Case Study

In: Business and Management

Submitted By uarda
Words 7687
Pages 31
korporatat shumëkombëshe

Përkufizimi i MNC | Firmat shumëkombëshe lindin për shkak të kapitalit është shumë më i lëvizshëm se punës. Që të punës dhe lëndëve të para inputet lirë janë të vendosura në vende të tjera, firmat shumëkombëshe të krijuar filiale atje.Ata janë kritikuar shpesh si korporatat arratisur.Ekonomistët nuk janë në marrëveshje se si duhet të përcaktohet korporatat multinacionale ose transnacionale. Korporatat multinacionale kanë shumë dimensione dhe mund të shihet nga disa këndvështrime (pronësinë, menaxhimin, strategjisë dhe strukturore, etj)Në vijim është një ekstrakt nga Franklin Root, Tregtisë Ndërkombëtare dhe Investimeve |
Kriteri i pronësisë | Disa argumentojnë se pronësia është një kriter kyç. Një firmë bëhet shumëkombëshe vetëm kur kompania selisë apo prind është në pronësi në mënyrë efektive nga shtetasit e dy ose më shumë vende.Për shembull, Shell dhe Unilever, i kontrolluar nga interesat britanike dhe holandeze, janë shembuj të mirë. Megjithatë, me provë të pronësisë, shumë pak shumëkombëshet janë shumëkombëshe. Pronësia e shumicës së MNCs janë uninational. (P.sh., Smith-Corona kundrejt Brothers rasti)Në varësi të çështjes, secila konsiderohet një kompani shumëkombëshe amerikane në një rast, dhe secila është konsideruar si një shumëkombëshe të huaj në një rast tjetër. Kështu, pronësia nuk ka rëndësi. |
Kombësia përzierje e menaxherëve selinë | Një kompani ndërkombëtare është shumëkombëshe nëse drejtuesit e kompanisë mëmë janë shtetas të disa vendeve. Zakonisht, menaxherët e selisë janë shtetas të vendit të origjinës. Kjo mund të jetë një fenomen kalimtar.Shumë pak kompani kalojnë këtë test aktualisht. |
Strategjia e Biznesit
| maksimizimi i fitimit globaledisa janë të orientuar vendin në shtëpi,të tjerët janë të orientuar vendin pritës.Firmat e suksesshme: bota-orientuar, por duhet të përshtaten me tregjet lokale. |…...

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