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Characteristics of Orientalism, Prejudice and Discrimination

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Characteristics of Orientalism, Prejudice and Discrimination

ETH/125
January 24, 2012
Nola Veazie

Characteristics of Orientalism, Prejudice and Discrimination * Explain the difference between Muslims and Arabs.
The difference between Muslims and Arabs are that Arabs are an ethnic group coming from Arabic countries that speak Arabic. Muslims are a religious group; Islam is the faith Muslims follow. * Explain the deficit model of ethnic identity found in chapter 11 (Shaefer, 2006). Why are some Arab Americans viewed as less Arabs than other? Explain in your own words.
The deficit of ethnic identity means that your ethnic characteristics are lessened depending on your affiliation to your ethnic group, for example, if you speak the language, if you marry someone other than your ethnic background and if you have visited or lived in the country of your background. Some Arab Americans are viewed as less than Arab because of the factors listed above, including the factor of being too Americanized. * List two to three characteristics of Orientalism. How many Orientalism and prejudice contribute to hate crimes against these groups?
Some examples of characteristic associated with Orientalism are that the eastern culture is eccentric, backward and their progress with comparison with western culture is inferior and conquerable. This includes the blockage of Mosques being built because of a belief of a foreign threat being posed. The ignorance and myths of the eastern culture contributes to people committing hate crimes against people of Arab descent and Muslims. * What may individuals do to promote tolerance and reduce prejudice in their towns and cities?
Individuals can begin by forming intergroup relations to talk about specific issues that are happening in the community. Diversity programs that can teach individuals about multiple ethnic backgrounds and cultures. Another option is to offer programs that influence the behavior of individuals with lessons about how to act with new awareness and knowledge and using people with power and authority to participate in the programs.

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