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Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha during the fifth century BC. He was a young prince and married a yound girl named Yasodhara at the age of sixteen. His father made the decision that his daughter would live a secluded life. So Siddhartha went out into the world and faced the cruel reality of life and worldwide suffering. When he turned twenty nine, he left the kingdom and newborn son to lead a simple and isolated life. He did this to try to find a way to relieve worldwide suffering. He meditated for six years but never attended full satisfaction. He was offered a bowl of milk-rice from a girl and that was the start of him pursuing a path of equilibrium rather than extremism. The name of this path was Middle Way.
Buddhism is a more reformed version of Hinduism. The Four Noble Truths that are included in the religion are the basis for all forms of Buddhist philosophy. These truths are called Dukkha, Samudaya, Nirodha, and Marga. According to dictionary.com, Dukkha is the first of the Four Noble Truths, that all human experience is transient and that suffering results from excessive desire and attachment. According to the Wisdom Library, Samudaya is Second of Four Noble Truths: Suffering is caused by desire. Nirodha is usually translated as "cessation", as in "cessation of suffering", the third noble truth. In a more general sense, Nirodha is often used as a synonym of Nirvana (What is Nirodha, n.d.).  Marga (Sanskrit mārga; Pãli magga, "path") in Buddhism refers to the path to enlightenment (Wikipedia, n.d.)
The Buddhist Eightfold Path is a method of teaching moderation. This means if you were to follow the path, you would be capable of achieving nirvana. This helps you live a perfect life that would keep you from continuing in samsara.
Many of the belifs in Buddhism are close to the ones in Hinduism. They both have the Eightfold Path in order...

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