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Case Study in Ineffective Pharmacological Management

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Running Head: CASE STUDY IN INEFFECTIVE PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT

Case Study in Ineffective Pharmacological Management
Southern University A&M College
Graduate Nursing 652
Dr. Blair
April 23rd, 2015

Introduction In the case study of Mr. J; he has been exhibiting dyspnea upon exertion and fatigue. His blood pressure was 170/95 mmHg. After reviewing his labs; his LDL level was 200 mg/dl. Upon physical examination, he was found to have peripheral edema and jugular vein distention. A chest X-ray revealed cardiomegaly and pleural effusion. An echogram has also been scheduled. Based on his signs and symptoms, the physician suspects Mr. J has new onset Stage C heart failure. Mr. J has multiple prescribed drugs for Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Parkinson’s, Gout and Depression. After careful reviewing Mr. J’s medications there is concerns ineffective pharmacological management. Ineffective pharmacological management refers to medication therapy prescribed that does not take into account the patient’s age, diagnoses and comorbidities; therefore leading to complications of existing health problems. Side effects, adverse reactions and drug to drug interactions have to also be considered when reviewing a patient’s medication regimen. The drug categories most commonly involved in adverse reaction are cardiovascular agents, antibiotic, diuretics, anticoagulants, hypoglycemic, steroids, opioids, anticholinergic, benzodiazepines, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nurses have the unique opportunity to help identify patients at risk for ineffective pharmacological management and educate patients and families about risk reduction. In this case study I will explore potential problems related to ineffective pharmacological management in a patient with a history of Hyperlipidemia, Depression,...

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