Free Essay

Caribbean and Cuba

In: Social Issues

Submitted By dustin0191
Words 1068
Pages 5
Assignment 8

1. Despite having a strong base in agriculture the Caribbean has begun to fall behind as competition from the global markets persist. What was a crutch for the economy in the form of tourism has become the main aspect of many Caribbean economies. As great as that may be however, it has its downsides as well. Tourism is something derived from vacationing patrons who enjoy travel in their leisure time. During periods of economic crisis, as seen back in 2008, leisure tends to get put on the back burner as needs tend to eclipse wants during times of struggle.
One of the reasons this impacts the Caribbean so hard has a lot to do with its populations. Many of the islands rely so greatly one form of income through tourism that instead of negative impacts being spread across several sectors it is only one that suffers causing many of those employed to suffer as well.
Strategies to lessen economic problems in the Caribbean a difficult to devise. Economic diversity is difficult to provide given the limited resources along with them being spread thin as it is. Haiti serves as an example of not diversifying its economic approach, who based its economy on its timber production to the point it clear cut the entire portion of the island it inhabited. Foresight is key to these sort of issues and understanding long term affects to a strategy can decide on whether it is worth doing at all.
For the Caribbean, much of what it needs to do is stabilize its economy back with its agriculture. The recent boom in organic farming would provide the niche that the agriculture sector would need. Especially in the realm of non-GMO production. In the United States along with other Countries it is becoming increasingly difficult for farmers to grow organically from a genetic stand point. Much of this is due to the cross-pollination that occurs from one field to the next across huge amounts of land. An island on the other hand is just that, and island, easily isolated from the genetic contamination that is GMO. If governments would make the attempt to ban GMO and rid the islands of the scourge, the ability for farmer to produce heirloom, organic produce would be possible and sustainable. It is a simple solution but one that could have surprisingly good effects.

2. For many people in government along with citizens of the Unites States that saw the Cold War and the things that came from it remember differently Cuba and the role that it played. China and the United States are currently engaged in a love-hate economic relationship that is symbiotic in a sense. If one fails so will the other, sort of. As Americans we know what China is and stands for but it too has realized its ways in a sense, at least economically, and has ventured outside the walls of communism that still hold back Cuba. China is a strange mix of capitalism and communism that blurs the line between traditional models of the two extremes. Capitalism will eventually give way to a structured middle class that in time will evolve into a blossoming democracy or at least in the United States we hope so. Cuba has not budged from its stance despite the fall of the USSR. In the case of Cuba also, many things went into forming the relationship today as tumultuous as it is, many things that people have forgotten.
It came from both sides but the relationship has been bitter since 1960. When, a United States supported, Fidel Castro overthrew the government of General Batista it seemed that things for the country would begin to turn around. Castro visited the United States and for a short time the countries were on the best terms they had been in some time. This didn’t last long and what would ensue would develop into one of the bitterest relationships in the history of the world.
Not long after his visit Castro seized private land and assets, conforming to communist principals that were vehemently opposed by the Unites States especially during the 1950s and 60s. From that point forward the United States did everything to slow the economic progress of the small island nation. Embargos were set in place to which Cuba extended its trade to the then Soviet Union. It wasn’t long after that Cuba found itself in the middle of a crisis that almost brought two super powers to nuclear war. The Cuban Missile Crisis was never forgiven despite it being resolved by Russia and the United States. From that point the CIA made attempts on Castro’s life and during the Kennedy administration attempted to overthrow Castro. It only strengthened the Cuban leader’s displeasure for the United States. Espionage found its way onto our shores though Cuban spies that infiltrated the CIA. Some were even turncoats that defected to the other side giving the names of several agents that would lead to their deaths at the hands of Castro’s regime.
After two United States private planes were shot down in the 1990s by the Cuban government, the embargo was strengthened and involved even more countries having trade restrictions on Cuba. So, to say that it is simply a trade embargo that was started because a revolutionary leader decided to choose communism over democracy would be simplifying the matter greatly as it has been recently simplified in the new. Are both to blame in the matter, absolutely. Who is right and wrong depends on the perspective, in my opinion we are right in most aspects. Documentarian Michael Moore paints the picture of Cuba as a great place with free medical care unattainable in the United States. Its examples like Moore’s that cause people to forget the whole reasons why as old as they are. In terms of human rights however I’d say Cubans have it slightly better than the Chinese in most cases. Speaking out against the government will get you the same results. If we wanted to focus on the issues it would be China that threatens and violates United States national security but when put in light that doesn’t sit well with country that owns the majority of your $19 trillion dollars in debt. References: http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891359,00.html http://cuban-exile.com/doc_451-475/doc0451.html…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Business Communication of Cuba

...Business Communication Report —Cuba intercultural difference Author:Liu XiaoLu Written for:Elisa Szabo Purpose:Diploma of enterprise Business communications intergraded assignment Request:01/03/2012 Due date: 30/03/2012 Letter of Transmittal: Miss Liu Sichuan University 32 Ke Hua Bei Lu Chengdu Sichuan China 610065 Miss Szabo – Director Costless Clothes Company Sichuan University 14 March 2012 Dear Miss Szabo. Thank you for spending time on reading this report. Please find attached our detailed report which deals with cultural differences between administration staff and Cuban customers. Thank you for giving administration department some feedback to improve business with Cuban customers in the future. Yours Sincerely Liu XiaoLu Table of Content: Letter of Transmittal: 2 Table of Content: 3 Synopsis: 3 Introduction: 4 Background: 4 Scope: 4 Business Language 5 Social Customs 6 Clothing and Food Etiquette 8 Religious beliefs 9 Ethics 9 Economic climate 10 Political climate 10 Law 11 General import regulations and requirements 11 Import customs tariff 11 Samples, Low Value and Non-Commercial Importations 11 General import license/permit requirements 12 Prohibited or highly restricted imports 12 Commercial invoice 12 Packing list 13 Certificate of Origin (general) 14 Standards 14 Culture value 15 Development business communication 16 Reference 17 Synopsis: This report......

Words: 3214 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Fdi Risk Analysis of Cuba

...Dianet Perez Garcia Politics of International Investment May 1, 2012 Foreign Direct Investment Risk Analysis on Cuba Background: Cuba is an island in the Caribbean. La Habana is the capital of Cuba and its biggest city. Cuba is not an industrialized country and it mainly consists of farms. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and the most populated with a population of over 11 million people. Cuba is a totalitarian communist country and has been ruled by Fidel Castro since 1959. Raul Castro has succeeded Fidel Castro and is now president. In 2008 Fidel Castro renounced his presidency after becoming ill and passed his presidency on to Raul Castro, his brother and Vice President. Raul Castro now performs all roles. The country has suffered oppression and the effects of Castro’s dictatorship for over 50 years now. Cuba’s largest profit comes from their tourism and from the export of sugar cane and tobacco. The population is majorly Catholic. Cuban citizens have recently been given the right to purchase, own and pass on property. This totalitarian communism, which maintain control of all information and for purposes of their own benefit and to maintain their desired image publish incorrect numbers to the public and withhold information on a regular basis. Political Indicators 2012 2017 1. Political Stability 6 6 Although there have not been major changes in recent years, Cuba’s government is highly unpredictable. Being that the......

Words: 2333 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Cuba

...On December 2 1959, Fidel Castro and 81 other soldiers, landed in Cuba begin the revolutionary war against U.S backed regime of Fulgencio Batista. After many more struggles, the revolution’s victory came January 1, 1959. March 10, 1952, Batista led a bloodless attack in Cuba. July 26th, 1953, Fidel Castro led an attack on the Moncada army garrison in Santiago Cuba. After the defeat, Batista’s forces killed more than 50 captured revolutionarys. Che Guevara met Fidel Castro in Mexico. General Alberto Bayo gave classes in military tactics, he became head of personnel. Fidel was captured and the ranch outside of Mexico City. November 25, 1956 at two o’clolk in the morning they left the port of Tuxpan with lights out and bad weather. On November 30 they heard on the radio that Frank Pais had started an uprising in Santiago de Cuba. On December 2nd by the time they reached the beach of Las Coloradas. Exactly ten days after the departure from mexico, they reached a point known, Alegria de Pio. On January 14, 1957 they came acoss the La Plata army barracks. On the 16th the rebel army crossed the shallows of the La Plata, there were 15 soldiers arracks and one of the most notorious foremans were due to ride by. They had 22 weapons for the attack, after initial resistance the rebels took initial control with no casualties on their sides. January 1st 1959 at 2 am Batista and a military junta takes over. On 16th July Castro resigns as prime minister because of Urratias opposition to......

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cuba

...Cuba Cuba, officially named "Republic of Cuba", is the largest island in the Caribbean. The capital of Cuba is Havana, and its population is 10.8 million. The main language used by most cubans is spanish and the currency used there is a Cuban Peso, which is equal to one U.S. Dollar. Cuba is a communist state and its president, since December 1976, is Fidel Castro Ruz. The main objective of this paper is to talk about the economic and political side of Cuba during the reign of Fidel Castro. Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926 in Oriente. The schools that he attended were Catholic and located in Havana. He entered the University of Havana in 1945 and graduated with a law degree in 1950. In 1948 he married Mirta Diaz Balart but they were soon divorced in 1954. His son Fidel Castro Diaz Balart became the head of Cuba's atomic energy commision. Castro was a very good vocalist and he brought himself national prominence by leading an attack on Moncada army barracks. Due to this attack he was sentenced to 15 years in prison, which only lasted for 2 years. After being in exhile in Mexico, Castro returned with 81 others, including Che Guevera, to Cuba and launched a successful guerrilla war. Castro became a strong leader and many other countries begun to fear him. In Cuba the state is the head of the economy and controls almost all trade between foreign countries. Many reforms have been undertaken by the government so that the labor incentives......

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Cuba

...wait another 3 hours before getting on another plane. Finally arriving to our destination, Cuba, we hopped off the plane only to be surprised by the scorching heat and insane humidity. We were all drenched in a puddle of sweat while just standing motionless waiting for our luggage. Arriving at the hotel we hit the pool for the rest of the day. Next morning we arrived at the field not knowing what to expect. I was pitching the first game. I felt so honored to be given the special opportunity to pitch in the very first stadium where the very first game was played in Cuba. In between innings my teammates would go through a case of water like it was nothing. We were trying hard to play in the scorching weather. I was literally dying in the mound, there was an inning where I ran out of air and was purple! I took about a million puffs of the inhaler and got back on the mound. I am proud to say that I was the first pitcher to ever throw a complete game shutout on that team in history!       on this trip I realized how much I have and how bad I take for granted. It was very hard for me to see kids playing just as good or even better than us without any proper equipment! Kids playing in sandles, torn up cleats , ripped up gloves shorts or sweats. I made many friends and I told them how embarrassed I was to have what I have and not realize how lucky I am, so I gave everything that I had away. I left cuba with my glove and the clothes I had on when I arrived. It brought tears to my eyes......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Caribbean Development

...Caribbean Development: An Overview Paul Sutton * Development is generally recognised as a complex multifaceted process of economic, social, political, environmental and cultural change, which results in increases in the well-being of people and extends their rights and choices in the present without compromising the abilities of future generations to enjoy these benefits. In the Caribbean the economic, social and political elements of development have held centre stage in the last fifty years. Typically they have been (and are) represented in the form of rising incomes (greater Gross Domestic Product per capita), social progress (improved welfare through education and health programmes and gender equality) and political freedoms (independence, administrative efficiency and democracy). In the last fifteen years environmental issues have slowly risen on the development agenda as well as, more recently, cultural issues such as artistic expression and various forms of identity. Any exploration of development in the region is therefore very wide. The focus of this paper is on the traditional agenda - economic, social and political development in that order. This is not because these aspects are in any sense ‘superior’ to other forms of development (although the economic dimension remains dominant within the development discourse and within the Caribbean), but because it permits the long view - to look back at development policy to situate where the theory and practice of......

Words: 6965 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Cuba

...Government: The First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba is concurrently President of the Council of State (President of Cuba) and President of the Council of Ministers (sometimes referred to as Premier of Cuba). Members of both councils are elected by the National Assembly of People's Power. Raul Castro  The President of Cuba, who is also elected by the Assembly, serves for five years and there is no limit to the number of terms of office. Cuba's national legislature, the National Assembly of People's Power, is the supreme organ of power; 609 members serve five-year terms. The assembly meets twice a year; between sessions legislative power is held by the 31 member Council of Ministers. Candidates for the Assembly are approved by public referendum. All Cuban citizens over 16 who have not been convicted of a criminal offense can vote. Cuba is a totalitarian communist state headed by General Raul Castro (2008). Castro replaced his brother Fidel Castro as chief of state, president of Cuba, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces on February 24, 2008. Currency: Cuba has two currencies: the Cuban peso (CUP) but tourists will be given Cuban Convertible Pesos (CUC) .The peso is one of two official currencies in use in Cuba, the other being the convertible peso. Cuban state workers receive a portion of their wages in convertible pesos, the rest in national pesos. Shops selling basics, like fruit and vegetables, generally accept only the normal peso.  The word......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Caribbean Civilization

...How accurate is it to assert that "...by 1492 the Caribbean region was part of world civilisation"? Since the emergence of our species, early humans lived by hunting, fishing and collecting wild plants. These were referred to as Paleolithic societies, which had to follow their food and as a result, were forced to live mostly nomadic lives wandering from place to place in search of food. Eventually these early humans learned to cultivate plants, herd animals and make airtight pottery for storage. This settled lifestyle was known as Neolithic societies. It is through this progression from Paleolithic to Neolithic, that “civilisation” is said to have its beginning. In my interpretation I think that civilisation refers to an organized way of people existing together and working towards improving their way of life while striving for the continuation and development of their existence. The Oxford Dictionary defines “civilisation” as “the stage in human social development and organization which is considered most advance”. A key point to note is the reference of the term advance indicating development. Professor V. Gordon Childe (1892-1957), a very influential theorist of civilisation in the Western world during the first half of the twentieth century had identified a number of characteristic for what would constitute a civilisation. Some of these characteristics included, surplus of food resulting from development in animal husbandry, plant cultivation and storage methods.......

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Cuba - International Marketing

...ACADEMY OF ECONOMIC STUDIES FACULTY OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SUBJECT: INTERNATIONAL MARKETING STUDENTS: ICHIMOAEI VICTOR-DRAGOS MIHAI MINODORA-ELENA GROUP 133, SERIES A PROJECT THEME: CUBA TABLE OF CONTENT: 1. HISTORY 2. GOVERNMENT 3. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 3.1. LOCATION 3.2. CLIMATE 3.3. RESOURCES 4. RELIGION AND LAW 5. PERSONAL COMMUNICATION 6. CULTURE 6.1. MUSIC 6.2. SPORTS 7. ECONOMY AND MARKETING ENVIRONMENT 8. CURRENCY 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. HISTORY Cuba was discovered in the 15th century by Christopher Columbus and his conquistadors on the journey to discover a new route to East Asia through the west. He coasted in Santiago de Cuba and the city became the capital of the colony and remained such till the capital was relocated to Havana. On 2 December 1956 a party of 82 people on the yacht Granma landed in Cuba. They landed a week later, off course and under attack from Batista's forces, who had been anticipating their arrival. Fewer than 20 of the men on the ship survived. Batista's men claimed to have killed Castro yet could not produce a body. Months later New York Times reporter Herbert Matthews would publish the first in a series of articles that proved Castro was very much alive and made him a legend: "Fidel Castro, the rebel leader of Cuba's youth, is alive and fighting hard and successfully in the rugged, almost impenetrable fastness of the......

Words: 2900 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Cuba

...Name: Tutor: Course: College: Date: Cuba Cuba is an island in the Caribbean with many archipelagos. The capital city is Havana. It has over eleven million inhabitants. Cuba has a less population density compared to other Latin nations. Cuba is a socialist state with communist governments. The state operates on socialist principles when controlling its planned economy. The state owns means of production and operates most organizations. Cuba is a multiethnic country with Spanish being the official language (Hemingway 9). Cuba has a dual system of currency with Cuba Pesa being their currency. Every Cuban citizen holds a book called a libreta .with this book, every household has a monthly supply of staple foods at a subsidized cost. Cuba has seen a number of reforms in the agricultural sector with the presidency of Raul. In 2008, the government to increase land usage and efficiency enacted agrarian reforms. At this time, almost 80% of food was being imported. Cuba's major export partners include china, Netherlands, Canada, and Spain. Major exports include tobacco, fish, medical products, and sugar. Imports are food, fuel, and machinery. Nickel is Cuba's most vital resource. As at 2013, its world production was 7% with an estimated 5.5 million tons (Bran 94). Cuba is a member of the United Nations. Cuba’s membership is also the second committee. The second committee of the United Nations deals with issues pertaining to economic growth...

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Culture of Cuba

...The Culture Of Cuba Andrew Mengel Moravian College The Culture of Cuba Cuba has a complex but rich culture that has been broadening in all aspects in its society. Its semi-forbidden access to Americans makes it a curious destination for adventitious people. The largest island in the Caribbean, Cuba has been inhabited since the mid-1400s by various Mesoamerican tribes, until 1492 when Christopher Columbus invaded the island and took it over. It remained a colony of Spain until the Spanish-American war in 1898, and briefly became a colony of the United States. A few years later, Cuba than gained nominal independence from America in 1902 and functioned under a democratic republic, despite weak leaders in their national government. (CIA.gov) With increasing social and political turmoil, Cuba, looking for administrative leadership, fell under the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1952. However, Batista could not gain the popularity of the people and was ousted from the government in 1959. (PBS.org) The government than again shifted to a new type of regime and has continued with the same political lens ever since. Switching to socialist fundamentals and following the lead of Fidel Castro, Cuba has and currently is, governed as a single-party state under the Communist party. Now steadily ruled, Cuba prospers in music, food and their plush agriculture. Cuba’s Spanish integrated philosophy creates a unique and passionate society that cannot be found anywhere else......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cuba

...Cuba Country Profile International Business Cuba is an island in the Caribbean. (Discuss it's culture) The island is located only 90 miles from Florida and is alligator-shaped. It's the biggest island in the Caribbean. The total population is 11,061.886. It's official language is Spanish, and 95% Cubans are Roman Catholic. The major ethnic groups include mulattos, which consist of 51% of the population. The remaining groups include 37% of white or European decent, 11% black, and 1% Chinese (Aguirrie, 2007). In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the island, and conquered it for Spain. Spain ruled the island until 1902, when it became independent. Cuba's independence was short lived. In 1940, Fulgencio Batista was elected as President. Under Batista's rule, Cuba was a Republic. It had a political system similar to the U.S. It consisted of “three branches, a President, a cabinent, and a Supreme Court.” In 1959, Communist dictator, Fidel Castor, and 11 members of his group, including Ernesto “Che” Guevara, overthrew Cuba's government, resulting in the Cuban Revolution (Crooker, 2002 p. 69) Prior to this revolution, things weren't much better in Cuba's economy. Under Batistas's rule, “Cuba had become like a vacation resort” for many affluent Americans, many of whom would “pass their time doing illegal things like gambling and prostitution” (Crooker, 2002 p. 10). It was a place where organized crime bosses......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Caribbean

...1.2. TRENDS AND PATTERNS OF MIGRATION TO AND FROM CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES Elizabeth Thomas-Hope[1] INTRODUCTION Migration has become deeply embedded in the psyche of Caribbean peoples over the past century and a half. It has evolved as the main avenue for upward mobility through the accumulation of capital – financial and social. Thus the propensity for migration is high and there is a general responsiveness to the opportunities for moving whenever they occur. At times these opportunities have come from within the region itself or the wider circum-Caribbean region, as in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; in more recent times from North America and Europe. The migration dynamic reflects the interplay of international, national and highly personal circumstances. Global changes affect the international economic order and the division of labour and, as a consequence, legislative controls and inducements to the movement of labour across selective national borders. At the national level, economic, social, demographic and political factors influence the variable access of people to economic rewards and social opportunities. But migration is not a passive reaction to internal ‘pushes’ and external ‘pulls’. Within this wider international and national context, migration is part of a dynamic set of negotiations at all levels. For whether ‘free’ movement or refugee, there is a selective process that operates at the interface of the needs......

Words: 9235 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Cuba

...United States. In CUBA, democracy is not relevant. They follow the communist regime and Cuban people have no say. More than four out of five of Cubans are dissatisfied with their country’s direction. US had major interest in CUBA, especially with the former leader 1953 and Batista was elected. US had major business interest such as owning and running sugar plantations, cigar factories, agricultural industries and refineries. Batista was intent on lining his pockets, Cuba did flourish economically during his regime before the revolution. 96% of the tobacco harvested in Cuba 75% of corn 72% of beans 64% of cacao 56% of Vegetables 48% of Tubers 70% of port It also produces a large volume of milk and other produce. Individual farmers provided nearly 50% of the food sold in the state farmers markets and they operated under the supply and demand method( Raisa) Since Castro’s revolution he banned any foreign countries that didn’t agree with his political views. Relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated rapidly as the Cuban government redistributed land owned by the US. In reaction to the refused to refine petroleum of Royal Dutch Shell, Standard Oil and Texaco and used petroleum from the Soviet Union in Cuban in July 1960. The Eisenhower administration promoted a boycott of Cuba by oil companies, to which Cuba responded by nationalizing the refineries in August 1960. Both sides continued to escalate the dispute. Cuba expropriated......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cuba

...Cuba/ Backgroung Info The largest island of the West Indies group (equal in area to Pennsylvania), Cuba is also the westernmost—just west of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and 90 mi (145 km) south of Key West, Fla., at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. The island is mountainous in the southeast and south-central area (Sierra Maestra). It is flat or rolling elsewhere. Cuba also includes numerous smaller islands, Total area: 42,803 sq mi (110,860 sq km) Population (2010 est.): 11,477,459 (growth rate: 0.2%); birth rate: 11.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.72/1000; life expectancy: 77.6; density per sq km: 103 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Havana, 2,686,000 (metro. area), 2,343,700 (city proper) Other large cities: Santiago de Cuba, 554,400; Camagüey, 354,400; Holguin, 319,300; Guantánamo, 274,300; Santa Clara, 251,800 Monetary unit: Cuban Peso National name: República de Cuba Current government officials Language: Spanish Ethnicity/race: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1% National Holiday: Triumph of the Revolution, December 10 Religions: predominantly Roman Catholic and Santería (Afro-Cuban syncretic religion) Literacy rate: 99.8% (2002 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $111.1 billion; per capita $9,700 . Real growth rate: 1.4%. Inflation: 4.3%. Unemployment: 1.6%. Arable land: 33%. Agriculture: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock. Labor force: 4.82 million; note: state sector 78%,......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3