Free Essay

Britain and Imported Workers

In: Historical Events

Submitted By hoht801
Words 1903
Pages 8
In the late 1940s to early 1950s, the British government deliberated whether or not to import foreign and colonial workers to fill manpower shortages that the country was experiencing in their vital industries such as coalmining, textiles, and metal work. There were elements of resentment from the British people as well as perceived issues both real and speculative from the government’s perspective. The collection of dialogues, memorandums, and reports illustrate how the government tried to address the issues of work shortage and imported workers through arguments, both for and against, through facts and figures. They also used implicit language and spirited dialogue to justify their respective positions. The debate of colonial workers begins with correspondences between various government officials in the months of 1948 and 1949. The first of correspondences that delve into the problem of work shortage in the colonies and a shortage of workers in England was between Mr. Goldberg and Mr. Macmullan in October of 1948 and February of 1949 . Mr. Macmullan explains that the Colonial office has concocted a mutually beneficial scheme that would both help their office to alleviate work shortages in the colonies as well as fill the needs of the domestic front of manpower shortage. Interestingly, Mr. Macmullan argues that such an arrangement may be beneficial from the Colonial Office’s perspective. But from his point of view, he finds that the colonial workers would indeed prove useful but they would cause more problems than they would solve. He buttresses his point by explaining in his memorandum to Mr. Goldberg that the colonials would voluntarily come without any obligation and may or may not work in the industries that the colonials would prove useful. Furthermore, he believes that the Trade Unions couldn’t care less about the unemployment in the Commonwealth and would cause difficulties if this scheme were to come to fruition. Mr. Macmullan assumes that the British people, especially the working class would be resistant to importing workers out of fear of those workers stealing jobs from them. However, Mr. Macmullan then points out that if their office (Macmillan and Goldbergs’) were to agree to any scheme presented it would be for the common good of the nation rather than for their own interests. In Mr. Goldberg’s response to the Mr. Macmullan , Mr. Goldberg explains that two schemes were devised so that it may sate the Colonial Office’s incessant prodding. The first was a test group in the textile industry and the other would be for hospital workers. Mr. Goldberg explains that the meetings have been making headway on the domestic hospital front but the textile industry seems to be quite resistant to the idea. One can infer from the correspondence that Mr. Goldberg was saying that bringing female coloured colonials to work the hospitals seems to be moving forward. On the other hand, bringing coloured colonial labor for the textile industry is being opposed by the industry itself for fear of resentment or worse reprisal from its current workers, which would ultimately lead to a diminishing level of production. Mr. Macmullan assures Mr. Goldberg in his reply that these are merely small experimental trials and that any realistic objections from the industry should be officially received from the Controllers themselves. Macmullan continues that because these are vital industries of Britain, it is worth the hassle to bring in these laborers or at least try and explain that the long-term benefits far out weight the immediate objections to the committee.
In another set of correspondence from Mr. Hardman to Mr. Goldberg , Mr. Hardman explains that during a previous meeting, there was a misunderstanding. The meeting was about establishing a solution to redistribute the existing colonial populations across England in small groups with the aim of integrating them into the population rather than restricting further entry of colonial workers into Britain. Interestingly, Mr. Hardman justifies this stance by explaining that “the colonial office had painted such a “doleful picture” that the natural question was how to stop colonial entry. This statement endears a self-fulfilling prophecy that because of all the difficulties faced by the colonials namely the coloured laborers, they should just go back. It is fair to assume that Mr. Hardman believes that the whole notion of colonial workers in Britain is something to the effect of a “ White Man’s Burden” on the government and country and bringing in more of them will exacerbate the problem.
According to an exchange of memorandums between Goldberg and Tarrant Goldberg explains that a report from the Colonial Office Working Party implied that the Trade Unions have been consulted regarding the subject of coloured colonial workers. But he continues saying that this is simply not the case as they‘ve met only on an extremely informal and indirect setting; he notes that this part of the report was “deliberately fudged”. Goldberg resumes with the notion that the Trade Unions being extremely reluctant to taking Belgians as a sign that the proposition of colonial workers would most likely be met with the same results. Because the report is a confidential document (even though it is “fudged”), Goldberg points out that no one outside of the government circles would see it. If the report somehow managed to make its way to the public, however he doesn’t expect anyone, especially the Trade Unions, to disagree with his assessment regarding the colonial workers. As such, he feels that the matter should be, as he puts it, “sleeping dogs might be allowed to lie”. In a responding memorandum from Tarrant he agrees with Goldberg’s assessment and goes as far as saying “there’s not a dog’s chance” that this colonial workers business will happen in the near future. It is interesting how Goldberg and Tarrant justify their arguments by using colorful colloquialism and personal assumptions. Beginning by explicitly pointing out that their office had “fudged” their report, Goldberg essentially argues that it is merely a cosmetic flaw because the Trade Unions had already rejected something similar beforehand and would mostly likely do the same thing. Furthermore, because he feels that the report is private, it won’t really matter but if the report somehow manages to make its way into the hands of Trade Unionists, they would merely agree with government’s assessment of their attitude. Tarrant agrees with this assessment and throws in a personal view that although they didn’t actually talk to the Trade Unions, They are more than confident that the Trade Unionsy would agree with our assessment one hundred percent.
In another correspondence from Mr. Stewart to both Mr. Goldberg and Mr. Hardman , Stewart says that nothing explicit was said about limiting the colonial scheme from happening. However, he continues by saying that colonial coloured women laborers would pose little to no problems since they would be able to control their living conditions. But as for the men, they have and would likely cause more problems as they have a tendency to quarrel, which often leads to fights over white women. In a memorandum from Bliss to Cruchley of the Colonial Office , Bliss talks about the importation of fifteen coloured colonial women to be hospital nurses but finds it agreeable for fifty nurses if only there is housing available. The context and spirit of this memorandum is rather interesting because the idea of bringing in a miniscule number of coloured female colonial laborers and putting them under a microscope for an experiment in stark contrast to thousands of foreign workers coming in is ludicrous. In the Notes on Separate Industries Appendix, it gives the number of vacancies in the various industries that are in need of more workers. But the main discernible element in the Appendix is that most of the industries that are looking for more workers want mainly female workers. For example, the Hosiery industry is looking for approximately thirty six hundred female workers whereas only a hundred male workers are needed . Essentially, women workers seem to be more in demand than their male counterparts in various industries such as cotton, wool, and etc. ; as noted earlier, the government can control the living conditions of the women workers hence they would likely be a less disruptive force than the male laborers. In fact, another look at the justification of Stewart and his like-minded colleagues’ argument regarding the colored men labors could be observed in several other reports that buttress their arguments. For example, in the Employment Opportunities in the United Kingdom Report; third page , the report says that the Jamaican laborers from the Empire Windrush ship, tended to be quarrelsome and acted violently to both real and imaginary affronts. In the same report last paragraph, an employer states that he could use the extra help from anywhere but these laborers seem to cause more disturbances than they are worth. But the most apparent recurring element against further labor importation is where to house these colonial laborers.
In Employment Opportunities in the United Kingdom, page one, “ industries such as coalmining and textiles… vacancies in areas where no hostel or lodging accommodation is available”. This excerpt suggests that although these critical industries are in need of workers to keep their production lines continuing, they seem to have a housing problem. Furthermore, the report also explains that even if the lodging situation were solved, there was still the problem of overcrowding due to colonial workers suffering from loneliness. As a result, the colonial workers would likely drift to the seaport communities where the highest concentration of coloured colonial workers were located . This would only serve to aggravate the overcrowding problem that is already growing in these communities. The spirit of these arguments in the report against further colonial importation canvases a bleak and troublesome endeavor. It seems to encase an exhaustive situation that creates more questions and problems than the number of solutions that it presents.
In a letter addressed to Prime Minister Winston Churchill from a director of Collieries named J.B. Paget, Mr. Paget explains that the English miners resent the idea of having non-speaking Italians working alongside them. This could easily result in serious injuries due to a language barrier. As a result, Paget then explains that he finds that most of the miners in the U.S. come from the South. So bringing in Jamaican workers, who are British subjects would be a great solution to their shortage woes. Jamaicans have proven themselves during the war. They also speak English and would likely help the wives around the house; if there were a shortage of jobs to go around, they would be the first to leave. Mr. Paget implies, that rather than have foreigner workers such as Italians and Germans come work, that Jamaican laborers would be better suited to the working environments because they are already from the Caribbean which is quite warm. Furthermore, they could be trusted as they are already British subjects who speak English and would perform homely duties while paying good rent, which serves as a great incentive for miner families to take them in.
The British government’s deliberation to import colonial workers to fill shortages in vital industries such as coalmining, textiles, and metal work in the 1940s and 1950s explained both the real and imaginative position the government takes. It disclosed the pros and cons through the collection of dialogues, memorandums, and reports that illustrated how the government tried to address the issues of work shortage and imported workers.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

To What Extent Where the Government Policies Responsible for Britain’s Economic Recovery in the 1930’s?

...into housing. They gained an extra 750,000 workers between 1932 and 1934 making it easy to efficiently build houses which lowered the cost of production. However, this factor was only made possible by other aspects such as population movement and low mortgage and interest rates. It is also necessary to include that the housing boom was only made possible by their allied industries such as plumbing, cement and electricity as without these products being readily available the houses could not have been built. As the housing industry boomed it made other industries more successful in trade as the consumption of electricity doubled in the 1930’s and by 1938 there were 9 million wireless sets in private homes and the demand for luxuries such as radios and cars also grew. This benefited the other industries and the working class as more jobs were readily available for them to earn a living and provide for their families. It is clear to see that the housing boom could be seen as being responsible for Britain’s economic recovery in the 1930’s as it gave jobs to the working class which increased consumerism as more and more people had money to buy consumer goods which helped the cycle of prosperity to continue on and helped the economy recover. Another contributing factor to the economic recovery of Britain was consumer spending. A.J.P Taylor stated that “increased consumption by individuals pulled England out of the slump”, meaning that Britain came out of the Depression by spending......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sdss

...glassmaking, lumber jacking, pitch and tar and more, and each yielded no success. John Rolfe had been experimenting with tobacco and developed his first profitable export. During this, Spaniards had found that the native West Indians were using tobacco. In seeing this, the Spaniards had decided to take some home with them and then a chain reaction was sparked in which the tobacco plant was used throughout the Mediterranean. So now Spain has their own share of tobacco ready for export as they were importing it as well, this is where Britain joined the craze. English Colonists preferred the Spanish tobacco over the Virginian ones. The Virginian tobacco was produced and exported from Virginia but the Spanish tobacco was a different sort which was grown in the Caribbean as tobacco could not be grow in European land. The Spanish tobacco was sold in higher quantities and for much higher price, but nevertheless it was the favoured one by the public, so merchants imported...

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

How Far Do You Agree That Sergei Witte’s Policies Were Successful in Modernising the Russian Economy in the Period of 1892-1904?

...forces, whilst another thirty per cent was being lost on debt interest, which left little money for education or social welfare. Ivan Vyshnegradskii, the finance minister from 1887- 1892 began attempting to rescue the government finances. He reduced imports and imposed tariffs on imported goods, which forced peasants to sell more and more grain which they could not produce, this lead to a famine which overwhelmed large parts of the country in 1891. Russia was also lagging behind many of the Western countries at the time in terms of industrial development too. When count Sergei Witte was appointed finance minister in 1892, there was a desperate need to decrease inflation, improve infrastructure and encourage foreign investment. However, it is debatable how successful the policies introduced by Witte were in modernising the Russian economy. Witte’s aim was to make the Russian economy strong enough to maintain Russia’s position as a Great Power. However, Russia did not possess several of the essential factors required to be able to rapidly industrialise like countries such as Germany and Britain were. Firstly, the majority of Russian peasant did not have complete freedom, which meant that the migration of workers to towns and cities in search of work was limited. Also, the Russian economy didn’t have sufficient funds to invest in industrial development, because it could not produce enough surplus grain to raise funding to support...

Words: 1582 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

My Science Project

...with the textile industries * Great competition among manufactures Industrialization and nationalism * Coal and steam replaced wind and water as new sources of energy and power * Cities grew as people moved from the country to work in factories * Did not only happen in England but went until North America * 1780s started in Britain * Normal people could buy manufactured things * Population grew due to the supply of food * Entrepreneurs are wealthy people. Aristocrats in short. Provided things to the poor. * This caused a shift in an economy based on farming to an economy based on machines * Weaving and spinning (Spinning is for thread and weaving for making cloth which would be our clothes) * Cottage system is where people work in their own house by bringing home machines to weave or spin. * Aristocrats built factories which brought the new factory system. Machines were placed there and people went there to work instead of having huge machines at home. * James Wyatt. Steam power could now be used to spin cotton * 1840, cotton was main product of England. * People imported from England all over the world just for cotton to make clothes * Steam engine was critical * Boil water requires coal to boil so that steam can be produced. The coal becomes iron. * This way, they run the machine and retrieve iron from the used coal. * High quality iron was used to build new machines. * They don’t waste......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Western Civilization Ii Final Exam

...Europe in certain ways. The most obvious would be Great Britain declaring war on the Americans due to their attempt at seceding and being their own nation. However, there were other countries involved in the American Revolutionary War as well, especially France. France wanted to aid the Americans for the reason of getting back what was taken from them by the British in 1763. At first, they sent the Americans weaponry, and the first significant victory by the Americans (The Battle of Saratoga) was won primarily using French weapons. Seeing that the Americans were able to win a major battle, the French became formal allies with them and declared war on Great Britain. Eventually, Spain and Holland also sided against the British, which turned the tide of the war to America’s favor (Lewis 381). With the surrender of Lord Cornwallis in 1781, and the Treaty of Paris signed two years later (which recognized the United States as a sovereign nation) , France was given back Quebec and America became their new trade partner and ally. However, despite the war’s successful outcome, France was under overwhelming debt, which forced the monarchy to place a permanent tax throughout the land for all subjects in 1786. This was the beginning of the end of the “Old Regime”, eventually leading to the French Revolution, which was (ironically) inspired by the American Revolution (381, 385). 1. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain? The Industrial Revolution was “the......

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Explain Hoe the Liberal Party Achieved a Landslide Victory in the 1906 Election

...tariffs on non-empire goods was strongly opposed because free trade had served Britain so well since 1846. A split conservative party was much weaker and it was tariff reform that was largely to blame for Balfours resignation as he failed to bring unity to his party. When the conservative party introduced Free Education in 1891 they lost the non-conformist vote to the liberals. As non-conformists were a sizeable proportion of conservative support, this was a significant loss. As the liberals were campaigning to shut down the religious schools to be funded by the scheme most non-conformist votes went to them. This was Balfours scheme, and he didn’t see it through sufficiently. It was conservatives in power at the time of the boer war, although this war ended in victory the conservative underestimation of the boers cost them. The war occurred because Britain wanted to extract gold from an area of land in South Africa. They did not expect the boers to fight back so well, this made the military look weak, they resorted to burning down houses and killing many people. The conservatives were highly criticised for their treatment of the boers. Due to a shortage of workers at the end of the boer war, the conservative government allowed 50,000 Chinese workers to be sent into South Africa to work in poor conditions for poor pay. The conservatives were heavily criticised for this exploitation of imported workers as well, it was a political scandal and the liberals spoke out against......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mexico

...in Morelos reflected the Mexican agriculture at the time period • There was famine going on in the center and northern parts of the country. Corn shipments were being delivered from other countries cause of the shortage. Some 200,000 tons was imported between 1907-1910 • 1908-1909 there was a drought and that is why there was a shortage of corn. It was mostly due to lack of proper irrigation • The governments wasn’t willing to fund enough money for proper irrigation and also because of not having the sufficient farming tools. This lead to the inevitable down fall of Mexican agriculture • Diaz government had a plan for irrigation but because of the peasant displacement in favor of cash crop, which they farmed on their land, lead to a shortage of crops. Irrigation and the favor cash crop with the drought and crops that were infested in the south and center lead to the famine. • Because of this drought of crops domestic companies started coming into Mexico. This didn’t make Mexican society happy • In Veracruz, foreigners held 95 percent of the city’s private property. Cost of living doubles between 1901-1911 • There was a major crisis with unemployment as well. Miners, railroad workers and factory workers were all out of jobs during the famine Monetary and fiscal crisis • Started imposing commercial agriculture, a factory system of industrial products, and monetary money exchange • Silver started to become less of value because......

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Busines

...A SEA of cars stretches as far as the eye can see. Rows and rows of gleaming new vehicles that no one wants gather dust on the concrete landscape. The poignant picture of Avonmouth docks near Bristol shows imported cars that dealers can't sell. It is a stark symbol of the terrible plight of the British motor industry today. One of our biggest employers is desperately fighting for its future, the latest victim of the growing global economic crisis. Leading experts have warned that no one will be immune from the backlash that has already claimed hundreds of jobs. The car industry employes 860,000 workers — and until this year has been one of our greatest success stories. Yet our plants, still among the most efficient and productive in the world, are facing the harsh reality of a crash in global sales. They are producing vehicles that people, worried about losing their jobs, are unwilling to buy. New car sales in Britain have fallen for six months in a row. But that is just half the story. In a double whammy there has been a slump in orders from overseas, and 77 per cent of British-built cars are exported. New car sales are set to fall this year by nearly 200,000, to 2.15million — but experts are warning they could crash as low as 1.6million by 2010. September figures signalled that things were going really badly as sales fell by a whopping 21 per cent — and it was even worse last month, with a fall of 23 per...

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Current Situation Facing the British Steel Industry

...The Current Situation Facing the British Steel Industry Andreea-Adina Criclevit 03.04.2016 This report aims to critically analyse and evaluate the current situation facing the British Steel Industry using contemporary information and a combination of theories such as ‘The International Product Life Cycle’ and ‘Porter’s Diamond of National Advantage’. Background: Steel is a vital material in the process of economic expansion and it has been very important for the society, considering that the level of consumption of steel/ capita can be used as an index of the level of social wealth, political and economic stability. The steel industry is closely linked with numerous industrial sectors and it promotes the innovation, growth and employment of the European member states. Although the EU is the second largest producer of steel in the world after China its goal is to increase the market share of GDP by 20% in 2020. The British Steel industry is necessary tool, without which, the manufacturing success would not have happened. In 1972, the steel production level has reached an all-time peak of 28 Mt (million tonnes) per year and offered more than twice as many jobs as it does now. Referencing back to Michael Porter’s Book, ‘The Competitive Advantage of Nations ‘, in year 1945, there were 50 mills of steel all throughout UK and it has been reduced to 7 in 1970. Following this, the decision to privatise the British Steel Industry was taken by Margaret Thatcher in 1988, however...

Words: 2646 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Gm545

...Homework Practice Questions: Microeconomics/Macroeconomics The following questions are for homework practice only. They are to be answered in detail, so it can be used for practice and future reference. 1. Suppose you are hired to manage a small manufacturing facility that produces Widgets.  (a.) You know from data collected on the Widget Market that market demand and market supply have both increased recently. As manager of the facility, what decisions should you make regarding production levels and pricing for your Widget facility? The increase in supply is likely the result of the increased demand, which created economic profit for firms because of higher prices. Depending on whether the increase in supply has expanded sufficiently to causes prices to fall and economic profits to disappear, your firm could profit by expanding output and increasing prices. This can be determined by seeing if prices are higher than they were before the increase in demand. The price per unit tells you the marginal revenue per unit sold. Output decisions should then be based on setting output so that marginal cost is equal to marginal revenue. In this case, the manager would increase the supply and price; but is should increase both in a controlled environment so that the total revenue profits does not drop (for example, raising price beyond a certain price might decrease the demand thus reducing overall profit) Also, the supply should be increased so that Marginal Cost<......

Words: 2648 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Supermarkets

...lifestyles, persuaded that the opportunity to select from six different brands of cut-price oven chips at three in the morning represents choice and value. What’s Wrong With SUPERMARKETS But the tide may be turning. Unease at the true cost of supermarket food is spreading among consumers, who are beginning to join forces with the farmers and workers who have always known that supermarket 'choice' is a bad deal. This booklet aims to help campaigners get to grips with the reality of supermarket domination and argues why we must start looking for alternatives. Researched and written by Lucy Michaels and the Agriculture Project at Corporate Watch What’s wrong with Supermarkets www.corporatewatch.org.uk What's Wrong with Supermarkets? Overview: Supermarkets sweep up 2 3 10 11 The supermarkets we know today started in Britain with the Cooperative Movement in the 19th century. This was a group of independent local retailers controlled by its consumer members, who sold un-adulterated foods at prices working people could afford. It was in post-war Britain that the foundations were laid for the supermarket revolution; the 1948 Agriculture Act initiating the ‘cheap food’ policy that is with us today. With government subsidies to farmers, new machinery and new chemicals arriving on farms, food production rocketed. 17 17 20 23 24 27...

Words: 14175 - Pages: 57

Premium Essay

Do You Agree That Globalization Only Causes an Increase in Economic Inequalities Both Between and Within Nations?

...economies, societies, and cultures as a result of the international trade, communication, immigration and transportation (Financial Times n.d.). According to Moore (2003), globalisation is not a new phenomenon, it has started since long before the Britain ruled the waves. Globalisation was focused on the economic section in the past, however, it has recently broadened to a larger range of areas such as culture, media, technology, socio-cultural, political, and biological factors (Financial Times n.d.). Since the past, trading of goods and services, knowledge and cultures have already existed, but the refined technologies at present have increased the exchange speed much faster than ever (Global Education n.d.). This global process has brought some enormous effects economically, socially and politically both between and within nations. There has been much debate in recent times about that globalisation causes only an increase in economic inequalities, however, this essay will demonstrate that globalisation also creates positive and beneficial consequences both between and within nations. Firstly, globalisation creates greater free trade. Free trade is defined as a structure of transaction among countries where no exclusive tax is charged on imported goods (Merriam-Webster n.d.). According to the World Trade Organization (n.d.), free trade empowers economic growth. One of the positive effects of free trade is that it allows a country to specialise in producing a few types of......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Great Depression

...Andrzej Faron Patricia Lambert DATE \@ "MMMM d, y" November 20, 2015 History 106 The Great Depression The Great Depression was a world wide economic depression that occurred amid the 1930s. The timing of the Great Depression was different throughout other countries,yet in many nations it began in 1929 and endured until the late 1930s. It was the longest, most profound, and one of the worst economic depression of the twentieth century. Overall GDP fell by 15% from 1929 to 1932. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is usually seen as an illustration of how far the world's economy can decay. The depression started in the United States, after a fall in stock costs that started around September 4, 1929, and got to be overall news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 . The Great Depression had bad impacts in nations both rich and poor. Individual pay, taxes, benefits and costs dropped, while foreign exchange dove by more than 50%. Unemployment in the U.S. rose to 25% and in few nations ascended as high as 33%. Urban areas all around the globe were hit hard, particularly those subject to heavy industry. Development was for all intents and purposes stopped in numerous nations. Urban groups and country zones struggled as yield costs fell by around 60%. As jobs became hard to find, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as mining and logging suffered the most. The start of The Great Depression. Historians more often than not say that...

Words: 2758 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Miss

...faced many problems at the end of the nineteenth century. Under Minister of Finance Ivan Vyshnegradskii there had been famine because of high taxes on consumer goods which had forced peasants to sell more and more grain. The government were slow to act and, although they eventually enforced a ban on grain exports, 350,000 died of starvation or disease. Economically and industrially Russia was also falling far behind many other Western countries at the time, like Britain and Germany. When Count Witte became Minister of Finance in 1893, there was desperate need to decrease inflation, improve infrastructure and encourage foreign investment. This essay will discuss how successful he was at introducing policies that addressed these problems. A great success for Witte was the expansion of heavy industry in Russia. He linked industrial growth with a stronger nation politically and economically, and was inspired by the more developed nations in the west. He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries like Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were......

Words: 1721 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Plug Plot

...against the poor factory conditions as employers thought it was vital to reduce wages so that they could succeed with their plan of the Anti Corn Law. Source B states ‘Thousands stopped work, forcing all to join them’. They did so because of a reduction in wages, almost without notice.’ This shows that many employees were desperate to get the governments attention in order for them to get involved and increase labour wages as they had no active involvement where factory workers liberty was concerned. Source D also agrees with this at it too states ‘The Plug Plot of 1842 began with reductions of wages’ hence why many people in 1842 rebelled, in some cases, striking workers stopped production by removed the boiler plugs from the steam engines in their factories. The Anti Corn Law was first introduced in Britain in 1804, when the landowners wanted to protect their profits by imposing a duty on imported corn. Source B also states ‘This was taken as the intention of employers everywhere.’ This shows how many workers were affected by these cut backs which could have caused the plug plot disturbances as many people believed that by encouraging more people to join Chartism they could get enough names on the petition to get their concerns heard such as the 1834 Poor Law factory conditions and church taxes on Nonconformists. Farmers feared that when the war came to an end in 1815, the importation of foreign corn would lower prices. This fear was justified...

Words: 909 - Pages: 4