Free Essay

Business Communication of Cuba

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lxlwrite
Words 3214
Pages 13
Business Communication Report
—Cuba intercultural difference

Author:Liu XiaoLu
Written for:Elisa Szabo
Purpose:Diploma of enterprise Business communications intergraded assignment
Request:01/03/2012
Due date: 30/03/2012

Letter of Transmittal:
Miss Liu
Sichuan University
32 Ke Hua Bei Lu
Chengdu
Sichuan
China
610065

Miss Szabo – Director
Costless Clothes Company
Sichuan University

14 March 2012

Dear Miss Szabo.

Thank you for spending time on reading this report.
Please find attached our detailed report which deals with cultural differences between administration staff and Cuban customers.
Thank you for giving administration department some feedback to improve business with Cuban customers in the future.
Yours Sincerely

Liu XiaoLu
Table of Content:

Letter of Transmittal: 2 Table of Content: 3 Synopsis: 3 Introduction: 4 Background: 4 Scope: 4 Business Language 5 Social Customs 6 Clothing and Food Etiquette 8 Religious beliefs 9 Ethics 9 Economic climate 10 Political climate 10 Law 11 General import regulations and requirements 11 Import customs tariff 11 Samples, Low Value and Non-Commercial Importations 11 General import license/permit requirements 12 Prohibited or highly restricted imports 12 Commercial invoice 12 Packing list 13 Certificate of Origin (general) 14 Standards 14 Culture value 15 Development business communication 16 Reference 17

Synopsis:
This report investigated that administration department into culture differences between China and Cuba to better proved knowledge of intercultural difference. It found out that to do business with Cubans is not difficult due to the many similarities such as values and politic climate, but we also need to know more about Cuba.
Introduction:
Background:

Cuba is an island country located in the northern Caribbean Sea. This country established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China in 1960, which was the first one in Latin America nations (MOF, 2011). In 2008, China and Cuba had two-sided trade worth 2.2 U.S. dollars (Li, 2009). Costless clothing company also has been doing business with Cuba; however, our administration department should understand culture differences and respect Cuban customs.
Scope:
* Business language * Social customs * Clothing and food etiquette * Religious beliefs * Ethics * Economic climate * Political climate * Law * Culture value * Development business communication

Business Language
Cuban use Spanish as government business and English as business language. When our administration department staffs communicate with Cuban customers, English is practical. So knowing some basic Spanish can be useful when doing business with Cuban. There are some greetings in Spanish as table shows. Spanish | English | Details | Hola | Hello | Suit for both formal and informal contexts. | Adiós | Goodbye | Sometimes spelled ciao, from Italian. | Muy bien | Very well, thank you. | |
(Erichsen, 2012)
Recommendation: Our staff must speak English fluently and know a little Spanish, for example, an administration receptionist needs be able to say a little simple Spanish for greetings to leave a good impression to clients

Social Customs
General customs: Cuba is well known for 3 things: communism; sports and music. However, Cubans value traditional customs than many foreigners, for example, food, arts and festival are important to Cubans. (Calder, 2012)
Sport: The Cuban people enjoy sports with a lot of enthusiasm. The national sport is baseball, and boxing is very popular as well, the country has won 23 medals and other world titles for the Olympic Games. (MapXL Inc., 1999)
Music: Cuba music is influence by Africa, Spain, and Latin-America and American pop music, such as Son, Rumba and Jazz Cubano. (Yo Mambo, 2002)
Festivals: There are numbers of great events going though the year of Cuba. The island becomes a centre of dance, art and music when festivals coming in and some of them have been carnivals of Caribbean.
This graph will introduce top 5 festivals. International Jazz Festival | There are plenty of jazz festivals in Cuba, but the biggest is the International Jazz Festival, held every February in Havana. | Havana Carnival | July is Carnival season in Cuba mean street parties, floats, processions, dancing, music, and plenty of Cuban rum! | Santiago de Cuba Carnival | The whole city seems to turn into crazy in July each year, and the carnival in this city attracts the biggest crowd on the island. | Las Parrandas de Remedios | A festival on the 24th of December. Each neighborhood competes to construct the float, surrounded by lanterns and kites, and on the evening of Christmas Eve the two sides go head to head in a parade, accompanied by a spectacular fireworks display. | International Havana Ballet Festival | Cuba may be more famous for Salsa and Mambo than for ballet, but the International Havana Ballet Festival, which runs from the 24th of October to the 6th of November every two years, is a major international event for ballet lovers. |
(Lelliott, 2007)
Recommendation: Obviously, we cannot contract Cuban during holiday. As administration staff we also have to keep a watchful eye on Cuban festivals and send e-mails to congratulate them.
Eye contact: Cubans tend direct eye contact, in conversations, looking at eyes shows respect to the speaker.
Gestures: Cubans have habits to speak quickly and loudly, they would like to use hands and bodies for express when talking.
Puckering up his nose usually means “what?”
Cubans will point by wrinkling their lips in a direction or person that they are referring to.
Greetings: At first meeting Cubans generally shake hands with direct eye contact. If they are friends or family, women would like to share a light kiss on the cheek, men usually have a hug.
Gender issues: Women are often expected to do housework and raise up children even many women have jobs now. It is acceptable for women walk alone on the street at night. (Landers, 2012)
Proxemics in basics: There are two kinds of proxemics space in normal life. 1. Personal space: ranges between half a meter to a meter, it is used among friends and families. 2. Intimate space: ranges from zero to half a meter, this is the space for whispering and embracing. (Grossman, 2004)
Recommendation: Administration staff needs to meet customers very often, if you do not know the rules which they do in daily life, it will make your customers unhappy because of misunderstanding. One of the suggestions is to write those rules down and re-read it before meeting.

Clothing and Food Etiquette
In Cuba, dress is not quite formal for both men and women. For Men, wearing Guayabera shirt with slacks when doing business, for women, a pair of pants, skirts and jeans are all acceptable (Landers, 2012).
Food in Cuban daily life is simple. Rice and beans as staple food are collocated fried plantains and vegetables. They prefer pork and chicken due to it are more economical than beef. Cubans are very fond of sweets. Cubans believe that a kind of national ice cream manufacturer called “Copelia” is the best worldwide. (Calder, 2012)
Recommendation: Staff can dress business casual when have meetings with Cubans. When conferees have a meal with Cuban they must tolerant simple and cheep food, do not complain food because no host will consider it is polite.

Religious beliefs
In history, religious is not as influential as other neighboring counties, therefore, Cuban would not choose Catholic which was a religious they did not understand. Nowadays, Catholic followers expanded since 1990s, for instance, Pope John Paul Ⅱ came to Cuba and was welcomed to the crowds in January 1998.
Cuba is not allowed racial discrimination since the revolution established an egalitarianism society. (Calder, 2012)
Recommendation: According to research, many Cubans believe Catholic in modern times. Additionally, most of Chinese in young generations have no religious. Thus, knowing Catholic and respect it is necessary. Do not discriminate blacks.
Ethics
The ethics from Cuba is civic which refers to the principle and ideals which were created in Cuba Revolution, in the other words, promotion of socialism. The reason is that the establishing of this country is based on Marxist-Leninist ideology. It does not mean Cuba refused business, Cubans want economic transformations in the country to improve their life to make the ethic of socialism come true. (Valdés, 2012)
Recommendation: Fortunately, China has the same situation with Cuba, so it is easy to understand their ethics, but it is better to do not talk about socialism when doing business.

Economic climate
As this report motioned, Cuba is a socialism country, of course the basic economic is socialist. In fact, because of the force of economic globalization, the government has changed laws to allowed private business trade since 1992. Cuba economy is based on agriculture, especially tobacco and coffee which have hampered the diversification of economy. The industry is also underdeveloped, government wanted to grow national industry to decrees import, but this is useless because Cuba is lacks fuel. In recent years, tourism has become a new activity for earning money. (Calder, 2012)
Recommendation: China is a socialism country too but our economic situation is greater than Cuba, it can be said that what Cuban is doing is what Chinese have done, therefore, it is easily to understand Cuban economic. However, due to opposite side’s unstable economic environment, the risk of trading with Cuban should be considered seriously.
Political climate
The ideals of the revolution are supported by a majority of the population. They do not want neocolonial status under the United States, nor do they long for the gulf between wealth and poor that produced by capitalism, which is another similarity with China. For social security, the state used to be a highly militarized society, government take advantage of Cuban people to gossip and spy on their neighbors, purposed to repress terrorist activity, but now it has turned into better because humanitarian force. (Calder, 2012)
Recommendation: Whatever you believe socialism or not, do not talk about it with Cuban is a perfect choice; actually Cubans will not talk about it in business.

Law
General import regulations and requirements 1. An approved customs broker must handle all customs transactions. 2. A Spanish translation of all documents is required. 3. Import and export transactions in Cuba are primarily controlled by state trading organizations (under the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Trade) called "empresas." Each holds a monopoly over a particular area of trade. 4. Goods may be inspected upon or after importation. If discrepancies are found, goods may be confiscated and/or import privileges suspended.
Import customs tariff
For imports from most-favored nations, duty rates average 10-11 percent; maximum is 30%. Otherwise duty rates may be slightly higher (average 17 percent). Additional taxes/surcharges such as sales tax, consular fees, and port charges may apply.
Samples, Low Value and Non-Commercial Importations 1. Samples may enter free of duty if imported by agents for temporary exhibition, or by foreign trade commission merchants or representatives of authorized companies. 2. Commercial invoice is required. 3. Commercial advertising matter may only be distributed through foreign trade organizations or a chamber of commerce.
General import license/permit requirements 1. Cuba does not require import licenses. 2. However, goods can typically only be imported into Cuba by government entities and joint ventures with a permit to import the products.
Prohibited or highly restricted imports 1. lottery or raffle tickets; 2. counterfeit money, bank notes, or Cuban currency; 3. condensed milk; 4. food products not conforming to food laws; 5. products made in prisons or by forced labor; 6. artificial or altered wine that is not medicinal; 7. unregistered pharmaceutical products and medicines; 8. heroin-derived drugs; 9. narcotics; 10. anesthetics; 11. "preservalina" and similar products used as a food preservative; 12. Any products considered harmful to the general well-being of the nation.
Commercial invoice 1. Required for commercial shipments. In general, they should conform to the information requirements described in this definition of commercial invoice. 2. This invoice may be in English accompanied by a Spanish translation.
Provide the number of original signed copies, requested by the Cuban customer, and forward to the consignee or consignee's agent. 3. The contract number must be included on the invoice. 4. Include gross and net weights in metric system units. 5. A notation signed by an authorized person must accompany any erasures or changes to the invoice calculations. 6. The back of the invoice must carry this signed and dated statement: "The undersigned, seller of the merchandise described in this commercial invoice, hereby declares that all the facts contained herein are true and exact, that the prices of said merchandise have not been altered by means of supposed discounts, that no other person has been given or will be given another invoice, account, or receipt because of this shipment, nor any other document for a value greater than that stated herein in writing, and that said merchandise is the product of the land (or industry) of (name of the country)." 7. For more information on preparing and distributing commercial invoices, see topics under GIST net headings: Commercial Invoice and
Shipping Document Distribution Based on Specific Functional Needs. 8. For airfreight shipments, the airwaybill (AWB) is used in place of the bill of lading and, in most cases, documents should accompany the cargo. 9. For non-commercial shipments, prepare a pro-forma invoice. 10. Exporters should confirm with their customer regarding any required chamber of commerce certification.
Packing list 1. Recommended. May be required for shipments to foreign trade companies and other authorized organizations. 2. Although not always required by regulations, a packing list is recommended for use to expedite customs clearance at the port of entry for all shipments containing more than one shipping unit.
It should clearly identify the contents of each shipping package with a description including both the gross weight and net weight – in metric system units – and the shipping marks and numbers.
Provide at least three (3) copies as part of the shipping documents sent to the consignee or the agent thereof.
The information on the packing list must be consistent with all information shown on the commercial invoice or proforma invoice. 3. A Spanish translation is required for any shipping document submitted in English.
Certificate of Origin (general) 1. A Certificate of Origin is required for merchandise imported under most-favored-nation or other preferential treatment. 2. Prepare the C/O in three (3) copies using the general Certificate of Origin (CO, C/O) form. 3. If prepared in English, it must be accompanied by a Spanish language translation. 4. Generally, these are certified by a recognized chamber of commerce that usually requires one additional, notarized copy for its files.
Standards
1. Certain products must meet Cuban standards before they can be imported into Cuba. 2. Information about standards can be obtained from the Oficina Nacional de Normalización (National Bureau of Standards) 3. Calle E, No. 261, entre 11 y 13, Vedado, Havana 10400 phone: +53 7 830 0879, and +53 7 830 0891; fax: +53 7 836 8048; e-mail: nc@ncnorma.cu (GSIT, 2011)
Recommendation: Reading those regulations carefully. As administration staffs we need to keep remind other staffs to abiding by the law.

Culture value * Difference: Time orientation
Generally, North Americans are keen to ‘get down to business’ and not waste time, in opposite, people from Asia see time as unending and unlimited and they tend to be patient. Therefore, Cubans are urgent time orientation but Chinese are casual time orientation.
Recommendation: It is necessary to be on time in business for our Chinese.

* Similarities: Collectivism, Power distance, Uncertainty avoidance, Formality
According to an interview, when asked what a Cuban is, “I would reply that he/she should be like The Che, who is an example of all those values, solidarity, honesty, authenticity, and all the other things that make his personality unique” (Valdés, 2012). Thus, it is no difference between Chinese and Cuban.
We both have high power distance that we usually accept the boss making a decision.
Cubans are more want a certain futures, so do Chinese.
When remembering our history, we always feel proud and united in our ancients struggled against foreign dominations, which is not only for Chinese but also for Cubans. Therefore, we both have high levels of formality.
Recommendation: We have more similarities than differences; it is easy to identify with another’s value. Hopefully, we can have nice corporations with Cubans.

Development business communication
Gift giving: Normally Cubans do not bring gifts when first meeting. When giving gifts, it is best to bring something very modest.
Meetings: It is important to arrive on time although you may wait for Cubans half hour or more. Before going down business, there is often 5-15 minutes of small talk, waiting for host to begin business discussion is more polite. It is acceptable to interrupt speakers.
Negotiations: It is advisable to avoid hard selling, pressure tactics and any sort of conflict or confrontation, due to Cubans value relationship building and harmony. Making decisions always cost a long time. (Landers, cuba, 2012)
Proxemics in business:
Public Space: ranges between 4 to 15 meters, this is the distance between audience and speaker. When doing presentation to Cubans, this distance is necessary.
Social space: ranges between 1 meter and 3 meters, it is often used in business communication. (Grossman, 2004)
Recommendation: Try to remember these rules and do it; do not make you customers unhappy because of misunderstanding.

Conclusion
This report has discussed the culture differences and similarity between China and Cuba. Obviously, the two countries have more similarities than differences, so what should administration staff in Costless Clothing Company do is to respect these culture differences in every aspect such as holding meetings, arranging dinners and congratulate festivals. Therefore, staffs must understand Cuban culture very well and respect Cuban customers, and then dealing business with Cuban will be no problem.

Reference
Calder, S. (2012). Countries and Their Cultures.
Retrieved from everyculture: http://www.everyculture.com/Cr-Ga/Cuba.html#b Erichsen, G. (2012). Greetings Spanish for Beginners.
Retrieved from Spanish Language: http://spanish.about.com/od/spanishfortravelers/a/greetings.htm Grossman, L. (2004). Highlighting query terms: proxemics.
Retrieved from canberra.edu: http://www.canberra.edu.au/schools/design/sites/cubic/groups/21/index.html.html GSIT. (2011). Cuba: Import (general).
Retrieved from gist net: http://www.gistnet.com/cidb-sample/ar-cu.import.html Landers, M. (2012). cuba.
Retrieved from culturecrossing: http://www.culturecrossing.net/basics_business_student_details.php?Id=29&CID=53 Lelliott, E. (2007). Top 5 Cuban Festivals.
Retrieved from ezine articles: http://ezinearticles.com/?Top-5-Cuban-Festivals&id=1471375 Li, X. (2009). China, Cuba discuss economic cooperation.
Retrieved from chinagovernment: http://english.gov.cn/2009-09/09/content_1413404.htm MapXL Inc. (1999). Sports in Cuba.
Retrieved from maps of world: http://www.mapsofworld.com/cuba/sports-in-cuba.html MOF. (2011). Economic and trade relations between China and Cuba.
Retrieved from Ministry of Commerce of the Peoole's Republic of China: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E4%B8%8E%E5%8F%A4%E5%B7%B4%E7%9A%84%E8%B4%B8%E6%98%93&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCMQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmds.mofcom.gov.cn%2Faarticle%2FNocategory%2F200612%2F20061204162672.html&ei=w5NdT7bHHqyQiQf7psDP Valdés, L. P.-B. (2012). Running head: APPLIED ETHICS IN CUBA.
Retrieved from education.miami: http://www.education.miami.edu/isaac/public_web/cuba1.htm Yo Mambo. (2002). Cuban Music 101.
Retrieved from Mamborama:
http://www.mamborama.com/cuba_music.html

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Business

...Business Etiquette Do and Don’ts Cuba has the capability of being a great place to do business, if you are patient enough to get through the government. The people of Cuba are very proud of their country and are enthusiastic to do business with foreigners, but because it is a Communist state, there is etiquette that must be respected. The Cuban society is very well educated. The official language of the country is Spanish. In order to do business with Cubans, one needs to begin with the Cuban Chamber of Commerce, which will assist finding the proper government officials to meet with. It is said that one should schedule business meetings at least one week in advance. It is expected to be on time for business meetings but there is a Cuban tradition of keeping people waiting up to one hour. If this is to happen, don’t be offended; it’s very common. Most business officials of Cuba speak English, but it might be a good idea to have an interpreter there just in case. Many times one will be interrupted while speaking, but this action isn’t considered rude. One needs to be sure to keep steady eye contact. It is considered rude to look away from a person while you are talking. The use of slang indicates poor education and is thought of as offensive. Also, the use of profanity is looked down upon. Cuban’s have the tendency to speak very quickly and loudly. They also use their hands and bodies to emphasis what they are talking about. Business cards can be very helpful in......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

C212 Marketing

...have chosen to propose two new products or services will be John Deere and the country I will focus my responses on is Cuba. In 1960, a trade embargo was imposed on Cuba by the United States, but on December 2014, the current United States President stated that he plans on lifting the trade embargo. Though an exact date has not been given “the initial surge of excitement among U.S. businesses after December 17 was palpable: Finally, an opportunity to enter a largely unexploited market, forbidden for half a century” ("Let's Make a Deal: Doing Business in Cuba," n.d.) This opportunity will allow John Deere to offer products such as their heavy farming equipment. The two products I have chosen that will be new to their market is heavy duty compact tractors and seeding/planting tractors. “John Deere tractors would enable local farmers to raise more crops many farmers work their fields with teams of oxen, and Cuba imports two-thirds of its food” (Cuban market could be boon to U.S. businesses. (n.d.)) A1.a Method The target market for the products are the farmers of the urban and organic farms in Cuba. The three different methods that will help me determine that there is both a need as well as an existing market include, focus groups, the internet search engines such as Google, and government sources. Since the web/the internet, and mobile access is rare in Cuba, I wouldn’t use methods that were dependent on technology. The first method I would use would be focus groups. The......

Words: 2748 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case 5-1  “America's Cuban Conundrum”

...the Helms-Burton dispute to the WTO. The EU took the Helms-Burton dispute to the WTO because they felt that it violated international rules dealing with trade. The EU had a dispute with the U.S. regarding testing agriculture, trade and investments and biotechnology issues which were brought to the attention of the WTO found the following: The EU, concerned about the effect of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), proposed a Transatlantic Free Trade Agreement (TAFTA) in 1994, and the U.S.-somewhat reluctantly-went along. There was to be no TAFTA to complement NAFTA, however: only a renewed political gesture in the form of the 1995 New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA) ("EU/US Summit,”). Its main lasting effect was the Transatlantic Business Dialogue (TABD), the first transatlantic lobby, which brought about agreements on testing and certification as a step toward defining a new trade agenda. It also envisioned the creation of a New Transatlantic Marketplace (NTM) within which trade barriers between the U.S. and EU would be largely dismantled.(Padgett,2009) Continuously diluted, in 1998 the NTM became today's Transatlantic Economic Partnership (TEP), a limited agreement slighting key issues, particularly agriculture, audiovisual services, and culture. This failure to develop substantive transatlantic regulations means reliance on the World Trade Organization's (WTO) dispute settlement process for airing differences.   As the cold war settled down in 1990, the U.S.......

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Written Analysis

... Cuba & Kathy Engle WRITTEN ANALYSIS AND COMMUNICATION – I Assignment No. 1 A Report submitted to Instructor: Prof. Vijaya Sherry Academic Associate: Diti Rajesh Shah On 03-07-2010 By Arunkumar B, Section-E [pic] INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AHMEDABAD LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL To: Ms. Kathy Engle, Junior Executive Director, LEADER Richard Ivey School of Business University of Western Ontario London From: Arunkumar B, IIM-Ahmedabad Date: 3rd July 2010 Subject: Report on the analysis of expansion of LEADER to Cuba. Enclosed with the mail is the report on ‘Whether or not LEADER should expand to Cuba’. The report consists of the analysis of the present situation, options, measure of progress, recommendations and the action plans. Yours sincerely Arunkumar B EXECUTIVE SUMMARY LEADER is not expanding despite being in the society for 12 years. The reason is the lack of funding and it must choose among options for the expansion of LEADER. You may expand the LEADER to Cuba this year or in the coming years, or you may choose to increase the number of partner sites in Russia itself. The option should satisfy the LEADER’s objective, give experience to the volunteers and participants, and make a good relationship with the universities. It is recommended that LEADER should expand its project to Cuba by taking a few calculated risks and must provide real value to the participants from Cuba. Number of words: 109 TABLE OF CONTENTS: |CONTENT ...

Words: 1309 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Sherritt Cuba Sanctions

...the Helms-Burton law. It was later pointed out in the case that Sherritt had no U.S. business relations. Essentially the law only inconvenienced the members of the board and their families. The real issue is around the thirty plus years of, and now tightening, sanctions by the U.S. against Cuba. As a result not only have U.S. companies lost assets in Cuba from 30 years ago, they and others are in a worsening position to conducting business in the country when the sanctions are finally lifted. We believe there is another economic issue under the surface faced by the U.S. in this situation. While U.S. companies unable to conduct business with Cuba there is no subsequent GDP benefit for our country. Meanwhile, we continue to take large numbers of Cuban citizens as immigrants. The increased population negatively affects unemployment, and is amplified by the fact that our companies can’t conduct business with their country of origin. Another words if allowing our businesses to conduct trade with Cuba would create more job opportunities, essentially offsetting the immigration effect on unemployment. Analysis The U.S. sanctions were having some desired result, which is to force the country to deploy more diplomacy and improve human rights. As was indicated by Cuba’s electoral reform in 90’s, where citizens were allowed to vote on their National Assembly Representative. At a broader level, Cuba was reaching out to other countries, such as Argentina, and members of the EU, to......

Words: 1124 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Cuban Culture

...Cuban Culture Religion: Religion in Cuba was not as influential in their culture as in other Latin America countries. Two of the main reasons for this are during the colonial period all of the priests were Spanish and therefore the Cubans did not take to it and there were no priests in the rural areas so it was not available to a lot of the people. Eventually a popular religion did present itself within the Cuban culture among the white and creole Cubans, a version of Catholicism with African influence. Another part of Cuba, mostly the eastern region believes in Santería, which is a religious system brought over by the Nigerian slaves. This religious system is based on the up keeping of relationships, between people and between them and their gods. Catholicism is on the rise ever since the relaxation of state censure in the 1990’s, but Evangelical Protestantism is growing even faster. This may be due to the fact that they are in a desperate material conditions and the people’s need for hope. Family Life: Cuba not only liberated women economically, but also women’s bodies and their sexually. They have free and safe abortions for all women who have reached their majority, sixteen years of age, and they offer contraceptives to everyone even young girls. This has caused young boys and girls to be experimenting very early on which has led to a huge increase in teen pregnancies. Young boys are able to enjoy more sexual access, but they are usually lacking in the ability...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Fdi Risk Analysis of Cuba

...Dianet Perez Garcia Politics of International Investment May 1, 2012 Foreign Direct Investment Risk Analysis on Cuba Background: Cuba is an island in the Caribbean. La Habana is the capital of Cuba and its biggest city. Cuba is not an industrialized country and it mainly consists of farms. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and the most populated with a population of over 11 million people. Cuba is a totalitarian communist country and has been ruled by Fidel Castro since 1959. Raul Castro has succeeded Fidel Castro and is now president. In 2008 Fidel Castro renounced his presidency after becoming ill and passed his presidency on to Raul Castro, his brother and Vice President. Raul Castro now performs all roles. The country has suffered oppression and the effects of Castro’s dictatorship for over 50 years now. Cuba’s largest profit comes from their tourism and from the export of sugar cane and tobacco. The population is majorly Catholic. Cuban citizens have recently been given the right to purchase, own and pass on property. This totalitarian communism, which maintain control of all information and for purposes of their own benefit and to maintain their desired image publish incorrect numbers to the public and withhold information on a regular basis. Political Indicators 2012 2017 1. Political Stability 6 6 Although there have not been major changes in recent years, Cuba’s government is highly unpredictable. Being that the......

Words: 2333 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Leadership & Org Behavior Project

...Resolving Morale and Turnover Issues within a Vital Organization Tierzah Lyon 10662 Crystal Lake Rd. Farmersville Station, NY 14060 tierzahjane@yahoo.com Keller Graduate School of Management at DeVry MGMT-591-20618 Leadership & Org Behavior Professor Joseph Neptune February 22, 2015 Abstract The organization discussed in this work of literature is Cuba Memorial Hospital, located in Cuba, NY. Cuba Memorial Hospital is named as a Critical Access Hospital through a federally supported program. This allows the hospital to choose which services best meet the needs of the community with 50+ employees. Cuba Memorial provides mostly long-term care treatment as the main bulk of their income. Like many other hospitals, Cuba Memorial Hospital (Cuba Memorial Hospital) went thru a significant downturn around 2008 due to fraud and theft of education funding and much more. Not only do they lose funding, but also they also almost get shutdown every six months due to not meeting regulations in controlling heat and air-conditioning, as well as having asbestos in the pipes, and a lack of food as they have maxed out their credits with many companies. It has been a roller coaster for many years. The main contributor for many issues among the organization is lack of morale and ethics within the company and this contribute to a very high turnover rate overall. Employees are not very good as well due to the lack of appreciation of everyone’s hard......

Words: 2756 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Cuba - International Marketing

...ACADEMY OF ECONOMIC STUDIES FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SUBJECT: INTERNATIONAL MARKETING STUDENTS: ICHIMOAEI VICTOR-DRAGOS MIHAI MINODORA-ELENA GROUP 133, SERIES A PROJECT THEME: CUBA TABLE OF CONTENT: 1. HISTORY 2. GOVERNMENT 3. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 3.1. LOCATION 3.2. CLIMATE 3.3. RESOURCES 4. RELIGION AND LAW 5. PERSONAL COMMUNICATION 6. CULTURE 6.1. MUSIC 6.2. SPORTS 7. ECONOMY AND MARKETING ENVIRONMENT 8. CURRENCY 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. HISTORY Cuba was discovered in the 15th century by Christopher Columbus and his conquistadors on the journey to discover a new route to East Asia through the west. He coasted in Santiago de Cuba and the city became the capital of the colony and remained such till the capital was relocated to Havana. On 2 December 1956 a party of 82 people on the yacht Granma landed in Cuba. They landed a week later, off course and under attack from Batista's forces, who had been anticipating their arrival. Fewer than 20 of the men on the ship survived. Batista's men claimed to have killed Castro yet could not produce a body. Months later New York Times reporter Herbert Matthews would publish the first in a series of articles that proved Castro was very much alive and made him a legend: "Fidel Castro, the rebel leader of Cuba's youth, is alive and fighting hard and successfully in the rugged, almost impenetrable fastness of the......

Words: 2900 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Us Cuba Embargo

...opinion on why the U.S. should not lift the embargo on Cuba. Many critics have expressed their opinion as to why, the embargo should be lifted. This paper will explain why united States order a trade embargo against Cuba? What are the results for both countries? [What was the effect of the embargo on the citizens of Cuba and what was the result of the embargo on the US?], and what did the Cuban Government do to retaliate against the Trade Embargo? Finally, look at the strategic results and necessity for trade embargo in a globally interconnected economy. When the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish American war of 1898, Cuba along with Puerto Rico and Guam were signed over to the United States by Spain. The United States had the right to involve in the affairs of Cuba at any time. When Castro overthrew the existing government, run by President Batista, the United States supported this action by imposing arms embargo against the Batista government in 1958. Then in or about 1960, Castro not only seized private lands and companies of Cuban citizens, but also subsidiaries of the United States of America. This is when the Eisenhower administration imposed trade restriction with the exception of food and medical supplies. Not only was Castro started trading with the Soviet Union; but the Soviet Union also building missile bases in Cuba; the United States severed all ties and imposed a permanent embargo on Cuba at the direction of President Kennedy on February......

Words: 2121 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Age of Imperialism

...Union. Hawaii is a state. http://www.hawaii-nation.org/statehood.html Latin-America America wanted to take over the control of the outside business being conducted. America wanted to succeed in opening new businesses in and out of Latin America Many challenges remain, but Latin America has changed forever. Most important: citizens believe it, too. United States is changing toward Latin America. http://www.cfr.org/mexico/us-latin-america-relations/p16279 Cuba Defeating the Spanish Army within the country and make Cuba a place where America could once again expanding where they can potential set up military forces and conduct business. At the present time there is no sign of status with the United States in existent. The U.S. does have a mission in Havana but there is virtually no communication with the government. http://www.cfr.org/cuba/us-cuba-relations/p11113 The Philippines Gain control over the country by getting rid of the Spanish military. They interest was to completely take over the Philippines. Philippines is an Independent nation. They gained independence on July 4th, 1946, although their experience with Democracy has been a rather tumultuous one. Independent nation http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2794.htm The Panama Canal Take over the canal and use it as a source of business, and completely controlling who and what came through the canal. Panama maintains an embassy in the United States and assumes full......

Words: 2874 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

History of Spanish Language Newspapers

...Eron Jenkins History of News Media Jeff Johnson November 28, 2011 Spanish-Language Newspapers in Ybor City and New Mexico In 1898, the Cuban War for Independence ended. 12 years later, the Mexican Revolution against the autocratic president Porfirio Díaz began. Not surprisingly, the ramifications of these two events were not limited to Cuba and Mexico. Thousands of Spanish speaking people came to the United States in search work and asylum. In Tampa, Florida, in a neighborhood called Ybor City, cigar manufacturers offered work to immigrants from Cuba and Spain. Conversely, in New Mexico, Spanish speaking people had lived in the region north of the Rio Grande for hundreds of years. However, growth and stability in the region offered new opportunities to Americans from the east and Mexican immigrants from the south. The goal of this paper will be to examine the development and content of Spanish language newspapers in these two areas from 1900-1910 by looking at two newspapers: El Diario de Tampa of Ybor City and La Estrella of La Cruces, New Mexico.               To understand any aspect of any culture one must note the historical context in which the event occurs. In this case, the goal is to study the history of the news media, specifically newspapers, in Ybor City and New Mexico. Because of the corresponding migration and revolutionary atmosphere, the context of the development of the newspapers in these two places is similar. However, they diverge in terms of......

Words: 3298 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Silent Dancing

...three generations of women and their assimilation into the United States as well as their traditional roots, which derive from Cuba. The novel is centered during The Cuban Revolution; there are four main characters throughout the novel (Celia, Lourdes, Pilar, and Felicia). This book gives really good examples of diversity between Cubans. Dreaming in Cuban also touches on incestuous relationships as well as resentment between families. Dreaming In Cuban begins with Celia; she is an ageing woman who devotes most of her time and life to the Cuban Revolution. The novel has lots of flashbacks and one way in which you can tell the book has flashbacks is the letters Celia writes to Gustavo Sierra de Armas, Gustavo is Celia’s first love that she can’t seem to get over. Throughout the book she writes about two decades worth of letters to him. Celia would write to Gustavo on the eleventh day of each month, the funny thing is she would never send the letters to him she would keep them in a box hidden away. She stops writing to him in 1959 when The Revolution succeeds and she becomes a Communist. Lourdes is Celia’s oldest daughter; she suffers a lot in this novel. To start off she is resented by her mother (Celia) also she is raped and tortured. Due to the fact that she is raped she becomes pregnant and loses her unborn son. Lourdes decided to leave Cuba and move to the United States, in the book she says that she wants to live somewhere cold so they drive up all the way to......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Jf Kennedy

...illnesses and as a consequence he spent a lot of time in hospitals or in isolation, during this time he developed his love of reading. When his father was appointed for U.S. Ambassador in London, JFK came to London for summer to work in his office. He also spent some months on touring European countries. Time spent in Europe had deep impact on young Kennedy, especially that there was very serious threat of World War II and John could experience solemnity of situation. In 1940 Kennedy graduated from Harvard and published a book “Why England slept?” being the result of his own observation of England’s actions in the time preceding World War II. The book was bestseller in United States and John became popular person. After that Kennedy enrolled business course at Stanford University, he continued the process of shaping his leadership skills, which made him a man known in the history. (Anderson 2004) In 1941 Kennedy joined the U.S. Navy and was commanding power torpedo boats. In 1943 his boat was rammed and destroyed by the Japanese ship, in this situation John showed his courage when he was leading other people to swim to the island, where the rescue came. For this heroic behavior he was awarded by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Medal. This incident became very popular when Kennedy was President, many books, articles; movies or TV specials describing this issue were published underlining his role. (www.presidentprofiles) After the end of World War II, Kennedy was considering......

Words: 3173 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

The Voice

...other traits which make them actually Socialist. The following is a list of such countries with reasons for including them. Keep in mind that this information is as of 2006, some countries may eventually need to be added or removed from the list. Cuba: Cuba is one of the most Socialist nations, as it has a mostly state-run economy, universal healthcare, government-paid education at all levels, and a number of of social programs. It does not have a stock exchange. North Korea: The same is true of North Korea, which has an almost entirely state-run economy, as well as the same social programs mentioned for Cuba. Like Cuba, North Korea does not have a stock exchange. Venezuela: Economy has more private ownership, but the government social programs are quite extensive and the foreign policy is very left-wing. Cuban doctors and teachers have been brought to Venezuela to provide some medical and educational services. China: A substantial part of the economy is still state-run, although there are not as many social programs as there once were and universal healthcare has been eliminated. Still has a Socialist-type foreign policy, for the most part. Vietnam: A significant part of the economy is state-run. Close ties with Cuba, Venezuela, and Belarus. Syria: Although not commonly referred to as Socialist in the West, Syria has a mostly state-run economy and universal healthcare, along with a left-wing foreign policy. Belarus: Much of the Belarussian economy is......

Words: 3736 - Pages: 15