# Case Study

Submitted By Amara100
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Case Study #2 1. Abortion is murder, because murder is intentionally killing an innocent person. Therefore, abortion is wrong.
Explicit premises: a. Abortion is Murder.
b. Murder is intentionally killing an innocent person c. Abortion is wrong.
Implicit premises: a. Abortion is a crime because it is murder b. Murder is wrong therefore abortion is wrong.

2. The rate of drowning increases with the rate of ice cream eating. Therefore, ice cream eating leads to drowning.
Explicit premises: Rate of drowning increase with eating ice cream
Implicit premises: a. There is a causal connection between rate ice cream and drowning
b. Drowning increases at the same rate as eating ice cream
c. Therefore eating ice causes drowning

1. No cats are pleasant creatures. This is a mouse. Since it is not a cat, it is a pleasant creature.
Determine whether the argument is sound or unsound. Then determine whether each argument is valid or invalid.
The argument is invalid but unsound. The argument is invalid because the premise is not true and neither is the conclusion. Not all animals that aren’t cats are present, and not all cats are unpleasant creatures.

1. All cats are feral. Tabitha is a cat. Tabitha is feral.
Show that the argument is invalid.
Premise: All cats are feral Tabitha is a cat
Therefore Tabitha must be feral
The argument is invalid because it implies that Tabitha must be feral because she is a cat. Not all cats are feral therefore Tabitha may or may not be feral. 1. Using the Counterexample Method, show that the argument’s conclusion does not follow:
“If I score an A on the test, then I will pass the class.” “I passed the class!” “Therefore I scored an A on the test.”
The argument is invalid because there are many other conclusions that can follow from the premise “I…...

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