Free Essay

Black Muslims

In: Historical Events

Submitted By xfkgbqxh
Words 908
Pages 4
INTRODUCTION

In this work I will explain about the Muslims that are black. This topic is very important to talk about this kind of culture because we are in a world which is assorted of many cultures, also is important to talk about this topic because we have to know that the black people are humans too and they have the same rights like everybody.
The phrase Black Muslims may describe any black people who are Muslim, but historically it has been specifically used to refer to African-American organizations that describe themselves as Muslim. Some of these groups are not considered to be Muslim by orthodox Muslims.

THE BLACK MUSLIMS
The black Muslims are an American religious organization formed mostly by blacks who profess the Muslim religion. This group is known as the American Muslim Mission, formerly known as world community of al-islam in the west in 1975, but but ehy were called the nation of Islam, the members called themselves the “bilalian”.

Its leaders are in favor of economic cooperation and self-sufficiency; they also impose on their followers the observance of strict Islamic codes of behavior, referring to issues such as food, clothing and interpersonal relationships. Members practice some of the Islamic religious rites and pray five times a day.

HISTORY:

In 1913, there was the arrival in Newark, New Jersey (USA), an African-American North Carolina named Timothy Drew. This, with the nickname of Noble Drew Ali founded the Moorish Temple of Science-American teaching that blacks were actually of Moorish origin and a black Jesus was crucified by the Romans, who were white.

Much of his teachings came from The Aquarian Gospel, an occult text written by Levi Dowling.

On the death of Ali, Wallace Ford said it was the reincarnation of Ali and who was born in Mecca, had been sent to America to free the black man "the devil Caucasian (white). In the company of one of his followers named Elijah Muhammad (actually Robert Poole), founded the Nation of Islam, declaring the incarnation of Allah, the Muslim god.

After the mysterious disappearance of Ford in 1935, Muhammad took control of the movement.

During the sixties, the movement enjoyed considerable prestige among the black population of the United States thanks to the oratorical skills of Malcolm X, assassinated by one of Muhammad's opponents on 21 February 1965.

On the death of Muhammad in the same year, was succeeded by his son Wallace, who baptized the movement as a Community of Islam in the West and the followers as bilalians (Bilal was the first black convert of Muhammad).

At present, its supreme leader Louis Farrakhan is held by the original racist extremism movement.

CONCLUSION

The ideology of the sect has a considerable influence of some occult circles (the black man was created in the moon a trillion years ago) and a fanatical racism, which disqualifies, among other reasons, to be defined as a proper Muslim.

For the above reasons is incompatible with Christianity.

BLACK PANTER PARTY

PRESENTED BY:
NICODEMUS LUNA ROJAS

PRESENTED TO:
ABEL HERRERA

SUBJECT
RESEARCH

GRADE:
11°

ANGLO AMERICAN SCHOOL

SANTIAGO DE CALI, MAY 20TH 2011

INTRODUCTION
The U.S. has been, to the surprise of many, the cradle of groups and organizations that fought for specific demands of their respective sectors. This is the case with the Black Panthers and their struggle to defend the rights of the American black community in a time where racism and discrimination were the daily bread.

BLACK PANTER PARTY
The Black Panther Party (in English originally called Black Panther Party Black Panther Party for Self Defense, and popularly known as Black Panther) is an African-American political organization in the United States, founded in Oakland, California in October 1966 by Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale and David Hilliard.
Newton and Seale, influenced by the thoughts of Malcolm X, founded at the University of Merrit, Oakland, Alma Advisory Council of Students. A year after the assassination of Malcolm, for the anniversary commemorations, proposed to bring to campus a squad of armed youths, a proposal that was rejected. After that incident, left the Council and decided to form the Black Panther Party.
Ten point program:

The group's initial ideology was articulated around the so-called "Ten-Point Programme"

1. We want freedom, we want the power to determine the destiny of our black community;
2. We want full employment for our people;
3. We want an end to the plundering of our black community by the white man;
4. We want decent housing, adapted to humans;
5. We want education for our people to show the true nature of this decadent American society. We want education that teaches our true history and our role in society;
6. We want free health care for all black men and oppressed people;
7. We want all black men we are exempt from military service;
8. We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people;
9. We want freedom for all black men detained in prisons and federal prisons, state, county and municipal
10. We want all black people sent for trial to be tried in courts peer or people of the black community, as envisaged in the constitution of the United States
* We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice and peace.

-They were the first groups to suffer social and revolutionary infiltration and handling police, getting the FBI almost annihilate the movement.-

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Black Muslims

...Black Muslim Movement The "Black Muslim" movement in America, which started in the early 1900's, stems from a backlash against centuries of oppression by white Americans. By the 1920's, at the movement's beginning, slavery had been over for sixty years. Still, the status of African-Americans was still below the level of equality that they demanded, and also deserved. Beginning with Timothy Drew, (who later changed his name to Noble Drew Ali) in the 1920's, and Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in 1930, hundreds of thousands of African-Americans converted to Islam, many under the guidance of Fard's successor, Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam. . It had taken nearly four hundred years for the Black Man to climb from beneath this proverbial rock. Leading the climb during the civil rights movement was the Nation of Islam, the most influential and directional group in the history of Black America. The members got this name because up until the formation of the group, Muslims in America were all immigrants from the Middle East and Southeast Asia. African-Americans did not begin to convert until Drew, Fard, and Elijah Muhammad began to preach. The founding beliefs of the Nation of Islam were that African-Americans had been oppressed for too long, and that the White, Christian-dominated American society was to blame. term "Black Muslim" is the original term for members of the Nation of Islam. The members got this name because up until the formation of the group, Muslims in......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Representation of Race in Media

...* * * * * * * * * Representation Of Race In Media * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Much of our perceptions of the world are based on narratives and the images that we see in film, television, radio, music, and other media. These are some of the outlets that construct how individuals see their social identities, as well as learn and understand about what it is to be black, white, Native American, Asian, South American, etc. (Dow, Wood, 2006, p. 297). You will get a better understanding of this once you understand the concept of ideologies. Ideologies are what create our perception of the world around us, whether it is political, social, economic, etc. Ideologies are not the product of individual intention or conscious, rather we create our intentions within ideology (Marris, Thornham, 2000, p. 267). These ideologies exist before we are even born; they form the social constructions and conditions that we are born into. But, ideologies are just a practice, and it is produced and reproduced in apparatus of ideological production. The media is a great example of an apparatus of ideological production (Marris, Thornham, 2000, p. 273). It produces social meanings and distributes them throughout society. However, as long as ideologies continue so will social struggles such as racism, which we will discuss in this essay. Media elites represent different races through media based......

Words: 1829 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Islam and Muslims in North America

...Islam and Muslims in North America * With arising consciousness, with American blacks, the idea that very many of them could have been Muslims, got stronger and stronger * There are estimates that between 14-20 % of Africans brought over to America, were Muslims. * The first Muslims: pre-Columbian and Columbian arrivals or visits? * Muslims arrivals through the slave trade, from early 1600’s to Abolition of slavery in 1863 * Muslim migration to North America * African American Muslims- assertion of identity from 20th c. On 1.3rd of total Muslim population in the USA * Converts * Omar ibn Sayyid (1770-1864) * Born in Senegal, he was enslaved and brought into American in 1806. * Prescribed himself out of a teacher and left the slavery expeditions * Was sold to one master, who died * The next one who bought him forced him into hard labour * Although he was baptized, he was still a practising Muslim Muslim Immigration to North America * Immigrant “cohorts” -Pioneer families (19th c. To WWII) -Transitional families(post WWI to 1968) -Differentiated families (From 1968to today) * Issues -Integration -{reserving an identity) -Diversity within (ethnic, religious) -Proselytizing from other faith communities * 60’s are the turning point for Muslim migration -the post war economic boom and economic recovery, necessitates the influx of labour in Europe and in the North America= immigration is incurred. The...

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Malcom X

...Malcolm X Malcolm X was a well-known civil rights movement leader as well as a great Black Muslim as well as a smart and powerful man. He was born as Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19, 1925 to his parents Louis and Earl Little. His father was a well-known Christian preacher who followed the teachings of Marcus Garvey a former well established African American leader. Growing up and watching his father’s sermons would add to his knowledge of the racial tensions he would soon be faced with as he got older. His mother Louis Little was the product of the slave and master relations as she was mulatto and she hated herself for it as this also was a cause to his inspiration to become a serious activists in the civil rights movement. As he grew up he did very well academically and was very well liked by the whites who accepted him due to his lighter skin tone but as time went on he became very street minded in his ways as he grew up as a thief and street hustler as well as a pimp and drug dealer. All those events led him to prison where he was sentenced to 10 years and in that 10 years he became a changed man by joining the Nation of Islam and becoming a Black Muslim. He then changed his last name from Little to X as he did not want to take the name of a prior slave owner of his ancestors and eventually went on to become one of civil rights movement top respected leaders. I believe Malcolm X should be remembered by his successes such as his evolvement from a street minded...

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Black Mecca

... Black Mecca Thesis: West African Muslims immigrants fit into the fabric of Harlem, New York, and how they have challenged   established notions of Islam, race, and cultural difference in one of the centers of black culture, thought, and politics.   Alain LeRoy Locke, The New Negro, 1925. This book provides a great look at the history of West African Muslims in Harlem. Also it talks about how those African were treated and referred as the new Negros among other black. This book supports my research by mainly talking about challenges that West African Muslims face in the U.S in general and in Harlem in particular. It also explains the culture difference between the new black arrivals and the African American who have already assimilated to the American culture. It also gives my thesis a clear sense of the prejudice and racism that was against those Western African Muslims. Zain abduallah, Black Mecca: The African Muslims of Harlem. This book talks about how West African immigrants were adapting to the new American culture and trying to reach the American dream. It also goes on talking about how many Americans ignored those West African Muslims’s identity because they were black, because they have always viewed Islam as an Arab religion. This books helps my thesis by providing information about the West African Muslims immigrants’s background and how they......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rastarians and Muslims

...| Rastafarians & Muslims | Critical Analysis | | Jedaila Astwood | 9/18/2013 | There are many things that stand out in the world as we have come to know today. As time changes so do the world, our societies are now modern and complex. These societies have majority and minority groups of people. A minority group can be defining as the physical appearance and cultural practices that are different from those of a dominant group. Very often unequal treatment is bestowed upon the minority groups. There are a number of minority groups for example; racial, ethnic, gender, age, sexuality, people with disabilities and religious minorities. In this essay, I will discuss the similarities and differences between the Rastafarians and Muslims, and their struggle of assimilation and dominance. “Islam is the proper name to use when referring to the religion practiced by Muslims. It is an Arabic word that means two things: to surrender your will to God and to acquire peace in your soul. The legitimacy of using this word comes from the Muslim Holy Book, the Qur’an; and it is the only name Muslims use to refer to their religion” (Emerick, 2002). Research by Emerick (2002) states the five pillars of Islam are; Shahadah declaring allegiance to God, Salat daily prayer, Zakat annual charity, Saum month-long fasting, Hajj the pilgrimage to Mecca. According to Muslims, in order to become a Muslim you must believe and practice the five pillars of Islam. Arguably, the central......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Malcolm X

...him stronger, emerging as an unlikely leader in America at a time when black leaders of his fiery style and impeccable speaking ability were uncommon. Unfortunately, like other leaders throughout history, Malcolm X was eventually assassinated, but his story lives on. A closer look provides the insight that in a desperate time of need, the trained mind of a street hustler envisioned the advantage of taking on and implementing the right opportunity to make a significant difference in society. While Malcolm X loved the religion of Islam, he still used it, maybe without even knowing it, as a scapegoat to start a movement towards a response to racism and Christianity with the ultimate goal of establishing a new identity for African Americans. Malcolm’s early childhood included constant attacks on his family from the white supremacy group, the KKK. Eventually Malcolm was plucked from his family, sent into foster care, and was arguably deprived of a normal teenage life like that of the average adolescent. Those years for him included both illegal and immoral activity such as heavy use and distribution of drugs, prostitutes and various other hustling. Malcolm X believed that African Americans had completely lost their sense of identity and he was determined to bring it back. Evidence he provides as grounds for this ‘missing’ identity consists of black people acting or imitating white people. This included blacks that conked their hair that made it straight, shining, and rid of all......

Words: 1656 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...life over few past decades, Black Americans still accepted some racial stereotyping harassment on their social lives. These negative racial stereotyping ideas on black people are not new. According to Schneider and Bos (2011, 206) scholars viewed black politicians as a subtype of blacks which means there are few different characteristics related with stereotyping appeared between them. For example, blacks in general were seen as irresponsible, poor, illiterate, violent, undisciplined, musical and ostentatious people. In contrast, non-blacks seem more appreciated and looked up on black politicians. Black politicians were stereotyped differently, such as black politicians as more educated and capable person to handle racial issues and have more liberal beliefs compared to white politicians. On the other hand, many black students, approximately about ninety two percent of them, still facing negative stereotypes in pre-dominantly white institutions (PWI), which caused reduction in their academic scores and social growth (Fries-Britt and Turner 2001, 420; Amodio 2009, 63; Phelan and Rudman 2010, 271). About fifty six percent of black students faced a various kind of negative racial stereotypes which generally called racial stereotype threat, such as non-black students perceived them as students who less capable and significantly have low achievement in intellectual ability compared to white students (Aronson, Fried and Good 2002, 114) and seen black students as violent......

Words: 3719 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Ethnicity Essay

...in national newspapers and that there had been a reported increase of 129%. He states that the media was attempting to cause a moral panic to create fear in the public and Black people were the folk devils in which the moral panic was based around. He argues two reasons for the cause of this moral panic: The state and the ruling class were suffering a ‘crisis of hegemony’ and that there was a decline in the dominance of the ruling class due to ‘Black Power’ demonstrations, the oil crisis and strikes and power cuts. The second reason was the ruling classes needed to regain control and making mugging a moral panic achieved this by portraying violent crimes as a threat to society, which lead to the justified use of a police crackdown, muggers were portrayed as black and justified the targeting of black people by police. Hall also explains how the labelling of black people as criminals then leads to a self-fulfilling prophecy as they are stopped and searched more and arrested more, making them appear in official statistics and committing more crime than other races, Hall says this demonstrates how the ruling class use the justice system to criminalise groups in society who oppose them and portray them in negative stereotypical ways. The film ‘Boyz N The Hood (1991)’ supports this view of criminalising black people and leading them into a self-fulfilling prophecy of thinking that crime is the only option in life. The film follows two brothers Doughboy and Ricky and their close...

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Malcolm X

...20,2012 Malcolm X During the twentieth century Black people faced a huge amount of discrimination from the whites. They found it very difficult to achieve civil rights, to help end this problem came a man by the name of Malcolm X. He was a Black nationalist and Muslim leader whose militant advocacy of Black pride, separatism, and armed self-defense foreshadowed the Black Power movement of the late 1960's. Malcolm X was also an excellent student and had a dream of becoming a lawyer, but his dream was shattered when his teacher told him that being a lawyer was not realistic for a nigger. Discrimination cannot be removed by argument, but by action. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, and was assassinated on February 21, 1965 in New York City. His mother was Louis Little and had a father named Earl Little. Earl Little was a Baptist minister and a bad childhood. He was an outspoken supporter of a Black nationalist named Marcus Garvey, and because of this his family incurred the wrath of various ......

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Jake Durkin

...Historical Background It is necessary to examine the historical context of Muslim terrorism in the United States to understand the evolvement of Muslim extremism today. Juergensmeyer (2003) supports this stance by stating that contemporary acts of violence are influenced by historical violence perpetrated in the religious past. The assumption could be made that Muslim extremism in the United States is a more recent phenomenon; on the contrary, this is not true. By understanding history enlightens to where foundations and structures were built to support Muslim extremism and terrorism activities that exist in the United States today. One of the first elements of Muslim influence in the United States occurred in the early 20th century with the formation of the Moors Science Temple founded in 1913 by Noble Drew Ali in Newark, New Jersey and then later reorganized in Chicago in 1919 (Vidino, 2009; Dannin, 2002). Ali’s interpretation of Islam mixed Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroaster and Confucius (Vidino, 2009). In 1929, Ali was charged with and imprisoned for murdering Claude Greene an opponent within the organization (Dannin, 2002). Shortly after being released from bail, Ali disappeared and was presumed dead because he was never found (Dannin, 2002). With the influence of the Moors, the Nation of Islam, another unorthodox organization of Islam, was founded in 1930 by Wallace Farad in Detroit. Farad claimed he was a prophet to “awaken a dead nation in the West; to teach......

Words: 1723 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Martin L. King and Malcom X

...They were black men who had a dream, but never lived to see it fulfilled. One was a man who spoke out to all humanity, but the world was not yet ready for his peaceful words. "I have a dream, a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed... that all men are created equal." (Martin Luther King) The other, a man who spoke of a violent revolution, which would bring about radical change for the black race. "Anything you can think of that you want to change right now, the only way you can do it is with a ballot or a bullet. And if you're not ready to get involved with either one of those, you are satisfied with the status quo. That means we'll have to change you." (Malcolm X) While Martin Luther King promoted non-violence, civil rights, and the end to racial segregation, a man of the name of Malcolm X dreamed of a separate nation. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the conscience of his generation. A Southerner, a black man, he gazed upon the great wall of segregation and saw that the power of love could bring it down. From the pain and exhaustion of his fight to free all people from the bondage of separation and injustice, he wrung his eloquent statement of what America could be. (Ansboro, pg.1) An American clergyman and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, he was one of the principle leaders of the American Civil Rights Movement and a prominent advocate of nonviolent protest. King's challenges to segregation and racial discrimination in the 1950's......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Under the Surface

...Under the Surface I believe the American flag symbolizes unity, freedom, and a strong nation. Red represents hardiness and valor, white represents hope, purity, and innocence, and blue represent vigilance, perseverance, and justice. Since 9-11, America has been filled with hatred and the blame went on more than just a few of people but on an entire religion. Often times Muslims that has no affiliation with the attack has been categorize as terrorist. The Islamic as a whole is a great faith for one to follow but a small group associated with the religion has caused much shame to the community. Al-Qaeda is a militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Landen in the late 1980s, which was the terrorist organization solely responsible for the attack of 9-11. Al-Qaeda has redefined the way we look at the Islamic religion. Al-Qaeda is the reason many Americans view the Islamic religion in such a negative way and classifies all Muslims as terrorists. Al-Qaeda is a political movement with a demonstrated military ability, which has sought to bypass the state while co-opting its attributes and channeling its resources (Mohamedou 42). The organization, which coalesced in Afghanistan under the initial troika leadership of Palestinian teacher Abdallah Azzam, Egyptian surgeon Ayman al Dhawahiri, and Saudi businessman Osama Bin Laden in August 1989, was born more in context of a major international armed conflict, namely the Soviet Union’s failed take......

Words: 1392 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Malcolm X V. Martin Luther King

...Malcolm X is evoked as one of the greatest and influential African American figures, at the same time degraded for the violence he provoked as well as his black supremacy teachings. Martin Luther King, Jr., on the other hand, is recognized as the greatest influential character in the black Civil Rights Movement, with teachings of non-violent resistance and equal rights for blacks and whites. After spending several years in prison, Malcolm converted to the Muslim religion and utilized newspaper columns, radio, and television to convey the Nation of Islam's (NOI) message. King strived to gain credentials from his audiences by everything from his tone to quoting biblical figures. Malcolm X was not able to influence the black community as well as Martin Luther King, Jr. Due to their differences in childhood and religion, their philosophies differed, causing supporters to accord more with the statements of Martin Luther King, Jr. Born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, to Earl Little, a Baptist minister; and to Louise Norton Little, a housewife busy with the family's eight children. Earl Little was a supported of Marcus Garvey, the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). This prompted the Little family with death threats and by age four, Malcolm's Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl Little was murdered by a white mob. Louise trying to keep the family in order, suffered an emotional breakdown and......

Words: 1083 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Malcolm X

...Malcolm spent his whole life preparing himself for an inevitable death (Malcolm X, A Leader of Black Pride). He wanted to get his message out to the world before his time came, and it came much too early for a man like him. Malcolm X will live on throughout history because he was so passionate in his beliefs; though they changed often, he always stood up for what he believed was right, and there is nothing more respectable than that. Even if the man’s beliefs were radical at times. Malcolm’s birth name was Malcolm Little. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19, 1925 to parents Rev. Earl and Louise Little, the fourth of eight children (The Autobiography of Malcolm X). When he was about a year and a half old, his parents decided it was best to move out of Omaha after a Klu Klux Klan band warned them to leave, or else face consequences (Malcolm X). After passing through Milwaukee for a short time (Malcolm X, A Leader of Black Pride), they eventually found a place to stay, in Lansing, Michigan. Even though they had a new home, the Little family couldn’t seem to escape the “white devils” and soon they were struck with a tragedy. Lansing had it’s own white supremacy group, who called themselves the Black Legion. They heard about Earl’s preaching and they did not appreciate that he spread word about black rights, or that he started an uprising in the surrounding black community. The Black Legion deliberately started a fire at the Little’s home, so Earl was forced to build a......

Words: 2792 - Pages: 12