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Biodiversity

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Using Figure 2, explain why a spectrum of strategies is used to help conserve biodiversity
Biodiversity is a key resource, which provides a range of valuable goods and critical services to human populations. Biodiversity results from natural physical processes, and as such has distinct geographical patterns. Biodiversity is under threat in several ways; habitat destruction, over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution, introduction of alien species, climate change and increasing demands on nature from rising human populations
Sustainable management with use of ecosystem resources is used in-order to help conserve biodiversity because it is trying to allow people to get what they need out of an area but also try and conserve it. A way in which this is usually managed is by zoning, which is where they create and area where humans are not allowed to touch, the area is usually one which has high biodiversity. The reason as to why people tend to damage areas is for agricultural reasons and also logging. This will reduce the threat on habitat destruction and exploitation of natural resources.
Protected areas with managed access, e.g. national parks in Kenya is used to help conserve biodiversity because these area tend to be under threat from humans. This is because of the landscape and the wildlife which are in the area and also due to the increasing demand from humans. If the area is protected and managed it means that people are able to still visit the wildlife but in a controllable way.
Restoration of damaged ecosystems tends to be needed when damage has been caused by humans, for example deforestation and they may need to be repaired. Zoos are also a way of conserving biodiversity because it should conserve different species, however this tends to happen once the habitats have been destroyed. Ways in which zoos can help to conserve biodiversity is because...

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