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Case Interview Tips

In: Business and Management

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一. Case Interview

1. 类型介绍
(1) 什么是Case Interview?
一般来说,Case Interview主要针对咨询公司面试而言。也有一些公司如Dell二面会用一些小case来考察面试者的应变能力、考虑问题的全面性以及逻辑分析能力。咨询公司的Case Interview可以分成两个部分,一开始先 是Warm-up。在这一部分,你可能需要自我介绍,然后大致回答一下面试官针对简历以及个人选择提出的一些问题。接下来才是真正的Case Interview。简而言之,Case Interview就是现场对一个商业问题进行分析的面试。但是和大多数其他面试不同,这是一个互动的过程。你的面试官会给你提出一个Business Issue,并且会让你给出分析和意见。而你的任务是向面试官有逻辑的提出一些问题以使得你能够对这个Business Issue有更全面,更细致的了解,并且通过系统的分析最后给出建议。一般而言,Case Interview是没有绝对正确的答案的。面试官看重的不是答案,而是从面试过程当中你表现出来的分析能力和创造力。对于大学毕业,没有工作经验的学生来说,大多数情况下Case不会很难,也不会需要你对那个行业有系统的了解。
Case Interview一般是一对一的,一轮会有两个Case Interview,由两个不同的面试官来负责,每个Interview持续45分钟,包括10-15分钟的warm-up以及一些Behavior questions,剩下的30分钟就是讨论Case。10-15分钟的Warm-up一般用英文,Case可能是英文,也有可能是中文,不同的公司以及不同的面试官对语言是有不同的偏好的。

(2) 为什么使用Case Interview?
由于咨询师在工作上的不少时间都是在和客户以及同事进行相互的沟通,同时咨询工作本身的特点要求咨询师必须具备一系列的特质才能够成功。这些特质包括:在压力之下保持冷静,对问题能够很快的根据细节建立假设,并且运用很强的逻辑分析能力来解决问题等等。因此,一个互动性很强,和实际联系很紧以及要求分析能力较高的Case Interview可以很好的衡量面试者的这些素质。

(3) Case Interview考察哪些能力和素质
 领导能力
咨询师常常需要独立工作,并且带领团队和客户去达成共同的目标,因此领导力对于一个成功的咨询师来说是很重要的。在面试当中,你需要通过主动掌握整个面试,有信心的提问题来表现你的领导力。
 分析能力
咨询业的核心就是分析-根据事实提出假设,把数据break down,然后形成一套分析框架,并且最后得出结论和建议。在面试过程当中,你需要通过有效,有目的性的提问等来反映你的分析能力。
 Presentation Skill
一旦咨询师对案例进行了完备的分析并且想好了相应的策略,他们就需要把他们的发现和建议展现给整个案例小组和他们的客户。因此,这个能力对咨询工作也是十分关键的。所以在面试当中,宁愿说慢一点,花点时间思考,也不要结结巴巴的做陈词。
 精力
咨询公司往往希望他们的咨询师能够在10小时的飞机之后依然精力充沛的出现在客户面前。所以有力的握手,真诚的笑容,自信的眼神以及整洁的外表都是他们所看重的。
 冷静
在Case Interview中,面试官有时会刻意营造一种很tough的氛围,比如不断challenge你,或者不断否定你的回答,这不代表你做的不好,而是他们在故意考察你能够面对压力冷静思考。要知道:当咨询师面对客户的时候,面对压力而冷静的发现问题以及思考是很重要的素质。

(4) Case Interview的类型以及特点
Case Interview一般分成三类,guesstimates, Business Cases和brainteasers。下面就这三类分别介绍一下。
 Guesstimates
这种问题也常被称作market sizing,就是需要你在没有什么细节提供给你的时候估计一个市场的大小,比如:请估计北京中关村家乐福一天的客流量。和所有的Case Interview一样,你不需要得出一个正确的答案,关键是考察你如何把一个大的问题分解成小的问题来回答。在这种问题中你需要有一些常识(比如北京的人口1000万等)。
 Business Cases
最常见的Business Case…...

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