Premium Essay

Changes and Implications to Griffiths Study

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Tashamoore15
Words 311
Pages 2
Suggest 2 improvements that could be made to the Griffiths study and outline any implications these changes may have. (8)

One change would be to replicate the study in different countries. Pseudo patients could see if they would be diagnosed as having schizophrenia by doctors in England, France and Canada. The pseudo patients would provide the same symptoms as in the original study (thud, hollow and empty). This would allow the researcher to investigate any cross cultural differences in diagnosis and the treatment of patents (if admitted to a hospital).

An implication of this may be that doctors in the other countries may make the same mistakes with diagnosis thus showing practitioners to be bias cross cultural. This would give further support for the need of the DSM to be updates and would mean that the results form Rosenhan's study could be generalised to other countries. In addition to this it would provide insight into treatments used in the different countries, they may find that the type of care/ standard of care differ from country to country (possibly worse in counties with lower economy)

Another improvement could be to set up CCTV cameras into the hospitals to record the behaviours of the staff towards the patients. This would be overt at first as the staff would be aware the cameras are being brought in, however they would soon forget they are there. This would allow Rosenhan to have a record of staff patient interaction and the treatment of the pseudo patients.

An implication of this would be that staff may treat the patients very well as they are aware of the cameras initially. They may interact more to be seen as being good careers. The observational footage could also be used to validate comments made by the pseudo patients as they could compare the video footage with their self...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Csr Uk Online Gambling

..................................................13 3 Methods.........................................................................................................19 4 Findings.........................................................................................................25 Survey Results...................................................................................................25 CSR Policies......................................................................................................30 Socially Irresponsible Practices.........................................................................32 5 Discussion.....................................................................................................34 6 Implications...................................................................................................42 7...

Words: 13155 - Pages: 53

Premium Essay

Xiaomi

...African Journal of Business Management Vol.6 (22), pp. 6456-6464, 6 June, 2012 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJBM DOI: 10.5897/AJBM11.2673 ISSN 1993-8233 ©2012 Academic Journals Review Key issues in cross-cultural business communication: Anthropological approaches to international business Tian Guang* and Dan Trotter Shantou University, Shantou City, Guangdong Province, Southern China. Accepted 8 March, 2012 Cultural factors have long been known to influence the communication and success potential of competition. Cultural awareness shapes how business firms behave in cross-culturally reflected international markets. It is broadly recognized that cultural factors act as invisible barriers in international business communications. Understanding cultural differences is one of the most significant skills for firms to develop in order to have a competitive advantage in international business. This paper probes some key elements of cross-cultural issues in international business communication and provides a framework for creating competitive advantage for firms engaged in international business. Culture affects many aspects of international business communication. It impacts free trade policies, localization and standardization strategy decisions, advertising, brand effectiveness, business relationships, international business management, international marketing, international negotiation, and consumer behavior. Seven themes are suggested as......

Words: 6912 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Excalibur

...issue. Roles Video games with an international (thanks to modern technology) appeal tend to be considered as the most addictive ones. This games category includes the creation of a virtual world in which each user is represented through a character that acts on a personal or group basis. Such online games are of extreme popularity. According to the latest (2012) report by an entertainment software company, a 72% of American households with an internet connection have at least a member participating in online gaming. Such high rates tend to raise concerns given the fact that online games are scientifically proven to cause among others: psychomotor disorders, desensitization of emotions, addictive coercive behavior, personality changes, depersonalization of the user, learning difficulties, and anti-social behavior. *Professor of Neuropsychology-Neurolinguistics, University of Thessaly **Undergraduate Student Department of Communication Systems and Networks, Technological Educational Instirute of Messolonghi...

Words: 3134 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Research on Wound Care

...Wound Cleansing: Water or Normal Saline? Ashtin Plummer MidAmerican Nazarene University Wound Cleansing: Water or Normal Saline? Wound cleansing has been discussed about for many years, different solutions and techniques have been discussed to use, and it is an important part of preventing infection. Wound cleansing is described as the use of fluids to remove debris and dead tissue from the surface of the wound. The purpose of wound cleansing is to make the best possible conditions at the wound site, for uncomplicated wound healing. The most commonly used solution would be normal saline due to being an isotonic solution and it does not disrupt with normal healing process of wounds (Ljubic, 2013). Normal saline has just been known as best practice for many years. However, is tap water able to do the same thing as saline without increased risk for infection or delay in wound healing? “Tap water is also said to be effective in wound cleansing and has advantages of being cost effective and easily accessible” (Ljubic, 2013). Wound care is a major service provided in home health care and due to going to patients’ homes, normal saline is not always accessible. Saline is not always accessible due to running out of supply while at a patients’ home. Wounds can also take a decent amount of time to heal so using tap water with these patients may be more cost-effective in the long run, not delay wound healing, and not increase the patients risk for infection. PICO......

Words: 2580 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Research Paper

...constitute behavioral addiction. This article explores the research on the social effects of Internet addiction. There are four major sections. The Introduction section overviews the field and introduces definitions, terminology, and assessments. The second section reviews research findings and focuses on several key factors related to Internet addiction, including Internet use and time, identifiable problems, gender differences, psychosocial variables, and computer attitudes. The third section considers the addictive potential of the Internet in terms of the Internet, its users, and the interaction of the two. The fourth section addresses current and projected treatments of Internet addiction, suggests future research agendas, and provides implications for educational psychologists. KEY WORDS: Internet addiction; Internet dependence; Internet abuse; pathological Internet use. INTRODUCTION The use of the Internet on school campuses and in society has increased dramatically in recent years. Whereas the academic use of the Internet is primarily intended for learning and research, the Internet has also become an important part of student life. However, from time to time, cases of overinvolvement with the Internet have been observed on different campuses. For example, Chou et al. (1999) observed that in one residence hall at their 1 Institute of Education/Center for Teacher Education, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan. 2 College of Education, Social and Cultural......

Words: 10644 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Mmorps

...MASARYK UNIVERSITY Faculty of Social Science Department of Psychology M. A. Petra Vondráčková ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOUR ON THE INTERNET Thesis Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. David Šmahel, M.Sc. et Ph.D. Brno 2012 I declare that I have written this thesis independently and all cited resources have been listed in the references. Praha 20 November, 2012 Petra Vondráčková Acknowledgements I would like to thank my supervisor David Šmahel for his invaluable help and guidance, and also for the opportunity to get the valuable experience in doing the research in psychology. Many thanks also to my colleague Jaroslav Vacek for inspiring discussions that we have had on this topic. I would also like to thank the co-authors of presented texts. In addition, special thanks are due to the people who were willing to participate and shared their own experience with Internet use and addictive behaviour on the Internet. Content 1. Introduction 8 2. Theoretical background 10 2.1. Behavioural addiction 10 2.1.1. Defining the concept 11 2.1.2. Classification of behaviour addictions 12 2.1.3. Behavioural addiction in the context of diagnostic manuals of mental disorders 13 2.1.4. Similar traits of behavioural and substance addictions 15 2.2. Internet addiction 24 2.2.1. Historical background and main research areas 26 2.2.3. Identification of Internet addiction 28 2.2.4. Prevalence rates of Internet addiction 32 2.2.5. Correlates of Internet......

Words: 31833 - Pages: 128

Premium Essay

Cognitive Psychology

...Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychology studies our mental processes or cognitions. These mental processes that cognitive psychologists focus on include memory, perception, thinking and language. The main concern of cognitive psychology is how information received from our senses is processed by the brain and how this processing directs how we behave. Strengths of COGNITIVE approach Example from Core Study 1 High levels of control in laboratory conditions Baron-Cohen they were able to select participants with the desired characteristics and maintain a standard procedure. By controlling variables, cause and effect can be established, in this case the effect that autism and AS have on theory on mind skills 2 May be able to help those with cognitive problems and may lead to practical applications for teaching/treatment For example the study by Loftus and palmer offers us an insight into the factors that can affect the reliability of eyewitness testimony, in particular the use of leading questions in interviews which can distort a witness’s memory of an event. This could prove vital for police questioning techniques. 3 Increases our understanding of cognitive abilities For example, Baron-Cohen’s study, he has demonstrated how autistic people are not able to conceive of what other people are feeling as easily as non-autistic people i.e. not capable of ‘mind reading’. This is shown because the autistic/AS participants scored less well on the eye task than the non-autistic......

Words: 2688 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Global Marketing

...workshops. The purpose of this assignment is to create a formal annotated bibliography using the annotated bibliography entries from the six works related the inquiry topic I have created in Units 1, 2, and 3, the research article are as follows; The Elements of Leadership in a Global Environment, Global marketing managers, Developing leaders’ strategic thinking through global work experience: The moderating role of cultural distance, Responsible Leadership in Global Business: A New Approach to Leadership and Its Multi-Level Outcomes, Global Leadership: A New Framework for a Changing World, and Competitive Action in the Diffusion of Internet Technology Products in Emerging Markets: Implications for Global Marketing Managers. This six articles will analyzes each article research overview, purpose of study, methodology, key findings and limitations and opportunities of global leaders in various business sector. Article 1 Bishop, W. H. (2013). The Elements of Leadership in a Global Environment. Global Business & Organizational Excellence, 32(5), 78-85. doi:10.1002/joe.21505 Overview The articles states that American marketplace and globalization have led to recognition of diversity initiatives as not only the right thing to do ethically and culturally, but also a competitive imperative. To be effective in such an environment, leaders must do more than pay lip service to the general concept of diversity. They must first realize that diversity manifests itself in......

Words: 2576 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

History

...MASARYK UNIVERSITY Faculty of Social Science Department of Psychology M. A. Petra Vondráčková ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOUR ON THE INTERNET Thesis Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. David Šmahel, M.Sc. et Ph.D. Brno 2012 I declare that I have written this thesis independently and all cited resources have been listed in the references. Praha 20 November, 2012 Petra Vondráčková Acknowledgements I would like to thank my supervisor David Šmahel for his invaluable help and guidance, and also for the opportunity to get the valuable experience in doing the research in psychology. Many thanks also to my colleague Jaroslav Vacek for inspiring discussions that we have had on this topic. I would also like to thank the co-authors of presented texts. In addition, special thanks are due to the people who were willing to participate and shared their own experience with Internet use and addictive behaviour on the Internet. Content 1. Introduction 8 2. Theoretical background 10 2.1. Behavioural addiction 10 2.1.1. Defining the concept 11 2.1.2. Classification of behaviour addictions 12 2.1.3. Behavioural addiction in the context of diagnostic manuals of mental disorders 13 2.1.4. Similar traits of behavioural and substance addictions 15 2.2. Internet addiction 24 2.2.1. Historical background and main research areas 26 2.2.3. Identification of Internet addiction 28 2.2.4. Prevalence rates of Internet addiction 32 2.2.5. Correlates of Internet......

Words: 31833 - Pages: 128

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural Management

...standard site license terms and conditions (see palgraveconnect.com/pc/connect/info/terms_conditions.html). If you plan to copy, distribute or share in any format, including, for the avoidance of doubt, posting on websites, you need the express prior permission of Palgrave Macmillan. To request permission please contact rights@palgrave.com. Cross-Cultural Communication 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 This page intentionally left blank 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 Cross-Cultural Communication Theory and Practice Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin © Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin 2013 Foreword © Jack Spence 2013 All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No portion of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under......

Words: 129836 - Pages: 520

Premium Essay

Social Skills

...Computers in Human Behavior 29 (2013) 1872–1878 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Computers in Human Behavior journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/comphumbeh (A)Social reputation: Exploring the relationship between online video game involvement and social competence Rachel Kowert a,⇑, Julian A. Oldmeadow b a b Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft, University of Münster, Münster 48143, Germany Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Affordable and accessible Internet has changed the way video games are played, allowing individuals to connect worldwide in shared gaming spaces. On the surface participation within these environments may seem socially beneficial, as these highly social, playful spaces allow players to connect, interact with, and learn from others. However, there is a growing concern that increased participation within online gaming environments comes with a wide variety of social consequences, contributing to numerous losses in ‘offline’ sociability. While considerable research has examined these claims, consistent relationships between social competence and online video game involvement have yet to be established. The current work (N = 515) aimed to examine the extent to which online video game involvement may support, or undermine, the development and maintenance of traditional social skills. The results indicate that there are unique......

Words: 7724 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Right of the Unmarried Father in Scots Law

...Denial of automatic parental responsibilities and rights (PRRs) for non-marital fathers has become increasingly difficult to justify in recent years, as a result of changes in social and cultural attitudes. Studies reveal that 51.4% of children are now born outside wedlock. Consequently, statute has intervened throughout the years in an attempt to abolish the notion of the ‘illegitimate’ child and to ameliorate the rights of the unmarried father. In this essay, the writer will describe how a non-marital father can obtain PRRs with reference to recent legislation, discussing any obstacles they may face and consider the extent to which they are still discriminated against in Scots Law. The Family Law (Scotland) Act 2006 came into force on 4 May 2006. This piece of legislation significantly improved the position of the non-marital father by amending the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 which details the legal mediums through which a parent can acquire PRRs. This legislative innovation provided that unmarried fathers can acquire full PRRs providing they register as the father under any of the UK’s Acts enabling registration of births, deaths and marriages as well as registering their paternity after the amendment came into force. However, the mother is not required to register but instead obtains PRRs automatically, which is arguably discriminatory in nature against a man who is the biological father of a child born to the woman, since the mother has no mirroring obligation and......

Words: 1400 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Free Paper

...Business in Society Sustainable Decision-Making in a Time of Crisis Public and Private Perspectives Malcolm McIntosh and Susan Forbes Authors Malcolm McIntosh Director, Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Susan M Forbes Adjunct Research Fellow, Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise © 2011 Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Published by Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Griffith Business School Griffith University, South Bank campus 226 Grey Street, South Brisbane Queensland, 4101 Australia www.griffith.edu.au/business-commerce/sustainable-enterprise All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Copyright rests with the individual authors. ISBN 978-1-921760-45-7 Foreword The conference reflected lessons learnt and being learned from the global financial crisis, from the climate change prognosis and from rethinking global governance. The conference preceded the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 2010 Meetings and Summit (7-14 November in Yokohama, Japan) and coincided with the 10th anniversary of the United Nations (UN) Global Compact, and the UN Year of Biodiversity. Given the birth of the G20 group of nations, the inexorable diffusion of economic power to the Asia Pacific region, and the rise of new......

Words: 32741 - Pages: 131

Premium Essay

Change Management

...Title: Course Code: HRMT20019 Course Name: Leading and Managing Change Course Coordinator: Dr Ezaz Ahmed Assignment number: 2 Due date: 26/09/2014 Weighting: 60% Student Name: Nadine Fearnley-Gallagher Student Number S0247862 Title: Course Code: HRMT20019 Course Name: Leading and Managing Change Course Coordinator: Dr Ezaz Ahmed Assignment number: 2 Due date: 26/09/2014 Weighting: 60% Student Name: Nadine Fearnley-Gallagher Student Number S0247862 CASE STUDY: SUPER STAR UNIVERSITY CASE STUDY: SUPER STAR UNIVERSITY ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY ON CHANGE MANAGEMENT ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY ON CHANGE MANAGEMENT Change is inevitable to every organization irrespective of their size and nature. Challenging the prevalent status quo is the main aim of change. Accepting the new needs is what change strives for. Awareness and acceptance are the two tools of managing change (Adams, Bessant and Phelps, 2006). Change is not hard but dealing with the consequences of change is hard to an organization. The dogma of change is the area where the main difficulty lies. Change management strategic moves help in better flexibility gain in the organization. Future is unpredictable and unseen, so decision making tools need to adapt to the changes to have business sustainability (Bommer, Rich and Rubin, 2005). The case study provided in the discussion paper is based on the learning epitome in Australia, the Super Star University (SSU).......

Words: 3706 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Crisis in Greece

...CRISIS IN GREECE: STUDY OF THE FACTORS THAT LED TO THE CRISIS. A Research Paper: Under The Guidance of:Dr Somesh Kumar Mathur Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Pankaj Kumar Y8333 Sanchit Singhal Y8442 Sulabh Boudh Y8513 INTRODUCTION Greece is currently facing a very severe crisis, with expectations of a sovereign default as Greece confronts with the second highest budget deficit, as well as the second highest debt to GDP ratio in the EU. The paper uses insights from the literature to offer an analytical treatment of the crisis in Greece. The crisis itself is very likely to be a result of:    The gradual worsening of Greek macroeconomic Fundamentals over 2000-2009 to levels discrepant with other EU members. A shift in market expectations, from a scenario of credible commitment to future EU participation to a scenario of non-credible EU commitment without fiscal guarantees, respectively occurring in November 2009 and February/March 2010. The pricing by markets of a (previously nonexistent) default risk that follows the withdrawal of an implicit guarantee on Greek debt by other EMU countries (mainly Germany). Interestingly, our account of the 3 factors sparking and escalating the crisis also helps explain why prices on Greek government bonds have not recovered but continued to plummet following the announcement of the EU/IMF rescue plan. Our analysis suggests that the involvement of an external institution like......

Words: 890 - Pages: 4