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Case Study Larry Garcia

In: Other Topics

Submitted By barbmay
Words 1164
Pages 5
Assessment
Middle aged Hispanic male
Physical health: newly diagnosed with hypertension, 12 pounds overweight, occasional alcohol use, and no tobacco use. He does not exercise regularly, does not have any hobbies at this time and he lacks motivation to take annual physical exams and preventive measures or test.
Mental Health: stressful employment, emotional and financial responsibilities for his parents.
Learning needs: Visual learner (reading
Introduction to the disease process:
According to "Center For Disease Control And Prevention" (2012), “hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, when the force of blood against your artery walls is out of the normal range” (High Blood Pressure Facts). A healthy blood pressure reading is lower than 120/80mmHg and pre-hypertension is between 120/80mm Hg and 139/89mmHg. Stage 1 hypertension is between 140/90mm Hg and 159/99mm Hg and stage 2 hypertension is a reading of 160/100mm Hg or higher. Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers the systolic pressure (the heart beats) over the diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes.) Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases including hypertension include: increasing age, male, race (African Americans, Hispanics), diabetes, family history, high sodium diet, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and tobacco use. The extra pressure to the walls of the arteries from the high blood pressure can damage the arteries and organs. This risk of damage is increased the longer the pressure remains at an elevated level. This damage causes the arteries to thicken and harden increasing the risk of a heart attack, stroke congestive heart failure, and kidney failure. Larry has the risk factors that include being a middle-aged male Hispanic adult with a family history of hypertension. He is also 12 pounds above his ideal weight and has poor diet and exercise due to the many stressors...

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