Brazil – Country Report

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Dialekt
Words 8899
Pages 36
Brazil – Country Report

Introduction
The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets, and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries. Although struggling with social inequality and infrastructural deficits we think that Brazil is already a great world power.
Also what attracted us to Brazil as a case study for this report is it’s exotic character. Not many people really know the extent of Brazil’s recent growth and improvements in social security and in overcoming poverty.
We expect the labor force and operational costs to be low, like in the other emerging countries like China. However we take in to consideration higher costs involving security and bureaucracy.
Chapter 1 – Short presentation of the country
The Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin America Region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population, with over 193 million people. It is the largest Lusophone country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile. Including its Atlantic islands, Brazil lies between latitudes 6°N and 34°S, and longitudes 28° and 74°W. (Also see Appendix 1)
The official denomination of Brazil is the Real (BRL), which exchanges at 2.0201 per Dollar (USD).
A member of…...

Similar Documents

Brazil- a Country Profile

...Brazil Background Information Capital: Brasilia Official language: Portuguese Area: 8.511.965 km2 Number of inhabitants (2007): 185.998.215 (Brazilian Statistics Institute IGBE) Population density (2007): 23 Inhabitants per km2 Population growth (2007): 1,2 % for 2007 (IGBE 2006) Working population (8/2008): 57 % (IBGE) Foreign Inhabitants (2006): 0,7 % (IBGE) Unemployment rate: 7,6 % (8/2008), 9,5 % (8/2007), 10,6 % (8/2006) (IBGE) Religions: roman catholic (73,6 %), protestants (15,4 %), spiritualists (1,3 %), umbanda und candomblé (0,3 %), others (1,8 %), none (7,4%) (Census 2000) | Based on area and population, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. In Europe it is commonly known as an attractive travel destination and former immigration country. Over four million Europeans immigrated into Brazil since the first Portuguese colonisation in the 16th century until the Second World War. Since the 1980s the circumstances have changed the other way round. It is estimated, that since then over three million Brazilians emigrated into the United States as well as Europe and Japan. Nonetheless, due to the growing economy of the last decade, Brazil has changed again into an immigration country. Although Brazil is the ninth largest national economy of the world, social inequality is at its peak. In 2005 the richest 10% of the population earned 48% of the national income, whilst over 40 million Brazilians had less than 2 dollars a day to live (Central Intelligence...

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Country Report Guide

...Country Report Worksheet Using the CIA World Factbook, discover the following information about the country you drew. Each of these countries is a “hot spot” in today’s current events. Next, create a PowerPoint presentation with your findings. Pending time, you will present your PowerPoint to the class (we’ll draw names each class to see who will present that day). Name of Country I. Demographics - Compare your selected country with the United States Country United States Population: Infant Mortality Rate: Life Expectancy: Literacy Rate: HIV/AIDS Rate: II. Geography and Climate Area: Area Comparative (about the size of what American state?): Neighboring Countries: Climate: Terrain: III. Government Head of State: Head of Government: Legislative Body: IV. Economics Per capita GDP (This means the average amount that the country produces per citizen) $ _____ % Of Workforce involved in Agriculture: Industry: Services: Development Status (Do you think this country is developed, undeveloped, or in-between. Say why.) ____________ ________ _____________ V. Culture List the major language or languages (and percentages if available): 1. 3. 2. 4. List the major religions (and percentages if available): 1. 3. 2. 4. VI. History - List at least four important dates for this country, and why they are important. Date Why It Is Important 1. ......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Brief Country Report: Zambia

...Westminster International University in Tashkent Level 4: Economics Empirical - Brief Country Report 2012 - 2013 COURSEWORK 2 (Word count 1761) To be completed by the student Student’s ID number | 00001992 | Module name | Economics | Module code | BUZE400 | Tutor | Azim Raimbaev | Individual assignment | | Group assignment | | Submission deadline | 25.03.13 | I certify that all material in this coursework which is not my own work has been acknowledged and I am fully aware of the consequences of plagiarism. Signed | For Academic Registrar use only | Outline Introduction 3 I. Analyses of Key Macroeconomic Indicators 3 1. Growth Rate 4 2. Productivity growth 5 3. Output Gap 6 4. Unemployment Rate 6 5. Inflation Rate 8 6. Trade 8 II. Interrelationships between key macroeconomic indicators 9 1. Growth and Unemployment, Okun's Law 9 2. Inflation-Unemployment Tradeoffs, the Philip curve 10 Conclusion 11 Bibliography 11 Introduction Over the years a great deal of works have been devoted to improve the economic performance of one of the sub-Saharan African country, located in the territory of Northern Rhodesia, Zambia. The country gained independence from the British in 1964, and started to operate and be counted as a separate economy. This empirical study analyses the available annual data on key macroeconomic indicators of Zambia for the period from 2000 to 2012 years, and explains the interrelation between these......

Words: 2244 - Pages: 9

Country Report -Spain

...COUNTRY REPORT SPAIN Submitted to: Dr. Fritz Rieger. Submitted by: Sai Krishna Gumparla. Student No: 103943448. Section: 03 Date of Submission: 10 July 2013. Spain, Span. España āspäˈnyä, officially Kingdom of Spain , the 13th-largest economy in the world, the fifth-largest in the European Union, and the fourth-largest in the Euro zone, based on nominal GDP comparison is a constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 40,341,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe. It consists of the Spanish mainland (190,190 sq mi/492,592 sq km), which occupies the major part of the Iberian Peninsula; of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea; and of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Ruler: King Juan Carlos I (1975) Prime Minister: Mariano Rajoy (2011) Land area: 192,819 sq mi (499,401 sq km) Total area: 194,896 sq mi (504,782 sq km) Population (2012 est.): 47,042,984 (growth rate: 0.654%) Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Madrid, 7,254,321 (metro. area) Other large cities: Barcelona, 1,621,537; Valencia, 814,208; Seville, 703,206 Monetary unit: Euro (formerly peseta) GDP: 1.477 trillion USD Unemployment: 25.1% Inflation (CPI): 3.1% CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT: Overview Situated in south-western Europe, Spain's geographical diversity encompasses landscapes that range from deserts and coastal beaches to snow-covered mountains. Present-day Spanish culture, deeply rooted in tradition, has been carved by the many outside influences......

Words: 3510 - Pages: 15

Country Analysis of Brazil

.... | Country Analysis | Brazil | | . | [Pick the date] | AHMEDABAD MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION | Submitted to Prepared by Dr.P.V.Desai Sagar Sakariya CONTENT Introduction | | Brazil annual report: Economic Indicator | | Government and Politics | | Foreign Relations | | States and Municipality | | Geography | | Climate | | Component and Energy | | Transport | | Demography | | Main Drivers for Doing business in Brazil | | Mani Challenges of Doing Business in Brazil | | Summary of Indicator- Doing business in Brazil | | List of Procedure | | PESTLE | | Political * Political system * Change in government * Lula administration focus area * Law | | Economic * Economy of Brazil * Industrial output * Key industries * FDI | | Sociological * Culture * Language * General attitude * Personal appearance | | Technological * Technology research * Information technology * R & D * Technology policy of Brazil * Brazilian industry and Technology | | Legal * Legal system of Brazil * Municipality * Court and justice | | Environment * National * The Future | | Introduction Brazil is the largest and most powerful country in South America and has become one of the world's......

Words: 3864 - Pages: 16

London Country Report

...London Country Report Table of Contents I. London Country Profile……………………………………..pgs 3 to 10 II. Economic Profile of Rome Q2- 2008………………………pgs 10 to 12 A. Commercial Lease Standards…………………………..pg 12 B. Real Estate Taxation………………………………….....pg 12 and 13 III. Real estate Ownership Laws and Contract Agreements…pgs 13 to 16 IV. Tax Obligations Arising from Real Estate Ownership…...pgs 16 to 18 V. The Real Estate Sales Process……………………………...pgs 19 to 22 VI. Due Diligence Process and Documentation………………..pgs 22 to 24 VII. London Capital Markets Q1 - 2008………………………...pgs 25 to 31 C. Residential Lending and Funding……………………....pg 31 D. Mortgage Regulations……………………………………pg 32 VIII. London Real Estate Investment Funds (REIFs)……………pgs 32 to 35 IX. Conclusion: Invest or Not?.....................................................pg 36 Works Cited …………………………………………………pg 37 London Country Profile Area: 607 Sq. miles (1,572 km²) Population: 8.308 million People: Most population in London is younger than the United Kingdom. There are almost 2/3 of Londoners that are in the age 44 and younger, which would, equivalent to 63%; more than half. Life expectancy: men (79.3), women (83.5) Language(s): London has the most number of community languages that are spoken in Europe. There are 300 languages spoken in London. The most common are as follow: Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Cantonese and Mandarin most......

Words: 3412 - Pages: 14

Country Report Bangladesh

... ………………………. 25 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research report was prepared as part a project titled “Advocacy and Capacity Building on Competition Policy and Law in Asia (7Up2 Project)” being implemented by the Bangladesh Enterprise Institute (BEI), in partnership with Consumer Unity and Trust Society (CUTS) International, India, with support from the Department for International Development, UK (DFID). The broad objective of the project is to raise awareness on competition issues among stakeholders in Bangladesh. A team led by Mr. Iftekar Ahmed, Senior Research Fellow, BEI, and comprising of Dr. Abed Khan and Dr. Ayubur Rahman Bhuyan has been responsible for the preparation of this report. We would like to thank all individuals and institutions that provided useful comments at various stages of the preparation of this report, in particular, the survey respondents who despite their busy schedule, met with us and took their valuable time to fill-out the survey. We are especially indebted to Dr. Abdur Razzaque and Mr. Nitya Nanda for their thoughtful comments in improving the quality of this report. Competition Scenario in Bangladesh CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION I.1. Geographical Location 1. Bangladesh is a low-lying riverine country located between the foothills of the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded by India to the north, east and west, by Myanmar to the southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. The country is characterized by alluvial plains, which are......

Words: 28408 - Pages: 114

Country Report

...Singapore is a country with a very large population, but with similar views on many items throughout their culture and society. In order to understand the culture of the country better, a few aspects need to be discussed further. The first, and most important aspect, is their attitudes and beliefs. The next would be their religion and material culture. The last ones to review would be their language, organization of society, and their level of economic development. By investigating these aspects of Singapore further, one can understand the culture of the country better. The most important aspect of a culture can arguably be their attitudes and beliefs. These can be found by using Hofstede’s dimensions of culture. The first dimension would be power distance. Power distance means how a country accepts that power in institutions is distributed unequally among individuals. Singapore ranked 13th out of 53 countries studies, whereas the USA ranked 38th. Part of the reason Singapore rates power distance so high is because of Confucian teaching. This type of teaching reinforces that people are unequal in rank, and interactions among them strengthens this inequality. To question authority is almost unthinkable in this society. The next dimension to review would be collectivism-individualism. This is the extent that a society operates as individuals or with their families, or a network where people work as in-groups or out-groups. In Hofstede’s survey, Singapore ranked...

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Country Report

...COUNTRY REPORT OVER CHINA Name: Course: Institution: Introduction In 2014, China experienced one of the biggest anti-corruption campaigns in its 65-year history, regarding the battle's scale, term, and the breadth and the levels of the captured authorities' positions. This battle is seen to have a country wide negative effect on China's general consumption. The effects are so particularly felt on the luxury purchases and the government related purchases. Indeed, in the current political environment and with a continuous decrease of the land division, the nation is still ready to keep up the development of its GDP with a shocking number of 7.5% in 2014. On the other hand, numerous reports from the macroeconomic business and worldwide financial organizations, (for example, the World Bank) have since anticipated a slower economic development for the current year, 2015. This paper provides a report on China's macroeconomic condition, particularly the position in the international trade and the contemporary policies in 2015. Macroeconomic Development China predominantly imports raw materials and in turn it predominantly exports industrial products, both developed and developing countries. It reported a trade surplus of US$ 49.6b and US$ 25.6b in December 2013 and 2013 respectively. Throughout last year, exports rose by 9.7% to US$ 227.5b in December. Interestingly, shipments tumbled to Japan at -7.2%. Figure1. In the appendix represent the trend of China’s Balance of......

Words: 4470 - Pages: 18

Country Report

...Walmart bribery case Walmart is one of the world leading company in retail business. Walmart recently tried to expand their business in India. They have a 50-50 joint venture with Bharti Enterprises. One of todays headline is about Walmarts bribery investigation. Along with Mexico, India is also a part of this case. Walmart has suspended many executives and also delayed in opening many stores because of this case. This retail giant came to this country at a sensitive time because Indian policy makers recently allowed foreign companies to open their stores in the country. Indian policy makers said that companies like Walmart could directly enter the retail business with a local partner as long as they did not own more than 51% of business. In a separate inquiry, Indian authorities are looking into whether Wal-Mart violated foreign investment rules by giving Bharti Retail an interest-free loan of $100 million that would later convert into a controlling stake in that company. Both companies have maintained that they did not violate Indian investment regulations. On Thursday and Friday opposition party lawmakers disrupted the first days of the winter session in parliament. They demaded that the government should have a debate and vote on the change in retail policy which was turned down. The latest developments in Wal-Mart’s internal investigation can strongly say that the opposition has their hand in this because Indian policy makers are already struggling to recover......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Country Report

...I. Demographics of Morocco Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is situated on the northwestern corner of Africa. It is the 39th largest country in the world with a population of 34,377,611, as estimated on December 31st, 2015. In 2015, the natural growth was positive, and we could forecast that Morocco’s population growth will continue at around 1.05% annual rate, reaching about 36.4 million by 2020 (Worldometers, 2015). Morocco is a demographically young country with 27% of its population under the age of 15, 18% between the ages of 15 and 24, 42% between 25 and 54 years old, 7% between the ages of 55 and 64, and just 6% of its population over 65 years. This large share of young population provides great opportunities for Morocco to develop its emerging industries by using advanced technology and skills (World Population Review, 2015). While the rise of a new business has been happening in Morocco, the population living below the poverty line remains high at 12%. It means that four million out of Morocco's 33 million people live below the poverty line, and almost three million of them in rural areas. As Figure 1 shows, Morocco has the highest Gini Index, 40.9, among the North African countries. The household income of the poor people accounts for only 2.7% of the country’s wealth, while the rich people have 33.2% of the country’s wealth (Central Intelligence Agency, 2007). The distribution of wealth in Morocco is manifested through the obvious gap between the......

Words: 3507 - Pages: 15

Brazil Case Country Document

...Bryce Walker-Byrd Case Country: Brazil The country I have selected to for this particular case country project is Brazil. I have never visited this country, however, its abundant and fascinating qualities have always intrigued me. From the intricate cuisine to the astonishingly beautiful women it contains, Brazil seems to almost rival the United States in diversity and appeal. The country has also begun to establish itself as one of the largest economy’s in the world, ranking seventh according to the GDP. Despite all of these qualities that have furthered my desire to visit this wonderful city, I never took into account its diversity and intrigue from an agricultural perspective. With me being a business marketing major, it came as almost instinct to view Brazil from its financial and business aspects. However, in order to fully appreciate this country and its emerging financial power, one must first look at the underlining factors, such as its process of achieving agricultural sustainability. Although there is certainly a correlation between Brazil’s booming economy and its conscious efforts in achieving ultimate agricultural sustainability, this particular document will be mostly geared towards the agricultural component of this relationship. More specifically, I plan to address connection between Brazil’s pursuit of agricultural sustainability and the rising levels of deforestation and land distribution inequality occurring in the country. In order to effectively......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Brazil Report

...REPORT – BRAZIL Distribution of income Brazil has historically a very unequal income distribution. In the 90´s Brazilian government believed that if high inflation rate were cut down, the income distribution would improve. In fact, after a successful plan of stabilization of the inflation, the unequal pattern of income distribution did improve in a consistent way in this decade. Other important aspect about income inequality in Brazil is related to regional pattern of income distribution, which is extremely unequal between different regions of the country. Although a generally improved distribution of income took place, the differences between regions remained in the 90’s. However, the current level of unequal income distribution is yet very far from the pattern of many developed countries. [1] Growth and structural changes have not altered significantly Brazil's extremely unequal distribution of wealth, income, and opportunity. Despite impressive increments in economic growth and output, the number of poor has risen sharply. Most of the poor are concentrated in the rural areas or in the country's large cities or metropolitan areas. Poverty, measured by the local minimum wage, declined from over 52% of the population, in the beginning of the nineties, to about 38% in 2005, meeting the Millennium Development Goal. Extreme poverty, defined as income of less than a dollar a day (in purchasing power parity), declined from 8.8% to 4.2% in the same period. [2] Trade In...

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Mini Country Report/Romania

...December 2011 Mini Country Report/Romania under Specific Contract for the Integration of INNO Policy TrendChart with ERAWATCH (2011-2012) Mini Country Report Thematic Report 2011 under Specific Contract for the Integration of INNO Policy TrendChart with ERAWATCH (2011-2012) December 2011 Author: Marina Ranga, Stanford University Table of Contents Preface ii  Executive Summary iii  1. Innovation policy trends 1  1.1 Trends and key challenges for innovation policy 1  1.2 Innovation governance 7  1.3 Recent changes in the innovation policy mix 12   1.4 Internationalisation of innovation policies 15   1.5 Evidence on effectiveness of innovation policy 16   2. Innovation policy budgets – an overview 19   2.1 Trends in funding of innovation measures 19   2.2 Departmental and implementing agency budgets for innovation policies 2 1  2.3 Future challenges for funding of innovation policy 22  3. Thematic report: Demand-side innovation policies 23  3.1 Trends in the use of demand-side innovation policies 24  3.2 Governance challenges 30  3.3 Recent demand-side innovation policy measures 3 1  3.3.1 Sectoral specificities 3 1  3.3.2 Good practice case 3 1  Appendix A : Plan to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of RDI expenditure (Summary of provisions) 32  Appendix B : Recommendations of World Bank’s Functional Review for the reform of the Romanian......

Words: 18856 - Pages: 76

Portugal Country Report

...Trade Advantage                 3.2 Trade Deficit             4. Long Run Factors affecting Economy                 4.1 Politics                 4.2 Education                 4.3 Corruption                 4.4 Population                 4.5 Health 5. Monetary Policy and Inflation 5.1 Exchange Rates 5.2 Inflation 6. Labour Market and Unemployment 7. Conclusion 8. Bibliography 1. Background Portugal joined European Union in 1986 and the euro zone in 2002. It is a developed country and has a very high human development index with the current world ranking of 41. Human Development Index is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of “human development” measured in terms life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living in a country. However, in 2011, the country was hit by a sovereign debt crisis and is now under the bailout programme via the European Union – International Monetary Bailout Fund. As the country is under euro debt, the market pressure will continue to keep the state volatile. 2. Measuring Economic Activity 2.1 GDP Exhibit 2.0 Portugal using euro as of 1 January 2002, accompanied by another 11 other European Union nations. Since it started using euro, Portugal’s economy has grown at an annual average rate of 1%, compared with 1.4% in the euro area (exhibit 2.1). In 2011, as a result of market......

Words: 2858 - Pages: 12