Premium Essay

Bio-Medicine

In: Social Issues

Submitted By mcg0007
Words 990
Pages 4
Theories of Biomedicine

Sociology is the study of human interaction and organisation of society; it is often areas which are problematized in need of provision.
It can be explained that health and illness are simply biological descriptions of the state of our bodies. The structures of the body have been mapped out through genetics. This is ever closer inspection of the body or as Foucault 1977 would suggest through this ‘medical gaze’ which has brought considerable power to the medical profession. The sociology of health and illness is concerned with the social origins of and influence on disease rather than exploring its organic manifestation in individual bodies. The sociology of medicine is concerned with exploring the social, historical and cultural reasons for the rise of medicine particularly the bio-medicine model in the definition and treatment of illness.
A more refined version of this common sense view underlies the long standing bio-medical model of disease based on the following assumptions. Firstly that disease is an organic condition and non-organic factors associated with the human mind are considered unimportant or are ignored altogether in the search for biological causes of pathological symptoms. Secondly that disease is a temporarily an organic state that can be eradicated and cured by medical intervention. Disease is experienced by a sick individual who then becomes the object of treatment. Disease is therefore treated after the symptoms appear and the application of medicine is a reactive healing process. It I treated in a medical environment in a surgery or hospital away from the site where the symptoms first appeared.
During the course of this, scientific medicine has efficiently displaced folk or lay medicine. Modernity is about expertise not tradition. Rather though scientific and technical regulation of the body than mistaken...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Biopolitics

...Christopher Epps Professor Mauldin Bio-politics, Medicine, and Bodies January 26 2013 Bio-politics, Bio-citizenship, Bio-citizenship: A Big Mixture As a society, we throw around the word “Politics” freely and often. Its a polarizing concept and evokes both excitement and disdain in American citizens. However, to many the idea of politics seems very abstract. Sure, there are visible institutions of government and tangible evidence of certain political machines at work. But people struggle with seeing deeper into how government affects not only their day to day lives, but their very bodies. I'm talking about the intersection of private science and government-”bio politics”. To engage in a such discussion of Bio-politics and how political power is exerted over life, one needs a firm knowledge of medicalization. In a broad sense, medicalization is simply the expansion of medicine in our society. However, the term is interpreted differently depending on who you ask. Sociologist Peter Conrad describes medicalization as a “process by which medical problems become more defined and treated as medical problems, usually in terms of illness and disorders.” He sees the power in language and how the ever expanding categories that come from medicalization are actually a form of social control. Disability activist Irving Zola validates this idea but adds that “everyday life has come under Medical dominion, influence, and supervision.” Having been stricken by polio, Zola spoke from a...

Words: 1224 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

None

...http://www.stresssolutions.info/vrs.htm Eastern versus Western Medicine Key Difference Awareness and use of bio-energy or Qi (chi, prana, life force) in the East, unawareness of it in the West. From this flow all the remaining differences: definitions of health, illness, and symptoms, the model of medicine, methods of diagnosis, role of physician and patient and the patient's psyche, prevention and responsibility for health, strengths and limitations. | Eastern Medicine | Western Medicine | Key Beliefs | Qi is life. Qi is heart of medicine. Life and Medicine are one. | Humans can control nature. Foreign invader causes illness. Control of symptoms » cure of disease. | Health | A state of well being in which the body is vital, balanced & adaptive to its environment. | Absence of disease, pain, defect, or symptoms of illness (no theory of health). | Illness, Sickness, Disease | * Disharmony/imbalance and loss of adaptability (a defect of function/energy). * Any deviation of the body from its normal or healthy state (1st dictionary definition). | * A defect of tissue or structure. * A destructive process with a specific cause and characteristic symptoms, a particular disorder(2nd dictionary definition). | Symptoms | Manifestation of the body's attempt to heal itself, therefore, messages, signals of unattended, underlying issues; or signs that something needs balancing. | Manifestation of the disease, therefore, they are disagreeable phenomena to be...

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Health Views & Biomedical Health

...sacred entity beyond the power of human intervention. The influence of scientific disconnect, linked diseased organs with symptoms observed before death. Pasteur’s germ theory, eventually endorsed a belief in the separation of body and soul. This view came to be known as mind/body dualism, referred to a Cartesian dualism after the philosopher Rene Descartes 1590-1650 which refers to a belief that the mind and body are separate entities, which ignores the psychological and subjective aspects of illness. Descartes suggest that although the mind and body interacted with one another with the say of “I think therefore I am”. He identifies that the brain was part of the physical body, whereas the mind existed in the spiritual realm. Therefore medicine could rightly practise on the body while religion could focus on the soul (Capra, 1982; Porter, 1997). This created their intervention of the biomedical model, as disease was then seen as located in the physical body and the mind was considered unimportant. In the 18th century came a more scientific understanding of the causes of impairment and with it a sense of confidence in medical sciences ability to cure individuals with a sickness (Germov, Fourth...

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Biotechnology

...things to create products or to do tasks for human beings. Biotechnology is the practice of using plants, animals and micro-organisms such as bacteria, as well as biological processes - such as the ripening of fruit or the bacteria that break down compost - to some benefit. For example, biotechnology is used in industry, medicine and agriculture to produce foods, medicines, and test for diseases and remove waste. Examples of industry, medicine, agricultural? Industry: Some examples that are used in biotechnology industries is most laundry detergents produced in the United States contain biotechnology-based enzymes. The other example in industry biotechnology has also led to the creation of a wide range of materials, such as biodegradable plastics, biopolymers and bio-pesticides, novel fibres and even timbers. Some are used as fabric softeners, corrosion inhibitors, ink carriers, solvents, hair conditioners and perfumes. Medicine: one example of medicine in biotechnology is making vaccines and drugs to determining genetic origins of disease, producing organs for xenotransplant and developing nonmedical diagnostic methods. The other example in the use of medicine in biotechnology has made new therapies and vaccines, including products to treat cancer, diabetes, HIV/ AIDS and autoimmune disorders. Agriculture: Agricultural biotechnology benefits farmers, consumers and the environment. By increasing yields and farm income, decreasing pesticide applications and improving......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Figurative vs Lititral

...REVOLUTION OF PERSONLIZED MEDICINE Shalika White Julie McCollum Intro to Bio SCI 115 November 8, 2011 Imagine receiving a call from your child’s doctor to inform you that your baby’s genetic test results are in and they reveal that he or she has the markers of cancer and or heart disease! These test won’t reveal when or if your child would develop cancer but the percentage is great that he or she will. The doctor then tells you that he would like to begin a series of test and care, all personally developed and tailored just for your child in hopes of preventing him from developing cancer and heart disease. Would you be willing to begin this prevention? Would you even want to know this information? Personalized medicine is the new revolution in medicine. “By offering the right treatment for the right individual, at the right time, personalized medicine can often prevent disease form developing, or reduce the severity of existing disease”. (www.dukepersonalizedmedicine.org) Scientist believe that if doctors were able to detect disease early on there would be less sickness, ultimately reducing medical cost and empowering overall health. Doctors will be able to work with each patient to promote health, wellness, patient education, disease prevention, detection and treatment. This particular strategy will differ from person to person and they would be able to understand individual risk factors. The benefits of personalized medicine would......

Words: 724 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sociology as Health Concepts

...Health Essential Concepts Allopathic –cure based – the biomedical approach takes this approach via surgery, drugs etc. Alternative medicine – see complementary medicine Altruism – the idea that some medical professionals are motivated by the need to put society first rather than financial reward – functionalists such as Barber often argue this. Artefact approach – an approach that believes that the statistics about class and health exaggerate the real situation. Bio-medical model of health – the conventional Western model of health which sees the body as a machine under attack from germs etc and which insists on diagnosis of symptoms by medical professionals. Birth rate – the number live births per 1000 of the population each year. Clinical iceberg – the idea that most illness never comes to the attention of doctors because it is self-medicated. Complementary medicine – alternative forms of health therapy, usually disapproved of by the medical profession, e.g. homeopathy, acupuncture etc. Cultural explanations of health – blame the victims (or their culture) for engaging in unhealthy behaviour and lifestyles, e.g. smoking, poor diet, lack of exercise etc. Cultural relativity of health and illness – the idea that different cultures explain and react differently to illness, e.g. some take a holistic approach, some blame witchcraft or magic, Hindus refer to chest pains as a ‘sinking heart’ etc. Disability – a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and...

Words: 1358 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Field of Dreams

...challenging. It never ceases to amaze me when my father wakes up every morning to start work, that he does so with gusto. The life of a farmer can be laborious and stressful, yet my father continues to do his work with passionate enthusiasm. His dedication and pride mystified me throughout high school. Only after I entered Big U, did I start to understand how he can persevere and face the challenges of farming. I entered Big U like a small child wandering through a park. Never in my life had I been exposed to anything so grandiose and dominating. Born and raised in a rural town of 3000 people, I wasn't ready for the fast-paced life and crowds of Chicago. I eventually grew into its lifestyle and learned to adapt to my new environment. I found my bio-ethics class, in which we discussed major issues in health care, especially interesting. The physician’s dilemma particularly intrigued me: Doing everything to provide the...

Words: 767 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Miss

...Learner Assessment Submission and Declaration Learner name: Maddie Johnson | Assessor name: Lesha Stryleki | Issue date: 17/09/15 | Submission date: 09/10/15 | Submitted on: 5/10/15 | Programme: | Unit: | Assignment reference and title:The organisation Pfizer assignment | Please list the evidence submitted for each task. Indicate the page numbers where the evidence can be found or describe the nature of the evidence Task ref. | Evidence submitted | Page numbers ordescription | | | | | | | | | | | | | Additional comments to the Assessor: | Learner declarationI certify that the work submitted for this assignment is my own. I have clearly referenced any sources used in the work. I understand that false declaration is a form of malpractice.Learner signature: Maddie johnson Date: 05/10/15 | RESUBMISSION AUTHORISATION A resubmission has been authorised as the learner: * Has met all agreed deadlines * Is judged to be able to provide improved evidence without further guidance | Assessor Name | | Assessor Signature | | Lead IV Name | | Lead IV signature | | Date agreed | | Resubmission Deadline date | | Learner Assessment RESubmission and Declaration Submission date: | Submitted on: | RESUBMISSION EVIDENCE | Task ref. | New evidence submitted | Page numbers ordescription | | | | | | | Additional comments to the Assessor: | Learner......

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Bio and Socio Medical

...potential to work, he also disseminated that "working is better than idleness"(Waitzkin, 1989).It was emphasized that the health professionals are blamed of medicalization if they consider the societal influence of patient and if they ignore, the accusation still holds (Nettleton, 1995). On the other hand, the socio medical model focuses on the social factors that contribute to health and wellbeing in our society. From analysing the functionalist theory it shows that the socio medical model would explain and discuss the high rates of ill health and the short life expectancy among those who are poor relating to the inequalities in society and life circumstances of those whom may be disadvantaged.  Secondly, Relating to the Marxist critique of the bio-medical model as it is a direct consequence of capitalism that a class that is more at risk to contract illness through sue to the cause of economic status. Some sociology theorists may believe that the medical profession is under the educated upper classes who are interested in keeping the lower class content while using the workforce for growth and...

Words: 682 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hsm310 Paper

...intro to health services mgmt | What Makes a Top 100 Hospital | Ronald Regan UCLA Medical Center, Los Angles | | | 9/20/2012 | A brief over-view of one of Americans Top 20 Hospitals. Los Angeles’s own heart and soul of the city, the Ronald Regan UCLA Medical Center, Ranked BEST In The WEST 1990-2013 and No. 3 in the Nation. The mission of the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center is to provide excellent patient care in support of the educational and scientific programs of the schools of the UCLA Center for the Health Sciences. ("About UCLA health," 2012) | This nation is full of hospitals with caring and loving doctors, nurses, nursing assistants and other medical staff, but a hospital that stands out from the crowd is California’s own Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. This hospital is located right in the heart of Los Angeles’s metro area, serving over one million outpatient visits and eighty-thousand hospitalizations and countless interactions with the community physicians. The Ronald Reagan Medical Center is one out of four of UCLA’s medical facilities located in California, that serve its’ patients with the most comprehensive and advanced health care systems in the world. For over fifty years the UCLA Health System has provided the best in health care and the latest in medical technology to the people of Los Angeles and the world. Comprised of the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center its wide-reaching system of primary care and specialty care offices......

Words: 1053 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

In-N-Out Buger

...My law and ethics understanding and beliefs In 1847 the American Medical Association revolutionized medicine in the United States. Members of this newly formed organization, met in Philadelphia as the first national professional medical organization in the world, dedicated themselves to establishing uniform standards for professional education, training, and conduct. They unanimously adopted the world's first national code of professional ethics in medicine. For more than 160 years since, the AMA's Code of Medical Ethics has been the authoritative ethics guide for practicing physicians. Ethics in Hand are pocket-sized guides to the Code of Medical Ethics for physicians and medical students. The Code articulates the enduring values of medicine as a profession. As a statement of the values to which physicians commit themselves individually and collectively, the Code is a touchstone for medicine as a professional community. It defines medicine’s integrity and the source of the profession’s authority to self-regulate. At the same time, the Code of Medical Ethics is a living document, evolving as changes in medicine and the delivery of health care raise new questions about how the profession's core values apply in physicians' day to day practice. The Code links theory and practice, ethical principles and real world dilemmas in the care of patients. The next time you hear a monotheist tell a non-believer that morals come from the Bible or that moral reasoning cannot provide an...

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tawa Tawa as Cure for Dengue Fever

...affects most Asian countries and has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children. There are four distinct, but closely related, viruses that cause dengue. Recovery from infection by one provides lifelong immunity against that virus but confers only partial and transient protection against subsequent infection by the other three viruses. Sequential infection increases the risk of developing DHF.1 1 “Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever,” World Health Organization, March 2009, 15 Oct. 2011 <http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en>. 2 There is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat DHF. For typical dengue, the immediate concern is the relief of symptoms. Adequate fluid intake for proper body hydration and rest is important. All else will depend on the person’s immune system. However, since the Philippines is abundant with herbal medicines, the Tawa Tawa is being touted as an alternative cure to DHF. The Tawa Tawa is described as having numerous flowers which measures about 5 to 8 centimeters each with sepals and petals that are obovate-oblong, yellowish-green and covered with large, reddish-brown blotches. The plant has been attested by DHF survivors and herbalists as treatment of DHF.2 The researcher aims to study the possibility of curing DHF by the Tawa Tawa plant. The weed may contain a substance that enables the body to produce more platelets which are essential for blood...

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Self

...http://www.selfgrowth.com Published on SelfGrowth.com (http://www.selfgrowth.com) Home > Articles > Health & Fitness > Medical Advice and Resources > What is Patient Centered Care and how is it Better? What is Patient Centered Care and how is it Better? By Leslie McKerns On May 11, 2007 With the advent of managed care, more patients are seen in shorter amounts of time and the amount of one-on-one time with the doctor seems to be on the verge of evaporating. Escalating pressures on the physician and the medical staff increase as health care approval agencies mandate more paperwork and justification for procedures. From the patients’ perspective, care has become centered not on the needs of patients, but around the needs of the system itself. Patient-centered care is a quality benchmark actively sought by medical care professionals, eager to deliver dignified care and re-establish patient satisfaction. How do we define Patient-centered care and its goals? Patient-centered care treats the patient with dignity and respect, as one capable of making informed decisions and with the rights to express needs and preferences in treatment and expected outcome. Patient-centered care is based upon communication and involves both patient and their families in the treatment options and potential outcomes. Patient-centered care involves the patient in all aspects of their care and empowers them to seek the best solution for management or treatment. It moves the medical......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bioethics

...Bioethics includes every ethical question linking and pertaining to medicine and the health of living things. Everything from all aspects of nursing to euthanasia to pain killers, and from the arguments about abortion to the law of malpractice is included when using the term bioethics. Bioethics is a wide-ranging, very broad category of ethics. The issue of bio-ethics presents numerous new dilemmas. The majority of these issues stem from the introduction of new, genetically-engineered organisms. These organisms, or at least many of them, are created in laboratories, by cloning and gene modification. Scientists are creating these organisms as they want them all while causing controversy.   The bioethical industry consists of a group of small start-up companies, mainly funded by capital money and other gainful corporations. Biotechnology was first created by these companies because most of the bigger, more established science and pharmaceutical corporations thought that biotechnology would never be successful. The bigger pharmaceutical corporations did not capitalize in technology in the beginning. Together with scientists started the bulk of biotech corporations, and as a result, a lot of what was traditional in the pharmaceutical business has been transformed. This happens often when new people and new technology are brought about especially in today’s industry. In more advanced countries where genetically engineered disputes may arise, the developments have total......

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

African American Scientist

...Patricia Bath Patricia Era Bath was born on November 4, 1942, in Harlem, New York, to Rupert Bath, the first black motorman for the New York City subway system, and Gladys Bath, a housewife and domestic worker who used her salary to save money for her children's education. Bath was encouraged by her family to pursue academic interests. Her father, a former Merchant Marine and an occasional newspaper columnist, taught Bath about the wonders of travel and the value of exploring new cultures. Her mother piqued the young girl's interest in science by buying her a chemistry set. As a result, Bath worked hard on her intellectual pursuits and, at the age of 16, became one of only a few students to attend a cancer research workshop sponsored by the National Science Foundation. The program head, Dr. Robert Bernard, was so impressed with Bath's discoveries during the project that he incorporated her findings in a scientific paper he presented at a conference. The publicity surrounding her discoveries earned Bath the Mademoiselle magazine's Merit Award in 1960. After graduating from high school in only two years, Bath headed to Hunter College, where she earned a bachelor's degree in 1964. She then attended Howard University to pursue a medical degree. Bath graduated with honors from Howard in 1968, and accepted an internship at Harlem Hospital shortly afterward. The following year, she also began pursuing a fellowship in ophthalmology at Columbia University. Through......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3