Premium Essay

Boko Haram

In: Social Issues

Submitted By deepaksharma808
Words 2981
Pages 12
Nigeria: Boko Haram’s insurgency
Standard Note: Last updated: Author: Section SN06920 19 June 2014 Jon Lunn International Affairs and Defence Section

In the northeast of Nigeria, an Islamist terrorist insurgency continues to rage. This insurgency is now regularly extending into other parts of the country. At the head of the insurgency is Boko Haram, which calls for the introduction of Sharia law and an Islamic state across the whole of Nigeria. There has been a state of emergency in the three northeastern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa since mid-2013. Human rights groups have reported serious abuses by Boko Haram but also by the notorious Nigerian security unit known as the Joint Task Force. The government has been predominantly committed to a security-based solution to the problem. In recent months, Boko Haram has further stepped up its violence. How to respond now dominates the domestic political scene in Nigeria. There were major bomb attacks in the capital, Abuja, in both April and May. Boko Haram has also captured international attention through its kidnapping on 14 April of about 270 schoolgirls in the small town of Chibok, Borno State (around 50 reportedly subsequently escaped). Well over 2000 people are estimated to have died in attacks by the group since the beginning of 2014. The Nigerian authorities have been heavily criticised both at home and abroad for their ineffective response to the crisis. Outrage in Western countries led governments rapidly to make offers of assistance to the Nigerian authorities. The UK Government has had three teams of advisors in Nigeria, including experts in counter-terrorism, hostage negotiation and victim support, assisted by an RAF surveillance aircraft that is based in Ghana. The US and France have also deployed personnel and technology. A regional security conference on Nigeria took place in Paris in May. There was...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Horrors of the Boko Haram

...The Horrors of Boko Haram When people hear the word terrorism, fear becomes a primary emotion. There are many different kinds of terrorism that can occur. There are also many different kinds of groups that can use terrorism to influence others or get the results they seek. But to the person or group committing terrorism it isn’t terrorism in their eyes. In their eyes, it becomes a type of political or social protest. This is key in understanding the Boko Haram simply because they truly believed what they were doing was right and by doing the heinous activities they would get their point across. It is also important to see what theoretical perspectives the Boko Haram ties into and lastly how globalization and the global village fall into it as well. The Boko Haram is a Nigeria radical Islamist group that has caused numerous havoc throughout Africa. The groups official name is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, which means “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings.” Boko Haram was founded in 2002 by Mohammed Yusuf. The group was taken over by Abubakar Shekau when Yusuf was killed in 2009. Boko Haram promotes a “version of Islam which makes it "haram", or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society” (BBC News). This included voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. A main goal that the group pushed to achieve was to create an......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Boko Haram

...Sherina Wardak #BringBackOurGirls On April 15th, Nigerian “Islamist” militant group Boko Haram kidnapped 230 schoolgirls and threatened to "sell" them. The girls were in their final year of school, most of them aged 16 to 18 some even younger. Boko Haram, in the local Hausa language, means roughly "Western education is sin”. The latest reports from people living in the forest say Boko Haram fighters are sharing the girls, conducting mass marriages, selling them each for $12. The leader of Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau sent out a video taking responsibility for the kidnapping and stated, "God instructed me to sell them, they are his properties and I will carry out his instructions”. He threatened further attacks on schools and warned the international community not to get involved in Nigeria. On monday May 5th, 8 more girls were abducted. The terrorist group, Boko Haram claim to be Muslims but are breaking all the rules of Islam. “Islam” in Arabic means peace, and the media does a terrible job trying to show that. All over the news I continuously saw “Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram”, why not just say “Terrorist group Boko Haram”. Some may argue that the Boko Haram are Muslim because they say that they are, but the actions of Muslims shouldn’t represent the religion. As a Muslim-American I feel like I always have to prove that I’m not evil and dangerous and I don’t find that fair. Islam teaches Muslims that education is extremely important and valuable. The Prophet Muhammad...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Boko Haram

...all. When things change, adaptation plays a big role as individuals have to live their lives to different aspects. Nigeria is one of those countries that was unprepared for what was coming. A terrorist organization called Boko Haram has taken lives and corrupted Nigeria’s society Boko Haram had first started in Nigeria, but has quickly moved and become Cameroon’s problem as well. Boko Haram is the nickname given to the Group of the People of Sunnah for Preaching and Jihad (Schneider). The founder of this group is Mohammed Yusuf, a Salafi Literalist Preacher that created in an islamic sect in 2002 (Schneider). He eventually got murder and in 2010, Abubakar Shekau took his place for leadership. At first Boko Haram attacked police and prisons, but also robbed banks as well. However in 2011- 2012, this organization became more indiscriminate in its violence with a spate of bombings (Schneider). Boko Haram has also been involved in many kidnappings as they spreaded around the borders of Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria. As the attacks and kidnapping got worse, it was bound to happen that this issue would like go national. The most high profile act was done in 2014, where they kidnapped the traditional ruler of Cameroonian Town (Schneider). The battle with Boko Haram has been steady, but the war isn’t going to end any time soon. They need more government help, economic development, advanced technology, and more time to prepare. There are many theoretical perspectives that could......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Boko Haram in Nigeria

...Boko Haram in Nigeria Name School Boko Haram in Nigeria Following the September 11, 2001, attack in the United States of America, terrorism took a new dimension, not just in the country, but across the globe. The scale of terrorism spread to other regions, with terror groups increasing their diverse agendas. In addition to this increment, the need to develop new counter-terror campaigns became inevitable. Terrorism is an act of spreading brutality against the civilians with the aim of realizing political or aggressive goals. In the recent past, major continents have been terror victims, driven by different armed groups with various agendas. Defining terrorism is sometimes tricky. This is because they can be seen as freedom fighters to the natives but to the government or civilians, they are terrorists. More often than not, terrorists are driven by hatred that is passed through generations. What aspired towards the September attack towards the United States of America was perceived animosity between the Muslims in the Middle East and the Americans. In fact, the majority of the causalities were the Americans, while the terrorist were affiliated with al Qaeda. As mentioned earlier, what started as hatred against the Americans turned out to be a global catastrophe. The Western part of Africa is no exception, particularly in Nigeria. In the past decade, al Qaeda-affiliated group commonly referred to as the Boko Haram has been on the rampage in Nigeria. Boko Haram is drawn from...

Words: 1819 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Boko Haram Assignment

...outcome of Boko Haram approximately 14 years after its creation A. Boko Haram’s attacks through different means of action The outcome of the group’s victims is enormous. 13, 000 deaths since 2009 and 1.5 million displaced. Despite the use of suicide bombings, Boko Haram is an expert of kidnappings, human trafficking, and thefts. According to a report released in October 2014 by the NGO “Human Rights Watch”, over 592 people have been kidnapped during this year. Its members melt with civilians in places like big markets. Some are perpetrated by young women wearing long veils which allow to hide explosives. If we look at the past few years, one attack has been conducted abroad. It was “the February 2013 kidnapping of a French family...

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nigeria's Boko Haram Menace

...While the economic situation is Borno State plays a role in the continued presence of the insurgency, it is not the only or even one of the most important reasons for Boko Haram’s existence. The insurgency exists because of a perfect storm of political, economic, geographic, social and environmental factors. I will be so bold as to say that the spark that caused the insurgency to start in Borno State was the political one. I will discuss the political reasons in this post- if you think I have something to contribute to this conversation, I will put forward my opinions on the other factors. This will be a long post, so please bear with me. I will take each of the causes one by one, but I must state that I am just a moderately politically aware Nigerian from the southwestern part of the country. This is just my opinion- take it for what it is. Political Right now, the current president of Nigeria- President Goodluck Jonathan is from Bayelsa State in the far-south and oil rich Niger Delta. H is the first person from that area to hold that position as power has traditionally stayed with the Northeastern, Northwestern and Southwestern regions. These regions are populated by the Hausa, Fulani, Kanuri and Yoruba ethnic groups. The oil (which is the mainstay of the Nigerian Economy and the major source of wealth for Nigeria’s corrupt elite) is all in the Niger Delta region. Over the years (since the 70’s) successive Nigerian regimes have allocated oil blocs and oil wells......

Words: 634 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Christians Should Accept Islam If They Want Peace Says Boko Haram

...THE fundamentalist Islamic sect, Jama’atu Ahlissunnah Lidda’awati Wal-Jihad, otherwise known as Boko Haram, on Tuesday in a statement claimed responsibility for the mass killings in Plateau State at the weekend. More than 100 persons were reportedly killed in attacks on three communities in the Barkin Ladi and Riyom local government areas of the state on Saturday and Sunday. The sect “thanked God for the success of the attacks” and vowed that there was no going back on the jihad (Holy War) it had launched against Christians and the government. It also asked “Christians in Nigeria to accept Islam” as a condition for a ceasefire. It described as a “new lie” claims by the new National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki, that he has an access for a dialogue with its leaders. The statement Full (and unedited) text of the Boko Haram statement, issued by its famous spokesman, Abu Qaqa, and posted on SaharaReporters on Tuesday, reads, “The Jama’atu Ahlissunnah Lidda’awati Wal-Jihad, is grateful to Almighty God and hereby makes it known to the world of our success and attack on Barkin Ladi and Riyom in Plateau State on Christians, security agencies and members of National Assembly. “Like we said earlier, Christians in Nigeria should accept Islam, that is true religion, or they will never have peace. We do not regard them as trusted Christians as some illiterates are campaigning because it was Christians that first declared war on Muslims with the support of......

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Effect of Changes on Organization Regarding Increased Crowd

...Effect of Changes Toward the Worker of DKM Masjid Raya Bandung Regarding the Increased Crowd of Alun-alun Bandung Abi Dzarr Alghifari Wijanarko 19012194 School of Business and Management Institut Teknologi Bandung 2015 Abstract The development of alun-alun Bandung or the city square has attract many crowds to visit the new recreational public space. However the crowd affect the religious activity on the Masjid Raya Bandung the mosque that located exactly beside the square. The worker of DKM Masjid Raya Bandung, an organization responsible for the operational activity of the mosque, might be affected because the visitor af alun-alun started to use the mosque as other activity than prayer. Using anthropological approach, this research use interviews on the worker and participant observation to know the effect of the change happened towards the worker of the mosque. The findings show that altough there are some problems affect the routine of the worker, the worker feels a lot of more positive effect with the mosque is now having more prayer and having richer religious activity. The discourse of the worker also show that the values, beliefs, and knowledge of the worker shape their perception towards the change. Keywords: Change, Organization, Islam, Religious, Values, Discourse 1 Table of Contents Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................

Words: 4198 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Biv of Poop

...Geography Tebbets 11-14-12 Bibliography Gambo, Hauwa. ” We won’t negotiate under Boko Haram’s conditions –Presidency”, November 5, 2012 8:33 am, http://www.ynaija.com/we-wont-negotiate-under-boko-harams-conditions-presidency/ Euronews, “Nigeria: Boko Haram call for peace with conditions”, council on foreign relations, 04/11 11:03 CET, http://www.euronews.com/2012/11/04/nigeria-boko-haram-call-for-peace-with-conditions/ Campbell , John. ” Boko Haram Offers Cease Fire Opportunity?” November 2, 2012 http://blogs.cfr.org/campbell/2012/11/02/boko-haram-offers-cease-fire-opportunity/ This day live(No author). “FG/Boko Haram: A New Peace Deal?” Nov, 11, 12 http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/fg-boko-haram-a-new-peace-deal-/130283/ Walker, Andrew. “What Is Boko Haram?” May 2012, United States Institute of Peace, http://www.usip.org/publications/what-boko-haram ATTAH , GODWIN. GAMBRELL , JON. “7 killed, 100 wounded in Nigeria church bombing“ Seattle Times, Sunday, October 28, 2012 at 5:28 AM , http://seattletimes.com/html/nationworld/2019543375_apafnigeriaviolence.html Wikipedia, ” Religion in Nigeria”, 20 September 2012 at 01:10, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Nigeria Smock , David. Hayward , Susan. Huda, Qamar-ul. ” Religion and Peacebuilding” 2012 http://www.buildingpeace.org/think-global-conflict/issues/religion-and-peacebuilding Agande, Ben. Binniyat, Luka. Ovuakporie, Emma. And Akinboade, Laide. “Nigeria: Suicide Bomber......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Terrorist

...http://nyti.ms/1S53E59 AFRICA Boko Haram Ranked Ahead of ISIS for Deadliest Terror Group By DIONNE SEARCEY and MARC SANTORA NOV. 18, 2015 DAKAR, Senegal — As much of the world remains focused on the Islamic State and its horrific attacks in Paris, another radical band of extremists has, by one account, captured the infamous title of the world’s deadliest terrorist group: Boko Haram. Boko Haram, the militant group that has tortured Nigeria and its neighbors for years, was responsible for 6,664 deaths last year, more than any other terrorist group in the world, including the Islamic State, which killed 6,073 people in 2014, according to a report released Wednesday tracking terrorist attacks globally. The death toll in Nigeria mounted on Wednesday, with a bombing in Kano State in northern Nigeria, not even a full day after Boko Haram was suspected in an explosion that killed and injured dozens in another nearby region. In Kano, the authorities said that two female suicide bombers detonated vests at a cellphone market at about 4 p.m., killing at least 12 people and wounding dozens. Witnesses and Red Cross officials said that as many as 50 or 60 people died, though the number could not be independently confirmed. Officials accused Boko Haram in the attacks. In a statement Wednesday, President Muhammadu Buhari called for Nigerians to stay vigilant, saying that even his recently intensified military operation against Boko Haram could not prevent every attack. “President Buhari......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organized Crime

...ORGANIZED CRIME: CASE STUDY NIGERIA. Introduction Organized Crime can be categorized as a transnational, national or among local groupings, of enterprises or organizations highly centralized and run by criminals. They are themed by engagement of illegal activity with the purpose of making money and profit. Not all organized crime systems are monetarily motivated, some of these systems purely operate with a political purpose driving their mandate or their very existence. Terrorist organizations, for example fit this caliber. These criminal organizations force people to do business with them i.e. a gang extorting small businesses for money so as to offer them ‘protection’. ‘Organized’ would be the term to describe these syndicates for these gangs, mobs and organizations are mostly disciplined with high levels of professionalism and expertise. These systems cannot be categorized with your average crime operations. (Macionis& Gerber 2010) States, militaries, police forces and even corporations sometimes use organized crime methods to conduct their business. (Tilly, 1985) According to the UNODC (n.d.). Organized crime threatens peace and human security, violates human rights and undermines economic, social, cultural, political and civil development of societies around the world. Organized crime manifests in a variety of forms, drug trafficking, firearms, human trafficking. Every year, countless individuals lose their lives at the hands of criminals involved in organized......

Words: 2861 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Srike Effect

...AUGUSTINE COMPOSITION 2, EN142O OCTOBER 6, 2015 SRIKE AND EMPLOYERS 2 Nigeria teachers went on strike and staged rallies nationwide on Thursday in protest against the kidnapping of more than 200 schoolgirls by Islamist Boko Haram sect and killing of nearly as many teachers during its insurgency. According to the writer teacher decided to embark on strike based on the issue of kidnapped schoolgirls and the killing of teachers, I quite understand that they want to show concern and to force government to act on the issue, but considering the fact that just kidnapped are student but shouldn’t affect the nation as whole, I quite remember that during this period, Nigerian States and citizen turn to something else because students that supposed to graduate that time was denied of it because of the Strike and for that reason violence became the other of the day. Although I believe strike was the only option to draw Government attention towards such calamity and crime. Boko haram gunmen stormed a school outside the remote northeastern town of chibok on April 14, carting some 270 girls away in trucks. More than 50 have escaped but at least 200 remain in captivity, as do scores of other girl’s kidnapped previously, STRIKE AND EMPLOYERS 3 Boko Haram want to create a breakaway Islamic State in a religiously-MIXED, Muslim and Christian country of 170 million people, African most populous. Its militants have attack hundreds of schools, killing hundreds of teachers and......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Afst

...Democracy And Development In The Case Of Nigeria The West African region is a place where vast natural resources exist. It was a region where Colonial powers sought to get raw materials to feed their growing demand for industrialization. The Federal Republic of Nigeria was amongst these colonized states that The British Colonial power took advantage of. The British ruled Colonial Nigeria for 45 years, before handing over power on October 1, 1960. But, much like the aftermath of many other successful independence struggles in Africa, Nigeria too suffered the consequence of colonization post the British. Left with a weak central government, Nigeria could not begin a culture of an all-inclusive democratic means of governance. Seven years after independence; The Republic of Biafra, a separatist movement formed and raged havoc in the country. The struggle for self-determination now took its roots in southeastern Nigeria. The question of self-determination is not a question of autonomy as is, but really a question of rights, respect and freedom. The struggle of nations and nationalities for respect and dignity is a plea for equitable democracy. When the national question of democracy is answered, the demand of nations and nationalities will also be answered. Reason being, it is important to create a system of equitable democracy, and a culture of governance whereby the dignity and the rights of all humanity is respected and protected before the law. To lead such a system,......

Words: 1293 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Insurbgence in Nigeria: the Way Forwrd

...ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Terrorist attacks are on the rise in Nigeria, which are the increased activities of Boko Haram over the past year. Bombings, kidnappings, and other violent activities of Boko Haram prevent many Nigerians from feeling safe. Boko Haram is a well-known agent of destruction in Nigeria. Even a casual observer who doesn’t live in Nigeria has likely heard of Boko Haram’s recent 2014 kidnappings of hundreds of children—mostly girls—from schools and villages in northern Nigeria. On the night of 14-15 April 2014, about 276 Chibok school girls were kidnapped by the Boko Haram. These girls were between 17 to 18 years according to a source. They were secondary school students at Government Secondary School, Chibok, Borno State, Nigeria. Only God knows the nature of what is in-between the legs of the female students at the moment. In the northern part of the country, students cannot complete their studies because of the looming threat of kidnapping and murder. More than any other issue in Nigeria today, the greatest concern has been the security condition of the country. Almost on a daily basis, there are accounts of several security threats arising from armed robberies, assassinations, armed militancy and banditry, kidnapping, bombings and of recent, the blood-let from a religious sect called the Jaamatus Alhus Sunnah Lid Daawatis Wal Jiliad (otherwise called Boko Harm) who say they are opposed to Western education and are ready to attack every vestige of western......

Words: 3148 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Contempory Issues with Western Living

...Contemporary Issues in Western Religions Nerkeda Bulter, Regina Edwards Lakisha Lewis Sinceria Lewis Religion/134 October 11, 2012 Stephanie Cripps Contemporary Issues in Western Religions This paper will reflect research on contemporary issues in Western Religions. The main objective is to elaborate on Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. The other key focus is to uncover the struggles within its historical and modern times. Islam is an interesting subject because it has plenty history surrounding Islamic cultures, and the contrast between Judaism, and Christianity. Nevertheless, revealing how time has change from than to now also captivate some attention. Exploring the foundation surrounding Islam such as Abraham, and the other forefathers is rewarding when searching the history of these three religions. Historical connections Islam and Judaism share connections starting very early in history with the patriarch Abraham. Abraham had two sons, Ishmael, and Isaac, who eventually went on to lead two different groups of people. Ishmael led the Arabs who later became known as the Muslims and Isaac led the Israelites who later became Jews. These two different groups of religions grew and traditions known today in modern religion. Each religion shares a monotheistic belief and has......

Words: 2215 - Pages: 9