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Cari's Story

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Cari’s Story A. Mucous membranes of the nose, parasinal sinuses, pharynx and middle ear are all connected in the throat. B. A cough reflex is a long drawn and deep inhalation followed by a complete closure of the glottis which results in a strong exhalation that suddenly pushes the glottis open and sends a blast of air through the upper respiratory passages. This process is clearing the lungs by forcing foreign bodies out. C. Macrophages are present that remove dust particles and other debris from the alveolar spaces. D. Lung capacity is decreased because the air space is already filled with mucus and fluids which doesn’t allow enough room for oxygen, the extra fluid and mucus puts additional pressure on the lungs E. The fluid makes it harder to expand the lungs because fluid makes the alveoli sticky and unable to open or expand. F. Cari’s lung capacity would go down because the air space us already being taken up by fluid. G. The elevation of her respiratory rate should increase because the total volume of air that is inhaled and exhaled is minute ventilation, she is taking more breaths a minute. H. The clinical findings would show that her arteries have too much oxygen, because a normal Po2 of a resting person is 40 mmHg and exercises lower Po2 levels. Also a normal resting oxygen level is 94% with no added Oxygen. I. The symptoms due to lack of oxygen and reduced oxygen exchange at her tissues are; chest pain, “panting like a dog”, trouble breathing, and headache. J. As the Pco2 rises the hemoglobin releases oxygen more readily. K. When blood pH is alkaline respiratory alkalosis is experienced. The drop of Co2 levels in the blood can cause headaches, tingling, and general feeling of un-wellness. L. The administration of oxygen will help Cari’s body get the necessary oxygen perfusion into her tissues and her lungs will begin to expand properly. M. The anatomical structures in Cari’s respiratory system that were initially involved were her throat, lungs, trachea and blood. N. Cari was plagued by a chronic smoker’s cough because the years of smoking have built up foreign bodies and a smoker’s cough is the body’s way of ridding it from the cilia where it has been caught. O. There is damage to the epithelial and also damages to the body’s repair process. P. Pneumonia blocked the cilia in the lungs from working even more than the smoking did, making it very hard for her lungs to fill with air

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