Checks and Balances

In: Historical Events

Submitted By suki12345
Words 693
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Checks by the Executive on the Legislature

-Recommends Legislation – does this in the State of the union Address in January each year, outlining and focusing on key issues and policy areas, laying out his legislative agenda. The president does this in front of Congress, cabinet member, the Supreme Court and on television. George W. Bush in 2002 focused on the ‘war on terrorism’ and budget priorities.
-Veto Legislation –George W. Bush used the regular veto on 11 occasions during his 8 years in office. One was the veto of the State Children’s Heath Insurance Programme (S-CHIP) 2007. President Truman used the veto over many major bills like the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947.

Checks by the Executive on the Judiciary

-Appointment of judges – he nominates all federal judges, with Supreme Court being most important, George W. Bush was able to make two appointments – John Roberts as Chief Justice 2005 and Samuel Alito as an associate Justice in 2006. Presidents try and choose nominees whose judicial philosophy matches their own to mould the outlook of the Court.
-Power of the pardon – to pardon those who have been prosecuted etc in court cases. President Ford pardoned predecessor Nixon for any crimes he committed during the Watergate Affair. President Clinton pardoned 140 people, including March Rich, a notorious tax fugitive.

Checks by the legislature on the executive – 8 significant checks!

-Congress can amend, block or reject legislation recommended by President. In 2001 it significantly amended before passing, Bush’s Education Reform Bill. Clinton found hid flagship healthcare reforms blocked in 1993-94. 1999 Clinton’s request to raise the minimum wage was rejected.
-Congress can override president’s veto by two-thirds majority in both Houses. George W. Bush saw 4 of his 11 veto’s overridden like the 2008 Food Conservation and Energy Bill.
-Congress has ‘power of the…...

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