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Breast Imaging Diseases

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Submitted By livbrkn14
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Ductal Carcinoma
Breast tissue can develop a multitude of both malignant and nonmalignant pathologies. Some of the malignant pathologies include ductal carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, and invasive lobular carcinoma. Some nonmalignant pathologies of the breast include hematomas, lipomas, fibroadenomas, hamartoma, fat necrosis/oil cysts, and rim calcifications. The malignant and nonmalignant pathology of the breast that will be talked about are fibroadenomas and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC).
Fibroadenoma
Fibroadenomas are benign tumors that are composed of glandular and stromal breast tissue. These benign tumors are most common in women in their 20s and 30s but can occur in women of any age. Although fibroadenomas can be felt by the patient, some are only found by using imaging such as mammography or breast ultrasound (American Cancer Society, 2014). Fibroadenomas usually appear to be round with distinct borders on imaging. They can feel like a marble within the breast that can be moved under the skin. Some women may have only one tumor while other women may have multiple tumors. Fibroadenomas are also usually firm and not tender (American Cancer Society, 2014). The cause of fibroadenomas is still unknown, however they are more common in women of African American decent (MedlinePlus, 2013). Even with the distinct characteristics, a fibroadenoma can only be identified and diagnosed with certainty after a biopsy of the tissue is performed (American Cancer Society, 2014). Biopsies can be performed in three ways. The first way of performing a biopsy is ultrasound-guided. This procedure utilizes the ultrasound machine to help locate the area of interest. Once the area is located, tissue samples are removed using a biopsy device. Ultrasound is the preferred method for locating cysts and tumors without...

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