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Bullwhip

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Transportation management system
The aim of the supply chain is to procure customers with necessary products at the time when they need it and at affordable price. The on-time procurement and supply would be impossible without transportation. The transportation in the supply chain means the transfer of goods from one point to another. Transportation sets the connection between different industry sectors and countries. Throughout the history the human being has created different types of transport and that, in turn, facilitated the development of more enhanced transportation systems. After in 1960s computers and other information technologies started to expand transportation management systems become more productive and cost-efficient. Three main issues that transportation management systems deal with are hauling and supply planning, transportation summarizing which include freight tracing, invoicing and documentation and alerting of customers in case of delays, and the transportation performance measurement. There are three main ways of transferring products: air transportation, water transportation, and ground transportation which consists of rail transport and and most common for everybody wheeled transport. Every type of transportation has its own strengths and weaknesses. The participants of the supply chain can transfer goods by its own fleet of vehicles or use the services of other companies.

Works Cited
Donovan, Michael. “Supply Chain Management: Cracking the Bullwhip Effect.” Datalliance. Datalliance, n.d. Web. 5 April 2011.
Lee, Hau, V. Padmanabhah, and Seungjin Whang. “The Bullwhip Effect in Supply Chains.” Sloan Management Review 38.3 (1997): 93-102. Print.
The Bullwhip Effect. Quick MBA, n.d. Web. 5 April 2011. “Wal-Mart’s Supply Chain.” Mohanchandran. Mohan’s Intangible World, n.d. Web. 5 April...

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