Brain Drain

In: Business and Management

Submitted By carlene3
Words 1368
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Brain BRAIN DRAIN AND IMPACT
ON DEVELOPMENT

OAS Special Committee on Migration
13 January 2009
Washington

Presentation Outline
Background and Overview

Issues and Impacts

Policy Responses
2

Brain drain
• Outflow of persons
– Volume
– Relative to the wider economic and social
environment
– Compensatory movements
• Cost benefit analysis
– Est 5% global liberalization of labour migration
could contribute $300b p.a to world welfare
(greater than ODA or FDI)
– Even a more conservative increase by developed
countries of 3% of their total workforce would
increase world welfare by more than $150b p.a.
3

Migration data
• Neither globally nor regionally established data
collection mechanisms
• No consensus on definitions
• Incompatibility of data from different sources at
national, regional and international levels
• Stock data – no flow data: only limited reflection
of true level of migration
• Data on specific migrant groups from receiving
countries– often not compatible
• Trafficking and irregular migration – very limited
knowledge.
4

Background
• World total migrants in 1980: 100 million
– 47.7 million were in developed countries, compared
with 52.1 million in developing countries. 2002 – 40.8
million migrants live in North American countries
(13% of the pop)

• 2006: out of a global total of some 190 million
migrants
– 61 million had moved South - South, 53 million North
-North, 14 million North -South and 62 million South –
North

• 49.5% of global migrants are women
5

Key trends in movement
• growing feminisation of migration flows
• the increasing selectivity of migration
towards the highly skilled
• THUS, consequences for the sending
countries.
6

International migration in the
Caribbean – characteristics
• Various migration flows: Intra-regional,
inter-regional and international…...

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