Premium Essay

Canadian vs U.S. Dollar

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lindell82
Words 922
Pages 4
There has been a revolution in US business practices. Several factors have combined to force significant change to the US economy, and the resultant changes on company production costs/techniques and location has forced a bifurcation of the workforce and the business community. The United States has been drawn into the world economy, and as such must compete globally for sales of its goods and services. So too, the labor force, once the highest paid and most respected in the world, has been forced to compete with lower-cost labor sources worldwide. Add the economic malaise of 2007-2008, and the years 2006-2010 reflect an economic upheaval never seen before, or likely, since. This exercise tracks the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Canadian dollar over that period, and , the author believes, tracks closely the macroeconomic conditions between the two countries during the selected period of 2006-2010. This paper will show that a review of economic history, followed by a review of the exchange rates for the fund, (symbol FXC), will show a close correlation.
2006-2007 saw the end of boom economics for many Americans. Loose credit policies allowed stock and real estate prices to expand rapidly. Real estate speculators would execute options on new condominiums, only to flip those contracts to another purchaser for profit before the property was built. Several forces combined to threaten collapse of the US financial markets, from rogue traders making huge bets that threatened the existence of their companies, to job losses, to remarketed sub prime consumer mortgage debt and devaluation of home prices, often to values below the debts attached to them. Stock markets were threatened with huge losses, so much that stock trading was suspended in several countries around the world for brief periods. (1)
Also notable in October 2008 was the world currency markets...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Chapter 17: Multinational Financial Management Test Banks

...Answer: b EASY [ii]. Legal and economic differences among countries, although important, do NOT pose significant problems for most multinational corporations when they coordinate and control worldwide operations and subsidiaries. a. True b. False (17-3) Currency appreciation F T Answer: a EASY [iii]. When the value of the U.S. dollar appreciates against another country's currency, we may purchase more of the foreign currency with a dollar. a. True b. False (17-3) Floating exchange rates F T Answer: a EASY [iv]. The United States and most other major industrialized nations currently operate under a system of floating exchange rates. a. True b. False (17-4) Exchange rates F T Answer: b EASY [v]. Exchange rate quotations consist solely of direct quotations. a. True b. False (17-4) Cross rates F T Answer: a EASY [vi]. Calculating a currency cross rate involves determining the exchange rate for two currencies by using a third currency as a base. a. True b. False (17-9) Eurodollars F T Answer: a EASY [vii]. A Eurodollar is a U.S. dollar deposited in a bank outside the United States. a. True b. False (17-9) LIBOR F T Answer: b EASY [viii]. LIBOR is an acronym for London Interbank Offer Rate, which is an average of interest...

Words: 5866 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Funding and Reimbursing Healthcare

...United States vs. Foreign Nations: Funding & Reimbursing Healthcare Services United States vs. Foreign Nations: Funding & Reimbursing Healthcare Services In this document I will discuss the health care system of three foreign nations versus the United States. Specifically, focusing on how physicians and hospitals are reimbursed and funded in the United States as opposed to foreign nations. The three other foreign nations that will be involved in this discussion will be: Germany, Canada, and United Kingdom. Reimbursement/funding of health care services varies from nation to nation. Each of these countries inhabits a different point on the international healthcare continuum. In this critical analysis you will read about the different ways foreign countries and the United States reimburse hospitals and providers for health care services. The United States of America In America, we, as consumers, have the right to choose among various suppliers of healthcare services. We make a decision based upon the competing market and quality of goods and services. Then we pay for the cost of our services mainly through insurance or by paying for the full cost of the purchase ourselves. According to Bodenheimer and Grumbach, health care financing in the United States started off from out-of-pocket payments and evolved through individual private insurance, then employment-based insurance, and then finally government-based financing (i.e. Medicaid and Medicare) (2012, p.......

Words: 2528 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Forecasting of Commodity Prices

...components of movements in these prices. A structural vector autoregressive (SVAR) model is used for real BCNE prices, a multiple structural-break technique is employed for real crude oil prices, and an errorcorrection model is constructed for real prices of other energy components. Then we use these transitory and permanent components to develop forecasting models. We assess our models’ performance in various aspects, and our main results indicate: (a) for real BCNE prices, most of the short-run variation is attributed to demand shocks, (b) the world economic activity and real U.S. dollar effective exchange rate explain much of the cyclical variation of real BCNE prices, (c) real crude oil prices have two structural breaks over the sample period, and their link with the world economic activity is strongest in the most recent regime, (d) real prices of other energy components are highly correlated with the U.S. economic activity, and they are co-integrated with real crude oil prices, (e) our models outperform benchmark models, namely a VAR model, autoregressive (AR) model and a random walk (RW) model, in terms of out-of-sample forecasting, and (f) a 1% positive shock to world economic activity leads to an approximate 7.2% peak response of world commodity...

Words: 9822 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Canadian Involvement in Vietnam War

...Canadian Involvement in the Vietnam War; Playing Both Sides. Although Canada “officially non-belligerent” in the war against Vietnam they were active and played a huge role for and against the war. It is a common belief that Canada’s position during the Vietnam War was strictly neutral but the government was more involved than many Canadians realize. The Canadian government aided the U.S by sending Medical equipment, providing technical assistance as well as diplomatic aid. In 1981, it was discovered that Canada had been secretly involved in testing U.S chemical warfare agents for Vietnam. The Canadian government also welcomed about 30,000 American war resisters and draft-dodgers who did not support the war across the Canadian borders; at the same time about 30,000 Canadians crossed the border to volunteer to help the U.S soldiers fight in Vietnam. Scholars like Jessica Squires spoke on The Canadian Anti-Draft Movement, which “was a network of groups in Canadian cities that actively supported the immigration of War resisters”. This Network was active from 1966-1973 and its activities were seen as a sort of resistance to the American War on Vietnam. At this time in the early 1970s there had been protests and demonstrations in Canada and various parts of the world, which denounced the war on Vietnam and the actions if the U.S Government and this Anti-Draft Movement was one of the ways Canadians were able to influence or oppose the Vietnam War. In 1966,......

Words: 1733 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...its products when the euro has more purchasing power (can obtain dollars at a low price). 2. Transaction Exposure. Aggie Co. produces chemicals.  It is a major exporter to Europe, where its main competition is from other U.S. exporters.  All of these companies invoice the products in U.S. dollars.  Is Aggie’s transaction exposure likely to be significantly affected if the euro strengthens or weakens?  Explain.  If the euro weakens for several years, can you think of any change that might occur in the global chemicals market? ANSWER: If the euro strengthens, European customers can purchase Aggie’s goods with fewer euros.  Since Aggie’s competitors also invoice their exports in dollars, Aggie Company will not gain a competitive advantage.  Nevertheless, the overall demand for the product could increase because the chemicals are now less expensive to European customers. If the euro weakens, European customers will need to pay more euros to purchase Aggie’s goods.  Since Aggie’s competitors also invoice their exports in dollars, Aggie Company may not necessarily lose some of its market share.  However, the overall European demand for chemicals could decline because the prices paid for them have increased.  If the euro remained weak for several years, some companies in Europe may begin to produce the chemicals, so that customers could avoid purchasing dollars with weak euros.  That is, the U.S. exporters could be priced out of the European market over......

Words: 4666 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay


...SSRN Inspection UVA-F-1222 Diva Shoes, Inc. TO ACCESS THIS DOCUMENT This is a protected document. The first two pages are available for everyone to see, but only faculty members who have verified faculty status with Darden Business Publishing are able to view this entire inspection copy. Username: Submit VERIFIED FACULTY If you have verified faculty status with Darden Business Publishing, simply enter the same username that you use on the Darden Business Publishing Web site, and then click “Submit.” Please note that this is an inspection copy and is not for classroom use. Faculty Register UNVERIFIED FACULTY If you are teaching faculty and do not yet have verified faculty access with Darden Business Publishing, please click on the “Faculty Register” link and submit your information requesting verified faculty access. Buy Case Now OTHER USERS If you would like to read the full document, click on “Buy Case Now” to be redirected to the Darden Business Publishing Web site where you can purchase this and other Darden cases. If you have any questions or need technical help, please contact Darden Business Publishing at 1-800-246-3367 or email Document Id 0000-1402-5981-000059FA The protectedpdf technology is © Copyright 2006 Vitrium Systems Inc. All Rights Reserved. Patents Pending. UVA-F-1222 DIVA SHOES, INC. In April 1995, Lisa Stone ended a conversation with Benjamin Bisno, the president......

Words: 4913 - Pages: 20

Free Essay


...commercial vehicle was the B-12, which was used to haul wood, carry mail and transport students in rural areas. 1959 - mass-production began of what today is considered the true forerunner of the Ski-Doo snowmobile. January 23, 1969 - listing of Bombardier stock on the Montreal and Toronto stock exchanges and public offering of two million shares. 1972 - Creation of subsidiaries Bombardier Credit Ltd., in Canada, and Bombardier Credit Inc., in the United States 1973 - Energy crisis precipitated a decline in the snowmobile market, thus forcing Bombardier to look for another field of activities where it could redeploy its qualified workforce. 1986 - Bought the leading Canadian aircraft manufacturer, Canadair, which was being privatized by the Canadian Government. 1987, acquisition of the railcar designs of U.S. companies Budd and Pullman. 1988 - Launched the Sea-Doo personal watercraft. 1988 - acquisition of snowmobile manufacturing plants in Finland, in a joint venture with...

Words: 2867 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

International Business Notes

...International Business (lectures) Balance of payments It has to balance (zero). In theory, it should always be zero, but in real life, it does not always balance. A current account surplus of goods and services exceed imports. The currency here is likely to rise. A current account deficit means imports of goods and services are greater than exports. The US has a great debt. You often have to borrow in this case, if you do not have a savings. It can be easy to borrow one time, but eventually you have to pay the money back that you have borrowed, plus interest. The value of the currency of the given country will fall, and therefore it can be more difficult to export goods to other countries. The US has a low savings rate compared to some of the more poor countries in the world. FDI - Foreign direct investment Greenfield investment, you build an enterprise from the bottom up. Horizontal: FDI in the same industry as the firm operates at home Vertical, two types: * Backward: * Forward: FDI is expensive and it is risky compared to just exporting goods. In the past governments were skeptic about FDI’s, but now they want to try to have a positive effect of FDI’s. Culture Cultural preferences will stay for many years, so therefore a company needs to modify their products, so it meet the costumer’s needs in a given country. Maybe a company can just change the package, so consumer are able to buy the product. Customize an escalator for India? ...

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Two Systems One Vision “Health care U.S vs. Canada” There are two different ways in which to approach the concept of universal health care one system can be described by aspects of Canada and another system can be described from modeling the current U.S system. The current President and his administration will deal with the daunting task of creating a universal health care plan and making health care affordable for the average American. In their quest to create a universal health care plan they may look towards our friends north of the border. Canada has implemented a Universal health care plan that has been running for several years, abet its health care system is not perfect; it is important for the United states listen to its neighbors and research the possible downfalls. This research paper will discuss the possibility of using the Canadian Health care system as model to improve universal health care in the United States. Many ask how Canada Manage to offer such a comprehensive health care system does. The answer to this question isimply put is money. Health care in Canada is funded by publically funded health care system. The Canada Health care act created five provisions that each provinces and territories would have to meet in order to retain federal monies. These provisions included: • Public Administration: All administration of provincial health insurance must be carried out by a public authority on a non-profit basis. They also must be accountable to......

Words: 2177 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Finance Project

...Asset Management Inc2.2 Stewardship Grade A2.3 Assets Under Mgmt. $2,344.8 million2.4 Ranking by Size: 45 2.5 Number of funds under the company 191 | 3. Fund Objectives | 3.1 Fund ObjectivesTo provide long-term total returns consisting of dividend income and capital growth. The fund invests primarily in equity securities of companies located or active in emerging markets with above average dividend yields.3.2 Fund Benchmark MSCI EM GR CAD 3.3 SRI No3.4 Fund Style- Giant in size- High Returns- Long-term growth | 4. Fund Risk and Return | Time Frame 1Yr 3Yr 5Yr4.1 Fund Return -8.43% 6.61% 4.59%4.1 Benchmark Return -11.90% 2.12% 1.47%4.2 Fund Risk 11.604.2 Fund Beta 0.874.34.44.5 Risk vs. Category: Average (3-yr); Below Average (5-yr)4.6 Return vs. Category: Above Average | | 4.6 | 5.1 Asset Allocation | 5.2 Sectoral Weightings | 5.3 Fund Geography | 5.4 Top 5 Holdings1) Samsung Electronics Co.2) Housing...

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Canada & International Management

...12-14 Comparison U.S. and Canada………………………………………….……………….Page 15 Interview……………………………………………………………………………….Page 16 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………Page 17 References………………………………………………………………………………Page 18-22 1 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW Introduction The purpose of this paper is for us, as a team, to learn more about the culture in Canada relating to a business atmosphere as well as a casual atmosphere. It is important to be knowledgeable of cultures in other countries, due to possible international business opportunities that may arise in the future. Overview In this paper, we discuss a little bit about the history and demographics of the country as a whole. We also talk about the government, economy, and culture of Canada on a more detailed level. Later, in the paper management in Canada as well as a comparison of the U.S. and Canada is covered. 2 CANADA- THE COUNTRY History The first group to come to Canada was the Aboriginal people who were later joined by the French and British to form the culture of Canada (Wikipedia, 2010). Canada has also been influenced by the United States relating to its social culture (Wikipedia, 2010). Canada comes from the word “Kanata”, which translates to the word “village” (Wikipedia, 2010). The capital of Canada is Ottawa (, 2010). Canada is comprised of three different territories and ten different provinces (, 2010). The currency used in Canada is the Canadian dollar (Bank of......

Words: 4857 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Do the Time, Pay the Crime

...cost of a life term averages $1.7 million per inmate! That’s a lot of money coming out of our pockets, your future children's pockets. Studies have shown that certain states are spending more money on prisons than education. Over the course of the last 25 years, the amount of money spent on prisons has increased by 570% while that spent on elementary and high school education was increased by only 33%. That’s a huge difference! Once again I ask, Does that seem right? So why should we pay for this? Here’s a fun fact, NYC’s Riker Island prison’s annual cost for an inmate is $168,000.00! That’s nearly as much as it costs to pay for four years of tuition at an Ivy League university in the U.S. Why so much? Being that the Riker's prison is an Island, it involves many extra costs. The U.S. department of correction says it spends $30 million annually alone on transportation costs,...

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

International Finance

...9/25/2010 INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Fifth Edition EUN / RESNICK 7-0 Copyright © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Futures and Options on Foreign Exchange Chapter Objective: This chapter discusses exchange-traded currency futures contracts, options contracts, and options on , p , p Fourth Edition currency futures. EUN / RESNICK INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Chapter Seven 7 7-1 Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 9/25/2010 Chapter Outline (Material to be Covered in Class)  Futures Contracts:     Preliminaries Currency Futures Markets Basic Currency Futures Relationships Eurodollar Interest Rate Futures Contracts Preliminaries Currency Options Markets Currency Futures Options Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.  Options Contracts: NOT E O ti C t t Exam Material M t i l    7-2 Futures Contracts: Preliminaries  A futures contract is like a forward contract:  It specifies that a certain currency will be exchanged for another at a specified time in the future at prices specified today. Futures are standardized contracts trading on organized exchanges, with daily resettlement through a clearinghouse (providing guarantees) More importantly, positions can be closed (side bet?)  Right  A futures is different......

Words: 2806 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Canada Analysis

...United States vs. Canada [Econ 101 – Summer] United States vs. Canada Introduction Macroeconomics is the field of the economics that deals with how individuals change their economic behavior when there is change in the market-wide policies. One of the two applications that are widely studied in the macroeconomics is the Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy and aspect of Monopoly. The fiscal policy is implemented by the government of the U.S. The monetary policy is reviewed during the schedule of 8 meetings per year, during which it is analyzed and discussed that how economic and financial developments taking place in the country and determines the appropriate stance of the monetary policy. However, monopoly disables new and young businesses to grow or take birth with such heavy financial requirements for entering in the markets. This paper deals with the current economic situation, especially at the macro level, faced by the United States of America, the world’s largest economy and then it is compared with the economy of Canada and several aspects are discussed in the later part of the paper. Discussion United States The past twenty years has seen a great shift in economics of this country. In the early 1990’s the U.S. economy was struggling and was a major topic of the previous presidential election. Fast forward twenty years and an economic boom and bust later, the presidential election again was based on a struggling economy. By taking a closer......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Water Case and Mixi vs. Facebook

...HOMEWORK #1 Question 1: a) The per capita CD sales are higher in the U.S. than in Mexico, while per capita cassette sales are lower in the U.S compared to Mexico because of the income elasticity of demand for these goods. CDs are normal goods and demand for them rises as income rises. The per capita sales of CDs are higher in the U.S. because U.S. citizens have higher income than Mexicans. On the other hand, music cassettes are considered inferior goods because of new technological advancements and as income rises, demand for them falls as people are starting to buy more modern products such as CDs. Due to income elasticity the average American consumer can afford to buy CDs rather than music cassettes, while Mexicans with their lower incomes choose cassettes over CDs. b) A diagram for U.S. CD-market demand: (i) Increase in the price of CDs – changes in price cause movement along the demand curve. When the price of CD increases, the quantity demanded will decrease because the Law of Demand states that price and quantity demanded are inversely related. (ii) Rise in the ownership of CD players – CDs and CD players are complimentary goods, which means that as people own more CD players, the demand curve for CDs will shift to the right P D1 D Q (iii) Fall in the price of music cassettes – CDs and music cassettes may be considered substitutes and therefore as......

Words: 1789 - Pages: 8