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The Revolutionary War was the conflict between Great Britain’s 13 colonies and the British government. One of the causes was The Boston Tea Party, which was the protest against taxation on tea, and took place on the night of December 16, 1773. The Sons of Liberty led by Samuel Adams and The Sons of Liberty boarded three ships, dressed as Indians, and threw 342 containers of tea overboard. Another cause is The French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years War. This was the conflict between Britain and France in the colonies for rights to the Ohio River Valley. The last cause is The Boston Massacre, which was a squabble that took place on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot” mob and a squad of British soldiers. All of these causes made more …show more content…
When three ships arrived in the Boston Harbor, the Eleanor, the Beaver and the Dartmouth, colonist demanded the tea to be returned back to England. When the Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson refused, Samuel Adam formed the “tea party” that consisted of about 60 members of the Sons of Liberty. On the night of December 16, 1773 Samuel Adam and the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and raided the three ships and threw 342 containers into the Boston Harbor. The British tea dumped in Boston was worth at least $18,000, and took nearly three hours to empty into the Boston Harbor. Outraged by the destruction of British property, Parliament enacted the Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts. The Intolerable Acts established British military order in Massachusetts, closed Boston to merchant shipping, made colonist to house British soldiers, and made British officials safe to criminal prosecution in …show more content…
This created a conflict between France and Britain called the Second Hundred Years’ War. In 1756 war was declared by Britain, the official start of the Seven Years’ War, but Lord Loudoun,their new commander in America met with little success against the French and their Indian allies. In 1757, the new British leader, William Pitt thought the colonial conflicts were the key to building a vast British empire, causing him to borrow heavily to finance the war. When Britain decided to tax the colonies to pay the dept the war had caused, they began to feel that they were being persecuted, being held responsible to pay for a war that Britain would have done anyway, since they were fighting France for territory in North America. The colonist not only resented being held financially accountable for the war, but they discovered that they were decent soldiers. Britain soon won their first great victory at Louisbourg, on July 1758, a month later they took Fort Frontenac. They closed in Quebec, September 1759, and with the fall of Montreal in September 1760, the French lost their last foothold in Canada. Spain soon joined France against Britain. At the peace conference in 1763, Britain received Florida from Spain, and Canada from France, and gave Louisiana to Spain, but allowed France to keep its West Indian sugar

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