen leader. He demonstrates thru Moses and Aaron the power of faith. He also preformed miracles like delivering Moses from leprosy, the destruction of Pharaoh and his army and the splitting of the Red Sea. After settling in Egypt a new king was appointed, killing an entire generation of male children. Moses was spared and brought the Israelites out of Egypt which, the Pharaoh made a very difficult task. As result of his stubbornness he made his consequences worse. But, eventually the Israelites were freed on the Passover. The Ten Commandments were written and tabernacles where built filled with the spirit of God. These tabernacles guarded and guided the Israelites and Moses through their many journeys.
Job

The genre of this book is wisdom. God described Jobs character to be a strictly honorable and honest man who feared him. Satan negotiated with God, which caused Job to suffer greatly. He lost not most but all of his possessions, including his children and painful sores which covered his body. Despite all of the devastation that was happening in his life, he still chose to believe and serve God even when his wife had given up on him (God). He questioned his purpose in life, wanted answers from God, and wanted a chance to plead his case to God. Jobs friends started to believe that he was sinning and believed if he were to grovel before God he would be forgiven and would lift the curse. Job ensured his friends that he was still loyal to God as a result God gave Job a chance to plead his case and all of Jobs possessions were restored.
Daniel

The book of Daniel is a prophecy. Daniel refused to consume any of the food dispersed to him by the king. He was also blessed with the ability to interpret dreams. King Nebuchadnezzar sent for Daniel in hopes to have his dreams interpreted. He believed this task would be impossible. Daniel was skeptic about his gift but after consulting with God he did interpret the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar. He then honored Daniel and even more acknowledged Daniels God. He and his friends were still punished for not worshipping the idols. Their integrity was tested but through fasting and prayer God revealed himself to Daniel. /god shared with Daniel the expectations of the coming Messiah. He also shared with him the apocalypse.
Ruth

The genre of this book is narrative. Ruth was written during about the same time as judges. Ruth is based upon the sovereignty of God, the obedience of his followers, and the importance of following the covenant. The book of Ruth began with many important events such as the great famine which took place as a result of disobedience. Elimelech and his family decided to leave Bethlehem-Judah and went to Moab. After Elimelech’s death and the death of his sons, Naomi (Elimelech’s wife) and Ruth returned to Bethlehem.
1 King

The genre of this book is narrative. After the death of David God spoke in a dream to his son Solomon. Solomon was given the choice to have anything he desired. Instead of choosing riches and land he chose wisdom. From God, Solomon received wisdom, power, and wealth. Soon enough Solomon’s wisdom became his curse. He married many wives, most of which encouraged him to worship idols. This was the ultimate sin in the eyes of God. After the death of Solomon, he left behind a son, Rehoboam and a faithful tribe of Judah (which will later have many poor leaders).

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