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California: an Interpretive History [Chapter 1]

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Submitted By thelepus
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PARTONE California Beginnings

a: rdinra n.lans a'lfrtn Hntu.ia!

rn.lergu.rd at rhe SPrn sh Pres;dio nsan Fran'G'o,1816 (cirdastoii'c sa.i?ry,Irrlltoa Oo.t{ anle.iian. FN 2s092 )

rowrh afd d!e61ry have been at ihe heari ofCalfornia since ils earliest beginiings. Throlgh eons ofgeologc tlme, rhe and irse fgre$' as disparate slrt of mlgot ng re.oln .ttach ng drehselves.o the continenr s western edge encomPassed a,v rhe rime ofhuman sen emenr, ihe Pres€nt bo!ndaries ofca ifomia Thelandwas'eeming fior:hAmerlca'sgreatestvareryollandformsandc matezones rlL; a vas. atra), offlora and tauna. Like$,lse, $e irst peop e ro lnhabit Calloinia were nolh ng lf not di!'erse Few p aces in the rvorld supporred a grearervariery ofcuLrures N.rveCaliforlansspoke dozens oflanguagesr thev rhriv€d and flo!rished in each olthe s.are's varied ecolog ;r r;ches. srccesslully adapring to and inevirablv.ransformlng their surro!ndings one of rhe mosr derse v poprlated -.--:g belore European conracr, caiiforn a was -:-:..s lf North Amerlca. I.e arrn al of E!ropean emP;re-builders in the late 1700s added ro $e d tr'ers rv of :: 'c-nia. Spaniards began the Process of.olonizarion, intenr on conrrolllng and :,:-;iorming the native peoPle. Efforrs at e.l'orced accultuiarion mosr especia lv in . : spanish mlsslons led ro billerconfliclsand leftar enduringlegacv Thespanish jr:r< ng ser.ler, themse ves were a di'e6e lot, in.lud;ng PeoPle offlixed E!rop-ean' :: an.lnd Afrlcan an.esry. Wi$ the achlevement of Mexlcaf independence fron i-.n n r821 callfornia also became home.o as!bslandal rninorlq' of Engllsh ::;zklng setile.s from a resrless and ambitlous iarion ro rhe east'

Ceography and History

California is a notoriously extraordinary place. Its natural charms are of mythic proportions-the grandeur of Yosemite, the dark mystery of the redwoods, the incomparable coastline, the sun-drenched...

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