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Cemetaery Anthropology

In: Science

Submitted By islandpam
Words 1153
Pages 5
Pamela Kofton
ANT 102 Cultural Anthropology
Fall 2012 Ellsworth Center

Marlboro Cemetery
Lamoine, MaineThis old time cemetery in Hancock County, Maine seems, at first glance, to be a forgotten patch of
Maine woods. Adjacent to a new housing development, Marlboro Woods with large homes spread out on Ldyia's lane, a seemingly bustling neighborhood of the future, an overgrown woods path leads to an entrance marked with a bent iron gate attached to stone pillars and delineated by a wire fence.

Marlboro Cemetery is located in Lamoine, Maine off Route 204 (called Partridge Cove Rd) approximately 4.4 miles from the intersection of Rt 184 and 204. Turn left onto Lydia's Lane, drive approximately 0.1 miles. There is a path to the cemetery on the right.

The cemetery is named Marlboro Cemetery. Marlboro is a village which was incorporated into the town of Lamoine. Although a number of gravestones do display Christian symbols, there seems to be no obvious church or religious affiliation represented, leading me to deduce this cemetery was used by all town members. There are a total of twenty two surnames represented with no prevailing ethnicity. Wives are buried with their husbands showing this is a patriarchal society. Most stones are crafted from the local granite with a few different types unrecognizable to me. Surnames Represented in Marlboro Cemetery (QTY) | Bowden (2) | Bragdon (6) | Closson (1) | Corey (1 + 1 Dog) | Ford (5) | Frye (1) | Gilbert (2) | Grover (1) | Ham (1) | Hodgkins (38) | Kelly/Kelley (5) | Kulich (2) | Martin (1) | McIntyre (7) | Mosley (5) | Pettingill (1) | Remick (3) | Smith (3) | Stratton (1) | Thompson (1) | Whiting (1) | Wilbur (4) | | |

Deaths by Age Group | AGE | # OF DEATHS | 0-9 | 3 | 10-19 | 5 | 20-29 | 9 | 30-39 | 4 | 40-49 | 7 | 50-59 | 13 | 60-69 | 14 | 70-79 | 17 | 80-89 | 19 | 90-99 | 6 | POPULATION CHANGE ASSUMPTIONS *1890 Increase in Deaths of Aging Union Soldiers which were the original Settlers *1910 Increase in Deaths Coincide with WW 1 *1940 Increase in Deaths Coincide with WW 2 * 1940 Increase in Deaths may possibly result from Retirees who spread out away from overpopulated and overpriced Mt Desert Island | Deaths By Decades | Decades | # of Deaths | 1840's | 1 | 1850's | 4 | 1860's | 3 | 1870's | 8 | 1880's | 8 | 1890's | 15 | 1900's | 7 | 1910's * | 12 | 1920's | 9 | 1930's | 2 | 1940's * | 6 | 1950's | 3 | 1960's | 1 | 1970's | 5 | 1980's | 1 | 1990's | 3 | 2000's * | 8 | 2010's | 1 | | Births by Decades | Decade | # Of Births | Decade | # Of Births | 1760 | 1 | 1870 | 8 | 1780 | 2 | 1880 | 7 | 1800 | 6 | 1890 | 6 | 1810 | 9 | 1900 | 3 | 1820 | 6 | 1910 | 4 | 1830 | 11 | 1920 | 5 | 1840 | 8 | 1930 | 3 | 1850 | 8 | 1940 | 2 | 1860 | 8 | 1980 | 1 | |

Assumptions about the Increase in Births/Death
Settlements on the coast of Maine saw an increase in the mid to late 1800's and Marlboro/Lamoine was no exception. Increase in births shown in the “Births by Decades” chart coincide with the institution of Lamoine as a township (separated from Trenton) in 1870 demonstrate the population explosion. Between the end of the Revolutionary War and the time Maine became a state in 1820, almost 200 new towns were founded. From 1800 to 1850 Maine’s population nearly quadrupled.
*1890 Increase in Deaths of Aging Union Soldiers who were the original Settlers of the area
*1910 Increase in Deaths Coincide with WW 1
*1940 Increase in Deaths may relate to the increased population.

Military/Veterans Representation
There were many veterans in the cemetery representing the Civil War, WW2 and Vietnam

The grave of David W. Mosley displays a star with the markings “POST 55 GAR”. GAR: The Grand Army of the Republic was an organization which held soldier reunions and advocated for the designation of Memorial Day as an official holiday. It's membership consisted of veterans who had fought for the Union during the Civil War.

MAP OF MARLBORO CEMETERY | | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | 1 | Hodgins, William S | Corey, Sandra Salty (Dog) Whiting, June | Whiting, Hilton L. Steve L. Evora, E. | Hodgkins, Alfred Leslie C. | Hodgkins, Anson A. Lucy M | Bragdon, Caroline Gilbert B Winifred J. Brunetta B. Percy B. Sarah A. | Hodgkins, Gladys Norwood Roland W Rosa A Sara E Thaddeus Roland Grover Margaret E Strout, Earl W. Edgar Lucretia Lyle | 2 | | Hodgkins, Lorenda Paul Dudley Phoebe D Susan J. | Closson, Frank E (CAPT) | Thompson, Edith M. | Hodgkins, Diemma G. Nahum Philip Sally | | Ford, June H John John M. | 3 | Wilbur, Grace B S. Luella Melvin L Robert L | Hodgkins, Albert H. Elgie H. Florence Lorenda A Ransom S Eliza A. Nancy J | McIntyre, Alice Cecil Daniel Dorr, Louise Stratton, Susan | | | Gilbert, Deborah G, Capt George G Martin, Barron K. McIntyre, Matthew R. | Hodgkins, Susan D William E Kelley Ethel B. Etta H. | 4 | | Family Plot | Ham, Sedelia | Mosley, Mary A. Stillman. E. William F. | | 5 | Smith, Audrey H. Calvin R. John Leroy | Hodgkins, Joseph W. Richard M McIntyre, Irving D. Raonull D.B. | Kudlich, Barbara Robert Ayer Frye, Ena | | Remick, Cornelia C. Sedelia A. Seneca H. | Mosley, David W. Phoebe W. | | 6 | | Family Plot | | Kelley, John D. Pettingil, Ida O. | | | Hodgkins, Anna Zackariah | Hodgkins, Elizabeth Eliot S. Moses Prudence | 7 | | Ford, Crosy H. Sarah L. | Kelley, Eunice W. John | Bowden, Abbie D. | Hodgkins, Charles d. Frances E. Shirley B. | | | |

Other Analysis from Gravestone Ornamentation Several stones denoted the title of Captain. Early Coastal Maine settlers developed a Maritime pattern of subsistence and so I believe these were sea captains as there was no military notation. Military ranks and branch of service were notated on many gravestones and the “Tree of life” was engraved on several stones which that demonstrates patriotism was an important part of their value system. Other interesting grave markings include nicknames for the young in the case of John Ford's stone, engraved on the top was “JONNIE”. Lyle Strout's stone is topped with a carving of a lamb, Lyle aged only 1 year and 20 days. Sandra Whiting Corey's stone has an engraving of her favorite dog SALTY, who also has a stone and is buried with her. Anson A Hodgkins' stone is in the shape of a log possibly he was employed in the logging industry. The Bragdon family plot is marked with a monument, obviously recently placed showing family wealth and higher social status. Many of the Hodgkins graves are marked with obelisks and monuments showing that the Hodgkins family was more affluent, respected and very prolific. The lessons learned by studying this cemetery paint a vivid picture of a small New England Village over a period of 200 + years. And a personal favorite: Sarah H Hodgkins' foot stone simply reads "SHH”.

Gravestone Ornamentation | Sea Captains | Child's Grave with carving of lamb | John M. Ford, aka: JOHNNIE | Anson A Strout Logger? | Bragdon's Modern Day Monument | Sandra Whiting Corey's significant other | Salty the dog | Tree of life A common symbol | Patriarchal Society | Hodgkins' Monument | Not Local Granite stone variety |

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