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Bruce Tuckman

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Berbatovka
Words 837
Pages 4
University of Westminster
Westminster Business School

Module code and title: BKEY401 Perspective in organisations

Teamwork Theory: Bruce Tuckman

Student name: Rumyana Karaisenova
Student ID number: w1548746

Seminar leader name: Xanthy Kallis

Word Count: 718

Date: 04/11/15

Bruce Tuckman is American psychologist best know for his theory called “Tuckman’s stages of group development". Tuckman’s theory is one of the most famous group development theories. His theory has been use for a lot further developments group theories including Belbin’s group theory, Fishers theory and Tubbs small group theory. Tuckman’s model is significant because it recognizes the fact that groups do not start such as a fully-formed and functioning group and finish like one whole. He suggests, that teams improve their performance through clearly defined stages, from their creation as groups of different people, to good organized, focused, task solving group.

First developed in 1965, Tuckman’s model is worldly known as a basis for effective group building. The value of Tuckman’s model is, that it helps us to understand that the teams are development and improve themselves in different part of their work. According to Tuckman groups go through five stages, they are forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. The first stage is the forming: this is where the group see each other for the first time and the task is given to them. The next phase is storming. This is the stage where the group is more open mind, give new ideas and searching for right decision to solve the task. The next stage is norming, it is occurring when the group begin what Tuckman calls ‘a”patching-up”phase’ (Tuckman 1965: 392). Next one is performing. This is the stage when the group is working together, they accepted each other and the group is concentrated to solve the problem. The final stage is adjourning- this is the most important stage because team is complete the task in best way for performing. According to Tuckman, "All the phases are necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face challenges, to tackle problems, to find solutions, to plan work and to deliver results”. (Tuckman 1965).

Tuckman’s model has a lot of advantages in understanding and completing group tasks. For young generation knowing of Tuckman theory is helpful for their development such as leader or working as a part of team, as well it helps you to develop like a person. This model has a huge rank of use around the students these days. Its can be really useful for all students to finish their task at the university or help them to give the best performing at their workplace.
There are two main benefits of using Tuckman’s theory of group working. First, motivating each person in the group and achieve the greater result with solving problem. Secondly, it can help you to understand the behavior of other people in the group in better way, so you can avoid fights.

Tuckman’s five process model is a standard framework for understanding team development (Kazmierski et al, 2001) and clearly illustrates the thought process of teams, starting from the moment that the group is created until the end when the group finish their task, and has the capability to show in which areas they need to focus to finish their task in best way and function like one person. Nevertheless, it can also be argued that the model is just too linear and theoretical (Clegg, 2011). However, it seems too unrealistic and have a few disadvantages for modern days’ teams to follow this kind of group structure due to the increase of new technologies and different organizational cultures which would have dramatically changed since Tuckman’s five stages were development. One of this disadvantages is working with the other people in a group, now days have completely different understanding. In this century of technologies sometimes is not necessary to be at the same room, neither at the same county people can use web cameras, conferencing conservation and much more technologies that can be useful to finish their group task. This argument can go as far as to say that, Tuckman’s development theory is simply outdated for modern organizations (Clegg, 2011).

Tuckman’s teamwork theory has his own advantages and disadvantages. The two most important insights that this brings are the understanding the behavior of the people in the group and solving the problem in best way. Now days Tuckman’s model is improved from the other teamwork theorists, but it is still left the most famous and easy for understanding team work model.

Reference list

King, D., Lawley, S. (2013) Organizational behavior, Oxford University Press. Pp 177-183

Tuckman, B. 1965. Developmental sequence in small groups. Psyhological Bulletin 63(6): 384-399

Tuckman, Bruce W., & Jensen, Mary Ann C. (1977). ‘Stages of small group development revisited’, Group and Organizational Studies, 2, 419- 427.

Kazmierski, S., Lilly, C. (2001) The Group Organics Model, Vol.33, No.2

Clegg, S. (2011) Managing and Organisations: An introduction to Theory and Practice, SAGE

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