Free Essay

Caring for Children with Adhd

In: People

Submitted By clpernitza
Words 919
Pages 4
Caring for Children with ADHD

Carrie Pernitza


Prof. Mallory Dunkley

November 30, 2015

Caring for Children with ADHD

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. ADHD has been a recognized disorder for over 50 years. There are three different types of ADHD. The disorder affects both males and females. ADHD does not affect intellectual ability, individuals with this disorder are just as smart as others.

Doctors and researchers are still not sure why some people have ADHD. Researchers show that the disorder of ADHD probably genetic and that it may be inherited. Scientists are also exploring other things that may be associated with ADHD. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. ADHD is more common in kids who are born premature.
The disorder affects both the females and the males. Experts have thought that ADHD occurs in three times as many boys as girls. Recently however, boys are more hyperactive then girls would be with this disorder. Hyperactive boys tend to be referred for evaluation somewhere between ages five and seven, and where girls sometimes goes undiagnosed due to it not being fully detectable in females.

The three different subtypes of ADHD are predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, or combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive symptoms could be fidgety or squirms in a still position, runs and climbs when they are not supposed to, talks a lot, and interrupts and intrudes others while they are speaking. Predominantly inattentive symptoms could be unfinished work if they are in school or at work, always making careless mistakes, loses homework or important paper work and books, and having problems paying attention. If both types fit the diagnoses it’s combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive disorder.

Treatments can relieve many of the disorder’s symptoms. For a child to be diagnosed for ADHD, the child or adult has to have the symptoms for 6 or more months before the doctor can diagnose the child or adult. Certain medicines can help people with ADHD by improving their focus and attention and reducing their impulsiveness and hyperactivity.

Taking these medications does not cure ADHD. They do help control the symptoms for a long period of time, only if you’re taking the medications regularly as the doctor suggests. Adding behavioral therapy, counseling, and practical support can help the children who have ADHD and their families to better with everyday problems. The most common side effects of taking any of these prescribed medications, is a decrease in their appetite, sleeping problems, anxiety, and irritability. Some children also will report mild stomachaches or headaches. Most of the side effects are mild and sometimes will disappear over time and if not the doctor will lower the dosage level of the medication.

With ADHD there are some diets that may minimize the effects of the disorder. For instance a child with ADHD should be eating a fish twice a week and avoid high mercury fish. Also a doctor could perform a vitamin analysis to see what supplements a child may be lacking. It is important for a child to take vitamins and minerals on a daily basis especially one with ADHD. Eating organic foods without all of the pesticides are also beneficial to a child with ADHD for better brain function. Just taking some of these steps may help your child focus, control their impulses, and succeed better in school.

Children with ADHD also exhibit mental and emotional health issues, including low self-esteem. Self-esteem is important because it helps children feel proud of who they are and what they do. Some of the symptoms exhibited with these issues are walking with their head down, not asking any questions at home or school, lack of goals and ambition, struggling to get out of bed, and does not try new things in fear of looking foolish and failing. All this means children with ADHD often feel badly about themselves. They might think they're stupid, naughty, bad or a failure. Not surprisingly, their self-esteem takes a battering and they find it hard to think anything positive or good about their self.

There are ways of improving your child’s self-esteem. Praise and rewards whenever possible. Your child needs to know that no matter what you will love and trust them. Set tiny goals that are easily achieved and watch the confidence level rise. Choosing sports or a hobby depending on your child’s interest can help build self-esteem. Having your child focus on the positive like writing things down that they like about themselves and placing it somewhere they can see it on a daily basis.

Getting and giving criticism in children with ADHD. There are times where it is necessary, but children with this disorder aren’t good at accepting, or giving it nicely. How you give criticism is important. Criticism is another part of making your child feels loved: sarcastic, negative comments can undo all your hard work to be encouraging. If you want to teach your child how to accept criticism, you need to give it in a constructive way. This means being calm, not angry, and focusing on the behavior you want to change instead of criticizing your child.


Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd)

...deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequent psychiatric disorders of childhood. In fact, having a child with ADHD is correlated with significant increases in the amount of stress that parents experience. It was hypothesized that coping strategies would be different between mothers of children with/without ADHD. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coping strategies differ in the two mother groups. Fifty Iranian mothers of children aged between 6 to 12 participated in this study (25 mothers of children with ADHD and 25 mothers of children without ADHD). For assessing coping strategies, ways of coping questionnaire (WOCQ) by Folkman and Lazarus (1988) was administered on subjects. T. test was used for analyzing data. Our data show only one of the coping strategies- problem solving- employed were significantly different between two groups. This strategy was more commonly used among mothers of children without ADHD. Key words: ADHD, Coping Strategies, Mothers. INTRODUCTION Attention- Deficit/ hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects 3-5% of children before age 7 and is characterized by difficulties in controlling impulsive and hyperactive behaviors and/ or paying attention (Mitchell, 2006). This constellation of symptoms not only has a negative impact on the child’s life by creating difficulties in school and peer relations, but also is associated with difficulties within the home. In fact, having a child with ADHD is correlated with significant......

Words: 1675 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Autism, Adhd and Add: the Lasting Effects

...ENG-105 Analyzing a Concept 1 May 13, 2013 Russell Tiedt Autism, ADHD and ADD: The Lasting Effects When a baby is born a parent hopes for their children to be healthy, happy and normal. No parent ever hopes to raise a child with abnormalities or handicaps yet unfortunately, a percentage of babies born will have some form of a disability. Whether the condition a child has is of the mildest form requiring only supervision or is considered severe requiring lifelong care and medication, parents stress and have difficulties dealing with the everyday life their child goes through and deals with throughout his or her life wondering if they are doing all they can to make sure their child is well taken care of. This essay will examine the effects of ADD, ADHD and autism focusing on adolescents and children with these impairments and the parents and caregivers who struggle to maintain a daily balanced life. As a mother with a son who has ADHD I can speak first hand on the struggles a parent has to face and the challenges we deal with raising a child. My son was diagnosed shortly after he began kindergarten when he first started displaying signs of anxiousness during class time and how his teacher would struggle to keep him under control. His dad and I were called in to a parent-teacher conference to discuss my son’s behavior during class. It was recommended by the teacher that we have our son evaluated for ADHD as that was what she believed he had. We made an appointment......

Words: 1238 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...“Emotional standpoint of ADHD” ADHD is a big issue in our world today. Childhood should be a time of joy and laughter. Sadly, not all children have such an easy upbringing. Many children deal with different disorders from diabetes to ADHD; it is all a struggle for the child and their family. ADHD is a common disorder that is a daily battled for many children. According to a CDC website, 5.2 million children between the age of three to seventeen are diagnosed with ADHD("Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD”). CDC’s website is effective because it clearly states the symptoms, treatments, and it helps the reader understand the disorder.   ADHD is a very common disorder in which a child has trouble focusing, or is very fidgety/active. This is a neurobehavioral disorder and often is diagnosed as a child. There are more then one test a person must take in order to be diagnosed. Often the doctor will talk to the people that the patient is around to figure out the symptoms and the state of the person’s behavior. Scientists are finding that ADHD is being passed down genetically. Some possible causes of ADHD are brain injuries or delivery problems. Other causes that are not supported are eating to much sugar, parenting, watching too much t.v., and family chaos. Symptoms of this disorder include daydreaming, excessive talking, inability to sit still, lack of organization, and carelessness. The treatment for this disorder is either behavior therapy, medication, or both.......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Rhetorical Analysis

...Association spoke about ADHD and the steps and processes for caring for the disorder. CDC explained how ADHD had increased every year and the average age for a child to diagnose is seven years old. Boys are more affected with ADHD than girls are. Medical treatment for ADHD also increases due to medication and seeing specialist. Social relationship for a child with ADHD has it downfalls. CDC said “Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are almost 10 times as likely to have difficulties that interfere with friendships” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Also children with ADHD show more injuries and hospital visits than a child without ADHD. Lastly the cost of being diagnosed with ADHD can cost over millions of dollars that will included medication, health care, and treatment. From the high percentage of ADHD being diagnosed in children parents’ income have decreases because of the cost of disorder. ADHD has increased since 2003 till 2011. It states that children between the ages of 4-17 have been diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD has increased numerous times throughout the years. Due to the increase of ADHD study have shown that children are having problems with social skills, parents keeping up with medical bills, the cost of ADHD and how dangerous it can be being diagnosed with ADHD. Social skills average that 7% of children are diagnosed with ADHD. Having mental illnesses and functional impairments can cause a problem for a child diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD......

Words: 647 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Advantages of Medicating Children with Adhd

...The Advantages of Medicating Children with ADHD The Advantages of Medicating Children with ADHD The educational effect of medicating a child who has been correctly identified with attention-deficient hyperactive disorder (ADHD) far supersedes the adverse affects of the drugs being prescribed. In understanding that each child is different in their way and usually exerts an abundance of energy compared to adults is not a qualifying factor in being ADHD. Children who have not yet began school in a controlled and structured environment cannot be assessed by physicians with accuracy. Teachers play their most crucial role before any diagnosis is actually made by the family physician, psychiatrist, or pediatrician. According to Weber et al. (1992), children who are suspected of having ADHD are initially identified because of their behavioral and academic performance in the classroom. Studies conducted in schools repeatedly report the same sequence of events for many children referred for suspected ADHD. Teachers become aware of the students' difficulty in meeting the behavioral, attention, and academic norms for the class and suggest the possibility of ADHD to parents. Students who are constantly being placed in time-out, reprimanded, and conference cannot learn when all of the teacher’s attention is placed on behavior instead of academics. As a result of proper medical evaluation and teacher questionnaires, a student who is diagnosed with ADHD could build a successful......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Over 30 Workers Trapped After Chilean Copper Mine Collapse Article Found in the Electronic Reserve Readings

...Treatments of ADHD Tara Davis Wilmington University Introduction One of the most common disorders amongst children is ADHD. ADHD is defined as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Some believe the treatment of the disorder can be related to ethnicity (Jones, Epstein, Hinshaw, 2010). In some cases the teachers agree with medical treatment (Cornell-Swanson, Frankenburger, Ley, 2007). There are many medications that are given to children with ADHD as a stimulant. Although, they have the medicine to help them, are non-medical treatments just as effective? Studies have shown the effects of medical treatments, but the non-medical treatments have not received equal tending (Trout, Ortiz, Reid, 2007). This research paper will prove the effectiveness of nonmedical treatments. Many studies show the effectiveness of medical stimulants in children with ADHD. Children are either put on Adderall, Concerta, Deredrine, and Ritalin just to name a few. These medicines all help in managing the behavior in children with ADHD. When children are diagnosed with this disorder, they have to undergo a number of treatments to help them cope. Some children respond very well to the stimulant medications as long as the medicine continued, while other children are not so responsive and another form of treatment or intervention must take place (Cornell-Swanson, Frankenburger, Ley, 2007). There are many people who believe that nonmedical treatment is not effective on children......

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

...disorders among children. Seen through a child’s eyes with ADHD is much more than distracting ,with sounds, images and thoughts that are constantly turning, than that of a child’s without this disorder. Every person has experienced some of these symptoms once in their life, just not on a daily basis. This does not only affect the person with the disorder but the people around them whether it is their mom and dad, teacher, friends, or siblings. “Additionally, there are now brain studies that show that when someone with ADHD is told to “just try harder” and does, the result can be anxiety and a brain that actually starts to shut down it’s primary executive functions (Booth).” For a while now scientists have come up with many different theories about ADHD. Some theories have ended up short and some have opened up new and exciting doors of investigation. One theory was that anyone with ADHD has had some minor head injuries or undetectable damage to the brain. For a long time this disorder was called “minimal brain damage” or “minimal brain dysfunction.” But as researchers found out that only certain types of head injuries can explain some cases of attention disorder. In knowing that the theory was excluded. Because children with ADHD often struggle in their schoolwork, peer relations, and ability to follow rules at home and at school, it is reasonable to hypothesize that their feelings of capability suffer as a result. Thus, the self-images of children with ADHD were lower......

Words: 1758 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...I chose Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is a chronic condition where it affects millions of children and can be carried into adulthood. It is usually diagnosed in children who are in school. The symptoms of this disorder are many and include the difficulty in paying attention when asked a question or given a task. Many children with this have issues with keeping or making friends at school and have low self-esteem. They are easily distracted and fidget with their hands and feet or are in constant motion. They tend to be very talkative and they will interrupt or interject comments into other conversations, they also are impatient and have a hard time taking turns. Organization and completing tasks and school work become difficult. The behaviors with this disorder can be different with males, who are hyper and females who are quietly inattentive with ADHD being more common in males. The cause of ADHD is not clear, although there are many contributing factors that may lead to this disorder in many children. Heredity is the most common and if you have a blood relative diagnosed, then your chances are likely to carry this genetically. There are other factors that will contribute to this disorder such as maternal health during pregnancy, a mother who smokes, abuses alcohol and drugs is likely to have a child affected with this disorder. The environment will also play a role with the exposure to lead in paint and pipes of older houses. Premature birth......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Religion in the Workplace

...goes to show that every action performed is linked to the brain. If every action has something to do with the brain then it is safe to say that every malfunction also is connected to the brain. This malfunction may be anything from a chemical imbalance to the environment that we live in. Considering that there are so many factors that play a role in how our brain works numerous studies have been done to try to provide a balance to enable learning to take place. From these studies strategies can be put in place to aid or assist those with issues that would prevent or not enable them to be successful learners. Two groups that I will try to cover are those that come from a background of poverty, homelessness, hunger and those with autism/ADHD. The grade level that I will focus on is K-5. Reason is to me this is the best time to stat helping by using strategies and teaching coping skills. Poverty, Homelessness and Hunger Sad as it may seem with all the help out there poverty, homelessness and hunger is still a major cause for concern in our society. These three things play a major role when it comes to learning and cognitive development. Poverty is being poor to the point of not having enough money to take care of everyday basic needs like food, housing and clothing. It is very clear how poverty leads to homelessness and hunger. Homelessness is when one has no permanent safe place to call home. This makes it really hard...

Words: 2481 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Adhd: a Multimodel Approach

...ADHD: Multimodal Approach Lynnette Walker University of North Florida Abstract This paper reviews Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the many effects the disorder has on an individual, and the many therapy options available. A brief description of the disorder is given, as well as the core symptoms, and the functional problems that result from it. Each therapy option is then explained in detail and the benefits of each given. Finally, a brief look at the advantages of using multiple therapy techniques in a multimodal approach and the needs for future research. ADHD: Multimodal Approach ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is a common disorder that typically presents in early childhood and often continues into adulthood. It is a chronic disorder that has no cure. There are two components of ADHD, attention deficit and hyperactivity. The attention deficit component refers to the lack of attention or difficulty in focusing on activities for extended periods of time, as well as being easily distracted. The hyperactivity component refers to impulsivity, restlessness, fidgeting, and often loud behavior. In order to be diagnosed with ADHD, a patient must exhibit a number of these behaviors that are atypical to children of the same age for at least six months, symptoms having been present before the age of 7, be present in more than one environment, and show impairment in social and academic progress (Monastra, 2008). There are many functional......

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Adult Adhd

...Running head: ADULT ADHD Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Theresa D. Tolbert PSY 692 Dr. David Hodges September 19, 2012 After reading about the increase in diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, I wondered how ADHD affects lives of adults who have the disorder but have never received any treatment? I also wonder how ADHD affects adult relationships? This topic was of interest because I believe my sister has ADHD. She is a very bright and caring woman but she just cannot seem to get or keep her life on track. The diagnosis of ADD and ADHD is running rampant. The known signs and symptoms of ADHD can be easily spotted in children but have also been notice in adults. It is not often one hears adults admitting to having ADHD or even claim to have had it in the past. Nadeau stated in an article that ADHD still remains under and misdiagnosed in adults. Many adults are diagnosed with anxiety and depression when ADHD is the actual underlying factor (2005). ADHD involves the inability to concentrate and designate attention to particular tasks or activities when they are not entertaining or enjoyable. For adults, these activities can include planning projects, studying, paying bills, and listening to lectures (Ramsay & Rostain, 2008). ADHD is a chemical imbalance in the management systems portion of the brain. The diagnosis of adult ADHD did not become wide spread until the mid nineteen-nineties. Even now the percentage of adults......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Caring for People with Additional Needs: Unit 26 (pass criteria only) Introduction * A brief introduction to the introductory pack including aims and objectives * Include a definition of additional needs * Explain why it is important for care practitioners to be aware of the different additional needs that people may have (150 words) P1 –Outline reasons why individuals may experience additional needs - Produce a newsletter * What are additional needs – What is a physical disability and how does it have an impact on an individual to be classed as an additional need? * What is a sensory disability? Give examples * What is a cognitive disability? Give examples (200 words) Define and describe the different types of disabilities, signs and symptoms, cause of the additional need and why they have an additional need – e.g. Down’s syndrome; cystic fibrosis, autistic spectrum, people with mental health problems, asthma, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia ( 1000 words) For example Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) & (ADD) are conditions which result in problem behaviour and poor attention span. Children find it hard to control their behaviour. They might be impulsive, restless and inattentive. Children can have problems learning and socialising. The causes of ADHD are not clear. Possible causes are thought to be brain injury, chemical imbalance in the brain, genetic links, environmental factors and a possible link to diet. Some of......

Words: 622 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Summary Of The Pursuit Of Unhappiness By Darrin Mcmahon

...A second study I found states that “A lack of social support and human connection can have long-lasting negative impacts, including depression, decreased immune function, and higher blood pressure.” (Wren) Ultimately, being loved can come from many people such as friends, family members, and ministers. These people help us through the good and bad, and guide us to the right path we are supposed to be on. Most importantly being loved, makes everyone feel important and protected. There are numerous amounts of children and adults who commit suicide due to lack of recognition and social activity involved in their lives. This is a result of the importance of being loved by other...

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Kachina Cameron ENG – 105 07/02/2014 Amy Sloan ADDA (helping adults with attention deficit hyper-active disorder) This website has many helpful links to grab the reader’s attention. The main focus and audience of these pages are targeted for the population that is at the age we reach adulthood concerned they may have ADHD/ ADD. 8 to 9 million adults (ADDA, 1998) are living with this disability every day and for some it is more difficult to work through, if not at all, than others. The main criterion that I would base an informative website would be on its helpfulness, organization, and main overall feeling that it gives the reader. With information being readily available, as well as information that is organized and easy to find, this website is great for those who may be new to the Interweb. ADDA provides some of the signs of AD/HD in adults such as distractibility (poor sustained attention to tasks), impulsivity (impaired impulse control and delay of gratification) and hyperactivity (excessive activity and physical restlessness). These signs and symptoms must be excessive, long-term, and pervasive (ADDA, 1998). In other words, it must be unmistakable, that a person of adult age, would have the disorder in order to begin receiving help or medication. Before medication, I am sure the question will arise of - Why did the parents of the individual with suspected AD/HD did not get help for him/her as a child? Since, after all, the disorder does usually appear before......

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...‘how children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are included within a mainstream classroom and how greater efforts can be taken to ensure inclusivity for them’. Within our school setting there seem to be more pupils with ADHD (some diagnosed, some undiagnosed but will display some of the behaviours/traits of pupils diagnosed with ADHD). Pupils with ADHD do have some barriers to learning. Some of these pupils are quite able academically and, therefore, may not have been identified as requiring special educational need (SEN) support if it weren’t for the perceived negative behaviours frequently displayed. These behaviours could include: trouble sustaining attention in tasks, trouble organising tasks and activities, refusal to comply with adult instructions, fidgeting with hands or feet or squirming in seat, disruption to the lesson by talking excessively, easily frustrated and having trouble waiting for his or her turn, distress at seemingly minor issues, disturbing other children, leaving the classroom etc. A range of strategies can be used to help these pupils settle in a main stream classroom and raise their achievement. It would be interesting to find out if it is an issue of Sensory sensitivity that is largely a factor in inhibiting the learning of these pupils. Baranek (2002) and Barkley (1998) report that pupils with ADD, ODD and ADHD often have Sensory Processing concerns and also Motor planning deficits. Many people who work with children are......

Words: 4456 - Pages: 18