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Character Building

In: Other Topics

Submitted By irinerahafie
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1. Apa yang anda harapkan dari pembelajaran CB kewarganegaraan?
Mengetahui hak dan kewajiban sebagai warga Negara yang dapat membantu untuk mengerti peran dan penempatan diri sebagai bagian dari suatu Negara. Dapat lebih memotivasi untuk memiliki sifat nasionalisme dan patriotisme yang tinggi. Serta membantu untuk memperkuat keyakinan kita terhadap pancasila sebagai ideologi Negara dan mengamalkan semua nilai yang terkandung didalamnya.

2. Jelaskan bahwa warga Negara merupakan sebuah status legal?
Karena ia menjadi anggota dari Negara yang bersangkutan, ketika di masa lalu hidup bernegara belum ada, individu telah menjadi warga dari sebuah komunitas, apakah anggota keluarga, marga, suku, atau bangsa.

3. Jelaskan dimensi yang menjadi elemen penting dari status kewarganegaraan?

4. Jelaskan bahwa anda adalah warga Negara yang baik!
Menjadi warga Negara yang baik menurut saya harus mempunyai karakteristik yaitu : memiliki sikap rasa hormat dan tanggung jawab, bersikap kritis, membuka dialog dan diskusi, bersikap terbuka, bersikap rasional, adil dan selalu bersikap jujur. Dan menurut saya, saya sudah cukup mempunyai karakteristik seperti itu

5. Apa yang dimaksud dengan nilai dan norma?
Nilai merupakan segala sesuatu yang dianggap berharga oleh masyarakat, anggapan masyarakat tentang sesuatu yang diharapkan, indah, dan benar. Keberadaan nilai bersifat abstrak dan ideal. Sedangkan norma adalah aturan berperilaku dalam masyarakat yang mengatur perilaku manusia dalam berinteraksi

6. Bagaimana hubungan dengan nilai dan norma
Pada umumnya norma dan nilai sama sama memiliki hubungan dalam berperan untuk memberikan stabilitas kehidupan bermasyarakat, dan untuk mengatur pola kehidupan masyarakat agar pola perilaku yang ditunjukkan seimbang, tidak merugikan, dan serta tidak menimbulkan ketidakadilan.

7. Apa yang anda ketahui tentang norma moral?
Norma moral adalah norma tertinggi yang tidak dapat ditaklukan oleh norma lain. Norma moral menentukan apakah perilaku kita baik atau buruk dari sudut etis.

8. Apa yang anda ketahui tentang norma hukum?
Norma hokum merupakan norma yang bersifat tertulis yang dilaksanakan oleh suatu lembaga yang mengikat dari sisi sanksinya karena benar atau salah.

9. Bagaimana sikap anda terhadap norma dan nilai?
Menerimanya dan mengamalkan apa yang sudah menjadi norma dan nilai dalam hidup bermasyarakat, dan mencoba sebisa mungkin untuk tidak menyimpang dari apa yang ada dalam norma dan nilai dalam hidup bermasyarakat.

10. Jelaskan menurut anda sejauh mana ketercapaian 4 tujuan Negara yang tercantum dalam pembukaan UUD 45 alinea 4
Seperti yang tercantum pada Pembukaan UUD 1945 alinea 4. Tujuan Negara Indonesia didirikan untuk melindungi segenap bangsa Indonesia yang berarti perlindungan mencakup keseluruhan, baik warga yang berada di dalam negeri ataupun yang berada diluar negeri. Menyoroti perlindungan bangsa Indonesia yang ada diluar negeri, bangsa Indonesia masih kurang memperhatikan kehidupan mereka yang berada di luar negeri, yang sebagian besar dari mereka menjadi TKI.

11. Jelaskan implikasi dari Indonesia adalah Negara hukum
Cukup dijelaskan dalam UUD NRI 1945 yang sebenarnya telah mempunyai ukuran-ukuran dasar yang bisa dipakai untuk mewujudkan Negara hukum dimana supremasi hukum akan diwujudkan. Kalau dilihat dengan seksama UUDI NRI 1945 menjelaskan bahwa
“Indonesia adalah Negara bedasar atas Negara hukum, tidak berdasar atas kekuasaan belaka”

12. Jelaskan fungsi UUD 1945 sebagai konstitusi Negara!
Membatasi kekuasaan pemerintah sedemikian rupa sehingga pennyelenggaraan kekuasaan tidak bersifat sewenang-wenang, lalu menjadi pembatas dalam konstitusi Negara sehingga menjamin bahwa kekuasaan yang dipergunakan untuk memerintah tidak disalahgunakan, dan menajadi pelindung hak-hak warga Negara

13. Jelaskan sejauh mana anda memahami tentang 2 jenis hak yang dimiliki oleh manusia
Hak asasi pribadi/personal right : hak kebebasan untuk bergerak, bepergian dan berpindah-pindah tempat, hak kebebasan untuk menyatakan pendapat, hak kebebasan untuk memilih, memeluk, dan menjalankan agama dan kepercayaan yang diyakini masing-masing
Hak asasi politik / political right : hak untuk memilih dan dipilih dalam suatu pemilihan, hak membuat dan mendirikan parpol dan organisasi politik lainnya.

14. Jelaskan kewajiban anda sebagai warga Negara!
Berperan aktif dan ikut serta dalam memajukan suatu Negara. Contohnya seperti : wajib membayar pajak dan retribusi, wajib membela Negara, wajib mentaati peraturan dan hukum yang berlaku, wajib memberikan masukan kritikan terhadap jalannya pemerintahan.

15. Apa yang telah anda lakukan untuk membangun Indonesia dalam konteks wawasan nusantara?

16. Bagaimana anda menyikapi keanekaragaman yang ada di Indonesia dalam konteks wawasan nusantara?

17. Bagaimana anda menginmplementasikan Wawasan Nusantara untuk mencegah konflik?

18. Bagaimana keberagaman dapat menimbulkan konflik sosial?
Perbedaan pendapat dan kepentingan, terkadang kita sebagai manusia sosial egois hanya mau menang sendiri tidak mau menerima perbedaan pendapat atau perbedaan kepentingan dari kepentingan dan pendapat kita sendiri, dan juga karena terkadang masyarakat lupa bahwa pada dasarnya setiap masyarakat memiliki pola dan corak kebudayaan yang berbeda satu sama lain, sehingga mereka cenderung memperlakukan sama pada setiap bentuk kebudayaan. Padahal budaya itu sendiri berbentuk sesuai dengan corak masyarakat yang bersangkutan, sikap-sikap seperti inilah yang sering kali memicu kesalahpahaman yang berujung konflik.

19. Beri contoh yang berkaitan dengan prasangka, etnosentris, stereotype
Prasangka = prasangka merupakan kecenderungan untuk menilai secara negative orang yang memiliki perbedaan dari umumnya orang spt contoh kasus pengeboman di bali pelakunya adalah orang islam yang berjanggut lebat, maka seluruh orang islam terutama yang berjanggut lebat memiliki itikad buruk sebagai teroris oleh kebanyakan orang
Etnosentris = kencenderungan untuk melihat dunia melalui fiter budaya sendiri. Contoh : kebiasaan memakai koteka bagi masyarakat papua pedalaman. Jika dipandang dari sudut masyarakat yang bukan warga papua pedalaman, koteka mungkin adalah hal yang sangat memalukan. Tapi oleh warga pedalaman papua, memakai koteka dianggap sebagai kewajaran, bahkan dianggap sbg suatu kebanggaan.

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