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Ccot Research Paper

In: Historical Events

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OTCCOT Essay During the time 1750-1900 changes were happening in many countries. People began moving around for a different place to live, a better life and new jobs. This period was called the Industrial Revolution. People moved for a better living life; some moved because of crime or not having a job and even not receiving enough benefits. Some reasons even included not being able to supply for their families. But during this time people were mainly moving to find better jobs. The industrial Revolution was the time for inventing and improving technology. A transition period to new manufacturing process. A change from hand production materials to machines and new mechanical iron production. A change from wood supply to coal. This was urbanization starting with the industrial changes and people began to move from the countryside to the city, and some moved from different countries into Britain. This began a population increase due to the urbanization in Britain. Fast developing iron, coal and textile industries were creating new work. New work meant that more workers were needed, and so more people needed a place to live. Before the Industrial Revolution the working industry were people working inside the factories and each machine was operated by hand and each machine would require more than one person to work with it. Fast developing iron, coal and textile industries were creating new work. New work meant that more workers were needed, and so more people needed a place to live. However during the transition of the Industrial Revolution the machines being produced started to only require one or two people to work the machines. Because of this many people lost their jobs. In the 1830s-1840 people began to move away from Britain. They moved to the US or different parts of the British Empire. During these years, many people suffered from low wages and unemployment. They also suffered from the high cost of bread which led to many people starving. In 1837, some poor people from the village of Besthorpe wrote a letter saying that they wanted to move out of Britain. The main reasons were starvation and poverty. They said that they knew things couldn’t be worse somewhere else, and that they couldn’t be worse off than they already were. The letter also said that there were farmers who were able to work, but couldn’t get employed. This showed that the cities were probably a bit over populated, and therefore, there were too many people to employ for work in factories. In the 1840’s Ireland suffered a famine, faced with massive costs and a starving population many land owners paid for labors to emigrate. Over a million labors moved to Britain and others to North America. The Industrial Revolution brought about social status change for women. From being at home and being house mothers and wives women began to start working in textiles and working on cloths. The women would spin wool, there were also blacksmiths and some worked on boats. In the 1900s things were changing again for women. They were getting educated, they became teachers and were just as successful as men. Women began to migrate to different countries to better themselves. Because women working and men at the same time the children weren’t being taken care of. It tough to raise kids during this time period. Political leaders felt as if women shouldn’t work and should in the house taking care the household needs and the children, but women didn’t go. They continued to better themselves and as for single women they brought themselves up to be just as successful as the men were to prove a point.

The machines of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and early 19th centuries were simple devices compared with the industrial technology that followed. Many new products were brought about from the important advances that were made in the system of mass production. Changes in industry were great during the period after 1860 and brought about the Second Industrial Revolution. New scientific knowledge was applied to industry as scientists and engineers unlocked the secrets of physics and chemistry. New industries were founded on this scientific advance: steel, chemicals, and petroleum benefited from new understandings of chemistry; breakthroughs in the study of electricity and magnetism provided the basis for a large electrical industry. These new industries were larger and more productive than any industries existing before. Germany and the United States became the leaders, and by the end of the 19th century.

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