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Bureaucratic Organisations

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BUREAUCRATIC ORGANISATIONS
• A subfield of the classical management perspective that emphasized management on an impersonal, rational basis through such elements as clearly defined authority and responsibility, formal record keeping and separation of management and ownership.
• Max Weber (1864-1920); Weber was a German theorist who developed the concept of bureaucratic organisations. The term ‘bureaucratic’ describes an ideal type of organization that would be managed on an impersonal, rational basis.
• Weber believed that an organisation based on rational authority would be more efficient and adaptable to change because continuity is related to formal structure and positions rather than to a particular person, who may leave or die.
• The term bureaucracy has taken on a negative meaning in today’s organisations and is associated with endless rules and red tape. On the other hand, rules and other bureaucratic procedures provide a standard way of dealing with employees. Everyone gets equal treatment and everyone knows what the rules are. This has enabled many organisations to become extremely efficient.

6 ELEMENTS OF BUREAUCRACY
• Labour is divided with clear definitions of authority and responsibility that are legitimized as official duties.
• Positions are organized in a hierarchy of authority, with each position under the authority of a higher one.
• All personnel are selected and promoted based on technical qualifications, which are assessed by examination or according to training and experience.
• Administrative acts and decisions are recorded in writing. Record- keeping provides organizational memory and continuity over time.
• Management is separate from the ownership of the organisations.
• Managers are subject to rules and procedures that will ensure reliable, predictable behavior. Rules are impersonal and uniformly applied to all...

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