Premium Essay

Case Analysis of Enron Corporation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By junlieme3
Words 318
Pages 2
Case Analysisof Enron Corporation
In: Business and Management
Case Analysisof Enron Corporation
Name: Janet P. Cambangay Section & Year: BSBA-I
Teacher: Sir Zadrack B. Fiel Subject: Management 1
Time Session: 2:00pm-5:00pm 07/23/2011 Weekend Class

CASE STUDY I. TIME CONTEXT
Regular Staff Meeting (TODAY)

II. VIEWPOINT
The different considerations being made by every section which results the 40% failure rate in selecting supervisors. In regards, with this, the department manager stabilizes that having a best technical people is just a trouble. It may only lead people to spend their time for technical works only which caused incompetency to manage. Second, is that the basis of seniority will only ignores everything learned about managing and it is unrealistic that the when the candidates get the job he will become capable and proficient in management.

III. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The poor quality of the twenty supervisors reporting to the section heads due to poor record in selecting good supervisors.

IV. OBJECTIVES * Supervisors must have a high standard in terms of their performances, knowledge and skills in business management. * The promotion of supervisors must base with their capabilities and unique approach to their responsibilities in managing the business. * An excellent supervisor must gain the skills in management, technical and conceptual skills of business supervision.

V. AREAS OF CONSIDERATION/ANALYSIS
In attaining the higher position it accompanied by attaining the higher responsibility. Being a supervisor is not only about knowledge, it’s not only about skills and it is not only about attitude but it should be all about knowledge and learning’s, skills and attitude in business management. Supervisory skills is not measured only for the span of time being engaged to the field but rather than...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Effects of Unethical Behavior

...Effect of Unethical Behavior Article Analysis Prior to 2002, there were no major regulations that were enforced to maintain lawful ethical accounting practices. Since this was the case, there were no internal controls and thus was a leading cause that enable large corporation to commit fraud by altering books to show more profitability. Due to the overstating of profit in these large companies, investors were provided false information which made their want to invest in these corporations more. An example of a corporation that did this was Enron. Enron Corporation was an American energy company that was based in Houston, Texas. It was one of the world’s leaders in electricity, natural gas, pulp and paper, and communications. Enron reported financial conditions were sustained by systematic and planned accounting fraud. There were several reports that involved irregular accounting procedures which bordered on fraud. These reports were between Enron and their accounting firm, Arthur Andersen. Enron’s stock eventually plunged from $90 a share to $.30 a share. What was once considered a great stock was now a disastrous even in the financial world. All of this was brought to a head when Enron revealed that much of its profits were the result of deals with special purposes entities (Davis, Donna. 2011). Therefore the results were the any debts or losses that Enron suffered were not reported on financial statements. These unethical......

Words: 553 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Enron Company Case Study

...Enron Company Ethical Issues Case Analysis Format I. Time Context After the scandal revealed on Enron Corporation on October 2001 up until in present time (2014) it is still discussed. II. Point of View Enron was founded in 1985, and as one of the world's leading electricity, natural gas, communications and pulp and paper companies before it bankrupted in late 2001. The Enron scandal, revealed in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy company based in Houston, Texas, and the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world. Although Enron went bankrupt and disappeared ten years ago, the impacts it has made on the ethical standards never faded.  It took Enron 16 years to go from about ten billion dollar assets to more than sixty-five billion dollar assets, and took twenty-four days to go bankrupt. (McLean & Elkind, 2004) III. Statement of the Problem The said company projected itself as a highly profitable, growing company – an image which quickly turned out to be an elaborate mistrurth. Enron’s statements about profits were shown to be untrue, with a very big debts concealed so that they didn’t show up un the company’s accounts. Moreover, the company was seen to have been extraordinary active in political lobbying – with large numbers of legislators close to the company in one way or another. This fact had not been enough to save it, but raised...

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Enron Corporation

...Running head: ENRON CORPORATION Enron Corporation (former NYSE ticker symbol ENE) Rosetta Foster Strayer University Business Law I – LEG 100 Dr. Dorothy A. Sliben October 25, 2010 Enron Corporation (former NYSE ticker symbol ENE) The ensuing scandal involving the Enron Corporation, Arthur Andersen, the Bush Administration, the ninety-six banks, et al., clearly shows the abuse of power, when corporations, etc. ultimately thinks and/or feel that it is above the law. The effects are still being felt even after the bankruptcy proceedings, collapse/fall and trials of one of the biggest and major corporate scandals in American history and time. 1. Describe how Enron could have been structured differently to avoid such activities. Enron having been obviously formulated as a business corporation (a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its owners), a privilege provided by the state legislature to corporations by virtue of its Articles of Incorporation, corporate by-laws and state and/or federal charter, under its guise and appearance as an artificial company. As stated by Shaw, W. (2010), “Corporations are legal entities, with legal rights and responsibilities similar but not identical to those enjoyed by individuals. Business corporations are; limited liability companies―that is their owners or stock-holders are liable for corporate debts only up to the extent of their investments.” (Enron failed to implement and enforce the structural guidelines......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Enron: Corporate Culture

...ENRON Corporate Culture Q1: Analyse the corporate culture at Enron and its management’s behaviour. Include in your analysis, the normative theory of ethics which you would consider most relevant in driving the decision making at Enron. Enron began by merger of two Houston pipeline companies in 1985, although as a new company Enron faced a lot of financial difficulties in the starting years, though the company was able to survive these financial problems (Enron Ethics, 2010). In 1988 the deregulation of the electrical power markets came into action and flipped the company from up to down, after deregulation company business updated from delivering energy to becoming an energy broker and soon after this Enron once a company struggling to survive transformed to booming one. Deregulation opened the gates for Enron to step into the market and compete with the leading competitors in the market bringing buyers and sellers in to market together (Enron Ethics, 2010). . Enron earned a lot of money from the stock exchange by trading their own shares and earning profit from the difference in buying and selling prices. Deregulation gave permission to Enron to be creative, for the first time in history a firm that was required to operate within in the guidelines could be creative and test the limits the way they want. As time went by Enron’s products and services evolved, so did the culture of the company. In this newly deregulated and creative platform, Enron......

Words: 3749 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Business Research

...known for one of the biggest frauds in corporate America. The company is Enron and I found an article that is titled " The Case Analysis of the Scandal of Enron" and in this article the author talks about the business practices on Enron and the unethical research they used to grow their business and in the end they ruined a lot of good people's lives, and damaged their futures. According to "Dictionary.com" (2013) ethics are the values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions. Every person has ethics and a code that they live by, but the difference is that not everyone has that same code and especially in the business world that word can be tricky for people and standing up for the code they believe in is hard for some. Unethical business practices is not a new thing, and as the economy has grown these practices have been more common. One unethical practice would be skewing the research results, or the skewing the research from your company. That is one thing that Enron did do, and they even took a step further and did certain practices that no one had ever thought of before. Enron was a natural gas company, and what they did is that they built power plants in a few different places and they took their future earnings from those power plants and recognized them as current assets, so Enron was the first to sell future stocks for their gas and electric......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Enron

...Enron Case Analysis-Assignment Enron Corporation (former NYSE ticker symbol ENE) was an American energy, commodities, and services company based in Houston, Texas. Before its bankruptcy on December 2, 2001, Enron employed approximately 20,000 staff and was one of the world's major electricity, natural gas, communications, and pulp and paper companies, with claimed revenues of nearly $101 billion during 2000.[1] Fortune named Enron "America's Most Innovative Company" for six consecutive years. At the end of 2001, it was revealed that its reported financial condition was sustained substantially by an institutionalized, systematic, and creatively planned accounting fraud, known since as the Enron scandal. Enron has since become a well-known example of willful corporate fraud and corruption. The scandal also brought into question the accounting practices and activities of many corporations in the United States and was a factor in the creation of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002. The scandal also affected the greater business world by causing the dissolution of the Arthur Andersen accounting company.[2] Enron filed for bankruptcy protection in the Southern District of New York during late 2001 and selected Weil, Gotshal & Manges as its bankruptcy counsel. It ended its bankruptcy during November 2004, pursuant to a court-approved plan of reorganization, after one of the most complex bankruptcy cases in U.S. history. A new board of directors changed the name of Enron to Enron......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Enron

...www.ccsenet.org/ijbm International Journal of Business and Management Vol. 5, No. 10; October 2010 The Case Analysis of the Scandal of Enron Yuhao Li Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University, Logan city, U.S.A E-mail: wyl_2001_ren@126.com, carolee1989@gmail.com Abstract The Enron scandal, revealed in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy company based in Houston, Texas, and the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world. In addition to being the largest bankruptcy reorganization in American history at that time, Enron undoubtedly is the biggest audit failure. It is ever the most famous company in the world, but it also is one of companies which fell down too fast. In this paper, it analysis the reason for this event in detail including the management, conflict of interest and accounting fraud. Meanwhile, it makes analysis the moral responsibility From Individuals’ Angle and Corporation’s Angle. Keywords: Enron scandal, Accounting fraud, Moral responsibility, Analysis 1. Review of Enron’s Rise and Fall Throughout the late 1990s, Enron was almost universally considered one of the country's most innovative companies -- a new-economy maverick that forsook musty, old industries with their cumbersome hard assets in favor of the freewheeling world of e-commerce. The company continued to build power plants and operate gas lines, but it......

Words: 3062 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Enron Company Case Study

...www.ccsenet.org/ijbm International Journal of Business and Management Vol. 5, No. 10; October 2010 The Case Analysis of the Scandal of Enron Yuhao Li Huntsman School of Business, Utah State University, Logan city, U.S.A E-mail: wyl_2001_ren@126.com, carolee1989@gmail.com Abstract The Enron scandal, revealed in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy company based in Houston, Texas, and the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world. In addition to being the largest bankruptcy reorganization in American history at that time, Enron undoubtedly is the biggest audit failure. It is ever the most famous company in the world, but it also is one of companies which fell down too fast. In this paper, it analysis the reason for this event in detail including the management, conflict of interest and accounting fraud. Meanwhile, it makes analysis the moral responsibility From Individuals’ Angle and Corporation’s Angle. Keywords: Enron scandal, Accounting fraud, Moral responsibility, Analysis 1. Review of Enron’s Rise and Fall Throughout the late 1990s, Enron was almost universally considered one of the country's most innovative companies -- a new-economy maverick that forsook musty, old industries with their cumbersome hard assets in favor of the freewheeling world of e-commerce. The company continued to build power plants and operate gas lines, but it......

Words: 3062 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Enron Scandal

...A CASE ANALYSIS Of Enron SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF MBAC422: Business & Society Case 2 BY RAHUL DADA 2011H149219 UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF Prof. Anil K Bhat & Dr. Sarvesh Satija Management Department BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE PILANI, RAJASTHAN – 333031 1 Introduction Enron Corporation was an American energy, commodities, and Services Company based in Houston, Texas. Before its bankruptcy on December 2, 2001, Enron employed approximately 20,000 staff and was one of the world's leading electricity, natural gas, communications, and pulp and paper companies, with claimed revenues of nearly $101 billion in 2000. Fortune named Enron "America's Most Innovative Company" for six consecutive years. At the end of 2001, it was revealed that it’s reported financial condition was sustained substantially by institutionalized, systematic, and creatively planned accounting fraud, known as the Enron scandal. Enron has since become a popular symbol of willful corporate fraud and corruption. The scandal also brought into questions the accounting practices and activities of many corporations throughout the United States and was a factor in the creation of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002. The scandal also affected the wider business world by causing the dissolution of the Arthur Andersen accounting firm. The Enron scandal, revealed in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Business Research 351

...Whereas, the other half run an entire business to the ground by attempting to fraud their customers and lie to the public about certain issues regarding the way they practice business. Another example of unethical practices would be insider trading, security fraud, and manipulation of the financial market. In some cases, unethical practice occurs because of greed, a sense of disconnection, and a sheer sense of ignorance. In this analysis, we will discover why, how and what business has ventured in this path of dishonesty. A prime example of this would be the Enron Corporation, which existed through the means of accounting and security fraud. Some brief information on the Enron Corporation is that it was “A U.S. energy-trading and Utilities Company that housed one of the biggest accounting frauds in history. Enron's executives employed accounting practices that falsely inflated the company's revenues, which, at the height of the scandal, made Enron become the seventh largest corporation in the United States. Once the fraud came to light, the company quickly unraveled and filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on Dec. 2, 2001.” (“Investopedia: Enron, 2013.) As Enron began to unravel, there were numerous reports of more accounting fraud involving Enron’s accounting firm Arthur Andersen and how they failed to disclose Enron’s debts and losses that it grieved with were not reported on Enron’s financial statement. “The reason to Enron’s failure is because of the moral behavior......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Term Papaer

...Scandalous fall of the Enron Corporation. Enron Corporation was an American energy, commodities and service company based in Houston, Texas. Before its bankruptcy in December 2, 2001, Enron employed more than 20,000 employees and was one of world’s major electricity, natural gas, communications and pulp and paper company with claimed revenues of nearly $111 Billion during the year 2000. In 1985 Kenneth Lay (the founder of Enron Corporation) merged the natural gas pipeline companies of Houston Natural gas and Internorth to form Enron. Enron was named by the Fortune magazine as ‘America’s Most Innovative Company’ for six consecutive years. Enron became the largest seller of natural gas in North America by 1992, its trading of gas contracts earned $122 Million (before interest and taxes) the second largest contributor to the company’s net income. The company’s founder Kenneth Lay helped to initiate the selling of electricity at market prices, and soon after the United States Congress approved legislation deregulating the sale of natural gas. The resulting markets made it possible for traders such as Enron to sell energy at higher prices, which significantly increased its revenue. In an attempt to achieve further growth, Enron pursued a diversification strategy. The company owned and operated a variety of assets including gas pipelines, electricity plants, pulp and paper plants, water plants and broadband services across the globe. The downfall of Enron Corporation began with its......

Words: 3314 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Enron Case Study

...cover page Submission Date Students’ ID NRIC/Passport No. Module Name Lecturer’s Name 01st Aug 2013 Due Date 018800020682 UOP Hemis Code G0703121T/B1889671 Strategic and Module Code Comparative HRM Mr Cheah Cheng San U22712 OFFICIAL USE ONLY Marker’s comments Marker’s name: Initial marks awarded Penalty on late submission Penalty for plagiarism Final marks awarded /100 /100 T213 U22712 Assignment September 2013 QUESTION (TASK 1 weighting factor: 40% of total CW marks) Enron: What Caused the Ethical Collapse? Kenneth Lay, former chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of Enron Corp., in an introductory statement to the revised Enron Code of Ethics issued in July 2000, wrote: “As officers and employees of Enron Corp., its subsidiaries, and its affiliated companies, we are responsible for conducting the business affairs of the companies in accordance with all applicable laws and in a moral and honest manner.” Lay went on to indicate that the 64-page Enron Code of Ethics reflected policies approved by the company’s board of directors and that the company, which enjoyed a reputation for being fair and honest, was highly respected. Enron’s ethics code also specified that “An employee shall not conduct himself or herself in a manner which directly or indirectly would be detrimental to the best...

Words: 2725 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Enron & Woldcom Case

...Enron Case: Enron is known for the world’s biggest scandal in the history of American business. In Dec 2001, Enron Corp filed for bankruptcy. The major factors that led to the dissolution of Enron Corporation are the shortfall of business ethics of Enron’s management, accountants, auditors, board of directors and consultants. Off balance sheet arrangements made transactions between Enron and its partners were not clear and transparent. Between 1993 and 2001, Enron created over 3,000 SPEs that resulted in the overstatement of Shareholders’ Equity by $1.2 billion. This increased the size of loan portfolio of Enron without a corresponding increase in share capital. Securitization was not treated as financing vehicle and no adjustments to leverage ratios were made then. Enron violated US GAAP and recorded inappropriate capital stock transaction. Common stocks issued to SPE were accounted as notes receivable. GAAP doesn’t allow this transaction unless cash is received. This puffed up Stockholders’ equity by 8.5% or by $1 billion in 2001. Enron used its own common stocks to capitalize SPEs to satisfy US GAAP. When Enron shares went down certain partnerships had to invest just enough allow SPEs not to be consolidated into Enron’s Financial statement. Enron had to transfer additional shares to SPE, Rapto, in a futile effort to support. Enron recognized revenues due to increase in stock price on stocks held in SPE. Anderson accounting firm formulated a mechanism to......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Forensic Accountant

...haystack” when referring to finding a small object in a large setting? The task of performing a very detailed search seems impossible. Leaving no stone unturned and demanding hours and hours of mental and manual labor. This is what a forensic accountant faces. By definition, a forensic investigation of any kind is conducted with the purpose of obtaining evidence that will be used in a court case. Forensic accounting is simply the analysis of financial documents use as tax returns, bank statements, canceled checks and the like, in search of proof of a criminal act, be it tax evasion, running numbers, embezzlement, money laundering, fraud by wire or securities fraud (DiGabriele, 2009). These crimes exists for the sole purpose of illegally making money. Leaving a paper trail pointing to criminal activity producing money coming into and leaving the organization. This is one reason the demand for forensic accountants or becoming more mainstream. Once used only by governmental agencies only like the IRS and the CIA to investigate and exposed the most unmoral crimes. More and more corporations are hiring forensic accountants. Some are even developing departments within the company for added security in return making a paradigm shift of the...

Words: 2760 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Enron Scandal

...ENRON SCANDAL Enron was formed in 1985 from merger of two companies; Houston Gas and InterNorth Inc. by Kenneth Lay. It grew to be among the highly innovative companies throughout 1990s. Its unique business strategy made it known. Initially, the company’s objective was to sell electricity and gas but by 1990s it had ventured into other businesses such as pulp and paper companies and communications . Its success was indicated by the rise in annual revenues; between 1995 and 2000 Enron recorded a revenue rise of $91 billion dollars. However in 2001 as notes accounting fraud was revealed in its financial reports. It was established that the company had indeed experienced a loss of more that $500 million dollars (Li, 2010) for the previous five years; contrary to its audit reports. The company fell bankrupt later in 2001. This essay examines the scandal, its effects and critically gives an ethical analysis of the situation. Enron scandal is the worst to have ever happened in the US business industry. Enron’s bankruptcy was a result of accounting fraud which was substantially institutionalized and creatively crafted within the management. The management focused on converting all the strategies into success to maintain their heavy compensations-through accounting manipulation; a greed financial officer with underground agreements to enrich himself; a collaborative law and auditing firms in Elkins and Arthur Andersen respectively; corrupt investment bankers- they......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4