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Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar disorder
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Bipolar disorder is a major health concern that has drawn interest from the general public, media and the scientific community over the past decade. Bipolar disorder, sometimes referred to as manic-depressive illness is a neurological disorder that causes anomalous changes in energy, mood and ability to function in an individual. The disorder distorts moods and thoughts, interferes with rational thought and incites dreadful behaviors in an individual. Bipolar disorder symptoms often lead to deteriorating results at school and work, damaged relationships and sometimes suicide (Treatment Advocacy Centre 1).
Bipolar patients experience moods swings ranging from the lows of depression; extreme sadness, hopelessness and loss of interest in most activities to the highs of mania when one feels full of energy and euphoric. Bipolar disorder is neither a viral, fungal, parasitic nor bacterial disease the disorder is not caused by any pathogen. The disorder is not infectious and cannot be spread from one person to another. Bipolar comordities are classified as either medical or psychiatric. Some of the common comordities of bipolar disorder include Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Anxiety disorders, substance disorder, obesity and metabolic syndrome (Furham and Anthony 254).
Epidemiology
National Institute of Mental Health (1) estimates that Bipolar disorder affects 5.7 million American adults; this translates to 2.6% of the U.S adult population. The onset of the illness is usually during early adulthood at a medium age of 25 years; however, children and adults in the late 40’s and 50’s have also been diagnosed with the illness. Even though, bipolar disorder is equally common among all social classes, ages, ethnic groups, races and gender, the illness tends to be...

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