Brain Structures and Functions

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Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet
PSY/340 Version 3

1

University of Phoenix Material
Brain Structures and Functions Worksheet
Provide a brief description for each of the following functions:
1.

Basal ganglia

The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei of varied origin in the brains of vertebrates that act as a cohesive functional unit. They are situated at the base of the forebrain and strongly connected
2. with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and other brain areas. The basal ganglia are associated with a variety of
Corpus collosum functions, including voluntary motorof nerve fibers that divides the cerebrumroutine behaviors or "habits"
The corpus callosum is a thick band control, procedural learning relating to into left and right such as bruxism, eye movements, and cognitive,of the brainfunctions. for communication between both hemispheres. It connects the left and right sides emotional allowing
3. hemispheres. The corpus callosum transfers motor, sensory, and cognitive information between the brain
Temporal lobe hemispheres. lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. Structures of the
The temporal limbic system, including the olfactory cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampus are located within the
4. temporal lobes. The temporal lobes play an important role in organizing sensory input, auditory
Occipital lobe perception, language and speech production, asperception system. They are not particularly vulnerable to
The occipital lobes are the center of our visual well as memory association and formation. injury because of their location at the back of the brain, although any significant trauma to the brain could
5. produce subtle changes to our visual-perceptual system, such as visual field defects and scotomas.
Frontal lobe
The frontal lobes are considered our emotional control center…...

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