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Bipolar Disorder

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Boarman 1

Bipolar Disorder
Ray Boarman
Community College of Baltimore County

Boarman 2

Bipolar Disorder Auntie Pauline was always a blast to be around. Filled with a seemingly endless supply of energy, my brother and I used to love when she visited. We would run around my grandfathers yard playing tag or swinging on the tire swing with her. However, months would go by and we wouldn’t see or hear from Aunt Pauline. No phones calls would come from South Carolina until she was feeling “up” again. Aunt Pauline has bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of two basic types of mood disorders (MD), the other being unipolar disorder (Weiten, 2012).
A MD “is marked by emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes” (Weiten, 2012). Bipolar disorders’ emotional disturbances include bouts of mania, or elation, followed by depression (Weiten,
2012). These disturbances can vary from person to person but, median lengths are known to be 3 to 12 months long (Weiten, 2012). There are many theories why individuals develop bipolar disorder however, scientist agree that it is not caused by a single factor (Bipolar Disorder).
Genetics is shown to be a factor in the acquisition of the disorder. If a family has a history of BD the chances of an offspring acquiring the disorder is increased (Bipolar Disorder). Yet, in a study of identical twins, a twin of an individual with the disorder does not always develop it (Bipolar
Disorder). One MRI study found that the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain that handles problem solving and decision making, is smaller and less efficient in adults with bipolar disorder
(Bipolar Disorder). The...

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