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МБОУ СОШ села Шеми Дзун-Хемчикского кожууна РТ.

Доклад на тему: «Развитие физической культуры и спорта в условиях ФГОС»

Шеми 2013г.
Физическая культура - обязательный учебный курс в общеобразовательных учреждениях.
Главная цель развития отечественной системы школьного образования определяется как формирование личности, готовой к активной творческой самореализации в пространстве общечеловеческой культуры. Физическая культура, как любой другой предмет, включенный в Базисный учебный план, так же ориентирована на достижение этой цели. В свою очередь, специфической целью школьного физического воспитания является формирование разносторонне физически развитой личности, способной активно использовать ценности физической культуры для укрепления и длительного сохранения собственного здоровья, оптимизации трудовой деятельности и организации активного отдыха.
Понятийная база и содержание курса основаны на положениях нормативно-правовых актов Российской Федерации, в том числе:
Требований к результатам освоения образовательной программы начального общего образования, представленной в Федеральном государственном стандарте начального общего образования;
Концепции духовно-нравственного развития и воспитания личности гражданина;
Закона « Об образовании»;
Федерального закона « О физической культуре и спорте»;
Стратегии национальной безопасности Российской Федерации до 2020г.;
Примерной программы начального общего образования; приказа Минобрнауки от 30 августа 2010 г. № 889. Ориентируясь на решение задач образования школьников , учебный предмет «Физическая культура» в своем предметном содержании направлен на реализацию принципа вариативности, который лежит в основе планирования учебного материала в соответствии с половозрастными особенностями учащихся, материально-технической оснащенностью учебного процесса, региональными климатическими условиями и видом учебного учреждения.
Перемены, происходящие в современном обществе, требуют ускоренного совершенствования образовательного пространства, определения целей образования, учитывающих государственные, социальные и личностные потребности и интересы. В связи с этим приоритетным направлением становится обеспечение развивающего потенциала новых образовательных стандартов. В истории образования выделены три конкурирующих подхода к разработке стандартов. Наиболее разработанный, традиционный подход может быть назван "ЗУНовским". Он сводит образование к знаниям, умениям и навыкам. Все предшествующие поколения стандартов основаны на ЗУНовском подходе. Второй подход называется компетентностным. Третий - системно-деятельностный подход в образовании.
Системно-деятельностный подход основывается на теоретических положениях концепции Л.С.Выготского, А.Н.Леонтьева, Д.Б.Эльконина, П.Я.Гальперина, раскрывающих основные психологические закономерности процесса обучения и воспитания, структуру образовательной деятельности учащихся с учетом общих закономерностей онтогенетического возрастного развития детей и подростков. Деятельностный подход исходит из положения о том, что психологические способности человека есть результат преобразования внешней предметной деятельности во внутреннюю психическую деятельность путем последовательных преобразований. Таким образом, личностное, социальное, познавательное развитие учащихся определяется характером организации их деятельности, в первую очередь учебной. В деятельностном подходе обосновано положение, согласно которому содержание образования проектирует определенный тип мышления - эмпирический или теоретический. По мнению авторов, именно содержание обучения позволяет "вести за собой" умственное развитие. Системно-деятельностный подход – это переход к построению стандартов нового поколения с ориентацией на итоговые результаты образования как системообразующий компонент конструкции стандартов. Стандарт образования фиксирует не само содержание образования, хотя с ним связано, а результаты образования, результаты деятельности и требования к этим результатам.
В системно - деятельностном подходе категория "деятельности" занимает одно из ключевых мест, а деятельность сама рассматривается как своего рода система. "Любая деятельность, осуществляемая её субъектом, включает в себя цель, средство, сам процесс преобразования и его результат". Согласно современным взглядам, цель деятельности возникает у человека как образ предвидимого результата созидания. Деятельность это всегда целеустремлённая система, система, нацеленная на результат. Результат может быть достигнут только в том случае, если есть обратная связь. При определении результатов необходимо учитывать психолого-возрастные, индивидуальные особенности развития личности ребёнка и присущи этим особенностям формы деятельности. Школа выполняет заказ, сформулированный в стандартах. Стандарты - социальная конвенциональная норма, общественный договор между семьей, обществом и государством:
- семья предъявляет требования к созданию условий для успешности личностной, социальной, профессиональной;
-общество - к безопасности и здоровью, свободе и ответственности, социальной справедливости, благосостоянию;
- государство – к сохранению национального единства, безопасности, развитию человеческого потенциала, конкурентоспособности. В связи с этим задача системы образования состоит не в передаче объёма знаний, а в том, чтобы научить учиться. При этом становление учебной деятельности означает становление духовного развития личности. Школам поставлена основная педагогическая задача:
Чему учить? (Обновление содержания)
Ради чего учить? (Ценности образования)
Как учить? (Обновление средств обучения) Цель физического воспитания в школе: содействовать всестороннему развитию личности посредством формирования физической культуры личности школьника. Решение задач физического воспитания направленно на: * содействие гармоническому физическому развитию, закрепление навыков правильной осанки, развитие устойчивости организма к неблагоприятным условиям внешней среды, воспитание ценностей ориентаций на здоровый образ жизни и привычки соблюдения личной гигиены; * обучение основам базовых видов двигательных действий; * дальнейшее развитие координационных и кондиционных способностей. * формирование основ знаний о личной гигиене, о влиянии занятий физическими упражнениями на основные системы организма, развитие волевых и нравственных качеств; * выработку представлений о физической культуре личности и приемах самоконтроля; * углубление представлений об основных видах спорта, соревнованиях, снарядах и инвентаре, соблюдение правил техники безопасности во время занятий, оказание первой помощи при травмах; * воспитание привычки к самостоятельным занятиям физическими упражнениями, избранными видами спорта в свободное время; * выработку организаторских навыков проведения занятий в качестве командира отделения, капитана команды, судьи; * формирование адекватной оценки собственных физических возможностей; * воспитание инициативности, самостоятельности, взаимопомощи, дисциплинированности, чувства ответственности; * содействие развитию психических процессов и обучение основам психической саморегуляции.
К формам организации занятий по физической культуре в школе относятся разнообразные уроки физической культуры. Для более полной реализации цели и задач по физической культуре в нашей школе уроки физической культуры дополняются внеклассными формами занятий (физкультурно-оздоровительные мероприятия в режиме учебного дня, физкультминутки, подвижные перемены, спортивные кружки т. д.)
Для более качественного освоения предметного содержания уроки физической культуры подразделяются на три типа: с образовательно-познавательной, образовательно-предметной и образовательно-тренировочной направленностью: * уроки образовательно-познавательной направленности знакомят с учебными знаниями, обучают навыкам и умениям по организации и проведению самостоятельных занятий, с использованием ранее разученного учебного материала; * уроки образовательно-предметной направленности используются для формирования обучения практическому материалу разделов гимнастики, легкой атлетики, подвижных игр, лыжной подготовки; * уроки образовательно-тренировочной направленности используются для преимущественного развития физических качеств и решения соответствующих задач на этих уроках, формируют представления о физической подготовке и физических качествах, обучают способам регулирования физической нагрузки, способам контроля ее и влиянии на развитие систем организма. В процессе обучения применяются методы физического воспитания: * словесный метод (объяснение, указания, команда, убеждение); * наглядный метод (демонстрация, наглядные пособия, и т.д.); * метод разучивания нового материала (в целом и по частям); * методы развития двигательных качеств (повторный, равномерный, соревновательный, игровой и т.д.) Используются современные образовательные технологии: * здоровьесберегающие технологии - привитие гигиенических навыков, навыков правильного дыхания, приемов массажа, игр на свежем воздухе в целях закаливания, использование физических упражнений имеющих лечебно-воспитательный эффект, корригирующих и коррекционных упражнений; * личностно-ориентированное и дифференцированное обучение - применение тестов и заданий с учетом уровня физической подготовленности и группы здоровья. * информационно-коммуникационные технологии - показ презентаций для улучшения мотивации к занятиям физическими упражнениями и в приобретении знаний основ физической культуры, создание спортивных сайтов, сайта учителя физической культуры, занятия научно- исследовательской работой; Важной особенностью образовательного процесса физического воспитания является оценивание учащихся. Оценивание учащихся предусмотрено как по окончанию изучения раздела, так и по мере текущего освоения умений и навыков. В начале и конце учебного года учащиеся сдают шесть зачетных упражнений (тесты) для определения уровня физического развития и физических способностей. Тесты принимаются в виде зачетов по плану на уроках легкой атлетики (сентябрь,май). Кроме зачетов по уровню физического развития, в каждой четверти принимаются контрольные упражнения по пройденным разделам программы. Контрольные испытания. Сдача контрольных нормативов по общей, специальной физической и технической подготовленности. Физическое развитие и физическая подготовленность по волейболу № п/п | Содержание требований (вид испытаний) | девочки | мальчики | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. | Бег 30 м с высокого старта (с)Бег 30 м (6х5) (с)Прыжок в длину с места (см)Прыжок вверх, отталкиваясь двумя ногами с разбега (см)Метание набивного мяча массой 1 кг из-за головы двумя руками:сидя (м) в прыжке с места (м) | 5,011,9150355,07,5 | 4,911,2170456,09,5 | Контрольные тесты (требования к учащимся) по баскетболу

Литература: Айропетянц Л.Р., Гадик М.А. Спортивные игры. — Ташкент. 2005. Баскетбол: Учебник для вузов физической культуры. Под.ред. Ю.М. Портнова. — М., Ф и С, 2004. Белов С. Броски по кольцу. Физкультура в школе. 2000. Гомельский А.Я. Секреты мастера. 1000 баскетбольных упражнений. — М., "ФАИР"/ 1997. Каинов А.Н. Организация работы спортивных секций в школе.-Волгоград, 2011. Матвеев Л.П. Теория и методика физической культуры. — М., Ф и с. 2001. Шмелева О.А. Организация образовательного процесса по предмету « Физическая культура» в условиях реализации ФГОС нового поколения» статья, 09.12.2012.

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...Cell phones Freymel De La Rosa Mr. Ramírez English 11, 3rd period May 29th 2012 Outline Thesis Statement: Cell phones have changed us socially in many ways since their first invention till now, through their history, uses, and their changes in communication. Introduction I. Cell phones History A. First cell phones B. Cell phones inventor C. How they work II. Using of Cell Phones A. Changes in Communication B. Benefits C. Health effects III. Have they changed us socially? A. How? B. Negative use C. Positive use De La Rosa 1 The concept of the cellular phone was developed in 1947 which originated from the mobile car phone. The concept of the cellular phone was produced by Bell Laboratories. The first actual cell phone was made in 1973 by Martin Cooper of Motorola and other assisting inventors who used the idea of the car phone and applied the technology necessary to make a portable cell phone possible. Cell phones were first made available to the public in 1984. Back then, they were very large, expensive instruments. The first cellular phones to be created were very large and bulky. This made them difficult to carry around. The first cell phone came to the market in 1984 from Motorola and weighed 2 pounds. It was a DynaTac 8000X which was selling for $3,995. A few years later, in 1991, the Motorola MicroTac Lite was created which cost $1000. Martin Cooper started Motorola’s research for cellular phones. He was......

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Cellphone

...We are living in an electronic age. The whole world is taking a new turn with every fraction of time. It has given birth to globalization. The world has been contracted and concised at a tip. There are a lot of new means of communication which have made our life so simple and easy going. Mobile phone can be seen as the most used present day phenomenon in this fast growing time. Mobile phone is a revolutionary step in the field of tele-communication. We had the days when the telephones only served the purpose of communication through sound. Mobile phone has completely changed the concept of the telephoning. Now a phone is not only a mere phone but it is a lot in itself. A mobile phone works on a unique networked system which needs no wiring, no fixation and no botheration. Originally it was used in cars, airlines, and passanger trains but increasingly it is becoming ubiquitous. It is basically low- power radio telephone. In this magical system calls go through radio transmitters that are located within small geographical unit which are known as cells. Since each cell's signals are too weak to interfere with those of other cells operating on the same frequencies and more channels can be used than would be possible with high power radio frequency transmission. Narrow-band frequency modulation (FM) is the most common mode of transmission, each message is assigned a carrier, unique to the cell from which it is transmitted. The cellular phone was first tested in 1978. The......

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...ISSN: 2319-8753 International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol. 2, Issue 12, December 2013 The Mobile Phone Usage Among Teens And Young Adults Impact Of Invading Technology Krithika.M1, Dr.S.Vasantha2 Research Scholar, School Of Management Studies, Vels University, Pallavaram Chennai, India1 Professor, School Of Management Studies, Vels University, Pallavaram Chennai, India 2 Abstract: The development and modernization of technology has made people‘s lives easier and contributed positively to social well-being so far while it has also brought about some problems and threats stemming from irresponsible use of mobile phones among teens young adults. There is a critical and pathetic state prevailing over the sky of our youth. The whole youth population or student community is passing through the chaos, disturbance and mental incapacitation. This study focuses on exploring the pattern of mobile phone usage among teens and young adults in Chennai. It also attempts to examine the extent of addictive behavior towards the usage of mobile phones Questionnaire survey method was used to elicit the responses. Higher secondary students and first year college students were considered as population and simple random sampling technique were used to select the sample of 201 students. The collected data were analyzed with the help of various tools and techniques to draw meaningful inferences and......

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...The advent of mobile phone has contributed to a revolution in communications industry as a result of introducing new methods for interacting such as texting. Texting, as one of the most commonly used communications means could dramatically change the ways of communications.However, I vigorously disagree with the debate that people should much of their time on texting instead of face to face communication due to its negative effects on the relationships of individuals, efficiency or even the interaction of people with elderly. Clearly, texting instead of talking to others is an unhealthy way for relationships. A message with limited characters cannot transfer tones thoroughly and conservation is not always consecutive. The receiver would be puzzled and sometime misunderstanding the message as a result of shortening excessively. An invisible diving line will occur between couples who are spending much of their time and not talking; they will feel strange when they look on other's faces and talk. Some people don't know what to say because they get used to texting not talking. The sometime texting message may change into an addiction and a permanent habit which negatively impact many aspects of life, ranging from productivity of employees and social isolation. Texting provides more discreet way of communicating. As typing and sending a message only need a few minutes, employees can send a message without blaming abuse working hours to do private work. Nowadays, teenage......

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...Raymond Dyer 1 How Cell Phones Have Changed Our Lives Ever since the mid 1980s, cell phones have been quickly moving their way into our everyday lives, especially with the introduction of camera phones in the early part of the new millennium. As cell phones evolve they have more and more of an impact on our everyday lives and I want to just how much they are impacting. As with new technology in any other form, cell phones have changed greatly over their relatively short life spans. As these changes occur, so does the populations like and sometimes dislike for these new smart phones. One of the major problems occurring with cell phones in modern times is that people use them at inappropriate times, such as when they are checking out of a grocery store. Even though there are a couple negative aspects about cell phones, my research and my paper are going to mainly the benefits of cell phones in the United States of America. My research focuses on a couple of key areas in cell phone communication, such as the evolution of cell phones, text messaging, smart phones and other cell phone applications as well as my own research including a survey that I distributed to some of my classmates. The History The first cell phone was much different than what we have today. In 1984 the Motorola Dyna TAC8000X was released into the market (Associated Press, 2005). This phone was the first of its kind and was totally unlike anything that anybody in the United States had ever...

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...Cellphones The advent of mobile phones has squeezed this large world and brought it into the palm of human being. However mobile phones have always been instigating debates among the people about their merits and demerits. Apart from the instant access they give us, mobile phones have multipurpose uses ranging from business work, means for entertainment and ensuring security. On the other hand, they have some disadvantages like initiating violation of privacy, unnecessary wastage of money, talking on mobile phones while driving and emission of radiation from the handsets which is allegedly harmful for health. I would like to argue for the advantages of mobile phones which outweigh their disadvantages.  The main feature of mobile phones is ‘instant access' which makes them the most exclusive devices for communication. Now people can make voice or VDO call or send text messages to anyone anytime from almost anywhere at a cheap rate using mobile phones. Besides this, with the aid of the latest WAP technology users can surf the internet, send emails and chat with other people at a low cost (http://www.webuser.co.uk, 24th October, 2007). According to a research released on 13th February, 2007 from the Mobile Entertainment Forum and Ovum, 20% of UK subscribers search internet via mobile phones (http://www.3g.co.uk/PR/Feb2007/4267.htm, retrieved 24th October, 2007). It is obvious that the communication has become a lot easier now compared to the pre-mobile phones......

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...Informative Speech Outline Topic: Skin Cancer Thesis: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States but is highly curable if detected early and treated properly. Specific Purpose: to inform the audience about the different kinds of skin cancer and what preventive measures you can take to protect yourself from skin cancer. I. Introduction A. Do you know that skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States; two million people are diagnosed annually. B. Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells caused by UV radiation from the sun and tanning beds. C. 1 in five people will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. D. The risk for skin cancer is much higher for Caucasians than for people of African or Hispanic descent. E. It is also the most treatable form of cancer, if found and treated early. F. I was diagnosed with squamous cell keratocanthoma type skin cancer at the age of 35, quite a shock. G. Today, I will share with you the facts about skin cancer. II. Body A. Basal cell skin cancer are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in the skin’s basal cells, which line the deepest layer of the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin).Basal cell skin cancer is the most common form of common form of cancer in the United States and accounts for more than 90% of diagnosed skin cancer. Most skin cancers are basal cell cancer. 1. You are more likely to get basal cell skin......

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...Introduction INFORMATION Students at High Schools in St.Louis are not allowed to use cell phones during school hours. The Disciplinary actions for students caught using a cell phone are: First Violation: The device will be confiscated and a parent/guardian must schedule a conference at the school to retrieve item. Second Violation: The device will be confiscated, student fined P1,200.00, parent/guardian must schedule a conference to retrieve the item, and (1) day suspension of student. Third (or more) Violations: The device will be confiscated, student loses privileges of possessing electronic devices for 1 year, student fined P2,400.00, more suspension days and/or referred to Student Tribunal Court. School districts across the states have similar policies because cell phones and other electronic devices are seen as an interference to the learning process. On the other hand, there are arguments that these rules are too strict and school districts should find ways to embrace the cell phone technology used by students on a daily basis. LITERATURE CAUSE AND EFFECT In today’s fast-moving and globalised world it is almost impossible to imagine our day-to-day life without mobile-phones. It is one of the most successful inventions of the 20th century, which has become a convenient means of communication. Modern mobile phones perform many other functions as well; they can substitute for such devices as music players, cameras and organizers. Most of them......

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Cellphone

...Cell phones How have they changed us socially? A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, and a hand phone) is a device that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area. It does so by connecting to a cellular network provided by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephone network. By contrast, a cordless telephone is used only within the short range of a single, private base station. In addition to telephony, modern mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet access, short-range wireless communications (infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, gaming and photography. Mobile phones that offer these and more general computing capabilities are referred to as smartphones. The first hand-held mobile phone was demonstrated by John F. Mitchell[1][2] and Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973, using a handset weighing around 2.2 pounds (1 kg).[3] In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000x was the first to be commercially available. From 1990 to 2011, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 6 billion, penetrating about 87% of the global population and reaching the bottom of the economic pyramid.[4][5][6][7] Before the devices that are now referred to as mobile phones existed, there were some precursors. The development of mobile telephony began in 1918 with tests of wireless telephony on military trains between......

Words: 1819 - Pages: 8