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Bioremediation

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ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE DIVISION
DESIGN, O & M UNIT

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF BIOREMEDIATION (An Aid to the Development of Bioremediation Proposals)
APRIL 1998

S:\CP\BIOREM\NEW_BIO.DOC

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- iv

I.

INTRODUCTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

II. POTENTIAL ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 III. IV.
A. B. C. D. E.

PRESUMPTIVE EVIDENCE FOR BIOREMEDIATION ----------------------------------- 3 GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY -------------------------------------------------------------- 3
Intrinsic Bioremediation --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Engineered Bioremediation ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Combination of Technologies-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 In Situ Bioremediation ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 4 Ex Situ Bioremediation ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4

V. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
A. 1. 2. B. 1. 2. 3. C. Microbial Diversity ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Numbers and Kinds of Microorganisms ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Bioaugmentation...

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