Free Essay

British vs. French

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jojojohnson
Words 529
Pages 3
Discuss the British victories from 1758 to 1760 which gave victory to Great Britain over the French in North America. What impact did this victory have on the American colonies?

Great Britain and the French had ceaselessly been fighting and the British were not looking so well. It was only until 1758 that the British began to make a turn around against the French, that not only led to many victories, but also led to friendly rivalries. Although the Colonials and the British fought together and obtained their goals, a new conflict evolved, thrusting a spire of scorn between the two prior allies. Led by William Pitt the British essentially gained the upper hand on the French when they cut off their supply from the mother country to Canada via British naval forces at sea. Because the French relied heavily on goods transported at sea, they were left crippled and in a defense only mode. With this strategic gain, Pitt set out to conquer all and take over french territory by overtaking Ticonderoga, Crown Point, Louisbourg, Fort Duquesne and Quebec. Aside from the failure by Abercromby at Ticonderoga that was later redeemed, the British objectives were a success and the French were devastated. The most devastating blow was the attack on Quebec and Montreal where the British aimed “to rip the heart out of Canada.” (Millet & Maslowski 1994). Britain was successful and took over Quebec although France made great efforts to retake it in failure. Later in 1763, the Peace of Paris was signed therefore ending the war in North America. With this treaty being signed, it distributed land rights and ownership between Britain and France, giving nearly all of American territory to Britain. With such victory at hand, one would think that joy would fill the air but tensions grew between Colonials, Indians and British. The British believed that Colonials “were ill-disciplined and lazy and, lacking even elementary knowledge of camp sanitation, suffered an appalling rate of sickness.”(Millet & Maslowski 1994). Along with this, they didn't think they had a grasp of military affairs nor virtue. The Colonials had their own opinions towards the British in same regards. They believed that British discipline was over the top and immoral, where the colonials resorted only to banishing wrong doers. The British also displayed immoral practices during leisure time such as swearing, prostitution and excess drinking that was heavily frowned upon by the colonials. Walkers expedition was an excellent display of tension between the two forces and where they were headed. The British victories between 1758 and 1760 were not only monumental checkpoints in the development of the Americas, but also led to larger and more dynamic events between the British and the Colonials. Eliminating the French was a must, but in doing so, eyes were opened to internal threats of allies. Ultimately, the view each force had of each other became an overwhelming rage and tantrums of disgust grew into something much more than petty fights.

References

Millett A. R. & Maslowski P. (1994) FOR THE COMMON DEFENSE/ A Military History of the United States of America, Pgs. 42-46. rev. and exp. The Free Press , 1994.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Notes

...1. The French and Indian War (world war one) The French and their allied Indian friends fought the British and their colonial partners for control of the land west of the App. Mountains. *Seven Years War Players - France vs. England …. Prussia sided with England…. Prussia was fighting Austria ….. The war was fought in three places, Europe, India, and the Americas Austria, France, Sweden, and Russia were sided together along with the Mughal, Saxony (a small portion of the Holy Roman empire) and Spanish empires - the other side England, Prussia, Portugal, Hanovers, Iroquois Confederation England wins - Treaty of Paris (1763) Spain lost Florida to England France gave Spain portions of Louisiana and a part of the mouth of the Mississippi British got the Caribbean Islands and French lands in the Ohio Valley and lands east of the Miss. River. The French were supposed to move into Canada The war broke England and the King and Parliament needed money (here comes taxes) **keep in mind** Our ancestors in the colonies had larger bodies, we weighed more, our babies lived longer, our people lived longer, we were richer, and we paid fewer taxes, than the people back in England. 2. The Proclamation of 1763 After winning the French and Indian War the British King would not let the Colonials move into the land west of the App. Mountains. We start hating the British! 3. Quartering of Troops The King required the People to provide supplies and housing for British Troops 4. Writs......

Words: 471 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

King Lear and the Brave New World

...Empire" A. The First Clash (1754) 1. Washington and his Army were ordered by Dinwiddie to seek out the French fort a. He was given an Architect to build the fort (He was French) b. Governor Dinwiddie wanted to name the fort "Fort Dinwiddie" 2. " Battle of Great Meadows" a. Washington started building the fort b. The Architect goes to the French and gives them the blueprints to the fort. c. French ambush them while building but the fort was just a pile of scraps d. Start building the fort Hastily (Fort Necessity) 3. Held at ransom a. Washington and his men were held at ransom b. told to go home (sally Fairfax is pregnant) i. he was held a hero once he goes home to virginia ii. Washington has done nothing though B. The Albany Conference / The Albany Convention 1. Convened by the officials of the British board of Trade 2. Held at Albany New York in 1754 3. This was considered the first attempt at cooperation among leaders a. Representatives from New England, New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland i. Ben Franklyn Was the representative of Pennsylvania 4. The British wanted the Colonists and Indians on their side a. 150 chiefs of the Iroquois Tribes i. Iroquois had grown impatient because of the colonial land grabing ii. "Brother, you are not to expect to hear of me anymore" (Chief Hendrick) b. British could not afford to lose both of them i. although this, they had real estate agents bribed......

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Comparing and Contrasting Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of Man and Citizen

...Comparing and Contrasting the Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen World of History after 1500 July 5, 2015 Comparing and Contrasting the Declaration of Independence vs. Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen Throughout the course of the week we were asked to compare and contrast the two given documents titled, The Declaration of Independence & Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. Before we begin to discuss the difference and similarities, we must first understand what each Declaration stands for. The Declaration of Independence is defined as, “The formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain.” (LoveToKnow, 2015). The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen is defined as, “One of the basic charters of human liberties, containing the principles that inspired the French Revolution. Its 17 articles, adopted between August 20 and August 26, 1789, by France’s National Assembly, served as the preamble to the Constitution of 1791.” (Britannica Inc., 2015). Now that we have a better understanding of both Declarations, we can begin to compare and contrast. After reading both Declarations I found various differences and similarities. These Declarations were both pushing the rights of freedom & equality within almost the same decade of the 1700’s. This is supported strongly through the Declaration of Independence; stating that......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Jules Ferry's Speech

...was called the Tankinois because the news of the retreat shook his government and forced him to quit. The French won allowing France to conquer the Gulf of Tonkin in China. Jules Ferry was a proponent of colonization. Why? The inferior race be civilized by the superior class (ethnocentrism). It is not racism by nature. It is a strange imperialism He has a genuine feeling that France had a duty to dominate/ lead the rest the world. This is why the France and US are always in competition because they both consider that they need to lead the world. Both France and England had the same idea of civilizing Africans. Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden”. The White man has to go to Africa and civilize it. The French ruled in a much more direct way than the English way. The English were in the colonies for money while the French had a bigger idea of civilization. They tried to create an elite in every colony: Ecole Normale in Africa. The elites would then go to France and be sent back to Africa to civilize the rest of Africa. However, that created an adverse effect since the African elites analyzed the French arguments and used their return to Africa as a way to denounce the French system/ education. Race in 19th century France: group of people not linked by color. Race was a feeling of belonging: the rural race. However, the term race is mostly associated with country: French, German, African race Phrenology: a pseudoscience primarily focused on measurements of the human skull......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Unit 2 Outline

...5 The American Revolution, 1763-1783 Chapter Study Outline I. The crisis begins A. Pre-1763 consolidation of imperial authority B. Emerging split over British-colonial relations 1. British perspective a. Subordinate position of colonies b. Obligation of colonies to share in cost of empire c. "Virtual representation" 2. American perspective a. Equality of colonies and mother country b. No taxation without representation C. Initial skirmishes 1. Writs of assistance against smuggling 2. Proclamation of 1763 3. Sugar Act 4. Revenue Act 5. Currency Act D. Stamp Act crisis 1. Provisions of Stamp Act 2. Indignation in colonies 3. Taxation and representation; increasing opposition a. Virginia resolutions b. Stamp Act Congress c. Boycott of British goods d. Public demonstrations e. Committees of Correspondence f. Sons of Liberty g. Crowd actions 4. Breadth of opposition a. Colonial elites b. Middling ranks c. Laboring classes 5. Repeal of Stamp Act; passage of Declaratory Act E. Internal colonial disputes 1. Tenant uprising in Hudson Valley 2. Tenant uprising in Green Mountains 3. Regulators in South Carolina 4. Regulators in North Carolina II. The road to revolution A. Townshend crisis 1. Provisions of Townshend duties 2. Colonial response, home-spun virtue a. Revival of boycott on British goods b. American-made goods as symbol of resistance c. Reawakening of popular protest B. Boston Massacre 1. Stationing of troops in Boston 2. The......

Words: 3043 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The (Un)Official United States History Cram Packet

...regular study ……. But it is a powerful tool for review. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas – divides world between Portugal and Spain 1497: John Cabot lands in North America. 1513: Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain. 1524: Verrazano explores North American Coast. 1539-1542: Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River Valley. 1540-1542: Coronado explores what will be the Southwestern United States. 1565: Spanish found the city of St. Augustine in Florida. 1579: Sir Francis Drake explores the coast of California. 1584 – 1587: Roanoke – the lost colony 1607: British establish Jamestown Colony – bad land, malaria, rich men, no gold - Headright System – land for population – people spread out 1608: French establish colony at Quebec. 1609: United Provinces establish claims in North America. 1614: Tobacco cultivation introduced in Virginia. – by Rolfe 1619: First African slaves brought to British America. 15. Virginia begins representative assembly – House of Burgesses 1620: Plymouth Colony is founded. - Mayflower Compact signed – agreed rule by majority • 1624 – New York founded by Dutch 1629: Mass. Bay founded – “City Upon a Hill” - Gov. Winthrop - Bi-cameral legislature, schools 1630: The Puritan Migration 1632: Maryland – for profit – proprietorship 1634 – Roger Williams banished from Mass. Bay Colony 1635: Connecticut founded 1636: Rhode Island is founded – by Roger Williams 23. Harvard......

Words: 7863 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Assignment

...stories. History is anything but an endeavor that should be consigned to some dusty shelf on the top floor of a library nobody ever visits. It's, ironically, the most modern, most relevant, most incendiary discipline there is, to judge by nothing more than the number of car bombings, shootings and other atrocities committed in the name of warring pasts. Edward Said’s “Orientalism” has reverberated in each of the disciplines that collectively constitute Middle East Studies, including history. The book had positive effects. It forced us to take seriously the reality of the power relations produced and reinforced by British and French colonialism, and to detect the way in which those power relations are reflected in texts. As a result of Said’s work, most historians of the Middle East have produced scholarship that is strongly critical of the British and French colonial projects in the region. These are works that have exposed the power of colonialism to destroy not only lived lives but also imagined futures. Most recent historians of the Arab Middle East have drawn the lesson that...

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Us History Notes Ch. 1

...From Empire to Independence   Colonies became more important for the British mainland economy Colonies experienced agricultural and commercial growth but remained diverse in composition and outlook o Generally adverse to cooperative efforts The Heritage of War  Most Americans submitted willingly to the English government due to their alliance in French and Indian War o However, American nationalism was building  Brutalities of English soldiers heightened sense of separate identity  English soldiers were inept at frontier fighting; initial respect for them was lost  English disrupted the colonies’ illegal but necessary molasses trade with the French West Indies  Writs of assistance (unspecific search warrants) and naval patrols  Boston merchants hired James Otis to fight writs of assistance; he lost but revealed that writs of assistance were like slavery Why was revenue needed? o Management and defense of new global possessions o Payment of war debt o Expansion of colonial administration and defense  British Politics  Nearly every politician was a Whig: a name given to those who had opposed James II, led the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and secured Protestant succession o Champions of individual liberty and parliamentary supremacy o Whiggism drifted into complacency: dominant group of landowners became concerned with personal wealth George III wanted to limit Whigs so ousted William Pitt as prime minister and established “king’s friends” o Government......

Words: 2982 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Sea Colonial Policies Nationalism

...MJC: To what extent were colonial policies the main reason for the lack of progress of pre-WWII nationalism in SEA? (I try to brainstorm on colonial policies and see what I can come up with first) Intro: Definitions: -Lack of progress: tangible vs intangible progress/ultimate aim of independence -colonial policies: direct/indirect rule, benign/brutal colonial masters which affects their policy stance -nationalism: a political and social movement aimed at creating a nation state based on collective identity Reasons for lack of progress: Colonial suppression, benign policies, disunity, inability to politicize the masses, elite-mass divide, western education Thesis: The repressive elements of colonial rule remain the critical factor for the lack of progress of pre-WWII nationalism. By impeding the progression and politicization of nationalist movements through hindering the attainment of mass support and common united front, pre-WWII nationalism was doomed to fail. The success of nationalist movements hinges on the willingness of colonial masters to concede to their accessions, but even so, weaknesses present in these nationalist movements themselves, such as factionalism, elite mass divide also prevents the formation of a solid base to challenge the colonial masters and undermines their own nationalist influence. Thus, with colonial policies as the main impediment and the weaknesses of nationalists as a ‘helping hand’, tangible progress was doomed. 1.The type of rule...

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

India a Portrait Essay

...A Portrait Patrick French is the author of India a Portrait, French is a historian and a writer who has also published Liberty or Death: India’s journey to independence and Division and The World is What it is: The Authorized biography of V.S. Naipaul. Penguin books published India A Portrait in 2011.In this novel, French gives a detailed account of the economic and political state of India starting from the Aryan era to modern India. French has divided the book into 3 parts: part 1 is Rashtra: Nation, 2nd part being Lakshmi: Wealth and the 3rd part being called Samaj: Society. In each section of the book French provides detailed explanations of the changes that the Indian society and nation had to deal with during times of major political and economical change such as the times of the Aryan, Mogul and British rule and the partition of India in 1947. This book focuses largely on the changes that Indian society had to deal with after the end of the British rule in their country and how the economic and political state of India has changed since gaining independence. The book takes you on a 435 page long journey in which the rich history of India is explored and the change of India from being a colonized country to the world’s largest democracy is witnessed. I have compared French’s book India A Portrait to his other nonfiction history novel the Biography of V.S Naipaul and to Ramanajuns novel India after Gandhi. French begins his book by describing......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

World War

...speculatively in the early 20th century, some years before the First World War broke out, probably as a literal translation of the German word Weltkrieg.[5] German writer August Wilhelm Otto Niemann had used the word in the title of his anti-British novel Der Weltkrieg: Deutsche Träume ("The World War: German Dreams") as early as 1904, published in English as The coming conquest of England. The Oxford English Dictionary cites the first known usage in the English language as being in April 1909, in the pages of the Westminster Gazette. It was recognized that the complex system of opposing alliances–the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire vs. the French Third Republic, the Russian Empire, and the British Empire was likely to lead to a worldwide conflict in the event of war breaking out. The fact that the powers involved had large overseas empires virtually guaranteed that a war would be worldwide, as the colonies' resources would be a crucial strategic factor. The same strategic considerations also ensured that the combatants would strike at each other's colonies, thus spreading the fighting far more widely than in the pre-colonial era. Other languages have also adopted the "World War" terminology. For instance, in French, the two World Wars are the Guerres mondiales; in German, the Erste und Zweite Weltkrieg (World War I was only known or commonly recognized in public as der Weltkrieg in Germany when it was over, while prior to the war that word had......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Love

... Your textbook may help with some of the things listed, but this exam is more so drawn from class lectures and power point presentations. Embargo of 1807-Britian and France imposed trade restriction in order to weaken each other’s economies. Resulting in testing the Americas Neutrality and hurting their trading. Jefferson passed this document restricting neutral trade to the U.S. docs Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists (1780). Stronger central government, state representation from states each 2 representatives, no Bill of Rights, Articles of Confederation useless, because states had more power, wanted larger public, and they believed in large farming and industrialization,.. antif federalist, wanted state rights, wanted add the House of Represeantives, Bill of Rights, they thought the aritcles needed to be ratified not taken away completely, smaller public, believed Americas future is small farming Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans (1790s) – Hamiltonians (known as federalist party) vs. the Jeffersonians (Democratic Party) Differences between Federalist stances (1780s) vs. Federalist Party stances (1790s)- Federalist of 1780-Stronger central government, state representation from states each 2 representatives, no Bill of Rights, Articles of Confederation useless, because states had more power, wanted larger public, and they believed in large farming and industrialization.. Federalist Party Stances of (1790)- Led by Alexander Hamilton strong central government led by...

Words: 2158 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

An Evaluative Study of Cross-Cultutal Communication

...TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Executive Summary 1 2. Introduction 2 3. Cultural aspect to Communication 3 3.1. Cultural Contexts 3 3.2. Assessing Cultures through Hofstede’s Framework 4 4. Codes of Communication 6 4.1. Verbal Communication 6 4.1.1. Welcome topics of conversation 7 4.1.2. Topics to avoid 8 4.2. Non-Verbal Communication 9 5. Gift Giving 10 6. Causes of Cross-Cultural Communication Conflicts 12 7. Conclusion 13 8. Recommendations 14 9. References 15 Executive Summary Today’s world has gone global. This globalization has led to the collaboration among manufacturers of products, suppliers of materials and service providers situated across the globe. The markets are no more restricted to a specific region or a country. The boundaries and distances between the markets have vanished. Saturation in developed markets has led to exploration and exploitation of emerging markets. The expansion of geographic footprint is not happening only to meet business needs, but this is happening also to promote social causes (Education, Health Awareness) and to mitigate global risks (Global Warming). Therefore, for the purpose of effective functioning, there is a strong need to learn about Cross-Cultural Communication. It is true that any usage of an inappropriate word, an impression or a gesture can lead to serious business or social implications. These cross-cultural......

Words: 5311 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Canadian Policitcs

...Government: derives from the british parliament in Britain meaning that we have an adversarial government. This can be expressed in the parliamentary structure of the house of commons (adversarial and conflict). High expectations of accountability in the formal legalities. The government must retain the confidence of the house (budget proposals) -legislative process: see above -party discipline: is linked to the idea of confidence, it operates through out the system. The general expectation is that members will vote along party lines. Pros: Accountability meaning that you know who is power and responsible for certain parts of the government, higher level of efficiency, fiscal and budgetary concerns, Cons: Can not always vote according to beliefs and values, inefficiency Federalism: Important driver of politics within Canada. To what extent are the types of different conflicts between the different levels of conflicts. Another reason why federalism exists is due in large part to the question of Quebec and the allocation of powers between french canada and the rest of the country. The Canadian State: Sovereignty 1867: Constitution Act, 1867 (BNA) 1926: The King-Byng Thing 1926: Nadan v. The King: criminal cases could be heard by the JCPC still The Balfour Declaration 1931: The statue of Westminster (formalize the separation of British and Canadian Government) 1949 Abolition of appeals to JCPC 1982: Constitution Act, 1982: Passed by the British Government......

Words: 2529 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Hotel and Restaurant Research Strategy

...the act of munificently giving care and kind-heartedness to whoever is in need. Hospitality is important to modern day businesses, and one of the following topics could make for a good tourism dissertation. * How customers choose leisure hotels when they plan overseas holidays. * Perception and attitude of British customers toward the Hilton Hotel in London. * Does the brand of leisure hotel matter when British customers choose accommodation. * Factors affecting leisure hotel buying decision making of British customers. * Examining the implications of the Internet toward online travel agents: The case study of Lastminute.com * Investigating expectation from budget hotels: The case study of Holiday Inn Express. * Does brand extension in hotel chains affect buying decisions of customers? * Does brand influence buying decision making of pubs and restaurants in the UK? * Perception and attitude of British customers toward food ordering via the internet through Pizza Hut. * How can small catering firms utilise integrated marketing communication to create brand recognition and sales. * Do cultural nuances between British and French customers influence buying decisions for leisure...

Words: 480 - Pages: 2