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مقدمه : ( روش شناخت موسيقي اقوام و ملل مختلف كه از دو كلمه اتنو يوناني به معناي گروه موزيكولوژي به معناي موسيقي شناسي تشكيل شده . اين علم ، موسيقي همه فرهنگها را در مراحل بدوي و پيشرفته بررسي مي كند . اتنوموزيكولوژي موسيقي شناسي تطبيقي وبررسي موسيقي سنتي و سازهاي موسيقي كليه فرهنگها از ابتدايي ترين تا پيشرفته ترين آنها را معرفي نموده اند ودر واقع قلمرو آن در محدوده شناخت موسيقي فرهنگهاي بدوي و محلي است تا ديگر موسيقي ها واز مباحث سيستماتيك عملكردي اين علم مي توان به موارد زير اشاره كرد .پيدايش يا بررسي مراحل تكامل موسيقي ، رابطه موسيقي هاي محلي در سطوح مختلف فرهنگي ، سيستمهاي تنال موسيقي اساطير ، سازها وسيستمهاي آنها و مفاهيم رايج در اتنوموزيكو كه عبارتند از مدل ملودي ، رئاليزاسيون ( چگونگي ظاهر مدل ) بخشهاي مشابه مدل اصلي .‌ملودي تيپ ، كمپوزيسون ، بديهه سرايي يا ( امپروويزاسيون‌) ، مدولاسيون ، پوليفوني ( چند صوتي ) فرم ، پريود ، جمله ، فيگور ، مد سيستم تنال و شروع و خاتمه صدا . علم موسيقي از قديم الايام برپايه هاي رياضي استوار بوده است وفلاسفه آن را از شعب رياضي دانسته متون قديمي موسيقي را در مبحث رياضي مطرح نموده اند . ابن سينا در كتاب شفا موسيقي را در فصل رياضيات مطرح نموده است . امروزه وسعت زير و بمي اصوات و قوانين موضوعات متفاوت آن موجب شده است كه موسيقي نيز همانند ساير علوم تقسيماتي پيدا مي كند . اين تقسيم بنديها براساس اصول فيزيكي و فركانسهاي اصوات است وموسيقي گاهي براساس كيفيت اجماعي آن مانند تاريخي ،ادواري ، فرهنگها و ملل تقسيم شده است وبعضاً موسيقي را ازلحاظ ادواري به دوره قديم و قرون وسطي ،كلاسيك ، جديد ، معاصر و مدرن و يا قبل و بعد از اسلام تقسيم ميكنند و همين طور از حيث اجرايي به موسيقي تك صوتي ،‌چند صوتي ،‌اوازي ، نظامي ، مجلسي ، اركستر ، سويت ،سونات اپرت ، اپرا ، بالت ، ركويم ، مسن و انواع موسيقي مذهبي كلاسيك ، يكنواخت ، سنتي ، رومانتيك ، محلي ، ضربي ، روحاني ونيايشي و انواع بسيار متنوع آن تقسيم كرده اند و هر كدام از انواع فوق نيز مي تواند تقسيمات فرعي تري داشته باشد و در انتها در تشريح انواع موسيقي و شناخت هر يك از انواع آن از شخصيت وفرم بيروني و دروني ( تأثير گذاري داخل يو جنبه فيزيكي ) در زير وبمي اصوات وفركانسها وتعداد اصوات موجود در آن نيز بحث مي شود و آخرين تقسيم براساس نظرگاه آهنگساز خواستگاه تم ياموضوع و غيره مي باشد . انواع خاص موسيقي ،‌انواع خاص سازها و ادوات موسيقي ودركنار آنها انواع سازهايي از قبيل چنگ ، آلات موسيقي ضربي ، ني و حتي سيتار در نزد ساير ملل شرقي مانند فنيقي ها ، يهوديان ، سوريها وجود داشته به خصوص انواع موسيقي آوازي ، تكنوازي هاي دروه گردان و اركسترهاي كوچك چه در جشنها و اعياد و چه در مراسم خاص مذهبي و با استفاده از سازهاي ضربي و سنجي ،انواعي از موسيقي موجود بوده است كه تنها اشكال بسيار ساده اي از سازهاي موجود را مي توان در آثار منقوش به جاي مانده از آن دورانها مشاهده نمود .

سئوال 1: شما چند سال داريد؟

كوچكترين داده : 10 سال 40=10-50 =R
بزگترين داده : 50 سال [pic]

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|36% |11 |36% |36/0 |11 |15 |/////////////// |نوجوان (20-10[ |
|70% |21 |33% |33/0 |10 |25 |///////////////////////// |جوان (30-20[ |
|90% |27 |20% |2/0 |6 |35 |////////////////////////////|ميانسال (40-30[ |
| | | | | |45 |/////// | |
|100% |30 |10% |1/0 |3 | |////////////////////////////|كهنسال (50-40[ |
| | | | | | |///////////////// | |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي :
براي كشيدن نمودار ميله اي از داده هاي xi ( محور افقي ) و fi (محور عمودي ) استفاده مي شود .

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|11 |15 |نوجوان |
|10 |25 |جوان |
|6 |35 |ميانسال |
|3 |45 |پير |

نمودار مستطيلي

|[pic] |CL |
|11 |نوجوان |
|10 |جوان |
|6 |ميانسال |
|3 |پير |

نمودار چندبر

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|15 |11 |نوجوان |
|25 |10 |جوان |
|35 |6 |ميانسال |
|45 |3 |پير |

نمودار دايره اي

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]132 |11 |نوجوان |
|[pic]120 |10 |جوان |
|72 |6 |ميانسال |
|36 |3 |پير |
| |30=N | |

[pic] زاويه‌ي مركزي طبقه‌ي i ام

نمودار درختي :

*********** نوجوان ********** جوان ****** ميانسال *** پير

سئوال2 : تحصيلات شما چقدر می باشد؟

اگر معيار عددي داده هاي زير متوسطه كه شامل دوران راهنمايي و مقطع پنجم ابتدايي مي شود را با بازه‌ي (8 ، 4) نشان داده ، متوسطه تا ديپلم كه شامل دبيرستان و پيش دانشگاهي مي شود را با بازه‌ي ( 12 ، 8) نشان داده ، ديپلم تا ليسانس كه شامل مقطع تحصيلي ديپلم و فوق ديپلم مي شود را با بازه‌ي (16 ، 12) و ليسانس به بالا كه شامل دوره يا مقطع ليسانس و فوق ليسانس و … مي شود كه با بازه‌ي ( 20، 16) نشان مي‌دهيم .
كوچكترين داده : 4 16=4-20=R
بزگترين داده : 20 [pic]

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|13% |4 |13% |13/0 |4 |6 |////// |زيرمتوسط (8-4[ |
|60% |18 |44% |44/0 |14 |10 |////////// |متوسط تا ديپلم (12-8[ |
|80% |24 |20% |2/0 |6 |14 |////////////// |ديپلم تا ليسانس (16-12[ |
|100% |30 |20% |2/0 |6 |18 |////////////////// |ليسانس به بالا(20-16[ |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|4 |6 |زير متوسطه |
|14 |10 |متوسطه تا ديپلم |
|6 |14 |ديپلم تا ليسانس |
|6 |18 |ليسانس به بالا |

نمودار مستطيلي

|[pic] |CL |
|4 |زير متوسطه |
|14 |متوسطه تا ديپلم |
|6 |ديپلم تا ليسانس |
|6 |ليسانس به بالا |

نمودار چند بر

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|6 |4 |زير متوسطه |
|10 |14 |متوسطه تا ديپلم |
|14 |6 |ديپلم تا ليسانس |
|18 |6 |ليسانس به بالا |

نمودار دايره اي

[pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه‌I ام

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]48 |4 |زير متوسطه |
|[pic]168 |14 |متوسطه تا ديپلم |
|72 |6 |ديپلم تا ليسانس |
|72 |6 |ليسانس به بالا |
| |30=N | |

نمودار درختي

سئوال 3 : آيا موسيقي بريادگيري تأثيردارد ؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|90% |27 |90% |9/0 |27 |/////////////////////////// |بله |
|100% |30 |10% |1/0 |3 |/// |خير |
| | | | |[pic] | | |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل نوع سئوال دادة[pic] مشخص نمي باشد و ما از داده‌ي CL استفاده مي كنيم .

|[pic] |CL |
|27 |بله |
|3 |خير |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نموار چندبر فراواني :
نمودار چندبر به دليل طرح سئوال داده‌ي [pic] موجود نمي باشد به همين دليل از داده‌ي CL استفاده مي شود.

نمودار دايره اي : [pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه i ام

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|324 |27 |بله |
|36 |3 |خير |
| |30=N | |

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 4 ـ زمانی که در هفته صرف موسيقي مي کنيد چقدر می باشد؟

كوچكترين داده : صفر 7 = 0-7=R
بزگترين داده : 7 [pic]
|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|13% |4 |13% |13/0 |4 |0 | |وقت نمي گذارم |
|40% |12 |26% |26/0 |8 |2 |// |1 تا 3 روز (3-1[ |
|50% |15 |10% |1/0 |3 |4 |//// |3 تا 5 روز (5-3[ |
|100% |30 |50% |5/0 |15 |6 |////// |تمام طول هفته (7-5[ |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي :

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|4 |0 |وقت نمي گذارم |
|8 |2 |1 تا 3 روز |
|3 |4 |3 تا 5 روز |
|15 |6 |تمام طول هفته |

نمودار مستطيلي : ‌
|[pic] |CL |
|4 |وقت نمي گذارم |
|8 |1 تا 3 روز |
|3 |3 تا 5 روز |
|15 |تمام طول هفته |

نمودار چند بر :

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|4 |0 |وقت نمي گذارم |
|8 |2 |1 تا 3 روز |
|3 |4 |3 تا 5 روز |
|15 |6 |تمام طول هفته |

نمودار دايره اي :
[pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه i ام

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]48 |4 |وقت نمي گذارم |
|[pic]96 |8 |1 تا 3 روز |
|[pic]36 |3 |3 تا 5 روز |
|[pic]18 |15 |تمام طول هفته |
| |30=N | |

نمودار درختي

سئوال 5 ـ چه سبک موسيقی گوش می کنيد؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|33% |10 |33% |33/0 |10 |////////// |سنتي |
|66% |20 |33% |33/0 |10 |////////// |پاپ |
|73% |22 |6% |06/0 |2 |// |كلاسيك |
|100% |30 |26% |26/0 |8 |//////// |غيره |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي :
چون داده هاي ما داراي [pic] نباشند ما از دادة CL استفاده مي كنيم .
|[pic] |CL |
|10 |سنتي |
|10 |پاپ |
|2 |كلاسيك |
|8 |غيره |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چند بر :
بدليل نوع سئوال داده‌ي [pic] موجود نمي باشد پس از داده‌ي CL استفاده مي كنيم

نمودار دايره اي

[pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه i ام
|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]120 |10 |سنتي |
|[pic]120 |10 |پاپ |
|[pic]24 |2 |كلاسيك |
|[pic]96 |8 |غيره |

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 6 ـ دليل استفاده شما از موسيقي چيست؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|23% |7 |23% |23/0 |7 |/////// |يادگيري |
|30% |9 |6% |06/0 |2 |// |ورزش |
|66% |20 |36% |36/0 |11 |/////////// |سرگرمي |
|100% |30 |33% |33/0 |10 |////////// |غيره |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل نوع سئوال داده‌ي [pic] مشخص نيست به همين دليل بجاي اين داده از داده‌ي CL استفاده مي شود.

|[pic] |CL |
|7 |يادگيري |
|2 |ورزش |
|11 |سرگرمي |
|10 |غيره |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چند بر :

به دليل نوع سئوال داده‌ي [pic] مشخص نيست به همين دليل بجاي اين داده از داده‌ي CL استفاده مي شود.

نمودار دايره اي :
|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]84 |7 |سنتي |
|[pic]24 |2 |پاپ |
|132 |11 |كلاسيك |
|120 |10 |غيره |

[pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه i ام

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 7 ـ آيا موسيقی بر روی شما تاثيری دارد؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|53% |16 |53% |53/0 |16 |///////////////// |آرامش |
|70% |21 |16% |16/0 |5 |///// |تأثيري ندارد |
|93% |28 |23% |23/0 |7 |/////// |شادي ونشاط |
|100% |30 |6% |06/0 |2 |// |سرگرمي |
| |[pic] | |

نمودار ميله اي :

|[pic] |CL |
|16 |آرامش |
|5 |تأثيري ندارد |
|7 |شادي ونشاط |
|2 |سرگرمي |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چند بر :

نمودار دايره اي :
[pic] زاويه مركزي طبقه i ام
|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|[pic]192 |16 |آرامش |
|[pic]60 |5 |تأثيري ندارد |
|[pic]84 |7 |شادي ونشاط |
|24 |2 |سرگرمي |
| |30=N | |

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 8 ـ آيا هنگام مطالعه دروس از موسيقی استفاده می کنيد؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|60% |18 |60% |6/0 |18 |////////////////// |بله |
|100% |30 |40% |4/0 |12 |//////////// |خير |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل وجود نداشتن [pic] در داده ها از اعداد 1 و 2 استفاده مي كنيم .

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|18 |1 |بله |
|12 |2 |خير |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چند بر:

نمودار دايره اي :

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|216 |1 |بله |
|144 |2 |خير |

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 9 ـ آيا موسيقی در هنگام يادگيری دروس تاثيری دارد؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|53% |16 |53% |53/0 |16 |//////////////// |بله |
|100% |30 |46% |46/0 |14 |////////////// |خير |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل وجود نداشتن [pic] در داده ها از اعداد 1 و 2 استفاده مي كنيم .

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|1 |16 |بله |
|2 |14 |خير |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چند بر:

نمودار دايره اي :

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|192 |16 |بله |
|168 |14 |خير |

نمودار درختي :

سئول 10 ـ آيا تمايل داريد در هنگام يادگيری دروس از موسيقی استفاده کنيد؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|60% |18 |60% |6/0 |18 |////////////////// |بله |
|100% |20 |40% |4/0 |12 |//////////// |خير |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل وجود نداشتن [pic] در داده ها از اعداد 1 و 2 استفاده مي كنيم .

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|1 |18 |بله |
|2 |12 |خير |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چندبر:

نمودار دايره اي :

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|216 |18 |بله |
|144 |12 |خير |

نمودار درختي :

سئوال 11 ـ آيا به ديگران پيشنهاد می دهيد که موسيقی استفاده کنند؟

|[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |[pic] |خط نشان |CL |
|46% |14 |46% |46/0 |14 |////////////// |بله |
|100% |16 |53% |53/0 |16 |//////////////// |خير |

نمودار ميله اي :
به دليل وجود نداشتن [pic] در داده ها از اعداد 1 و 2 استفاده مي كنيم .

|[pic] |[pic] |CL |
|1 |18 |بله |
|2 |12 |خير |

نمودار مستطيلي :

نمودار چندبر:

نمودار دايره اي :

|زاويه |[pic] |CL |
|216 |18 |بله |
|144 |12 |خير |

نمودار درختي :

شاخصهاي مرکزي :
يادآوري :
مد : داده اي است كه بيشترين فراواني را داراست .
ميانه : داده اي است كه نصف داده از آن بيشتر باشد . [pic]

ميانگين : داده اي است كه در وسط داده ها قرار دارد.
توضيح : در داده هاي ما چون در بعضي از سئوالات xi مشخص نمي باشد ، پس ما ميانگين و ميانه در دست نداريم و دراين نوع داده هاي طبقه بندي شده ما از ميانگين وزنه اي استفاده مي كنيم .

س 1 ـ مد : نوجواني

ميانگين : [pic]
[pic]
س 2 ـ مد : متوسط تا ديپلم
ميانگين :
[pic]
س 3 ـ مد : بله

س 4 ـ مد : تمام طول عمر
ميانگين :
[pic]
س 5 ـ مد : اين مجموعه دومد مي باشد
س 6 ـ مد : سرگرمي
س 7ـ مد :‌ آرامش

چارك ها و نمودار جعبه اي :
دراين قسمت ما در هر سئوال بجاي گزينه اعداد را به ترتيب به گزينه 1 و 2 و 3 و 4 شماره گذاري كرده ايم و سپس به تعداد آنها اعداد مورد نظر قرار داده ايم .
س 1 :
4،4،4،3،3،3،3،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف ) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) اعدادي كه در نيمة قبل از ميانه قرار دارد ؟ 2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
ج ) (چارك اول ) پيدا كنيد ؟ 1
و ) اعدايد كه در نيمه بعد از ميانه قراردارند ؟ 4،4،4،3،3،3،3،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2
هـ) (چارك سوم )Q3 را بدست آوريد ؟ 3

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س2

4،4،4،4،4،4،3،3،3،3،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q را پيدا كنيد ؟ 2
ج ) Q3 را پيدا كنيد ؟ 3

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س3

2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتي)
ج )Q3 چند است ؟ 1 ( بيست و سومي)

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 4 :

4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،3،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 2 ( چهارمي)
ج ) Q3 چند است ؟ 4 (ششمي)

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 5

4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 (هشتمي)
ج ) Q3 چند است؟ 4 ( اولي)

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 6 :
4،4،4،4،4،4،4،4،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q را پيدا كنيد ؟ 2 ( اولي)
ج ) Q3 را پيدا كنيد ؟ 4 ( سومي )

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 7

4،4،3،3،3،3،3،3،3،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتي)
ج )Q3 چند است ؟ 3 ( دومي)

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 8

2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتي)
ج )Q3 چند است ؟ 2 ( پنجمي)

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 9

2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتي)
ج )Q3 چند است ؟ 2 ( هفتمي )

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

س 10

2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتي)
ج )Q3 چند است ؟ 2 ( پنجمي )

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
س 11 :
2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،2،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1،1
الف) ميانه ؟ [pic]
ب ) Q چند است ؟ 1 ( هشتمي)
ج ) Q3 چند است؟ 2 ( نهمي )

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

واريانس :
براي بدست آوردن واريانس فقط بايد از دادة xi استفاده كرد . بنابراين ما فقط مي توانيم براي سئوالاتي كه داراي xi هستند واريانس بدست آوريم :
[pic]
س 1
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]

س2

[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
س 4
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
[pic]
انحراف معيار :
انحراف معيار همان جزو واريانس است .
به دليل در دست نبودن داده هاي xi در بعضي سئوالات بنابراين اين سئولات داراي انحراف معيار نمي باشند
[pic]
س 1
[pic]
س2
[pic]
س4
[pic]
ضريب تغييرات :
[pic]
در اين شاخص نيز بنا به دليل در دست نبودن xi در بعضي از سئوالات ، نمي توان ضريب تغييرات را براي آنها محاسبه كرد.

س 1

[pic]
س 2
[pic]
س 4
[pic]

نتيجه گيري :
1. پس از انجام پروژه به اين نكته دست يافته ايم كه بيشتر افراد جامعه را نوجوانان وج وانان تشكيل مي دهند.
2. اكثر افراد در جامعه به موسيقي گوش داده و مي توان گفت بيشتر آنها حتي در تمام طول هفته براي گوش دادن به موسيقي وقت مي گذارند .
3. موسيقي هاي مورد علاقه و رايج در جامعه ، موسيقي هاي سنتي و پاپ مي باشند.
4. هدف از گوش دادن به موسيقي در درجه اول سرگرمي و بعضي از افراد نظر ديگري دارند وبعضي ها هم يادگيري، در واقع يادگيري هدف اصلي براي گوش‌دادن به موسيقي نيست.
5. موسيقي داراي فوايدي مي باشد كه در درجه اول مي توان به ارامش بخشي و تأثير مثبت درروحيه اشاره كرد.
6. 60% افراد قبل يا هنگام يادگيري به موسيقي گوش مي دهند.
7. 53% از افراد موسيقي را در يادگيريشان مثبت ارزيابي كرده اند.
8. 60% از افراد مايلند تا باز هم براي مطالعه و يادگيري از موسيقي استفاده كنند.
9. 46% افراد اين روش يعني گوش دادن به موسيقي را به ديگران توصيه و پيشنهاد مي كنند ولي 54% افراد ديگر اين روش را توصيه و پيشنهاد نمي كنند.
پس :
به اين مقوله دست مي يابيم كه موسيقي در آرامش روح بسيار مؤثر و عوامل مثبتي هم بر يادگيري مي گذارد ولي نمي توان گفت در همه افراد چون بسياري از افراد به اين امر معتقد نيستند.

پرسشنامه تاثير موسيقی بر يادگيری
1) شما چند سال دارید ؟
الف - نوجوان
ب - جوان
ج - ميانسال
د - كهنسال
2) تحصيلات شما چقدر می باشد؟
الف - زيرمتوسط
ب - متوسط تا ديپلم
ج - ديپلم تا ليسانس
د- ليسانس به بالا
3) آيا موسيقي بريادگيري تأثيردارد ؟
الف - بله
ب – خير
4) زمانی که در هفته صرف موسيقي مي کنيد چقدر می باشد؟
الف - وقت نمي گذارم
ب - 1 تا 3 روز
ج - 3 تا 5 روز
د - تمام طول هفته
5) چه سبک موسيقی گوش می کنيد؟
الف - سنتي
ب- پاپ
ج - كلاسيك
د – غيره

6) دليل استفاده شما از موسيقي چيست؟
الف - يادگيري
ب - ورزش
د - سرگرمي
ج – غيره
7) آيا موسيقی بر روی شما تاثيری دارد؟
الف - آرامش
ب - تأثيري ندارد
ج - شادي ونشاط
د – سرگرمي
8) آيا هنگام مطالعه دروس از موسيقی استفاده می کنيد؟
الف - بله
ب – خير
9) آيا موسيقی در هنگام يادگيری دروس تاثيری دارد؟
الف - بله
ب – خير
10) آيا تمايل داريد در هنگام يادگيری دروس از موسيقی استفاده کنيد؟
الف - بله
ب – خير
11) آيا به ديگران پيشنهاد می دهيد که موسيقی استفاده کنند؟
الف - بله
ب – خير
-----------------------
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[pic]

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نمودار درختي

[pic]

[pic]

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نمودار
درختي

زير متوسط
متوسط تا ديپلم
ديپلم تا ليسانس
ليسانس به بالا

****
*************
******
******

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نمودار
درختي

بله

خير

**********
**********
*******
***

[pic]

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نموداردرختي

وقت‌نمي‌گذارم

1 تا 3 روز

3 تا 5 روز
تمام طول هفته

****
********
***
****************

[pic]

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نمودار
درختي

سنتي

پاپ

كلاسيك
غيره

**********
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نمودار درختي

يادگيري

ورزش

سرگرمي
غيره

*******
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نمودار
درختي

آرامش

تأثيري ندارد

شادي و نشاط سرگرمي

****************
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نموداردرختي

بله

خير

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بله

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...The United States exists in a capitalistic economy meaning that private enterprise is based on fair competition, economic freedom, and private ownership therefore; business is the heartbeat of our economy. Everything from manufacturing, health care, sales, and agriculture involves business in some way. Businesses provide jobs and produce goods and services that we depend on every day (What Role Does Business Play in Our Economy..?). They pay state and federal taxes to the government on their services provided. The taxes paid by businesses and the people employed by them allow the government to function. Looking at businesses in this way you can clearly see that business is a pivotal part of the economy. Within our economy two types of business organizations exist: for-profit and nonprofit. A for-profit organization will produce goods or services in the hopes of making revenue off its products. Most organizations you think of today are probably a for-profit establishment. Organizations that are classified as not-for-profit or nonprofit often operate under the guise of the emotional appeal of compassion but can also become major economic engines. They are business like establishments but unlike a for-profit business, their primary goals do not include making monetary profits. For profit businesses operate to generate revenue under the idea to have more profit than loss at the end of the day. Unlike for- profit businesses, nonprofits are organizations that are......

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...Module-16 The role of business in The economy: M arkets and coMMerce TEACHER’S GUIDE P. 487 P. 491 P. 492 P. 492 P. 493 P. 496 P. 497 P. 501 Defined Content standards Materials Procedure Lesson outline Closure Assessment Overheads VISUAlS N Visuals for overhead projector. Copy to transparent paper for overhead. P. 502 NVisual-1: Market defined P. 503 NVisual-2: Business defined lESSonS 2 Copy and handout to students. P. 506 P. 513 P. 518 P. 522 2Lesson-I: I, Pencil 2Lesson-II: Specializing in production 2Lesson-III: Wal-Mart 2Lesson assessment the role of business in the econoMy Markets and coMMerce Module-16 Teacher DEFInED A market is a social arrangement that allows buyers and sellers to discover information and complete voluntary exchanges of goods and services. commerce consists of trading something of economic value such as a good, service, information, or money between two entities. business is the management and coordination of people and resources to accomplish particular production goals, usually for the purpose of making profit. business, commerce, and markets create many benefits for consumers, and as a result of business, commerce, and markets in the economy, consumers experience an increased standard of living. businesses obtain resources such as labor and equipment, and businesses specialize in the production of particular goods and services. As a result of business in the economy, the......

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...Recording Transactions Keeping business records accurate and up to date is important for the smooth running of a business. The business owner must record all of the money coming into the business from successful sales of the product and all of the money going out, such as expenses including money owed for storage, wages that are paid and money to purchase the stock. If a business fails to do this it may find itself not chasing payments, forgetting to pay bills or, even in trouble with HM Revenue and Customs. If the business does not record its transactions correctly, it cannot report its financial performance accurately and therefore tax payments may be wrong. By recording the sales made, the business owner is given a clear indication of what’s popular and so it becomes clear what products should have increased stock or altered price. In your case, it is very important that you monitor your sales as a new business will most likely not make any profit straight away, so it’s vital to record your transactions so you are able to at least breakeven until more customers become aware of your business and you can start to make a profit. Furthermore, since you have negotiated a one month credit with a supplier, it is important to record your transactions so you know that you can repay the supplier after the month has passed and avoid any consequences. It would be beneficial to you if you could keep your credit supply as then you will have money coming in from your customers to......

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...Hotdog Franchisee Business Growth Our business plan to create and grow a large, international hotdog restaurant chain to be offered and consumed around the world, using a Franchisor licence. We aim to follow the guidance of the food chain system of McDonald’s, due to seeing them attract many customers due to their superb business system all around the world, providing their services and products consistently with no fail as well retaining a great level of customer service. Put simply we want to franchise a worldwide business providing a special ingredient of hotdogs with the franchise business system of McDonald’s. To insure the right growth in our business, we will have to keep insuring that all company based objectives are being met, as well as improve our communication of the business as a whole, internally and externally. Internal meaning our staff grow and develop each of their skills day by day through day to day training and external meaning that they are able to gain exposure and awareness or our service to our consumers, this referring to sales and marketing of course. In ways of marketing, we will have to grow our business to appeal to young people, ranging from teenagers to young adults, by raising its awareness on social media and advertising campaigns through networks such as: Instagram, Facebook, Wongnai etc. Since we aim to start our business in Thailand then to expand it to other countries in ASEAN, it is smart that we adapt the customer demand and......

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