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Chernobyl Disater

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The Chernobyl Disaster Misty Schworn Post-1945 History FALB11 Sec B DeVry University

The Chernobyl Disaster

The Chernobyl Disaster happened on April 26th 1986. It was described as the most horrifying environmental disaster in the world. Chernobyl was an obscure town in the north central Ukraine. The plant was located fifteen kilometers northwest of Chernobyl. The world first learned of the accident from Sweden, where unusually high radiation levels were noticed at one of the At 1:23 am technicians at the Chernobyl Plant took some erroneous actions that will impact the course of Soviet events without exaggeration. Human error is what basically caused the disaster. These operators of the fourth unit slowly allowed power in the reactor to fall to low levels as part of a controlled experiment gone wrong. “The purpose of the test was to observe the dynamics of the RMBK reactor with limited power flow. Twelve hours after power reduction was initiated, power reached 50 percent. Only one turbine was needed to take in the decreased amount of steam, so no. 2 was turned off. Power was then reduced to 30 percent. One of the operators made a mistake. Instead of keeping power at 30 percent, he forgot to reset a controller, which caused the power to plummet to 1 percent. Now water was filling the core, and xenon built up in the reactor. The power was too low for the test.” (http://www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/progress/chernobyl.html ). The water added to the reactor is heated by the nuclear reaction and turned into steam to turn the turbines of the generator. The operator forced the reactor up to 7% power by removing all but 6 of the control rods. This was a violation of procedure and the reactor was never built to operate at such...

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