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Calendars and Time

In: Historical Events

Submitted By adidazalpha
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Calendars and Time

May 23, 2011
HIS458

Calendars and Time Calendars have existed everywhere throughout man’s history. Each culture had their own opinion and reasoning behind the calendars that were developed and used. Whether guided by the moon, the sun, the seasons, or the rotation of Earth, man has been working to devise a calendar that keeps accurate account of time and that fits into each cultural life style. The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar today, but that doesn’t make it the only one. There are several different calendars in existence including the World calendar. Each has its good attributes and each has its negative attributes. The following is an examination of the above mentioned calendar systems.
Gregorian Calendar Julius Caesar borrowed his idea for what a year is from the Egyptians; unfortunately his model was not a calendar precise enough in its measure of the solar cycle. The solar cycle is the time required for the Earth to complete its orbit around the sun and is documented as: 365 days, five hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds. The Egyptian calendar is 11 minutes and 14 seconds less that the solar orbit. Pope Gregory XIII, noticing this problem, decided to fix the discrepancy in the accumulation of days in 1582. Pope Gregory ordained the October 4 was to be followed by October 15. His logic behind the day skipping in 1582 was because the following year the vernal equinox would occur and the seasonal year would be as it was before. The Gregorian calendar system also readjusted the leap years to prevent another 11 minute-a-year discrepancy. These adjustments that the Pope made to the Julian calendar were not accepted by the whole world; the Eastern Orthodox Church refused to make the change. (Boorstin, 1983) The Gregorian calendar can pride itself on only differing from the solar year by 26 seconds. It would take…...

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