Premium Essay

Briefer for Process Selection

In: Business and Management

Submitted By deeceeeef
Words 307
Pages 2
BRIEFER:
CHAPTER 4: PROCESS SELECTION
Process Selection is basically the way goods or services are made or delivered, which influences numerous aspects of an organization, including capacity planning, layout of facilities, equipment and design of work systems. Process selection is primarily used during the planning of new products or services that is subject to technological advances and competition. Process selection is dependent on the company's process strategy, which has two main components: capital intensity and process flexibility. Capital Intensity is simply the combination of equipment and labor that an organization uses to accomplish some objective. Process Flexibility is as its name implies: how well a system can be adjusted to meet changes in processing requirements that are interdependent on variables such as product or service design, volume of production, and technology. Facility Layout is simply the way a facility is arranged in order to maximize processes that are not only efficient but effective towards the overall organizational goal. It is also dependent on process selection.
Within those two categories, you will also learn about technology, operations tour, process strategy, designing product layouts, and designing process layouts. The main concept between process selection and facility layout is technology. Technology is a method that is used to improve and develop various services, operation processes, and products. While process selection is used in many organizations, facility layouts signifies the work centers, implementations, and the configuration of departments by special importance on activity of work throughout the system. An example of a layout can be seen with businesses that use automation. Automation is the process of technology-sensing when one task is completed and then automatically beginning another task. This layout is very…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

10th Graders' Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program and Their Academic Performance, Asipulo, Ifugao, Philippines

...country. A two- step procedure was undertaken in the selection process of provinces and municipalities/ cities and households included in the program. In the selection of provinces, municipalities, cities and barangays, the program adopted the selection criteria of National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR). It followed a transparent and objective two- step process which are: 1.The geographic targeting or selection of provinces, municipalities, cities and barangays and 2. The selection of household beneficiaries. These steps include the following: The selection of provinces was based on the official poverty statistics released by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). The latest Family Income Expenditure Survey (FIES) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) ranked the provinces nationwide according to the incidence of poverty. The National Project Management Office (NPMO) determined the cut-off targets at the provincial level. The selection of the municipalities on the other hand, was based on the latest Small Area Poverty Estimates (SAEs) developed by the NSCB within the selected provinces. Municipalities were likewise ranked according to the incidence of poverty. The NPMO then determined the cut-off targets or number of municipalities that will be covered by the program. This is usually based on the allocated targets or allocated budget per province. For the selection of barangays, Poverty Incidence (PI) was used. If......

Words: 7138 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Business Decision Taking

...not used by Kelloggs India Ltd. in that case study; we found that out of 100 customers, 2 of them are regular buyers. So this is personal in-home surveys used by the company. Personal in-home surveys are vital survey methodology through which data are collected from the individual customer operated in the own company research center. Kelloggs Company used this survey methodology without the knowledge of any buyer which allows them to get a positive research 1.3 Questionnaire used by Kelloggs India Ltd.: Kellogs India Ltd. made this research most probably on the basis of Category questions, rating questions, ranking questions, open and list questions. But here the questioner categorized on their design: Please help us to mention your process of getting your concerns resolved was: 1. Very bad 2. Unsatisfactory 3. Average 4. Satisfactory 5. Superior quality How often our product is used by you: 1. Regularly 2. Once a week 3. 3 times a month 4. Once in a month Most impressing option inspire you to buy our product: 1. Price 2. Quality 3. Durability 4. Customer support 5. Easy shopping experience Would you use our product in future? 1. Of course 2. Possibly 3. Not sure 4. Probably not 5. Off course not Will you refer our product to your kith and kin or other people; 1. Sure 2. Not sure 3. May be 4. Definitely not Mention why you choose the product? Mention why you don’t choose the product? Justification of questionnaire design: To make any......

Words: 3569 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Allan Poe

...visual narrative based on oral testimony that consistently heightens our awareness of visual, written, and oral archives, and where they interact, overlap, or get transposed one into the other. Hillary Chute recounts and interprets her collaboration with Spiegelman in the process of assembling MetaMaus, a book compiling interviews and archival materials on the making of Maus. MetaMaus, argues Chute, reflects the tension between different kinds of extant archives—oral, written, photographic—and the cross-discursive work of (re)building new archives that motivates Maus. Its defining feature is that it shows the materiality of Spiegelman’s archive; it is about the embodiment of archives. The subject of Maus is the retrieval of memory and ultimately, the creation of memory…. It’s about choices being made, of finding what one can tell, and what one can reveal, and what one can reveal beyond what one knows one is revealing. Those are the things that give real tensile strength to the work—putting the dead into little boxes. – Art Spiegelman (MetaMaus 73) Maus: A Survivor’s Tale is a book about archives. And the book about making Maus, MetaMaus, is both a process of taking stock of the Maus archive and an active process of creating a new archive.1 Maus is about the Holocaust, featuring two intertwined stories: that of Auschwitz survivor Vladek Spiegelman’s struggle in the 1930s and 40s in Poland during WWII, and that of his son Art Spiegelman’s struggle in the 1970s and 80s in......

Words: 10659 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Adsf Asfsa Dsaf

...Introduction Research Administration Training Research Administration training helps Northwestern: • Decrease compliance risks • Administer grants more consistently & efficiently • Provide support for research administrators, faculty & staff • Meet federal government expectations regarding training and communication Introduction Training Objectives During this seminar we will: • Explain the research administration process • Discuss the roles & responsibilities of research faculty and staff • Describe the roles of the central research offices • Review the regulatory fundamentals that form the foundation of research administration Introduction Questions? Introduction Roles & Responsibilities Lauran Qualkenbush Director Office for Research Integrity lhaney@northwestern.edu Research Administration Roles Central Unit Principal Investigator Roles & Responsibilities PI Responsibilities • Develop research project • Reflect accurate costs in proposal budgets • Ensure costs are compliant with regulations • Provide sufficient time to process proposals • Disclose and manage conflicts of interest/commitment • Comply with grant terms and conditions Roles & Responsibilities Unit Responsibilities • Support PIs by: – Completing appropriate forms – Developing budgets – Conducting quality assurance on proposals and sub-contracts – Submitting proposal to sponsor, when appropriate • Knowledge of rules and regulations • Monitor financial and......

Words: 5758 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Approaches to Survey Data

...Modern Methods of Analysis. Our aim here is to clarify the ideas that successful data analysts usually need to consider to complete a survey analysis task purposefully. An ill-thought-out analysis process can produce incompatible outputs and many results that never get discussed or used. It can overlook key findings and fail to pull out the subsets of the sample where clear findings are evident. Our brief discussion is intended to assist the research team in working systematically; it is no substitute for clear-sighted and thorough work by researchers. We do not aim to show a totally naïve analyst exactly how to tackle a particular set of survey data. However, we believe that where readers can undertake basic survey analysis, our recommendations will help and encourage them to do so better. Chapter 1 outlines a series of themes, after an introductory example. Different data types are distinguished in section 1.2. Section 1.3 looks at data structures; simple if there is one type of sampling unit involved, and hierarchical with e.g. communities, households and individuals. In section 1.4 we separate out three stages of survey data handling – exploration, analysis and archiving – which help to define expectations and procedures for different parts of the overall process. We contrast the research objectives of description or estimation (section 1.5), and of comparison (section 1.6) and what these imply for analysis. Section 1.7 considers when results should......

Words: 9853 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Survey 4ps

...(DSWD), a beneficiary must be a pregnant woman, who shall avail a pre- and post- natal care and be attended by a trained professional during childbirth; a parent, who must attend Family Development Sessions (FDS); 0-5 year old children, who must receive a regular preventive health check-ups and vaccines; 6-14 years old children, who must receive deworming pills twice a year; All child beneficiaries (0-18 years old), who must enroll in school and maintain a class attendance of at least 85% per month (DSWD,2014). Beneficiaries are also given Php.500 for health cash grants and Php.300 per child with the maximum of 3 children in each household. According to (Reyes &Tabuga, 2012) they cited the Department of Social Welfare and Development briefer that the Philippines’ version of the CCT, the 4Ps, is patterned after the basic CCT structure, with its objective to provide social assistance by providing cash grants and health care services and social development by investing and improving the human capital in the long run. It helps to fulfill the country’s commitment meet its goals, namely: (a) eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, (b) achieve universal primary education, (c) promote gender equality, (d) reduce child mortality, and (e) Improve maternal health. The researchers wants to evaluate the performance of the PantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program and validate whether the issues concerning it is true, issues such as corruption, improper allocation of cash grants, whether it......

Words: 5564 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Teer

...The three partners sold Starbucks to a former employee, Howard Schultz, in 1987. Schultz promptly reoriented the business away from bulk coffee mail-order sales and emphasized retail coffee sales through the firm's coffee bars. Today, Starbucks is not only the largest coffee importer and roaster of specialty beans in the United States but also the country's largest specialty coffee bean retailer. What is the key to the extraordinary growth and success of the Starbucks chain? One important ingredient is its well conceived and implemented strategy. Starbucks is on a phenomenal growth pace, opening a new coffee shop somewhere almost every day. But this growth is planned and coordinated at each step of the way through careful site selection. And through its astute promotional campaigns and commitment to quality, the firm has elevated the coffee-drinking taste of millions of Americans and fueled a significant increase in demand. Starbucks has also created an organization that promotes growth and success. Managers at each store have considerable autonomy over how they run things, as long as the firm's basic principles are followed. Starbucks also uses a state-of-the-art communication network to keep in contact with its employees. Another ingredient to Starbucks success is its relationship with its employees. The firm hires relatively young people to work in its restaurants and starts them at hourly wages that are somewhat higher than most entry-level food-services......

Words: 10548 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Hrm a Contemporary Approach

...study: How well are we doing at work? 117 2 Strategic human resource management Nicky Golding 34 34 34 36 37 41 43 Part 2 RESOURCING THE ORGANISATION Objectives Introduction to strategic human resource management Understanding the business context Approaches to the strategy-making process The systemic approach The rise of strategic human resource management Exploring the relationship between strategic management and SHRM: the best-fit school of SHRM The resource-based view of SHRM Introduction to Part 2 121 4 Human resource management and the labour market Tim Claydon and Amanda Thompson 122 122 122 123 125 44 52 Objectives Introduction The nature of labour markets The supply of labour v CONTENTS Labour demand 133 Labour market outcomes: the quality of employment 143 Conclusion: labour market developments, job quality and the implications for the employment relationship 151 Summary 152 Questions 153 Case study: Stuck on the ‘mummy track’ – why having a baby means lower pay and prospects153 References and further reading 154 Equality and diversity policies Devising equality and diversity policies Institutional discrimination The process of discrimination in an organisation Concluding comment Summary Questions Case study 1: A short case scenario Case study 2: Safe future finance References and further reading Part 2 Case study: Teacher shortages 233 239 244 246 249 249 250 250 251 252 5 Human resource planning Julie......

Words: 412962 - Pages: 1652

Premium Essay

5 Steps to a 5 Ap English Langauge

...stand behind every suggestion, process, and question we present. There is no “busywork” in this book. We know you will not do every activity we suggest. Therefore, think of this text as a resource and guide to accompany you on your AP English Language and Composition exam journey throughout the year. This book is designed to serve many purposes. It will: • clarify requirements for the AP English Language and Composition exam; • provide you with test practice; • show you models and rubrics on which you can model and evaluate your own work; • anticipate and answer your questions; • enrich your understanding and appreciation of the writing process; • help you pace yourself; and • make you aware of the Five Steps to Mastering the AP English Language and Composition exam. Organization of the Book We know that your primary concern is information about the AP English Language and Composition exam; therefore, we begin at the beginning with an overview of the AP exam in general. We then introduce you to the Diagnostic/Master exam we use throughout the book to show you the “ins and outs” of an AP test. In separate chapters, you will become familiar with both sections of the exam. We lead you through the multiple-choice questions and how to go about answering them, and we take you through the essay questions and approaches to writing these essays. Because you must be fluent in the language and the process of composition, synthesis, and...

Words: 76988 - Pages: 308

Free Essay

The Grand Design

... The Grand Design ALSO BY STEPHEN HAWKING A Brief History of Time A Briefer History of Time Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays The Illustrated A Brief History of Time The Universe in a Nutshell FOR CHILDREN George’s Secret Key to the Universe (with Lucy Hawking) George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt (with Lucy Hawking) ALSO BY LEONARD MLODINOW A Briefer History of Time The Drunkard’s Walk: How Randomness Rules Our Lives Euclid’s Window: The Story of Geometry from Parallel Lines to Hyperspace Feynman’s Rainbow: A Search for Beauty in Physics and in Life FOR CHILDREN The Last Dinosaur (with Matt Costello) Titanic Cat (with Matt Costello) The Grand Design The Grand Design The Grand Design The Grand Design Copyright © 2010 by Stephen W. Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow Original art copyright © 2010 by Peter Bollinger All rights reserved. Published in the United States by Bantam Books, an imprint of The Random House Publishing Group, a division of Random House, Inc., New York. Cartoons by Sidney Harris, copyright © Sciencecartoonsplus.com BANTAM BOOKS and the rooster colophon are registered trademarks of Random House, Inc. eISBN: 978-0-553-90707-0 www.bantamdell.com v3.0 The Grand Design The Grand Design The Grand Design The Grand Design E EACH EXIST FOR BUT A SHORT TIME, and in that time explore but a small part of the whole universe. But humans are a curious species. We wonder, we seek answers. Living in this vast world......

Words: 43567 - Pages: 175

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...Decision making? Ethics is unique among disciplines in that practitioners often cannot agree on a common definition of their topic. Ethics Scoreboard can't solve that problem, which is many centuries old. Here it attempts to put forth definitions that explain what words mean when they are used on this website.] Values: Those qualities of behavior, thought, and character that society regards as being intrinsically good, having desirable results, and worthy of emulation by others. Morals: Modes of conduct that are taught and accepted as embodying principles of right and good. Morality: A system of determining right and wrong that is established by some authority, such as a church, an organization, a society, or a government. Ethics: The process of determining right and wrong conduct. Ethical System: A specific formula for distinguishing right from wrong. Unethical: An action or conduct which violates the principles of one or more ethical systems, or which is counter to an accepted ethical value, such as honesty. Non-ethical considerations: Powerful human motivations that are not based on right or wrong, but on considerations of survival and well-being, such as health, security, love, wealth, or self esteem. Concepts Non-Ethical Considerations: Defined above, non-ethical considerations are important because they are often the powerful impediments to ethical conduct, and the cause of many conflicts of interest. Non-ethical considerations are many and diverse, and......

Words: 25626 - Pages: 103

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction, Trust, and Customer Loyalty

...exceed customer expectations. Service quality is believed to depend on the gap between expected and perceived performance (Anderson, Fornell, & Lehmann, 1994). Gitlow, Oppenheim, and Oppenheim (1989) also stated that service quality is the extent to which the customer or users believe the service surpasses their needs and expectations. Parasuraman, Zeithaml, and Berry (1988) proposed that service quality is a function of the differences between expectation and performance along the quality dimensions. Service quality is also defined as a consumer attitude reflecting the perceived overall superiority and excellence in the process and outcome of a service provider (Parasuraman et al., 1988). Gronroos (2001) recently defined service quality as a mixture of three elements: quality of the consumption process itself, the quality of the outcome of the process; and image of the provider of the service. Service quality has become an increasingly important factor for success and survival in the service sectors. Provision of high quality service aids in meeting several requirements such as customer satisfaction and its consequent loyalty and market share, soliciting new customers, improved productivity, financial performance and profitability (Collet, Lancier, & Olliver, 1990; Julian & Ramaseshan, 1994; Lewis, 1989, 1993). For service organization, Service quality has become an important factor in determining market shares and profitability (Andereson et al., 1994; Spathis,......

Words: 14146 - Pages: 57

Premium Essay

Comps

...qualitative research, it is acknowledged that the researcher is an integral part of the process and who may reflect on her/his own influence and experience in the research (See Henwood, K. & Pidgeon, N. (1992) Qualitative research and psychological theorising. British Journal of Psychology, 83: 97 – 111). 3 For readers interested in more on the history of the philosophy of science and its relationship to developments in psychology, I recommend the following authors: Andrew Pickering (1992); John Richardson (1996); Mark Smith (1998); Clive Seale (2012); and especially Jonathan Smith and colleagues with the publication of Rethinking Methods in Psychology (Smith et al., 1995b). www.intechopen.com 178 Psychology - Selected Papers process.4 The qualitative researcher accepts that s/he is not ‘neutral’. Instead s/he puts herself in the position of the participant or 'subject' and attempts to understand how the world is from that person's perspective. As this process is re-iterated, hypotheses begin to emerge, which are 'tested' against the data of further experiences e.g. people's narratives. One of the key differences between quantitative and qualitative approaches is apparent here: the quantitative approach states the hypothesis from the outset, (i.e. a ‘top down’ approach), whereas in qualitative research the hypothesis or research question, is refined and developed during the process. This may be thought of as a ‘bottom-up’ or emergent approach, as, for example,......

Words: 16075 - Pages: 65

Premium Essay

Product Management Pdf

...pick and choose to fit the situation. To the extent there are generalizations (e.g., there should be some form of strategy), these will stand out as you work your way through the course. But what strategy, and exactly how should one determine it—that is situational. 6. An example of this lies in rejection of the belief that new products strategy should rest on the base of either technology or market. This choice has been argued for many years. But most firms seek to optimize on both, a dualdrive strategy. Of course, true to the previous point, firms will build on one or the other if the situation seems to fit—for example, DuPont’s platform program to find applications for the superstrength fabric, Kevlar, or auto components firms that rely on process development engineering to better meet the needs of original equipment manufacturers. And yet, DuPont works to advance that technology, and the components firms are evolving their own research and development operations! 7. We believe that students should be challenged to think about concepts they have been introduced to. This book contains lists of things from time to time, but such lists are just a resource for thinking. The above belief about the best approach being situational is based on the need to analyze, consider, discuss, apply. The great variety in approaches used by businesspeople is not a testimony to ignorance, but to thinking. On a majority of the issues facing us today, intelligent people can have different views.......

Words: 279013 - Pages: 1117

Premium Essay

Why Sex Is Fun

...adult male and displaying the vagina). Females solicit sex only during those fertile days, are sexually unattractive or less attractive to males on other days because they lack the arousing signals, and rebuff the advances of any male that is nevertheless interested on other days. Thus, sex is emphatically not just for fun and is rarely divorced from its function of fertilization. This generalization too admits exceptions: sex is flagrantly separated from reproduction in a few species, including bonobos (pygmy chimpanzees) and dolphins. Finally, the existence of menopause as a regular phenomenon is not well established for most wild mammal populations. By menopause is meant a complete cessation of fertility within a time span that is much briefer than the previous fertile career, and that is followed by an infertile life span of significant length. Instead, wild mammals either are still fertile at the time of death or else exhibit gradually diminishing fertility with advancing age. Now contrast what I have just said about normal mammalian sexuality with human sexuality. The following human attributes are among those that we take for granted as normal: 1: Most men and women in most human societies end up in a long-term pair relationship ("marriage") that other members of the society recognize as a contract involving mutual obligations. The couple has sex repeatedly, and mainly or exclusively with each other. 2: In addition to being a sexual union, marriage is a partnership for......

Words: 44494 - Pages: 178