Free Essay

Biopsy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By megkavuri
Words 794
Pages 4
Basic Pharmacology is a senior level/graduate level course which will make use of representative groups of pharmacologic agents to introduce the basic principles of pharmacology. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics will be the main focus of course, but concepts of cell biology, anatomy, physiology and pathology will be incorporated to present a thorough understanding of the action of drugs in the human body. The course will not cover all the major drug groups, however. The course will require study and mastery of assigned topics and chapters, and so the textbook is necessary. More importantly, the main educational goal of the class is to develop competencies deemed essential in the field of biomedicine, as reported by the AAMC-HHMI special committee. The course will require that students work through the Blackboard resources of the UM-Flint website. Students are responsible for gaining access to the Internet as needed. It is highly suggested that students avail of the resources of the UM Flint library and computer labs as much as possible.

Course Objectives
1. To know basic pharmacologic terms and definitions
2. To understand concepts specific to pharmacology
3. To apply these basic concepts to the use of commonly known drugs
4. To analyze the relationship of drug action to physiologic signs and symptoms

Textbook (Required)
Brody’s Human Pharmacology (Molecular to Clinical) 5th Edition, by Lynn Wecker with Lynn Crespo, George Dunaway, Carl Faingold and Stephanie Watts (Mosby Elsevier)

Independent study of the assigned book chapters/pages is essential, as directed by specific learning objectives, to be made available as the course progresses.

Prerequisites
BIO168 or BIO432, and BIO326, or Instructor’s consent

Grading: The course will be graded based on the scores of five online tests and other assignments. Bonus points may be earned with five online pretests and with other bonus assignments (TBA). The tests will be multiple choice type. For graduate students, different assignments will be given and there will be a different point score total.

UNDERGRADUATE | GRADUATE | TESTS (5 x 20) | 100 | TESTS (5 x 20) | 100 | WRITING ASSIGNMENT (4 ARTICLES) | 40 | WRITING ASSIGNMENT (8 ARTICLES) | 40 | DISCUSSION BOARDS (4) | 40 | DISCUSSION BOARDs (4) | 40 | | | RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT | 40 | TOTAL PTS | 180 | TOTAL PTS | 220 | Exams must be taken within the scheduled 24 hour period. No make-up exams will be given. Pretests may or may not be taken. The writing assignment is a scientific review and discussion of scientific articles selected by the students. The paper will be 2-3 pages in length. There will be an optional cumulative exam for students whose final grade > 60% but < 70%. The optional exam will replace the test scores. Should the final grade after the optional exam > 73%, the final grade for the course will be a C and no higher. The student must communicate their intention to take the optional exam before the last test is done. Grading Scale: Percentage of total points Letter Grade >98-100 A+ >93-98 A >90-93 A- >88-90 B+ >83-88 B >80-83 B- >78-80 C+ >73-78 C >70-73 C- >68-70 D+ >63-68 D >60-63 D- Below 60 E Participation policy
Participation in discussion board activities is required. Please follow the instructions given for each discussion board. Always be respectful in all communications and strive to always encourage and support all students.

ADA Statement and Non-Discrimination Policy
All persons involved in this class, both teacher and student, will provide a supportive environment that enables students with disabilities the opportunity to develop to their maximum academic and personal potential. Students with documented disabilities may request modifications, accommodations, or auxiliary aids enabling them to participate in and benefit from all the activities of the class. It is expected that these students will properly inform the instructor of their disabilities and needs immediately. It is possible, however, that the learning needs of some students may not be met by the specific teaching and learning approach that the class follows.

In addition, the University is committed to a policy of equal opportunity for all persons and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, disability, religion, height, weight or veteran status. Let it be reiterated that these responsibilities belong to every student of the class as a member of the community of UM Flint. No acts of discrimination will be tolerated.

Thompson, K. V., Chmielewski, J., Gaines, M. S., Hrycyna, C. A., & LaCourse, W. R. (2013). Competency-Based Reforms of the Undergraduate Biology Curriculum: Integrating the Physical and Biological Sciences. CBE Life Sciences Education, 12(2), 162–169. doi:10.1187/cbe.12-09-0143

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Biopsy

...College of Nursing Nursing Skills Output (NSO) Biopsy Report no.___ I. Description: A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving sampling of cells or tissues for examination. It is the medical removal of tissue from a living subject to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The tissue is generally examined under a microscope by a pathologist, and can also be analyzed chemically. When an entire lump or suspicious area is removed, the procedure is called an excisional biopsy. When only a sample of tissue is removed with preservation of the histological architecture of the tissue’s cells, the procedure is called an incisional biopsy or core biopsy. When a sample of tissue or fluid is removed with a needle in such a way that cells are removed without preserving the histological architecture of the tissue cells, the procedure is called a needle aspiration biopsy. Biopsies are most commonly performed for insight into possible cancerous and inflammatory conditions. II. Materials/ Equipment Needed: Clean Gloves Anesthesia (surgical biopsy) Mdication (antianxiety) Sterile eye dressing (pad), as needed, and paper eye tape to secure it Clean Gloves Anesthesia (surgical biopsy) Mdication (antianxiety) Sterile eye dressing (pad), as needed, and paper eye tape to secure it Procedures: III. Procedure Prepare the site where the biopsy is to be done and the......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Breast Cancer

...Breast Cancer COM/172 September 3, 2013 Frank Nainoa, MA/Communications Breast Cancer Breast Cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers in women. According to “American Cancer Society” (2013) “one out of eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. For 2013, it is estimated about 232,340 new cases of breast cancer will be diagnosed and 39,620 women will die from this cancer” (2013). In this paper I plan to explain how early detection, diagnosis, and treatment are a prominent key to a woman’s survival. Early detection has proven helpful to many women in the fight against breast cancer. An important element in aiding women in finding abnormalities is self breast examinations. A self breast examination is an examination a woman conducts on herself by looking and examining her breast. Women should be aware of any change in size or shape, dimpling, or indentation in the breast. Any inversion of the nipple or discharge should be evaluated by a physician. Women typically start doing self breast examinations in their early twenties. Examinations are generally conducted once a month after a women’s menstrual cycle. Most women do these examinations in the shower or while getting dressed. Knowing what is normal is the first defense in finding abnormalities. The next helpful examination in early detection is a clinical breast examination. A clinical breast examination is much like a self breast examination a woman would do at home, the difference is the...

Words: 1410 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Paper

...explain the source of it and I told him that the other purple-blueish spot on my left gum I showed to him a year ago was expanding, he then got worried and told me he was going to send the pictures to his friend who is an Oral Surgeon. I waited over a month because his friend was in Guatemala in a medical mission. On December 1st I finally went to see the oral surgeon and he performed right there a biopsy of the palate and I had a cone beam test. I was told to come back for results in 2 weeks but after week and a half I was told to come back because the Oral Pathologist asked for two more biopsies from different parts of the palate so he could have a more reliable diagnose . I went back for those biopsies and waited 2 more weeks for final results. Finally on December 29, 2015 at the oral surgeon office I found out that even with the 3 biopsies the surgeon and pathologist were puzzled but nevertheless he told me that they found mild Pre cancer Skin cells, inactive on the tissues, he told me that this findings of skin cancer in the mouth are very rare and that the pathologist suggested the biopsies to be sent to the University of Utah which connects to Huntsman Cancer Center so they could use their own regular...

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Lost in Desert

...temperature rises, the brain begins to fail. (The brain can only function in a very narrow temperature range). As the brain overheats, the individual will become disoriented, combative, argumentative and may hallucinate. 4. Due to the growth, change of color and bleeding these are all first signs of melanoma. He should have them looked at by the dermatologist. The Dr. will more than likely take a biopsy of the mole. All potentially cancerous skin growths must be biopsied to confirm acancer diagnosis. Depending on the suspected type of skin cancer, the biopsy techniques vary slightly but crucially. Any potential melanoma requires a surgical biopsy, in which the entire growth is removed with a scalpel if possible. A pathologist then studies the sample under a microscope to determine whether cancer cells are present. If melanoma is diagnosed, other tests may be ordered to assess the degree of cancer spread (metastasis). They include: Imaging. Your doctor will order one or more tests to look for metastasis. They include CT scan, MRI, PET scan, bone scan, and chest X-ray. Other biopsies. Using a variety of techniques, your doctor may want to get tissue samples from lymph nodes. Skin growths that are most likely basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or other forms of nonmelanoma can be biopsied in various ways. Part or all of the growth can be...

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Breast Cancer

...These set questions touch on medical history including if they have had any breast biopsies, genetics, age, menstrual cycles, history of breast cancer within the family (who – mother, aunty, grandma) and race. This process outlines certain factors that contribute to being at risk of breast cancer and are readily available online for women. Having this set up online not only is easy to use but it makes it easy for women to access without going through the burden of seeing the doctor if you are just simply concerned of the risks that you need to be aware of. The triple test – is the three tests highly recommended for doctors to use when checking for abnormalities in the breast or change in the breast. Though not all women will need all three parts, it is dependant on the circumstance. Better health channel (2015) outlines the three tests are: - A clinical breast examination and taking a personal history - Imaging tests (mammogram, ultrasound and/or MRI) - A biopsy to remove cells or tissue for examination Department of health (2013) explains BreastScreen Australia is a government-funded, national breast cancer-screening program that offers mammography screening. This is particularly aimed at women at ages 50-69 years of age and they are routinely reminded to get their mammogram re-done every two years. BreastScreen Australia uses mammograms as it is the only proven technology to detect breast cancer and it is also the most effective screening test to detect.......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Labs

...92552 | | Chlamydia Screen 86317 | | Well exam infant(up to 12mos)99318 | | Cast application | | Cholesterol 82465 | | Well exam 1-4yrs. 99382 | | Location long short | | Digoxin 80162 | | Well exam 5 – 11yrs. 99383 | | Catherization *53670 | | Electrolytes 80005 | | Well exam 12-17yrs. 99384 | | Circumcision 54150 | | Ferritin 82728 | | Well exam 18– 39yrs. 99385 | | Colposcopy *57452 | | Folate 82746 | | Well exam 40-64yrs.99386 | | Colposcopyw/biopsy *57454 | | Gc screen 87070 | | Established patient | | Cryosurgery premalignant lesion | | Glucose 82947 | | Minimum 99211 | | Locations(s): | | Glucose 1 hour 82950 | | Problem focused 99212 | | Cryosurgery warts | | Glycosylated hgb (a1c) | | Expanded problem focused 99213 | | Location(s): | | Hct 85014 | | Detailed 99214 | | Curettement lesion w/ biopsy CTF | | Hdl 83718hep bsag 86278 | | Comprehensive/high complex 99215 | | Curettement lesion w/ biopsy | | Hepatitis profile 80059 | | Well exam infant (up to 12mos) 99391 | | Single *11050 | | Hgb & hct 85014 | | Well exam 1-4yrs. 99392 | | 2-4 *11051 | | Hiv 86311 | | Well exam 5-11yrs. 99393 | | >4 *11051 | | Iron & tibc 83540 83550 | | Well exam 12-17yrs. 99394 | | Diaphragm fitting *57170 | | Kidney profile 80007...

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Capitala Expenses

...Capital Expenses Financial Resource Management HSC571 July 21, 2014 Capital Expenses At Baptist Hospital Cancer Center it has been determined that a proposal for expenses for a digital imaging system is needed. This system is the BioVision by Faxitron. It is a Digital Surgical Biopsy Specimen Imaging System. The total cost is $99,875.00. With this acquisition it will include an instant corroboration of an effective biopsy procedure. This system has over twenty features. Some of these includes the 10cm x 15cm digital detector, high resolution 2.3 MP flat-panel LCD monitor, Ergonomic Keyboard, Transparent Imaging Door, 3 Hour Battery Backup Operation, Battery Life Indicator, Automatic Exposure, Automatic Calibration, 2 times Magnification, and DICOM compliant. The best feature will be the time saved in the operating room by using this imaging system. Additionally it includes one year warranty and one day of in-service training by a factory trained professional. This proposal explains how the acquiring of Faxitron’s BioVision is supported by the organizations goals and management needs and improving the financial well being of the Miami cancer center. The purpose for this report is to establish the need to invest in this system. The report will disclose financials and operating costs. The Baptist Hospital Cancer Center is a corporation that provides outpatient treatments to patients in its targeted area. Most of our patient about 85% to 90% will......

Words: 3078 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Biopsy

...Odkrivanje zdravil z anti-kompulzivno aktivnostjo Dva najboljša modela za iskanje zdravil pri okm sta schedule-induced polydipsia in signal attenuation. V obeh je po nekaj zdravil, ki učinkujejo pri okm, učinkovalo tudi pri teh dveh modelih, prav tako pa je po nekaj zdravil, ki ne učinkujejo pri okm, ni učinkovalo na teh modelih. V smislu stroškov, attenuation model zahteva posebno opremo (operantne škatle), medtem ko scheduleinduced polydipsia model zahteva samo hranilnice, ki so programirane za redno dostavo hrane, prav tako pa ima prednost pri testiranju učinkovanja kroničnih upravljanjem z zdravili. Še en model, ki pride upoštev pri odkrivanju zdravil za okm je marble burying, zaradi njegovih nizkih zahtev z vidika stroškov in časa. Ta model se je odzival na več vrst zdravil za okm, čeprav ne moremo ločiti med anti-kompulzivno in anksyolitsko aktivnostjo zdravil, lahko pa ga uporabimo za začetno presajanje, ki mu bojo sledili presajanje z bolj potrjeni modeli kot sta scheduleinduced polydipsia and signal attenuation. Za odkrivanje zdravil za paciente, ki se ne odzivajo na o S/SRI, lahko uprabimo quinpirole model, ker je edini model, ki se ne odziva na na sri. Zadnji model ki lahko služi za odkrivanje zdravil za okm pri ženskah je 8-OHDPAT-induced decreased alternation in spontaneous stereotypy in deer mice. Odkrivanje novih tarč za visoko frekvenčno stimulacijo Samo dva modela imata napovedno vrednost za vfs, in sicer quinpirole model and the signal attenuation model....

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Charts

...Application | | Cholesterol 82465 | | Well Exam Infant (up to 12mo.) 99318 | | Location Long Short | | Digoxin 80162 | | Well Exam5-11yrs. 99383 | | Catherization *53670 | | Electrolytes 80005 | | Well Exam 12-17 yrs. 99384 | | Circumcision 54150 | | Ferritin 82728 | | Well Exam 18-39 yrs. 99385 | | Colposcopy *57452 | | Folate 82746 | | Well Exam 40-64 yrs. 99386 | | Colposcopy w/ Biopsy *57454 | | GC Screen...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Learning Online

...of breast cancer and a lump on a breast which is the most common symptom in today’s world. There is also a mammographic picture of a normal breast and a breast with cancer. Wikipedia also has information on the life style, how excessive smoking and consumption of alcohol leads to breast cancer. I did not have the knowledge that being exposed to radiation or doing shift work could also lead to breast cancer until I read this information on Wikipedia. The site also consists of the processes of when cancer is diagnosed, all the procedures that are involved such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and recovery after treatment. It also explains on the Pathology side of the breast on how specimens are collected from patients like a core biopsy or a fine needle aspiration, how the specimens are tested and how the results are...

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Renal Transplant Biopsy

...of Renal Function at 3 Months | 202(111 biopsied) | | A donor preimplantation biopsy with sufficient material forevaluation was available in 111 cases. Mean global glomerularsclerosis was 1.2% _ 3.5% and in seven cases globalglomerular sclerosis was greater than 10%. Mean donorchronic damage score was 0 in 77 cases; 1 in 15 cases; 2 in13 cases; and _3 in five cases(LOW PERCENTAGE OF GLOMEROSCLEROSIS) | | Histopathologic Evaluation of Pretransplant Biopsy as a Factor InfluencingGraft Function After Kidney Transplantation: A 1-Year Observation | 92 | We observed a significant correlation between immediate graft function (IGF)and lack of ATN in the pre-0 biopsy. We observed no correlation between renal functionand arterial hyalinization and fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration, tubular atrophy. In thepostoperative period, we observed a significant correlation between IGF and lack ofinterstitial fibrosis with significantly lower levels of creatinine, urea, and potassium andhigher urine output early after transplantation. IGF and better function of the right kidneywas correlated with shorter time to reach a creatinine level of 2 mg%. In the postoperativeperiods, we also observed a difference between renal function depending on gender. Thepresence of acute tubular necrosis, arterial fibrosis, lack of inflammatory infiltration in thepre-0 biopsy correlated with worse late renal function. Among explantation biopsies 65.5%showed signs of CAN, and 37.93%, histologic marks of ARE.SEE TABLE 1(......

Words: 2991 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Science

...obtained by bone marrow biopsy (often called a trephine biopsy) and bone marrow aspiration. A bone marrow aspiration should be performed as part of the same procedure. For patient safety and convenience, biopsies are usually performed on the posterior iliac crest. The biopsy specimen should measure at least 1.6 cm and, if it does not, consideration should be given to repeating the procedure, possibly on the contralateral iliac crest. Bone marrow examination is used in the diagnosis of a number of conditions, including leukemia, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, anemia, and pancytopenia. The bone marrow produces the cellular elements of the blood, including platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. While much information can be gleaned by testing the blood itself (drawn from a vein by phlebotomy), it is sometimes necessary to examine the source of the blood cells in the bone marrow to obtain more information on hematopoiesis; this is the role of bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. { A trephine (/trɨˈfaɪn/; from Latin trypan, meaning to bore) is a surgical instrument with a cylindrical blade. It can be of one of several dimensions and designs depending on what it is going to be used for. They may be specially designed for obtaining a cylindrically shaped core of bone that can be used for tests and bone studies, cutting holes in bones (i.e., the skull) or for cutting out a round piece of the cornea for eye surgery. A cylindrically shaped core of bone (or bone biopsy) obtained......

Words: 3348 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Managment Law

...Case 1 Marge was suffering pain in her leg and went to see Dr. Hibbert for a consultation. Dr. Hibbert decided that a muscle biopsy was the appropriate diagnostic measure to take. Dr. Hibbert had Marge sign a consent form wherein she gave consent to the muscle biopsy. The consent form also had this clause in it: “I also consent to such further or alternate measures as may be found necessary during the course of the operation.” During the muscle biopsy, Dr. Hibbert noticed an unusual bone growth in the same area where the biopsy was done. He performed a bone biopsy as well as he was concerned that there might be a problem with the bone. Following the surgery, Marge was discharged with a pair of crutches. She was not told about the bone biopsy, nor was she told not to put weight on her leg. Several days later, while using her crutches, Marge put weight on her leg and it broke. It was determined that the leg broke at the exact location of the bone biopsy. Marge went to a lawyer, Lionel Hutz, and decided to sue Dr. Hibbert. a) What arguments would Lionel Hutz make on behalf of Marge to establish the liability of Dr. Hibbert? In answering this question, be sure to state the applicable cause(s) of action and why they apply to these facts. b) What arguments would Dr. Hibbert’s lawyer make in an effort to avoid liability? c) What is the likely outcome of this case and why? d) Would the result be different if it were established that Marge had particularly......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Breast Imaging Diseases

...Cancer Society, 2014). Fibroadenomas usually appear to be round with distinct borders on imaging. They can feel like a marble within the breast that can be moved under the skin. Some women may have only one tumor while other women may have multiple tumors. Fibroadenomas are also usually firm and not tender (American Cancer Society, 2014). The cause of fibroadenomas is still unknown, however they are more common in women of African American decent (MedlinePlus, 2013). Even with the distinct characteristics, a fibroadenoma can only be identified and diagnosed with certainty after a biopsy of the tissue is performed (American Cancer Society, 2014). Biopsies can be performed in three ways. The first way of performing a biopsy is ultrasound-guided. This procedure utilizes the ultrasound machine to help locate the area of interest. Once the area is located, tissue samples are removed using a biopsy device. Ultrasound is the preferred method for locating cysts and tumors without...

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Case Study

...introduced into the abdomen through the gel by using a small probe (transducer). Thereafter, the sound waves reflect back from the abdomen, which are collected in the transducer. Then, they are sent to the computer, which converts the sound waves into pictorial representation, which is examined by the doctor. Biopsy Biopsy is one of the important tests because it provides the doctor with clear information about the cell from which the tumor has progressed. Thereafter, various types of biopsy tests are carried out on the cells for further verification. These tests are done by cutting a small portion of body cells or tissue. A pathologist (specialized in examining body cells) analyzes the removed portion under a microscope. In some cases, the doctor needs the help of an ultrasound or CT scan to direct the biopsy needle to cut the correct portion of tissue. For some patients, a number of biopsies are needed to get clarification on the tumor. Yet, it does not require a long-term stay in the hospital. Various types of biopsy tests involved in the examination of a tissue or cells are: CT or ultrasound-guided biopsy Core needle biopsy Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy Excision...

Words: 758 - Pages: 4