Free Essay

Cavell

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hrgreen4
Words 1043
Pages 5
Film expresses thought and conversation between images concepts and the viewer. The product is an experience that offers “cavellian mediations” in capturing the ways films think. This “thought” pertains to the mechanism by which film elicits and expresses thought, both within its own means of expression and through the potential of self-reflection amongst the viewers.

The film provides voice, animating the effort to find words to describe the experience to film. Essentially, the film invites us to express, experience, and think.

In reflection upon the conversation, I must recognize it’s existence as a moment that is situated within a series of instances.

Reconcile the fact that genre exists both at once “full-blown” and emerges spontaneously within conversation

Genre requires a level of engagement between reader and the text. While “genre exists as a form characterized by features, as an object by its properties; accordingly to emerge to the question is that later members can ‘add’ something to the genre because there is no such thing as ‘all its features’” (315).

Cavell establishes two forms of genre: one consisting of genre as a medium and the other consisting of genre as a cycle. The role that criticism plays within these two cases of genre differs. In genre as a cycle, the criticism falls predominantly on the genre rather than the individual object.

“Genre as a form characterized by features, as an object by its properties; accordingly to emerge full-blow must mean to emerge possessing all its features” 1) “First, nothing would count as a feature until an act of criticism defines it as such (otherwise it would always have been obvious that, for instance, the subject of remarriage was a feature, indeed a leading feature of a genre) 2) “Second, if a member of a genre were just an object with features the if it shared all its features with its companion members they would presumably be indistinguishable from one another” 3) “Third, a genre must be left open to new members, a new bearing of responsibility for its inheritance” 4) “”fourth, membership in the genre requires that if an instance (apparently) lacks a given feature, it must compensate for it, for example by showing a further feature ‘instead of’ the one it lacks” (316) 5) “the test of this compensation is that the new feature introduced by the new member will, in turn, contribute to a description of the genre as a whole”

I use the qualifications of genre to characterize the “state of saturation, completeness of expression” (317) of my own experience.

The dialogue itself fell within the realm of ordinary conversation, and thus the features also where characterized by ordinary conversation. This raises notion as to what is ordinary conversation. Ordinary conversation, I see, as the social interactions existing between individuals—the casual conversation people engage in on a daily basis. This conversation that I had with my grandmother was no exception. She talked about a phone call she needed to make, trivial facts about life.

The conversation still could not escape the genre of cancer. Cancer provided the backdrop to our small talk. This conversation invoked the fourth rule where the lacking feature (the topic of cancer) was replaced by an alternative feature. While not verbalized, cancer still remained a part of this “dialogue.” Cancer presented itself in my grandmother’s fatigue, the fact that she was handicapped, the very venue of a nursing home. Cancer presented an inescapable feature that permeated the experience indirectly.

The conversation developed itself within the genre of memory through reflections. The normalcy of the conversation immediately resonated with me. And yet, the significance became allocated to the genre of memory only subsequent to a series of instances. Cavell presents the dualistic nature of genre where it emerges both “full-blown in a particular instance” and in conversation with other instances by “work[ing] out its internal consequences in future instances” (315). The product is a genre that emerges through reflection and insight, and that serves as the beginning of a conversation with experience.

Cavell's emphasis is on experience, a grounding in facts as facts are revealed moment to moment, in time. Ethics will thus necessarily become "situational." The phi- losopher's task, in Cavell's analysis, remains "to discover what we need." He must discover what our lives really depend on, and proceed from there, with intelligence and compassion.

Cavell emphasizes that, “[t]o take an interest in an object is to take an interest in one’s experience of the object, so that to examine and defend my interest in these films is to examine and defend my interest in my own experience, in the moments and passages of my life I have spent with them” (294)

Cavellian Critique: * Viewing a film requires placing the individual within the film, where the reading requires interpretation of the work. The process of viewing, reading, observing, and experiencing the viewing experience requires the examination and defense of our personal interest in that specific experience. QUOTE! * The viewing experience guides experience. It provides a groundwork for relating th * This provides insight regarding the human ‘presence’ on screen. Photographic image captures a moment in time—capturing a specific time, place, and moment. The camera serves to capture image objectively. However, it is the human interpretation of that image that engages human subjectivity in its representation.

Photograph tangibly and objectively captures human presence in a moment of time.

Memory allows for the repeated “viewing” of experience. With reach reading, greater interpretation is necessary and acquired. The act of reflection illustrates an interest in the experience. The fact that a moment become memory illustrates the extent to which we “examine and defend” our interest in that experience. Thus, Cavellian criticism serves as a “natural extension of conversation” in that viewers test knowledge, share experience, and reflect upon the cultural inheritance.

How is memory similar to film.
It means something that can’t necessarily be explained in words. Cavell engages with film in a similar mechanism- in a way that is internal.
Perspective
Undergoing change
The moment at which he recognized everything matters in the arts. Absolute knowledge that everything in that film matters. Understand why each gesture, each posture, each word, each frame was important.
How is memory different from film?

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Cavell

...amongst the viewers. The film provides voice, animating the effort to find words to describe the experience to film. Essentially, the film invites us to express, experience, and think. In reflection upon the conversation, I must recognize it’s existence as a moment that is situated within a series of instances. Reconcile the fact that genre exists both at once “full-blown” and emerges spontaneously within conversation Genre requires a level of engagement between reader and the text. While “genre exists as a form characterized by features, as an object by its properties; accordingly to emerge to the question is that later members can ‘add’ something to the genre because there is no such thing as ‘all its features’” (315). Cavell establishes two forms of genre: one consisting of genre as a medium and the other consisting of genre as a cycle. The role that criticism plays within these two cases of genre differs. In genre as a cycle, the criticism falls predominantly on the genre rather than the individual object. “Genre as a form characterized by features, as an object by its properties; accordingly to emerge full-blow must mean to emerge possessing all its features” 1) “First, nothing would count as a feature until an act of criticism defines it as such (otherwise it would always have been obvious that, for instance, the subject of remarriage was a feature, indeed a leading feature of a genre) 2) “Second, if a member of a genre were just an......

Words: 1043 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Dichotomy Between Mata Hai And The Edith Cavell

...Sexuality – that’s the common misconception applied within the topic of women in espionage. The pervasive myth is that female contributions to findings came by means of feminine charms. Although some resorted to flirtation, many women contributed by training, organizing, and passing information - with only patriotism driving their ability to aid their state. It misconstrues the powerful influence women play during wartime in the realm of intelligence. Post-World War I and II images of the female agents present a false dichotomy between the Edith Cavell’s version of purity or the Mata Hari’s version of immorality. Improper association debases the work of notable women and female organizations passing information and forming networks during...

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Descriptive Essay

...Skylar Morel Professor Cavell English 1001, Section 09 3-11-16 My one brief but unforgettable moment would have to be when I got the news that my uncle had passed away. I was in the sixth grade. I was in class and the principal came over the intercom and asked my teacher to let me be excused to be checked out of class. I knew something was wrong because my mom would never check me out without telling me. I got my stuff together and walked to the office. My grandpa was waiting outside the door for me. While we walked to the truck I was asking him if I was going to the doctor and he said no. when we got into the truck he told me that my uncle lance had passed away last night in a car accident. I looked at him and laughed because I thought he was just joking with me. I kept asking him over and over again if he was just joking and he wasn’t. I thought it was just a dream. I went to my grandpa’s house and waited for my mom and dad to come pick me up. When they got home they told me about the wreck. I asked them how my grandma was doing and they said she was doing really bad. She was at her house by herself when the cops came to tell her that her son had passed away. She kept telling them no that she just talked to him on the phone and she wouldn’t believe them. They told her that they had his wallet and she still didn’t believe them. They told her he was riding with his friend that was drunk and they flipped the car. They friend lived but my uncle died. They told her......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Knowledge Management

...Management process. It will also examine Tacit vs. Explicit Knowledge and the importance they have in the Knowledge Management process. This research paper is presented in the form of a report hence comprehensive analysis and conclusion will be drawn from the findings of the research as it relates to the topic “Knowledge Management”. What is Knowledge Management? “Knowledge is power”, as quoted by the English philosopher Francis Bacon (1561-1626) (Henry, 2002). With the requisite knowledge, an individual or organization can achieve any goal or objective. Now we ask ourselves, “What is Knowledge Management”? To arrive at a possible response to such a question it is imperative to underline the key terms Knowledge and Management. (Cavell, 2002) claimed that Knowledge is the understanding of information and skills acquired through experience or education, which exists mostly in the minds of people. (Gomez-Mejia & Cardy, 2008) stated that Management is the action that correlate the efforts of people to achieve goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. In accordance to these two concise definitions my tone is set to define “Knowledge Management (KM) as a multi-disciplined approach to achieving organizational objectives by...

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Edith Piaf

...Edith Piaf est née Edith Giovanna Gassion en le dix-neuf decembre dix-neuf cent quinze dans le voisinage de Paris, Belleville. Son père Louis-Alphonse, un acrobate, et sa mere Annette, une chanteuse de café, ont nommé lui Edith à cause de l’infirmière Edith Cavell qui aidait les soldats de Belgique pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Après le mauvais traitment dans son enfance, Louis Leplée, un propriétaire de boîte de nuit, a découvert lui quand elle avait vingt ans et il a donné à elle le surnom La Môme Piaf ou The Little Sparrow. La chanteuse de rue est devenue cél`ebre aussi avec l’aide de Raymond Asso, Marguerite Monnot et un concert pour l’émission d’Ed Sullivan. Elle travaillait jusqu’à sa mort en le dix octobre, dix-neuf cent sioxante trois à cause de l’échec de foie. Pendant sa vie, elle a marrié deux fois, une fois à Jacques Pills pour cinq ans et aussi de Théo Sarapo pour une année avant sa mort. Ses chansons principalement sont Non je ne regretted rien, La Vie en Rose, Hymn à l’amour et Sous le ciel de Paris. Aujourd’hui, nous discutons de la vie en rose. Les mots inconnus Tu veux dire * baisser (gaze) * rire (smile) * appartiens (belong) * bas (softly) * aperçois (sense) * ennuis (trouble) * chagrins (sorrow) Maintenant, je montre à vous un clip de cette chansons. Edith Piaf chantait de lien humain, amour, la force des sentiments romantiques et l’importance de tout les trois dans la vie. * Amour est un thème et......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Robert Frost Poems

...Sheri Belgard Professor Cavell English 1002, Section 08 04 November 2015 The Importance of Choices in the Poems of Robert Frost Robert Frost’s poems depict humans as travelers on the journey of life and are often centered on the setting of nature. While his poems may seem straightforward because of the simplistic natural setting, they often contain a much deeper and profound message, which resonates with the reader. Throughout our journey we must make choices, from the mundane, to the utterly life altering. There are three poems, "The Road Not Taken," "The Wood-Pile," and "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening," that convey his idea that our choices shape our futures and the people we become. "The Road Not Taken", explores the acts and consequences of choices. The speaker finds himself between “Two roads diverged in a yellow wood/ And sorry I could not travel both” (Frost 1-2). The yellowness of the wood establishes an autumnal setting which is in sync with the speaker’s contemplative tone as he is deciding which road to take. The speaker looked down as far as he could, “To where it bent in the undergrowth” (Frost 4-5), but could not see beyond it. The “undergrowth” is a metaphor for the mysteries in life which remain unknown. The “two roads diverged” symbolizes the tough choices people come across while traveling the road of life. The regret of the speaker’s decision is expressed with a “sigh” as he reflects on the unsatisfactorily state of his current life, and......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Women Roles in Ww1

...The Supporting Role of Women in the First World War Topic #74: What Role did Women Play in the First World War Name: Nicole Terry Student Number: 0523481 Professor: Keith Walden Teacher Assistant: Alison Perry Date: March 12, 2014 Course: History 1500 The Great War began in August 1914 as a result of the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. With the initiation of the war the call for citizens to bravely fight for their county was shortly followed. But the call for action did not only signify male participation, but it required the mobilization of women as well. “Thus from the very start, wartime media … called upon women specifically” to support their country. During The Great War propaganda is essential to the mobilization of women. Women play a significant role in the First World War in providing a support system that help to reinforce their military. Women’s support is displayed in a variety of ways. The brave and the qualified women work alongside their male counterparts on the war front, as nurses and espionage members. While others provide support from the home front through the participation of females in the workplace and continuing to be the primary caregiver for the households and children. The importance of female involvement in The Great War lies in the significant consequences women’s participation has had subsequently. Without women’s involvement the story of the war would differ greatly. Women roles as nurses in the Great War is crucial to the......

Words: 2657 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employee Relationships

...Appealing Employment Support Allowance Decisions   Employment Support Allowance How to make an ESA appeal Introduction There are three levels of appeal when appealing a decision by the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP). They are: 1. Reconsideration 2. Appealing to the First Tier tribunal 3. Appealing to the Upper tribunal. Generally it is best to first appeal by asking the Department of Work and Pensions to reconsider its decision. If this fails then you can appeal to the First Tier tribunal which is independent and run by the Social Security tribunal service. If your appeal to the first tier tribunal fails then you can appeal to the Upper tribunal. On the next page you will find a list of some of the types of documents that you could use as evidence in any appeal or application for Employment Support Allowance. © DLS 2011  2 Evidence for appealing Employment Support Allowance decisions at any level of appeal • A letter of support from your doctor; • A care plan; • A doctor’s report; • A Statement by the claimant showing the history of the problems they have and how they affect them; • Any medical information such as letter for appointments or anything which assists in proving your claimant attended their Doctor/hospital or other therapy for their problem; • A diary of how the problems effect the claimant on a day to day basis; • A statement from anyone that might provide care or help the claimant with their problems such as friends, family, care......

Words: 2772 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

The Impact of School-Based Mentoring on Youths with Different Relational Profiles

...Developmental Psychology 2011, Vol. 47, No. 2, 450 – 462 © 2010 American Psychological Association 0012-1649/10/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/a0021379 The Impact of School-Based Mentoring on Youths With Different Relational Profiles Sarah E. O. Schwartz, Jean E. Rhodes, and Christian S. Chan University of Massachusetts Boston Carla Herrera Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Associations between youths’ relationship profiles and mentoring outcomes were explored in the context of a national, randomized study of 1,139 youths (54% female) in geographically diverse Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs. The sample included youths in Grades 4 –9 from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds, the majority of whom were receiving free or reduced-price lunch. Latent profile analysis, a person-oriented approach, was used to identify 3 distinct relational profiles. Mentoring was found to have differential effects depending on youths’ preintervention approach to relationships. In particular, youths who, at baseline, had satisfactory, but not particularly strong, relationships benefited more from mentoring than did youths with profiles characterized by either strongly positive or negative relationships. Implications for research and practice are discussed. Keywords: youth mentoring, parent relationships, teacher relationships, latent profile analysis Youth mentoring programs such as Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) pair youths with volunteers who are...

Words: 12031 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay

Marketing Managment

...BUS-530 Marketing Management (Module 1) Date: 01/04/2011 Muhammad Naeem Sarwar MBA Information Management Module 1: 1) Understanding Marketing Management a) Define the term supply chain. b) What is the task environment? c) What is meant by holistic marketing? d) What is the Product Market Expansion Grid? e) Explain the differences between a strategic marketing plan and a tactical marketing plan. f) Define Market Opportunity Analysis (MOA). A. Define the term supply chain. Supply chain management can be defined as the process of planning, implementing and monitoring the everyday operations of a supply chain Supply chain management is an all encompassing process as it undertakes the management of availability of raw materials, their processing into finished goods and the distributions of the same. The aim of all this is to provide the highest level of satisfaction to the customer and thus increase the business of the company. And with the increasing complexity of the supply chain, supply chain management has also become about coordinating and collaborating with the different trade partners now involved in the supply chain. Supply chain management decisions are made on three different levels- the tactical, strategic and operational levels. Strategic level involves long term decisions while tactical level includes medium term decisions while operational level is concerned with very short term......

Words: 3085 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Social Skills

...Computers in Human Behavior 29 (2013) 1872–1878 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Computers in Human Behavior journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/comphumbeh (A)Social reputation: Exploring the relationship between online video game involvement and social competence Rachel Kowert a,⇑, Julian A. Oldmeadow b a b Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft, University of Münster, Münster 48143, Germany Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Affordable and accessible Internet has changed the way video games are played, allowing individuals to connect worldwide in shared gaming spaces. On the surface participation within these environments may seem socially beneficial, as these highly social, playful spaces allow players to connect, interact with, and learn from others. However, there is a growing concern that increased participation within online gaming environments comes with a wide variety of social consequences, contributing to numerous losses in ‘offline’ sociability. While considerable research has examined these claims, consistent relationships between social competence and online video game involvement have yet to be established. The current work (N = 515) aimed to examine the extent to which online video game involvement may support, or undermine, the development and maintenance of traditional social skills. The results indicate that there are unique......

Words: 7724 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Bullying

...Literature Review Sample on Bullying Posted by Vic Fabe at 7:40 PM Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This part of the study will be discussing the relevant literature connected with the study of the bullying in high school. This part of the study accounts the works that has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. All this would allow the readers to map the field and position your research within the context. Moreover, this part of the study justifies the reason for research. This is closely connected with demonstrating that is known in the field. It is the knowledge of the field that allows one to identify the gap, which the research could fill. Concurrently, it allows the researcher to establish the theoretical framework and methodological focus. Adolescents in High School Adolescence is an especially dangerous time of life. The onset of puberty produces biological changes that are certainly unprecedented, if not scary. The adolescent's body changes visibly, and while his appearance continues to change, his concept of self changes as well. The reception he receives from others changes, in addition to the way he responds to them. The boundaries once conceived of as permanent are uncertain and must be reconfigured. The adolescent will begin to see himself as having sexual drives and may feel great anxiety surrounding sexual matters. And in response to this myriad of intense feelings and changes, the adolescent presents himself as omnipotent...

Words: 5806 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Review of Biosensors

...Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25 (2009) 661–667 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Biosensors and Bioelectronics journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/bios Review Detection of microorganisms using biosensors—A smarter way towards detection techniques Madhura Nayak 1 , Akhil Kotian 1 , Sandhya Marathe 1 , Dipshikha Chakravortty ∗ Centre for Infectious Disease Research and Biosafety Laboratories, Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Along with useful microorganisms, there are some that cause potential damage to the animals and plants. Detection and identification of these harmful organisms in a cost and time effective way is a challenge for the researchers. The future of detection methods for microorganisms shall be guided by biosensor, which has already contributed enormously in sensing and detection technology. Here, we aim to review the use of various biosensors, developed by integrating the biological and physicochemical/mechanical properties (of tranducers), which can have enormous implication in healthcare, food, agriculture and biodefence. We have also highlighted the ways to improve the functioning of the biosensor. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Article history: Received 8 July 2009 Received in revised form 22 August 2009 Accepted 25 August 2009 Available online 31 August 2009 Keywords: Biosensors Microorganisms Biodefence...

Words: 7262 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Ap World Spring Break

...Spring Break Work Ch. 13 Section 1 1) Sui Wendi: First emperor of the Sui dynasty centralized government, restored order, created a new legal code, reformed Bureaucracy Tang Taizong: The founder of the Tang Dynasty, he expanded China to include all that the Han had had and more. Wu Zhao: The only woman to ever declare herself empress, she was a member of the Tang Dynasty. Grand Canal: The 1,100-mile waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire. Zhao Kuangyin: Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent. Li Bo: Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings. 2) tributary state: A country that pays tribute in money or goods to a more powerful nation Pagoda: Buddhist temples with many-storied towers; this was adapted from the Chinese 3) The dynasties returned the Middle Kingdom back to its old glory. a) Under the Tang and Song dynasties the emperor ruled over a splendid court filled with aristocratic families. The two main classes of society were the gentry, wealthy landowners, which valued scholarship more than physical labor, and the peasantry, who worked the land and lived off of what they produced. Then the merchants had a lower status in society. Merchants had such a low status in society because according to Confucianism......

Words: 8724 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

Peer Pressure

...adolescents Chapter I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Social rejection happens when one individual is purposely excluded from social situations. This rejection can be performed by either an individual or group of people, and it can be active or passive in nature. Since 1990’s, when a whole slew of school shooting began to occur across the United States, there have been numerous studies, centred around social rejection. These studies have shown that this type of rejection can lead to variety of negative psychological effects on the sufferer, including aggression and withdrawal. Humans are social creatures, by nature, and rejection is always emotionally painful. Some rejection is normal in life, and just about everyone has experienced, or will experience, some sort of social exclusion during his lifetime. Repeating rejection can be malicious or otherwise; can have negative impact on a person. These rejections can be much more devastating for highly sensitive individual, or if fitting in with in a certain person or group is extremely important to the shunned person. Active social rejection can manifest itself in such form as bullying or teasing. Passive rejection, on the other hand, can be a bit harder to recognize, and it can include ignoring a certain individual and excluding him from certain activities. Although passive rejection may seem to be less cruel, it can have effects that are just as detrimental. Psychologists have over the......

Words: 11516 - Pages: 47