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Characteristics Of Personalized Medicine

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Personalized medicine
Personalized medicine is defined as a medical model of customized healthcare in which the medical decisions, practices, and/or products are tailored for the individual patient. In this model, the diagnostic test is often used to select appropriate and optimal treatments based on the context of a patient’s genetic content, other molecular or cellular analysis. The application of genetic information has played an important role in certain aspects of personalized medicine such as pharmacogenomics, and the term was first invented in the genetic background although it has been broadened to encompass a variety of personalization measures [1].
Some use cases of personalized therapies, devices, or technologies that demonstrate
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Biomarker diagnostics divides patients into groups with similar characteristics, offers information on the best individual treatment, and matches specific gene variations with responses to particular medications. This should make all patients benefit from their own personal therapy [17]. With that information, doctors can tailor the dose or avoid that drug entirely and prescribe a different one to individuals. It can provide the promise of predicting whether a medication is likely to help or hurt one before ever taking it. Pharmacogenomics holds the promise that medications might one day be tailored to one’s genetic makeup and metabolic profile [18]. Personalized medicine plays an increasingly important role in the future, especially since this approach creates additional values for all sides in the healthcare industry. An individually customized therapy benefits not only patients, but also clinicians (by more easily choosing the right therapy), regulatory authorities (by more precisely making risk-benefit assessment), and payers (because available resources can be used more efficiently by potentially reducing the number of extra or ineffective treatments) …show more content…
To study personalized medicine, we need to collect and integrate biological data (e.g. gene, protein sequences, functions, biological process and pathways) and clinical information (e.g. medical images, medical diagnosis, and patient histories) which have varied formats and are produced from distinctive and heterogeneous sources. The emphasis is to customize medical treatment according to the individual characteristics of patients and nature of their diseases, diagnoses and responses to treatments

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