Ceol Article- Pawel Kowalik
Business and Management
Submitted By bay34
20 years of NAFTA – trends in trade and the economic effects
«20 years of NAFTA – trends in trade and the economic effects»
by Paweł Kowalik
Economics of the 21st Century (Ekonomia XXI Wieku), issue: 4 (4) / 2014, pages: 4663, on www.ceeol.com. The following ad supports maintaining our C.E.E.O.L. service
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EKONOMIA XXI WIEKU ECONOMICS OF THE 21ST CENTURY 4(4) • 2014
Wrocław University of Economics e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
20 YEARS OF NAFTA – TRENDS IN TRADE
AND THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS
Summary: This year marks the twentieth anniversary of the largest economic grouping in history, both in terms of surface area and the generated GDP – the North American Free Trade
Agreement – NAFTA. The grouping was established on 1 January 1994, with the objective of gradually doing away with the existing tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade between the
United States, Canada, and Mexico. Its objectives and effects have long been under careful examination and subject to many analyses. Prognoses varied, from potentially significant benefits to anticipated losses, particularly for US economy. The paper is an attempt at presenting the twenty years of NAFTA operation, predominantly from the viewpoint of its impact on the trilateral trade exchange, unemployment, inflation, and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of its member states. The analyses suggest that NAFTA has proved its effectiveness in generating trade revenues for all its members, most notably for Mexico. However, its effects on individual income and employment were found to be marginal or, at best, moderate.
Keywords: NAFTA, economic integration, trade effects, cross-country comparative studies.
JEL Classification: F15, O47, O51, O54, O57.
Modern changes in the approach to...