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Cariñosa

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Cariñosa is a Spanish word pronounced as [kaɾiˈɲosa], meaning the loving or affectionate one. It is a Philippine dance of Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where the fan or handkerchief plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario. It is closely associate with the island of Panay and the Visayas region in general. Most Filipina women can be described as karinyosa. This is a courtship dance that portrays acts of flirtation between a man and a woman. The dancers perform steps resembling hide-and-seek movements. The woman holds a handkerchief or sometimes a fan. More than the tinikling, the cariñosa is considered the national dance of the Philippines. It is introduced in the Philippines by the Spaniards in the 16th century. In honor of Maria Clara, a main character of Dr. Jose Rizal's novel called " Noli Me Tangere" when translated in English means "Touch Me Not".

The first ever published notation of the Cariñosa dance steps was from the book Philippine Folk Dances and Games by Francisca Reyes-Tolentino (later became an Aquino). Mrs Tolentino's master's thesis which have the same title was revised and was later published in 1927. However, the most common of the many Cariñosa found in the country is the one from the book "Philippine Folk Dances v1" by Francisca Reyes Aquino, published sometime in 1940. The version integrated all the common dance figures among the many versions throughout the land. Three versions of this courtship-festival dance were found in Panay Island, the "Home of the Carinosa". Three different dance researchers discovered three equally beautiful Cariñosa dances. Petronila Suarez had her Carinosa Binggawan, Jose Balcena's informant , an old dancing virtuoso name Casimiro earned him the identity of Balcena's cariñosa version: Tatay Meroy Cariñosa. Tatay Meroy was an old bachelor…...

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