Premium Essay

Changing America During Wwii

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jschelkun
Words 999
Pages 4
References

1) Honey, Maureen, Creating Rosie the Riveter: Class, Gender and Propaganda during World War II, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984

2) “World War II and the American Home Front” National Parks Service. Ed. Marilyn Harper. National Parks Service. 15 March 2012.

Changing America during World War II

America had gone through a vast amount of changes during its short time as a nation. We had seen civil war, global war, industrial advancements, and economic depression. But by the mid 20th century, the United States was emerging as a multi-cultural powerhouse. The US saw an influx of immigrants from Italy, Ireland and Eastern Europe, all coming with hopes of opportunities and a better life. Those that toughed it out saw their chances come to life when World War II began.

Although the war began in 1939, the US remained neutral on account of not wanting to participate in another war that could push our nation into debt and despair. FDR revised the Neutrality Acts that Congress passed in 1935 so that we could aid our allies for a profit. Our labor forces began working to supply our overseas comrades in Britain and France. Once the U.S was forced to join the war in 1941 because of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the demand for industrial labor greatly increased so that we could now arm and support our own troops. Production increased on all fronts, from shipbuilding and aircrafts to textiles and medicine.

Because of our involvement in the war and deployment of our troops, the United States began to see radical changes on our home front with minorities and women. Although the civil rights movements and women’s rights movements began long before the war, they gained their momentum during this time. Women and African Americans began to break out of their traditionally oppressed roles and redefine their place in our...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Truman vs Macarthur

...Introduction The U.S. involvement in post WWII Korea raised challenging questions within the Truman administration concerning U.S. policy in the Far East and fostered heated debates within the administration concerning wartime strategy. WWII followed Clausewitz’ idea of the total war where all of a country’s resources should be utilized in waging war since the enemy would surely do the same. Following WWII Americans were used to the idea of large armies, clear objectives, and decisive victories; however these ideas would be reconsidered in the years following WWII leading up to the Korean War. During the Korean War the idea of total war became less popular and ideas which were more in line with Sun Tzu’s idea of a limited war became the policy of the Truman administration. There are many possible reasons why Truman chose to conduct a limited war in Korea. One possible reason for Truman’s policy might have been “China’s entry into the Korean War in November put an abrupt end to any immediate hopes of trying to separate Moscow and Peking.” (Strategies of Containment, P-116) In 1950 American forces were not prepared to engage in a total war with China and the Soviet Union and Truman and MacArthur both realized these deficiencies within the U.S. military. The scope of my argument in this essay will not be about what type of war, limited or total, is best because there are certain instances where a limited war is desired and there are times when total war is required. ...

Words: 2112 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Best War Ever

...good guys definitely got a happy ending" (Adams, 2). Besides the general population's idea that the United States was saving the day by going to war, the main tool of distorting the reality of war was propaganda. The “greatness” of this war spread so quickly, “the censors hardly needed to tell the film producers that war movies should showcase American heroism and patriotism and that the enemy must be cruel, devious, and unprincipled” (Adams, 11). The impact of the media's spinning the war lead to a positive demeanor in the nation, eventually proving the propaganda to be a necessary evil. World War II, for America, was a testament to the work and reward of the American dream. The media portrayed society during the war as succesful, hard working, and finally coming out of the slumps brought on by the Great Depression. In line with the “melting pot” stereotype of America, people from all ethnicities were fighting for our country (Adams, 11). After the recession, Americans needed a common enemy to bring them together as a nation. The war provided an enemy that was portrayed as barbaric, leaving Americans with little hesitation in fighting them. Later in the war, the Holocaust and its inhumane nature only strengthened the resolve of America's determination in the war. Citizens saw their country as saving millions of persecuted people from unjust and horrific deaths, a view perpetuated...

Words: 1598 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

British Influence on Austrlaina Cultrue

...Australia's citizens were either born in Britain, or had British descendants. In the years following the war, British subjects were encouraged to migrate to Australia under an 'assisted package' scheme, which helped with the cost of migrating to Australia and provided housing and employment options upon arrival. Between 1945 and 1972, over one million British migrants settled in Australia. Before 1945, many people, including Australians themselves, considered Australia to be nothing more than a British colony; a nation whose national identity was relatively indistinct from the British. During this period of Australia's history, our modes of entertainment, food, fashion, sporting culture and our social values and attitudes were largely dictated by British culture. American influence on the Australian culture One of the most significant changes to have taken place in Australian society since the end of WWII, however, has been its drift towards American, rather than British culture. As the American way of life was projected further into Australia via popular culture, it would rapidly alter the ways we spent our money, entertained ourselves, dressed and socialised. Eventually, many of our British cultural legacies would give way to new American ideals. In the decades since World War II, however, the penetration of American popular...

Words: 1783 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

To What Degree Did World War Ii Affect the American Society?

...Name: Course: College: Tutor: Date: To What Degree Did World War II Affect the American Society? World War II occurred between 1939 and 1945. It led to many developments, some of them positive, others negative. One of the effects of World War II in America is that it led to deaths of many Americans. Among these were soldiers and civilians. Some of them were shot while at the war front. Others died due to the harsh environment of the war. According to Somerville (2008) the war left about 418,500 Americans died. This was about 0.32% of the total population. World War II was the highest in position terms of cost in U.S. history with costs over $350 billion and more than 292,000 American military men killed in action. The war also led to the destruction of properties worth billions of shillings. It was an enormous blow to the American economy, although not as much as other countries suffered (Kenneth, 2007) World War II changed the American social structure in a number of ways which included the empowerment of women especially in the workforce. Also many minorities groups got more jobs beside the discrimination by the rich Americans. Also the divorce rate increased and many families were weakened. World War II did affect almost every sector and aspect of American life. The decade of economic hardship is clearly marked to be 1930's. In 1930, the Great Depression got deep, and millions of American citizens were forced out of their jobs. Americans had too little money to......

Words: 2553 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Jfk and Nixon: Vietnam War

...War was a war of change. It took America into a new frontier. With President John F. Kennedy pushing to end communism, Vietnam looked like the ideal place to accomplish his goals. Even though the war pushed on after his death, President Nixon sought to put an end to the war and bring American troops home. Even though these presidents had very differing opinions of the war, the Vietnam War raged on, changing America politically, culturally, and socially. Before the Vietnam War broke out, Kennedy and Nixon both had military backgrounds. Kennedy was in the United States Navy from 1941-1945. “On August 2, 1943 [during World War 2], as PT 109 was running silent to avoid detection it was struck by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri.” This devastating accident resulted in Kennedy saving his men and then receiving many metals and honors for this heroic act. This occurrence changed Kennedy for life. Nixon as well was in the United States Navy from 1942-1946. Nixon saw no combat during his time in the navy however he was officer in charge of the Combat Air Transport Command at Guadalcanal in the Solomon’s and then at Green Island. Nixon became a Lieutenant Commander which set the stage for his future career as President. These two men had very different experience at war which contributed to the way they viewed war and responded to it. This military history in each of these men’s lives, proved vital in the way they responded to the Vietnam War during their time of Presidency. Not......

Words: 1790 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Swing from a Different Perspective

...Alexander Francis ENG 200 November 4, 2013 Prof. Hamann, Erika Thesis: WWII was critical to the degree at which swing influenced the development of American identity; not only through recognition of social inequalities, but furthering the development of a musical identity that still influences the modern sounds of our ever-changing culture. Why Swing Swung What separates you from others can appropriately be deemed as a series of conflict’s, conflict is critical to the development of identity; without conflict the unconscious perception of us, them, we or they would not exist. Humans being naturally prone to argument create a cultural identity designed around the conflicts in which a number of people are affected, in turn allowing people to identify with each other through common grounds; unintentionally creating a communication barrier between them and us. This model although small demonstrates how groups are formed, and can be projected upon the development of a musical identity within America during the Second World War. Possibly seen as the largest conflict in recorded history, World War II set the boundaries for numerous identities; creating a conscious affiliation of differences, people now identified themselves through stereotypes that otherwise would not have developed. Most of these conflicts or stereotypes would happen to be woven inside the United States due to propaganda: a necessary war tool developed to instill a feeling of pride and ensure a feeling......

Words: 1525 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Age of Extremes

...In the text, The Age of Extremes written by Eric Hobsbawn, he brings many different points and views to discussion. In the chapter ‘The Age of Total War’ (p.g22-53), he discusses how if we want to understand the world today, we have to be looking into the past of international relations and into the past wars to see how it has led to the world that we live in today. Also how it came to a world war. World War One, was a large and devastating war, which was the first war in over one hundred years to contain more than one or two major powers. Hobsbawn states that the world believed that this war was going to be the end of the world and humanity. But the world and the people survived, although the cost was great. This time was named the age of wars. He begins the chapter by describing the horrors of trench warfare and the causalities lost on both sides, The Central Powers and The Allies. Also the lasting effects that war that it can bring to the survivors. There were no peace times after the year 1914. The men and women of the time only knew peace before 1914, due to the scale of the horrors in this war. There where wars before WWI, but none to the scale, like the Crimean War 1854-56, between Russia fighting on one side and Britain and France fighting on the other side. The Crimean War only involved a few major European powers of the world. This was one of the wars which contained the most major powers until WWI when all major powers and states where involved. The twentieth......

Words: 1559 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

General Motors

...Executive Summary………………………………………………….2 History of General Motors…………………………………………...3 General Motors Exports to Argentina………………………………3 General Motors Exports to Brazil…………………………………...4 Trade Agreement between South America………………………...5 General Motors and WW II…………………………………………...6 General Motors in South Africa………………………………………7 General Motors in China………………………………………………7 The Chevrolet Brand…………………………………………………..8 Conclusion………………………………………………………………9 Works Cited……………………………………………………………..10 Executive Summary General Motors (GM) is one of the big three auto makers in the world and they have built some of the most famous vehicles on the road which have met all different types of consumer’s needs. General Motors has taken an unexpected turn in the past several years for the worse due to the changing economy that is affecting the world. Many economists claim that the United States has been pressed into a recession that started with the housing crisis in 2008. From this crisis restricted a major banking crisis that has led to financial institutions implementing tighter lending guidelines for businesses. This has greatly affected General Motors since the company relies heavily on short term returns. Out of all the auto making companies during the crisis of falling sales and crashing returns, General Motors was hit the hardest and filed bankruptcy. The fact that General Motors has such a large portfolio is working directly against their success......

Words: 3578 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Checking on Students

...Strodtbeck High School Social Studies Reading list Buchanan, Patrick J. Churchill, Hitler and The Unnecessary War. Available for purchase on Amazon.com (http://www.amazon.com/Churchill-Hitler-Unnecessary-War-Britain/dp/030740515X). Buchanan investigates the facts that led to WWII going back to European conflicts during the 19th Century. Useful for U.S. History, World History, Government, Economics. Dickens, Charles. A Tale of Two Cities. 1859. Available at The Literature Network (http://www.online-literature.com/dickens/twocities/). A comparison of London and Paris during the era of the French Revolution. Useful for World History. Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. 1838. Available on The Literature Network (http://www.online-literature.com/dickens/olivertwist/). A view of life in London during the Industrial Revolution. Useful for World History, American History, Economics, Government. Dumas, Alexandre. The Count of Monte Cristo—Unabridged. 1844. Available at the Gutenberg Project (http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1184/1184-h/1184-h.htm). This book provides significant insight into French culture, political and class rivalries that resulted from the French Revolution. Useful for World History. DiLorenzo, Thomas. The Real Lincoln. 2002. Available for purchase on Amazon.com (http://www.amazon.com/Real-Lincoln-Abraham-Agenda-Unnecessary/dp/0761536418). An investigation of the documented history of Lincoln's rise to the presidency and his conduct of...

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

World War Ii Events Through the 1970s

...through the 1970’s Assignment 3 “World War II through the 1970’s” Tim Truster Professor Michael Curran 26 August, 2012 Abstract My history assignment 3 “World War II through the 1970’s” will identify two major historical turning points during this period and what impact they had on current society, economy, politics, and culture. It will also explain two reasons Americans in the late 1930’s wanted to stay out of the European conflict that became World War II. I will explain the role women played to help win World War II. I will describe two civil rights breakthroughs after World War II that moved the cause of African-Americans forward. An explanation to why the Vietnam War brought political awareness to a new generation of young Americans. Finally two programs under President Johnson’s “Great Society” agenda that are still with us today will be discussed. Two historical turning points during the period of World War II through the 1970’s I will discuss in my paper will be the ending of World War II by defeating Japan and the Civil Rights movement. World War II itself was a major turning point in history. In 1945, Japan was lightly defended against the American attack; huge firebombing of Japanese cities went unanswered. America estimated that an invasion of the Japanese home islands would cost 50,000 American casualties in the first phase of the attack. The battles at Iwo Jima and Okinawa demonstrated the extent to which Japanese soldiers would fight to......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ronald Reagan: America's Savior

...Ronald Reagan: America's Savior In a time when America was at an all time low, a retired actor from a small town in Illinois would rally Americans to stand together and overcome a crumbling economy, communism, growing foreign tensions with the middle east, and to wage war on the home front against the use and spread of drugs. To many all around the world , this man would become the savior of America. Ronald Wilson Reagan was born on February 6, 1911 to Jack and Nelle Reagan in Tampico, Illinois. The Reagan family moved to Dixon in 1920, where Ronald excelled in high school, earning an athletic scholarship to Eureka College. Ronald majored in economics and sociology without knowing how useful this decision would be in 1981. After graduating from Eureka in 1932 he got a job commentating football games and later became a Chicago Cubs play by play announcer. In 1937, on a trip with the Cubs to California he took a shot at acting and was hired by Warner Brothers. He was cast in a string of "B" rated movies. In fact by the end of his career Ronald had starred in over 70 films. During one of these films, Brother Rat, Ronald met actress Jane Wyman and on January 6, 1940 the two were married. They had a wonderful Hollywood marriage and had two biological children, Maureen in 1941 and Christine in 1947, they also adopted a son, Michael shortly after his birth in 1945. Sadly Christine only lived one day. In 1942, during WWII Ronald was ordered to active duty with the United...

Words: 1674 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Battle of Guadalcanal, 1942

...The Battle of Guadalcanal, 1942 “General Vandegrift noted that the Japanese soldier "was trained to go to a place, stay there, fight and die. We train our men to go to a place, fight to win, and to live. I can assure you, it is a better theory." (Henry I. Shaw, 1992) World War II was possibly the largest and bloodiest war (John Miller, 2003) that America has been a part of. The war was engaged on land, on sea, and in the air, and lasted close to six years (Henry I. Shaw, 1992). The Battle of Guadalcanal was a decisive victory during WWII, and a turning point for the Americans and the Allies in the Pacific theater (staff, 2009) in 1942. America was forced into action when on December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese forces attacked the Asian waters into the Pacific with coinciding attacks on Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, Wake, Guam, Hong Kong, and the Malay Peninsula (John Miller, 2003). The US maintained the "German first" course they had set against the Axis, but were immediately forced to stop the Japanese momentum; the Guadalcanal was a key piece of territory because it was part of the Solomon Islands, located north-eastern of Australia. Failure to stop the Japanese would threaten the lines of communication to Australia and New Zealand (John Miller, 2003). On August 8th, the Marines landed at Guadalcanal; with no resistance from the Japanese; the Marines wasted no time; they joined their positions and seized the airfield the Japanese started (Trueman, 2000), and forged a...

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Industrial Revolution

...Jeremiah Warren Professor Bentley Hist. 202 September 20, 2015 Industrialization Paper Prompt: Were the benefits of industrialization worth the costs for most Americans? After reading Jonathan Rees’ book, “Industrialization and the Transformation of American Life” the ways that America changed during the industrialization period are presented clearly and strongly. The book speaks about everything that happened in that time period from immigration to business corruption. Professor Rees really knew what he was talking about in this book and he gives good information for the reader to learn about. In the first chapter, Rees speaks about the many different types of industrialization in America at the time. The first one is of course steel seeing as that was the biggest part of the industrial movement during that time period. Steel was so popular then because it made new technology that people had never seen used. It made new railroads that were durable and went further. The main founder of steel was Andrew Carnegie. He was the one who invented steel and led the way for all of the other railroad companies to start advancing their rails and stretching them across America. “Steel mills are perhaps the quintessential example of late nineteenth century industrialization because of their importance to the American economy and because of their dependence upon mechanization.” This Statement backs up everything that was previously stated. This one sentence shows how steel was...

Words: 1385 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Wwii

...During 1939 to 1945 World War II was considered the bloodiest conflict in history. Seeds of the war were sown in the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. The Treaty was signed on June 28, 1919. This was negotiated among Allied powers with little participation by Germany. Boundaries and assigned liability for reparations with the five years of enforcement, the French assented to the modification of important provisions. The provisions were that Germany agreed to pay reparations under the Dawes Plan and Young Plan. However this was canceled when Hitler rise to power and destructions. What events brought the use into WWII there were a couple of things leading up to the involvement. One would be Germany had a plan to try to prevent Britain from getting their supplies for war by using unrestricted submarine ware force or known as the German U-boats. Allied ships were the only ones being sunk by this however, the “Lusitania” held large amount of passengers and many of them died. At this time the US threatened to go to war but due to Germany backing down. Germany attempted to bargain and started up sinking ships however, this time was allied and neutral ships. Another event leading up to the involvement was the economy downfall due to the stock market collapsing in the 1900’s. With the problem it just increased the tensions which lead up to the fight between Communist and Nationalist. With Adolf Hitler’s National Socialist (Nazi) party coming into power which we...

Words: 2027 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

...Humanities 101-03 10-30-13 George Orwell’s 1984 In the book 1984 has a futuristic setting from when it was wrote. Oceania is the super state where Winston Smith lives; he is the main character of the novel. Outside the streets are covered in trash and buildings are run down. The whole place just looks like a war zone. You can hear bombs and gunshots going off when Winston is just standing in his apartment. Winston’s job is changing the newspaper to make the paper seem more appealing. The government is not like ours, it is like Joseph Stalin with his fascism regime. But instead of pictures of Joseph Stalin it is a picture that looks like a mixture between Stalin, Franco, and Hitler. The picture is all over the place on these telescreens. Not only is the picture of Big Brother on these screens everywhere even in every house, but also they can see you threw the screen and watch the population. The government even tries to dumb down or depress it’s people. They push alcohol and cigarettes to keep the people drunk and dumb. They do not want the people talking and try to over throw the government. The people in this super state all wear blue overalls to make them the same. Men and women are not aloud to have sex for fun only to reproduce, that’s it. Men call women sister and women call men brother. It is the most ridicules society ever imaginable, it is one hundred percent controlled by the government and helicopters and tanks come by to check on the people and make sure they......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5